Teenagers Related Diseases & Conditions

Medical conditions are often related to other diseases and conditions. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments related to the topic of Teenagers. These conditions may be a cause or symptom of Teenagers or be a condition for which you may be at increased risk.

  • Ingrown Toenail (Onychocryptosis) Ingrown toenails are caused by the growth of the toenail into the surrounding nail fold. Symptoms and signs include toe pain,...learn more »
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease that causes chronic inflammation of the joints, the tissue around the joints,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) Article
    • Rheumatoid arthritis facts
    • What is rheumatoid arthritis (RA)?
    • Rheumatoid arthritis vs. osteoarthritis
    • What are rheumatoid arthritis causes and risk factors?
    • What are complications of rheumatoid arthritis?
    • What are rheumatoid arthritis symptoms and signs?
    • How do physicians diagnose rheumatoid arthritis?
    • What are the stages of rheumatoid arthritis?
    • What is the treatment for rheumatoid arthritis? What types of medications treat RA?
    • "First-line" rheumatoid arthritis medications
    • "Second-line" or "slow-acting" rheumatoid arthritis drugs (disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs or DMARDs)
    • What are newer rheumatoid arthritis treatments?
    • Rheumatoid arthritis diet, exercise, home remedies, and alternative medicine
    • What about rheumatoid arthritis and pregnancy?
    • What is the prognosis for patients with rheumatoid arthritis?
    • What are tips for living with rheumatoid arthritis?
    • Is it possible to prevent rheumatoid arthritis?
    • What specialists treat rheumatoid arthritis (RA)?
    • What new information about RA has come from the 2015 national meeting of the American College of Rheumatology?
    • What research is being done on rheumatoid arthritis?
    • Where can people get additional information on rheumatoid arthritis?
  • Folliculitis Folliculitis is a skin condition that causes small red bumps to form around the hair follicles. Skin bacteria such as...learn more »
  • Roseola Roseola is a viral illness that most commonly affects young children. Symptoms and signs include a sudden high fever that lasts...learn more »
    In This Article
    Roseola Article
    • Roseola facts
    • What is roseola? Is roseola contagious?
    • What virus causes roseola?
    • How is roseola spread? What is the incubation period for roseola?
    • What are roseola symptoms and signs?
    • How is the diagnosis of roseola established?
    • How high can the fever go with roseola?
    • What is the treatment for the fever of roseola?
    • Can the fever cause a seizure?
    • Is a seizure due to fever dangerous?
    • What should one do if his or her child with roseola has a seizure?
    • Is there a rash with roseola?
    • What is most remarkable characteristic of roseola?
    • How long does roseola last?
    • Are there any complications of roseola?
    • Should a child with roseola see a doctor?
    • When can the child return to child care?
    • Is it possible to prevent roseola?
    • What is the prognosis for a child with roseola?
    • Are there other names for roseola?
  • Sexually Transmitted Diseases in Women (STDs) Sexually transmitted diseases, or STDs, are infections that are transmitted during any type of sexual exposure, including...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sexually Transmitted Diseases in Women (STDs) Article
    • Sexually transmitted diseases (STD) facts
    • What are sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)?
    • Gonorrhea
    • Chlamydia
    • Syphilis
    • Genital Herpes
    • Human Papillomaviruses (HPVs) and Genital Warts
    • Chancroid
    • Ectoparasitic Infections
    • Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS)
    • Hepatitis B
    • Hepatitis C
    • Conclusions
  • Iron Deficiency Iron is a mineral our bodies need. Iron deficiency is a condition resulting from not enough iron in the body. It is the most...learn more »
    In This Article
    Iron Deficiency Article
    • Iron and iron deficiency facts*
    • What is iron and why do we need it?
    • What is iron deficiency and why is it a concern?
    • What causes iron deficiency?
    • Who is most at risk for iron deficiency?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of iron deficiency?
    • How is iron deficiency diagnosed?
    • How is iron deficiency treated?
    • Can iron deficiency be prevented?
    • Babies
    • Young children (aged 1-5 years)
    • Adolescent girls and women of childbearing age
    • Pregnant women
    • How much iron do I need?
    • What are dietary sources of iron?
    • Dietary sources of Vitamin C
    • Iron overload and hemochromatosis
  • Strep Throat Strep throat (Group A, beta hemolytic, streptococcus pyogene, GAS) bacterial infection of the throat. Signs and symptoms of strep...learn more »
  • Dog Bite (Treatment) There are millions of dogs living in the United States, and thus many cases of dog bites. Annually, hundreds of people seek...learn more »
    In This Article
    Dog Bite (Treatment) Article
    • Dog bite facts
    • How many dog bites occur?
    • Who is at risk for a dog bite?
    • What should I do if someone is bitten by a dog?
    • When should I call the doctor for a dog bite?
    • What is the treatment for a dog bite?
    • How can dog bites be prevented?
    • Safety tips to prevent dog bites
  • Date Rape Drugs Date rape drugs such as GHB, rohypnol, and ketamine are sometimes used to assist in a sexual assault. Symptoms and signs of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Date Rape Drugs Article
    • Date rape drugs facts*
    • What are the different kinds of date rape drugs?
    • What do the drugs look like?
    • What effects do these drugs have on the body?
    • Are these drugs legal in the United States?
    • Is alcohol a date rape drug? What about other drugs?
