tadalafil, Cialis (cont.)
Omudhome Ogbru, PharmD
Omudhome Ogbru, PharmD
Dr. Ogbru received his Doctorate in Pharmacy from the University of the Pacific School of Pharmacy in 1995. He completed a Pharmacy Practice Residency at the University of Arizona/University Medical Center in 1996. He was a Professor of Pharmacy Practice and a Regional Clerkship Coordinator for the University of the Pacific School of Pharmacy from 1996-99.
Medical and Pharmacy Editor:
Rare cases of sudden loss of hearing have been reported with phosphodiesterase inhibitors such as tadalafil, sometimes associated with ringing in the ears and dizziness. If changes in hearing occur, patients should stop their tadalafil and seek immediate medical attention. Phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors have been associated rarely with non-arteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION), a condition which causes decreased vision and may lead to blindness. Patients should stop use of all PDE5 inhibitors and seek medical attention if they experience sudden loss of vision in one or both eyes.
GENERIC AVAILABLE: No
PREPARATIONS: Tablets: 2.5, 5, 10 and 20 mg.
STORAGE: Tadalafil should be stored at room temperature between 15 C to 30 C (59 F to 86 F).
DOSING: For most individuals, the recommended starting dose of tadalafil is 10 mg per day taken before sexual activity (tadalafil for use as needed). Depending on the adequacy of the response or side effects, the dose may be increased to 20 mg or decreased to 5 mg a day. The effect of tadalafil may last up to 36 hours. Individuals who are taking medications that increase the blood levels of tadalafil should not exceed a total dose of 10 mg in 72 hours (See drug interactions). For once daily use without regard to sexual activity the recommended dose is 2.5 to 5 mg daily. Tadalafil should not be taken more than once daily.
The recommended dose for BPH, or BPH and ED is 5 mg daily taken about the same time each day. Tadalafil may be taken with or without food since food does not affect its absorption from the intestine.
The dose of tadalafil may require adjustment for patients with reduced kidney or liver function.
DRUG INTERACTIONS: The breakdown and elimination of tadalafil from the body may be decreased by erythromycin, ketoconazole (Nizoral), itraconazole (Sporanox), indinavir (Crixivan) and ritonavir (Norvir). Therefore, these drugs may increase the levels of tadalafil in the blood. If these drugs are being used at the same time as tadalafil, the dose of tadalafil should be reduced to 10 mg every 72 hours when used as needed or 2.5 mg when used daily in order to avoid side effects from high levels of tadalafil.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 12/12/2014
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