    • How can I protect myself from being a victim?
    • Are there ways to tell if I might have been drugged and raped?
    • What should I do if I think I've been drugged and raped?
  • Acne (Pimples) Acne is a localized skin inflammation as a result of overactivity of oil glands at the base of hair follicles. This...learn more »
    In This Article
    Acne (Pimples) Article
    • What is acne?
    • What causes acne?
    • What other skin conditions can mimic acne?
    • When should someone start acne treatment?
    • What can people do to get rid of their acne?
    • What are other things you can do for acne? Are there any home remedies for acne?
    • What is a good basic skin regimen?
    • How does a doctor treat acne? Is it possible to remove acne scars?
    • How would you summarize current-day acne treatment?
  • Alcoholism Alcoholism is a disease that includes alcohol craving and continued drinking despite repeated alcohol-related problems, such as...learn more »
    In This Article
    Alcoholism Article
    • Alcohol use disorder facts
    • What is alcohol abuse?
    • What is alcoholism?
    • What differentiates alcohol abuse from alcoholism?
    • What are risk factors for alcoholism?
    • What causes alcoholism? Is alcoholism hereditary?
    • What are alcohol use disorder symptoms and signs in teenagers, women, men, and the elderly?
    • How do physicians diagnose alcohol use disorder?
    • What are the stages of alcohol use disorder?
    • What is the treatment for alcohol use disorder?
    • What medications treat alcohol use disorder?
    • How can you tell if someone has a drinking problem?
    • Can an alcoholic just cut back or stop drinking?
    • Is there a safe level of drinking?
    • Is it safe to drink alcohol while pregnant?
    • How can someone find more information or get help or support to treat alcohol use disorder?
    • What are the long-term physical and psychological effects of alcohol use disorder?
    • What is codependency, and what is the treatment for codependency?
    • Is it possible to prevent alcohol use disorder?
    • What is the prognosis of alcohol use disorder?
  • Puberty The time when boys and girls begin the process of sexual maturation is called puberty. During this time, both sexes undergo a...learn more »
    In This Article
    Puberty Article
    • Puberty facts
    • What is puberty?
    • When does puberty occur?
    • What determines when puberty begins?
    • What are the physical stages of puberty in girls and boys?
    • What other changes in the body occur during puberty in boys and girls?
    • What are the medical concerns associated with normal puberty?
    • What are medical conditions associated with early or late puberty?
  • Ingrown Hair Ingrown hairs may be caused by improper shaving, waxing, or blockage of the hair follicle. Symptoms and signs of ingrown hairs...learn more »
    In This Article
    Ingrown Hair Article
    • Ingrown hair facts
    • What is an ingrown hair?
    • What causes an ingrown hair?
    • Who develops ingrown hairs?
    • What are symptoms and signs of an ingrown hair?
    • Are ingrown hairs the same as razor bumps or pseudofolliculitis?
    • What is the treatment for an ingrown hair?
    • Are there any home remedies for an ingrown hair?
    • Do ingrown hairs affect the entire body?
    • How do health-care professionals diagnose an ingrown hair?
    • Does diet have anything to do with ingrown hairs?
    • What else could an ingrown hair look like?
    • Is it possible to prevent ingrown hairs?
  • Cancer Cancer is a disease caused by an abnormal growth of cells, also called malignancy. It is a group of 100 different diseases, and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cancer Article
    • Cancer facts
    • What is cancer?
    • What causes cancer?
    • What are cancer symptoms and signs?
    • What are the different types of cancer?
    • How is cancer diagnosed?
    • How is cancer staging determined?
    • What is the treatment for cancer?
    • Are there home remedies or alternative treatments for cancer?
    • What is the prognosis for cancer?
    • Can cancer be prevented?
    • Where can people find more information about cancer?
  • Menstrual Cramps Menstrual cramps (pain in the belly and pelvic area) are experienced by women as a result of menses. Menstrual cramps are not the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Menstrual Cramps Article
    • Menstrual cramps facts
    • What are menstrual cramps?
    • How common are menstrual cramps?
    • What is dysmenorrhea?
    • What causes menstrual cramps?
    • Why are some cramps so painful?
    • Can menstrual cramps be measured?
    • What other factors influence menstrual cramps?
    • What are the symptoms of menstrual cramps?
    • How are menstrual cramps diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for common menstrual cramps (primary dysmenorrhea)?
    • What if the cramps are very severe?
    • Are there surgical solutions?
    • What is the treatment of secondary dysmenorrhea?
    • What is the long-term outlook (prognosis) for menstrual cramps?
  • Menstruation Menstruation (menstrual cycle) is also referred to as a "period." When a woman menstruates, the lining of the uterus is shed....learn more »
    In This Article
    Menstruation Article
    • Menstruation facts*
    • What is menstruation?
    • What is the menstrual cycle?
    • What happens during the menstrual cycle?
    • What is a typical menstrual period like?
    • What kinds of problems do women have with their periods?
    • When does a girl usually get her first period?
    • How long does a woman have periods?
    • When should I see a doctor about my period?
    • How often should I change my pad/tampon?
  • Tension Headache A tension headache s one of the most common types of headaches, and the exact cause is not known. Factors that may contribute to...learn more »
    In This Article
    Tension Headache Article
    • Tension headache facts
    • What is a tension headache?
    • What causes tension headaches?
    • What are the symptoms of tension headache?
    • How are tension headaches diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for tension headache?
    • Prescription medications for tension headaches
    • OTC drugs for tension headaches
    • Managing stress
    • Are there effective home remedies a cure for tension headache?
    • Can tension headaches be prevented?
  • Healthy Living and Disease Prevention The importance of a healthy lifestyle in disease prevention is widely understood and most people know that lifestyle changes and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Healthy Living and Disease Prevention Article
    • Healthy living facts
    • Eating (diet)
    • Physical activity and exercise
    • Avoid tobacco use
    • Avoid excessive alcohol consumption
    • Avoid high-risk sexual behaviors
    • Avoid other high-risk behaviors
    • Additional tips for healthy living
  • Wisdom Teeth Wisdom teeth are the third set of molars that people get in their late teens or early twenties. Impacted wisdom teeth that only...learn more »
    In This Article
    Wisdom Teeth Article
    • What are wisdom teeth?
    • How do I know if I have wisdom teeth?
    • Do all wisdom teeth need to be extracted?
    • What are signs and symptoms of an infected wisdom tooth?
    • What if the wisdom teeth hurt and they cannot be extracted right away?
    • Are home remedies effective for treating wisdom tooth pain?
    • How is wisdom tooth extraction performed?
    • What is the recovery time after wisdom teeth extraction?
    • What can I eat after getting my wisdom teeth out?
    • What are the potential risks and complications of wisdom teeth extraction?
    • How much does wisdom tooth removal cost?
  • Psychotic Disorders Psychotic disorders are a group of serious illnesses that affect the mind. Different types of psychotic disorders include:...learn more »
    In This Article
    Psychotic Disorders Article
    • Psychotic disorder facts
    • What are the different types of psychotic disorders?
    • How common are psychotic disorders?
    • What are causes and risk factors for psychotic disorders in children, teenagers, and adults?
    • What are psychotic disorder symptoms and signs?
    • How do health-care professionals diagnose psychotic disorders?
    • What are the treatments for psychotic disorders?
    • What are potential complications of medications used to treat psychotic disorders?
    • Is it possible to treat psychotic disorders without medication?
    • What are complications and the prognosis of psychotic disorders?
    • Is it possible to prevent psychotic disorders?
    • Where can people find additional information about psychotic disorders or specialists who treat it?
  • Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS or SEID) Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) or systemic exertion intolerance disease (SEID) is a debilitating and complex disorder...learn more »
    In This Article
    Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS or SEID) Article
    • Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) or systemic exertion intolerance disease (SEID) facts
    • What is chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS or SEID)?
    • What causes chronic fatigue syndrome or systemic exertional intolerance disease?
    • What are risk factors for CFS/SEID?
    • What are systemic exertion intolerance disease or chronic fatigue syndrome symptoms and signs?
    • What are CFS/SEID symptoms in men?
    • What are SEID/CFS symptoms in women?
    • How is chronic fatigue syndrome (or systemic exertion intolerance disease) diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for CFS/SEID?
    • Is there a cure for CFS/SEID?
    • What is the prognosis (outcome) for CFS/SEID?
    • Is it possible to prevent CFS/SEID?
    • Where can people find additional information about CFS/SEID?
  • Dyslexia Dyslexia affects a person's ability to spell, read, write, or even speak. It's considered the most common learning disability in...learn more »
    In This Article
    Dyslexia Article
    • Dyslexia facts
    • What is dyslexia?
    • What causes dyslexia?
    • What are the different types of dyslexia?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of dyslexia?
    • What should parents or caregivers do if they suspect a child has the signs and symptoms of dyslexia?
    • What tests diagnose dyslexia?
    • What type of treatment is available for dyslexia?
    • What is the prognosis for a person with dyslexia?
    • More information about dyslexia
  • Whooping Cough (Pertussis) Whooping cough (pertussis) is highly contagious respiratory infection that is caused by the bacteria Bordetella pertussis. There...learn more »
    In This Article
    Whooping Cough (Pertussis) Article
    • Whooping cough (pertussis) facts
    • What is whooping cough? What is the history of whooping cough?
    • What causes whooping cough?
    • Is whooping cough contagious?
    • What is the contagious period for whooping cough?
    • What are risk factors for whooping cough?
    • How long does the whooping cough vaccine last?
    • What is the incubation period for whooping cough?
    • What are whooping cough symptoms, signs, and stages?
    • How long does whooping cough last?
    • What does whooping cough sound like?
    • How is whooping cough transmitted?
    • Can adults get whooping cough?
    • How is whooping cough diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for whooping cough?
    • What is the prognosis for whooping cough?
    • What are possible complications of whooping cough?
    • Is it possible to prevent whooping cough? Is there a whooping cough vaccine?
    • Where can people find more information about whooping cough (pertussis)?
  • Autism Spectrum Disorder (In Children and Adults) Autism in children and adults is a developmental disorder, characterized by impaired development in communication, social...learn more »
    In This Article
    Autism Spectrum Disorder (In Children and Adults) Article
    • Autism facts
    • What is autism?
    • How does autism impact the family?
    • What are the different types of autism?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of autism in children and adults?
    • Impairment of social interaction and communication
    • Behaviors
    • What causes autism?
    • Is autism genetic?
    • Do vaccines play a role in autism?
    • How is autism diagnosed in children and adults?
    • How is autism treated in children and adults?
    • What common sociobehavioral interventions are used to treat autism?
    • What are the common medications used to treat the symptoms of autism?
    • Can diet and supplements play a role in the treatment of autism?
    • What is the prognosis for children and adults with autism?
    • For more information about autism in children and adults
  • Drug Abuse Drug addiction is a chronic disease that causes drug-seeking behavior and drug use despite negative consequences to the user and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Drug Abuse Article
    • Drug use disorder facts
    • What is drug use disorder?
    • What types of drugs are commonly abused?
    • What are the physical and psychological effects of drug use disorders?
    • What are causes and risk factors for developing a drug use disorder?
    • What are warning signs that you or a loved one may have a drug use disorder?
    • What are symptoms and signs of drug use disorder?
    • What happens to your brain when you take drugs?
    • How do health-care professionals diagnose drug addiction?
    • What is the treatment for drug addiction?
    • What are complications of drug addiction?
    • What is the prognosis of drug use disorder?
    • Is it possible to prevent drug abuse and addiction?
    • Where can people get more information and help for drug use disorders?
  • Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) Borderline personality disorder is a serious mental illness characterized by pervasive instability in moods, interpersonal...learn more »
    In This Article
    Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) Article
    • Borderline personality disorder facts
    • What is borderline personality disorder (BPD)?
    • What other disorders often occur with BPD?
    • What causes borderline personality disorder?
    • What are the risk factors for borderline personality disorder?
    • What are borderline personality disorder symptoms and signs?
    • How do health-care professionals diagnose borderline personality disorder?
    • What is the treatment for borderline personality disorder?
    • How can someone find a specialist who treats borderline personality disorder?
    • What are borderline personality disorder complications?
    • What is the prognosis of people with borderline personality disorder?
    • Is it possible to prevent borderline personality disorder?
    • Where can I get more information on borderline personality disorder?
  • Grief: Loss of a Loved One Grief is the feeling one experiences after a loss (of a friendship, death of loved one, job). Complicated grief refers to grief...learn more »
    In This Article
    Grief: Loss of a Loved One Article
    • Grief: Loss of a loved one facts
    • What is grief?
    • What is mourning?
    • What are the effects of losing a loved one?
    • What are the causes and risk factors of prolonged grief?
    • What are the signs, symptoms, and stages of grief?
    • How is grief assessed?
    • How can people cope with grief?
    • What are the legal issues associated with dying and death?
    • Where can people get help?
  • Hydrocele Hydrocele is a collection of clear fluid in a thin walled sack that also contains the testicle. Hydroceles are more common in...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hydrocele Article
    • Hydrocele facts
    • What is a hydrocele?
    • What causes hydroceles?
    • What are the physical features and types of hydroceles?
    • Communicating hydroceles
    • Non-communicating hydroceles
    • How are hydroceles diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for hydroceles?
    • What are other non-tender scrotal swelling conditions?
  • Hodgkin's Disease Hodgkin's disease is a cancer of the lymphatic system with symptoms that include unexplained, recurring fevers, unexplained...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hodgkin's Disease Article
    • Hodgkin's lymphoma facts*
    • What is the lymph system?
    • What is Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • What are the types of Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • How is the staging determined for Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • What are the stages of Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • What is the treatment for Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • Who are the doctor's who treat Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • How do people get a second opinion for Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • Clinical trials for treatment of Hodgkin's lymphoma
    • Chemotherapy for Hodgkin's lymphoma
    • Targeted therapy for Hodgkin's lymphoma
    • Radiation therapy for Hodgkin's lymphoma
    • Stem cell transplantation for Hodgkin's lymphoma
    • Nutrition during cancer treatment
    • What is the follow-up care after treatment for Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • What other support is available for cancer patients?
  • ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in Children) Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) causes the following symptoms in children: excessive activity, problems...learn more »
    In This Article
    ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in Children) Article
    • Childhood attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD in children) facts
    • What is ADD or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)?
    • What are risk factors and causes of ADHD in children?
    • What are childhood ADHD symptoms and signs?
    • How is ADHD assessed? Are there ADHD tests? What types of doctors diagnose and treat ADHD in children?
    • What are the treatments for ADHD in children? What are possible side effects of ADHD medications?
    • What are complications and the prognosis of ADHD in children?
    • Is it possible to prevent ADHD in children?
    • What is the latest research on ADHD in children?
    • Are there support groups for children with ADHD?
    • Where can people find more information on ADHD in children?
  • Mental Illness in Children About 5 million children and adolescents in the U.S. suffer from a serious mental illness such as eating disorders, anxiety...learn more »
    In This Article
    Mental Illness in Children Article
    • Mental illness in children facts
    • What are the most common mental illnesses in children?
    • What are causes and risk factors for mental illness in children?
    • What are symptoms and signs of mental illness in children?
    • How is mental illness in children diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for mental illness in children?
    • What is the prognosis of mental illness in children?
    • Can mental illness in children be prevented?
    • What research is being done on mental illness in children?
    • Where can parents find information or support groups for mental illness in children?
  • Bipolar Disorder in Children and Teens Bipolar disorder, or manic-depressive illness, is a disorder that causes unusual and extreme mood changes. Symptoms of bipolar...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bipolar Disorder in Children and Teens Article
    • What is bipolar disorder?
    • Who develops bipolar disorder?
    • Why does someone develop bipolar disorder?
    • What are the symptoms of bipolar disorder?
    • Can children and teens with bipolar disorder have other problems?
    • How is bipolar disorder diagnosed?
    • How is bipolar disorder treated?
    • What can children and teens expect from treatment?
    • How can I help my child or teen?
    • How does bipolar disorder affect parents and family?
    • Where do I go for help?
    • I know someone who is in crisis. What do I do?
  • Separation Anxiety Separation anxiety disorder is a common childhood anxiety disorder that has many causes. Infants, children, older kids and adults...learn more »
    In This Article
    Separation Anxiety Article
    • Separation anxiety disorder facts
    • What is separation anxiety disorder?
    • What are separation anxiety disorder symptoms and signs?
    • What are causes and risk factors for separation anxiety disorder?
    • How is separation anxiety disorder diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for separation anxiety disorder?
    • What happens if separation anxiety disorder is left untreated?
    • Is it possible to prevent separation anxiety disorder?
    • Where can I find more information on separation anxiety disorder?
  • Fragile X Syndrome Fragile X syndrome is the most common inherited form of mental retardation. It's caused by a mutation on the X chromosome. People...learn more »
    In This Article
    Fragile X Syndrome Article
    • Fragile X syndrome facts*
    • What is Fragile X syndrome?
    • What causes Fragile X syndrome?
    • What keeps the FMR1 gene from producing FMRP in Fragile X syndrome?
    • Human cells 101
    • How many people are affected by Fragile X syndrome?
    • How is Fragile X syndrome inherited?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of Fragile X syndrome?
    • Intelligence and learning
    • Physical
    • Social and emotional
    • Speech and language
    • Sensory
    • Is there a cure for Fragile X syndrome?
    • Are there treatments for Fragile X syndrome?
    • Educational options
    • Therapeutic options
    • Medication options
    • What are the options for adults who have Fragile X syndrome?
    • What should I do if I find out someone in my family has Fragile X syndrome?
    • What is being done to develop treatments or a cure for Fragile X syndrome?
    • Where can I go for more information about Fragile X syndrome?
  • Growth Plate Fractures and Injuries Growth plate fractures and injuries occur in the area growing tissue near the end of the long bones of children and teens. Both...learn more »
    In This Article
    Growth Plate Fractures and Injuries Article
    • What Is the Growth Plate?
    • Who Gets Growth Plate Injuries?
    • What Causes Growth Plate Injuries?
    • How Are Growth Plate Fractures Diagnosed?
    • What Kind of Doctor Treats Growth Plate Injuries?
    • How Are Growth Plate Injuries Treated?
    • What Is the Prognosis for Growth in the Involved Limb of a Child With a Growth Plate Injury?
    • What Are Researchers Trying To Learn About Growth Plate Injuries?
    • Where Can People Find More Information About Growth Plate Injuries?
  • Marijuana Get the latest marijuana statistics and information. Learn its effects and how this drug, also known as pot, affects the brain....learn more »
    In This Article
    Marijuana Article
    • Marijuana facts
    • What is marijuana, and how is it abused?
    • What is medical marijuana? How is medical marijuana prescribed?
    • What are other names for marijuana?
    • What is the history and different types of marijuana?
    • Is marijuana addictive?
    • What are the psychological and social effects of abusing marijuana?
    • What are the physical effects of abusing marijuana?
    • What are the treatments for marijuana abuse and addiction?
    • Can marijuana abuse and addiction be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis of marijuana abuse and addiction?
    • Where can people find more information about marijuana abuse and addiction?
  • Bullying Bullying is repeated physical or verbal aggression that involves an imbalance of power. The four types of bullying include...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bullying Article
    • Bullying facts
    • What is bullying?
    • How common is bullying?
    • What are the different types of bullying?
    • What makes a bully? Why do kids bully? Why do adults bully?
    • What are causes and risk factors of bullying?
    • What are symptoms and signs of children and adults who are bullied?
    • What are the effects of bullying?
    • What should victims of bullying and their parents do to stop bullying?
    • What should parents do if they think their child is bullying others?
    • What can people do if they see someone being bullied?
    • What measures can be implemented to prevent bullying at school and in the workplace?
    • Where can people find more information about bullying?
  • Childhood Obesity Fast-food consumption and lack of exercise are just a couple of causes of childhood obesity. Health effects of childhood obesity...learn more »
    In This Article
    Childhood Obesity Article
    • Childhood obesity facts
    • What is childhood obesity? How do health-care professionals diagnose childhood obesity?
    • How prevalent is childhood obesity?
    • What causes childhood obesity?
    • What are childhood obesity symptoms and signs?
    • What are risk factors for childhood obesity?
    • What are the risks, complications, and long-term health effects of childhood obesity?
    • What is the treatment for childhood obesity?
    • Is it possible to prevent childhood obesity?
    • What research is being done on childhood obesity?
    • Where can people find more information on childhood obesity?
  • Suicide Suicide is the process of intentionally ending one's own life. Approximately 1 million people worldwide commit suicide each year,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Suicide Article
    • Suicide facts
    • What is suicide?
    • What are the effects of suicide?
    • What are some possible causes of suicide?
    • What are the risk factors and protective factors for suicide?
    • What are the signs and symptoms for suicidal behavior?
    • How are suicidal thoughts and behaviors assessed?
    • What is the treatment for suicidal thoughts and behaviors?
    • How can people cope with suicidal thoughts?
    • How can people cope with the suicide of a loved one?
    • Where can people get help?
  • Teen Drug Abuse Drugs commonly abused by teens include tobacco products, marijuana, cold medications, inhalants, depressants, stimulants,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Teen Drug Abuse Article
    • Teen drug abuse facts
    • What drugs are abused by teenagers?
    • What are some adolescent drug use statistics?
    • What are the dangerous effects of drug use in teens?
    • How can parents prevent drug use?
    • What are the symptoms and warning signs of drug abuse?
    • What is drug abuse?
    • What are the causes and risk factors of teen drug use?
    • What are the symptoms of drug abuse in teens?
    • What is the treatment of drug intoxication?
    • What are treatments for drug addiction?
    • Where can a person get help for teen drug abuse?
  • Alcohol and Teens Alcohol is the most frequently used drug by American teenagers. Teens that drink are more likely to drive under the influence,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Alcohol and Teens Article
    • Alcohol and teens facts
    • How much alcohol do teens use?
    • What are the dangerous effects of alcohol use in teens?
    • How can parents prevent alcohol use?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of alcohol intoxication?
    • What is alcoholism?
    • What are the causes and risk factors of teen alcoholism?
    • What are the symptoms of alcohol abuse in teens?
    • What is the treatment for alcohol intoxication?
    • What is alcohol poisoning?
    • What is the treatment for alcoholism?
    • What is the prognosis for alcoholism?
    • How can a teen get help for an alcohol problem?
  • Irritable Bowel Syndrome in Children Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) in children is a functional gastrointestinal disorder with symptoms of abdominal pain, bloating,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Irritable Bowel Syndrome in Children Article
    • Irritable bowel syndrome in children facts*
    • What is irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)?
    • What is the GI tract?
    • How common is IBS in children?
    • What are the symptoms of IBS in children?
    • What causes IBS in children?
    • How is IBS in children diagnosed?
    • How is IBS in children treated?
    • Eating, diet, and nutrition
    • Medications
    • Probiotics
    • Therapies for Mental Health Problems
  • Steroid Abuse Anabolic steroids are synthetic substances that are related to testosterone and promote skeletal muscle growth and the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Steroid Abuse Article
    • Anabolic steroid abuse facts
    • What are anabolic steroids?
    • Why do people abuse anabolic steroids?
    • How do people abuse anabolic steroids?
    • Are anabolic steroids addictive? What are the symptoms and signs of anabolic steroid abuse?
    • What are the psychological and physical side effects of anabolic steroid abuse?
    • How are anabolic steroid abuse and addiction diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for anabolic steroid abuse and addiction?
    • Is it possible to prevent anabolic steroid abuse and addiction?
    • Where can I get more information on anabolic steroid abuse?
  • Dysthymia Dysthymia is a less severe form of chronic depression. Symptoms and signs include insomnia, suicidal thoughts, guilt, empty...learn more »
    In This Article
    Dysthymia Article
    • Persistent depressive disorder (dysthymia) facts
    • What is persistent depressive disorder (dysthymia)?
    • What are causes and risk factors for persistent depressive disorder?
    • What are persistent depressive disorder symptoms and signs?
    • How do health-care professionals diagnose persistent depressive disorder? What types of doctors treat persistent depressive disorder?
    • What is the treatment for persistent depressive disorder? Are there any home remedies for persistent depressive disorder?
    • What is the prognosis of persistent depressive disorder?
    • Is it possible to prevent persistent depressive disorder?
    • Are there support groups for people with persistent depressive disorder?
  • Sleep and Sleep Disorders in Children and Teenagers Sleep needs in children and teenagers depends on the age of the child. Sleep disorders in children such as sleep apnea,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sleep and Sleep Disorders in Children and Teenagers Article
    • How much sleep do children need?
    • Can a lack of sleep impact a child's behavior?
    • What is sleep hygiene?
    • What are some common sleep disorders in children?
    • Sleep Apnea symptoms in children
    • Parasomnia symptoms in children
    • Confusional arousal symptoms in children
    • Night terror symptoms in children
    • Narcolepsy symptoms in children
    • Sleepwalking symptoms in children
    • Do teenagers have the same sleep requirements as younger children?
    • How can I teach my child or teenager healthy sleep habits and good sleep hygiene?
    • What are some ways I can help my child or teenager get a better night's sleep?
    • What are some "don'ts" for getting my child or teen to sleep?
  • Children's Health Children's health is focused on the well-being of children from conception through adolescence. There are many aspects of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Children's Health Article
    • Introduction to children's health
    • Children's growth and development
    • Children's illnesses
    • Children's injuries
    • Children's behavior
    • Children's mental illness
    • Family health and children
    • Community health and children
    • Health care for children
  • Secondhand Smoke Secondhand smoke can cause illness and disease in nonsmokers. Some of these conditions include lung cancer, heart disease,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Secondhand Smoke Article
    • Secondhand smoke facts
    • What is secondhand smoke?
    • What causes secondhand smoke?
    • What are the health risks of secondhand smoke?
    • Lung cancer and secondhand smoke
    • Cardiovascular disease and secondhand smoke
    • Other lung diseases and secondhand smoke
    • Secondhand smoke and other effects on children
    • Secondhand smoke and the effects on pregnant women
    • Secondhand smoke and the possible link to breast cancer
    • Is there a safe level of secondhand smoke?
    • What can be done about secondhand smoke exposure?
    • What is thirdhand smoke?
  • Meningococcemia Meningococcemia is a bloodstream infection caused by Neisseria meningitides. Meningococcemia symptoms include fever, headache,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Meningococcemia Article
    • Meningococcemia facts
    • What is meningococcemia?
    • What causes meningococcemia?
    • What are risk factors for meningococcemia?
    • What are symptoms and signs of meningococcemia?
    • How is meningococcemia diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for meningococcemia?
    • What is the prognosis of meningococcemia?
    • Is it possible to prevent meningococcemia?
    • Where can people find more information on meningococcemia?
  • Bulimia People with bulimia nervosa, an eating disorder that involves episodes of bingeing and purging, experience symptoms and signs...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bulimia Article
    • Bulimia nervosa facts
    • What is bulimia?
    • What are causes and risk factors for bulimia?
    • What are symptoms and signs of bulimia?
    • How do physicians diagnose bulimia?
    • What is the treatment for bulimia?
    • What are complications of bulimia?
    • What is the prognosis for bulimia?
    • Is it possible to prevent bulimia?
    • Where can one find more information about bulimia?
    • Are there support groups for people with bulimia?
  • Teen Depression Depression in teenagers may be caused by many factors. Symptoms of teen depression include apathy, irresponsible behavior,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Teen Depression Article
    • Teen depression facts
    • What is teen depression?
    • What are causes and risk factors for depression in teenagers?
    • What are teen depression symptoms and signs?
    • What are warning signs for teen suicide?
    • How is depression in teens diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for teen depression?
    • What are complications of teen depression?
    • What is the prognosis of teen depression?
    • Is it possible to prevent teen depression?
    • What can family members and friends do to help a depressed teen?
    • Where can teens get support for depression?
  • Gambling Addiction Compulsive gambling is a disorder that affects millions in the U.S. Symptoms and signs include a preoccupation with gambling,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Gambling Addiction Article
    • Gambling addiction facts
    • What is a gambling addiction?
    • What are causes and risk factors for gambling addiction?
    • What are symptoms and signs of a gambling addiction?
    • How is a gambling addiction diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for gambling addiction?
    • What is the prognosis for gambling addiction?
    • What are complications and negative effects of gambling addiction?
    • Is it possible to prevent gambling addiction?
    • Where can people get support for gambling addiction?
    • Where can people find more information about gambling addiction?
  • Problem Sleepiness When sleepiness interferes with daily routines and activities, or reduces the ability to function, it is called "problem...learn more »
    In This Article
    Problem Sleepiness Article
    • Problem sleepiness facts*
    • What is problem sleepiness?
    • What are the symptoms of problem sleepiness?
    • What causes problem sleepiness?
    • Sleep-wake cycle
    • Inadequate sleep
    • Sleep disorders
    • Medical conditions/drugs
    • Problem sleepiness and adolescents
    • Shift work and problem sleepiness
    • What treatments and remedies can help for problem sleepiness?
  • 13 Tips for Parenting a Teen With ADHD Parenting a teenager who has attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) can be challenging. Parents can use specific...learn more »
    In This Article
    13 Tips for Parenting a Teen With ADHD Article
    • Introduction to parenting teens
    • 13 tips for dealing with your ADHD teen
    • ADHD teens and driving
    • ADHD teens, school, and homework
    • ADHD teens, alcohol, and drugs
    • Alcohol use by children
  • Depression in Children Childhood depression can interfere with social activities, interests, schoolwork and family life. Symptoms and signs include...learn more »
    In This Article
    Depression in Children Article
    • Depression in children facts
    • What is childhood depression?
    • What are the types of depression in children?
    • What are causes and risk factors for depression in children?
    • What are the symptoms and warning signs of depression in children?
    • How do health-care professionals diagnose depression in children? Who are specialists?
    • What should parents do if they suspect that their child is depressed?
    • What is the treatment for depression in children?
    • What are complications of depression in children?
    • What is the prognosis for depression in children?
    • Is it possible to prevent depression in children?
    • Where can families get information and support for childhood depression?
  • Leigh's Disease (Leigh's Syndrome) Leigh's disease (Leigh's syndrome) is a rare genetic neurometabolic disorder. The symptoms of Leigh's disease include loss of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Leigh's Disease (Leigh's Syndrome) Article
    • What is Leigh's disease (Leigh's syndrome)?
    • What causes Leigh's disease?
    • What are the symptoms of Leigh's disease?
    • Is there any treatment for Leigh's disease?
    • Are there other forms of Leigh's disease?
    • What is the prognosis for Leigh's disease?
    • What research is being done with Leigh's disease?
    • Clinical trials for Leigh's disease
    • Support for Leigh's disease
  • Nicotine Nicotine is delivered to the brain through smoking, chewing, or sniffing tobacco. Nicotine is an addictive agent. Common names...learn more »
    In This Article
    Nicotine Article
    • What is tobacco addiction?
    • Is nicotine addictive?
    • Is nicotine the only harmful part of tobacco?
    • How is tobacco used?
    • What are the common street names for cigarettes, smokeless tobacco, and hookah smoking?
    • How many teens smoke or use tobacco products?
    • How does tobacco deliver its effects?
    • What happens when someone uses tobacco for long periods of time?
    • What are other adverse health effects of smoking and tobacco abuse?
    • Smoking and pregnancy: What are the risks?
    • How is tobacco addiction treated?
    • What if a person wants to quit smoking or using tobacco?
  • Heart Attack Prevention About every 43 seconds in the US one in person in the US has a heart attack. Symptoms of heart attack in men and women include...learn more »
    In This Article
    Heart Attack Prevention Article
    • Heart attack prevention facts
    • What is a heart attack?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of a heart attack in men and women?
    • Are signs and symptoms of a heart attack different in women?
    • What can I do to prevent a heart attack when home alone?
    • What kinds of diets are recommended to prevent heart attacks?
    • What tips and lifestyle changes can be made to prevent a heart attack?
    • Will exercise reduce my risk of having a heart attack?
    • What diseases or conditions put a person at a higher risk for a heart attack?
  • Parenting Good parenting helps foster empathy, honesty, self-reliance, self-control, kindness, cooperation, and cheerfulness, says...learn more »
    In This Article
    Parenting Article
    • Introduction to healthy parenting
    • What are the 10 principles of good parenting?
    • How can parents avoid the dinnertime battle with their children?
    • How can parents fit in family fitness?
  • Kleine-Levin Syndrome Kleine-Levin syndrome is a rare sleep condition, primarily affecting adolescent males. Symptoms of Kleine-Levin syndrome include...learn more »
    In This Article
    Kleine-Levin Syndrome Article
    • What is Kleine-Levin syndrome?
    • What are the symptoms of Kleine-Levin syndrome?
    • Is there any treatment for Kleine-Levin syndrome?
    • What is the prognosis for Kleine-Levin syndrome?
    • What research is being done on Kleine-Levin syndrome?
    • Clinical trials on Kleine-Levin syndrome
    • For more information
  • Parenting a Child With ADHD ADHD is a behavioral condition with characteristics that include hyperactivity, inattention, and impulsivity. Parenting a child...learn more »
    In This Article
    Parenting a Child With ADHD Article
    • Childhood ADHD facts
    • What are the signs and symptoms of childhood ADHD?
    • What should parents do if they suspect their child has ADHD?
    • What are the causes of childhood ADHD?
    • What should parents of children with ADHD expect from their child?
    • What type of medical specialist can help diagnose and treat a child with ADHD?
    • What treatment options exist for a child with ADHD? How can parents help their child with ADHD?
    • What are the risks of the use of stimulant medication and other treatments?
    • What are other therapeutic approaches for children with ADHD?
    • Is childhood ADHD on the rise?
    • What is the outlook for a child with ADHD?
    • What can parents of children with ADHD do to help themselves?
  • Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in Teens Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in teens is a disruption of neurocognitive functioning. Genetics contribute to...learn more »
    In This Article
    Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in Teens Article
    • Teen ADHD facts
    • What are risk factors and causes of ADHD in teens?
    • How do health-care professionals diagnose ADHD in teens? Are there ADHD tests?
    • What are the symptoms of ADHD in teens?
    • How does ADHD in teens affect executive function?
    • What kinds of difficulties do teens with ADHD face?
    • What are nonmedical treatment strategies for teen ADHD?
    • What stimulant medications are available to treat ADHD in teens?
    • What are the potential side effects of stimulant medications for teens with ADHD?
    • What non-stimulant medications are available to treat ADHD in teens?
    • What alternative treatments are available for ADHD in teens?
  • Club Drugs Ecstasy (MDMA), Rohypnol, ketamine and GHB are a few of the different types of drugs abused at bars, raves and parties. Rohypnol...learn more »
    In This Article
    Club Drugs Article
    • How are club drugs abused?
    • How do club drugs affect the body?
    • Are club drugs addictive?
    • What other adverse effects do club drugs have on health?
    • What treatment options exist for those who abuse or are dependent upon club drugs?
    • How widespread is club drug abuse?
    • Where can people find more information about club drugs?
  • Juvenile Bone Health Setting a good example for your children when it comes to diet and exercise will help them to make healthy decisions about...learn more »
    In This Article
    Juvenile Bone Health Article
    • Why Is Childhood Such an Important Time for Bone Development?
    • What Is Osteoporosis? Isn't It Something Old People Get?
    • How Can I Help Keep My Kids' Bones Healthy?
    • How Can I Persuade My Daughter to Drink Milk Instead of Diet Soda? She Thinks Milk Will Make Her Fat.
    • But My Kids Don't Like Milk.
    • My Teenage Son Loves Milk, But It Seems to Upset His Stomach. Could He Have Lactose Intolerance?
    • My Daughter Is Constantly Dieting. Should I Be Concerned?
    • Should I Give My Kids Calcium Supplements?
    • How Does Physical Activity Help My Kids' Bones?
    • Is It Possible to Get Too Much Exercise?
    • What Else Can My Kids Do Besides Eating Calcium-Rich Foods and Getting Plenty of Weight-Bearing Exercise to Keep Their Bones Healthy?
    • My Son Has Asthma and Takes a Steroid Medication to Control It. His Doctor Said This Might Affect His Bones. Is There Anything We Can Do About This?
    • My 8-Year-Old Son Is a Daredevil and Has Already Broken Several Bones. Could He Have a Problem Like Osteoporosis at This Young Age?
    • How Can I Get Through to My Kids? They Sure Don't Think About Their Bones.
    • Where Can I Go for More Information?