Systemic Lupus Related Diseases & Conditions

Medical conditions are often related to other diseases and conditions. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments related to the topic of Systemic Lupus. These conditions may be a cause or symptom of Systemic Lupus or be a condition for which you may be at increased risk.

  • Kidney Failure Kidney failure can occur from an acute event or a chronic condition or disease. Prerenal kidney failure is caused by blood loss,...learn more »
  • Rash The word "rash" means an outbreak of red bumps on the body. The way people use this term, "a rash" can refer to many different...learn more »
  • Leukemia Leukemia is a type of cancer of the blood cells in which the growth and development of the blood cells are abnormal. Strictly...learn more »
    In This Article
    Leukemia Article
    • Leukemia facts
    • What is leukemia? What are the different types of leukemia?
    • What causes leukemia? Is leukemia hereditary?
    • What are leukemia risk factors?
    • What are leukemia symptoms and signs?
    • How do physicians diagnose leukemia?
    • What is the treatment for leukemia?
    • What are complications of leukemia?
    • What is the prognosis of leukemia?
    • Is it possible to prevent leukemia?
    • What support groups are available for people with leukemia?
    • What research is being done on leukemia?
  • Pleurisy (Pleuritis) Pleurisy, an inflammation of the lining around the lungs, is associated with sharp chest pain upon breathing in. Cough, chest...learn more »
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease that causes chronic inflammation of the joints, the tissue around the joints,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) Article
    • Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) facts
    • What is rheumatoid arthritis (RA)?
    • Rheumatoid arthritis vs. osteoarthritis
    • What are rheumatoid arthritis causes and risk factors?
    • What are complications of rheumatoid arthritis?
    • What are rheumatoid arthritis symptoms and signs?
    • How do physicians diagnose rheumatoid arthritis?
    • What are the stages of rheumatoid arthritis?
    • What is the treatment for rheumatoid arthritis? What types of medications treat RA?
    • "First-line" rheumatoid arthritis medications
    • "Second-line" or "slow-acting" rheumatoid arthritis drugs (disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs or DMARDs)
    • What are newer rheumatoid arthritis treatments?
    • Rheumatoid arthritis diet, exercise, home remedies, and alternative medicine
    • What about rheumatoid arthritis and pregnancy?
    • What is the prognosis for patients with rheumatoid arthritis?
    • What are tips for living with rheumatoid arthritis?
    • Is it possible to prevent rheumatoid arthritis?
    • What specialists treat rheumatoid arthritis (RA)?
    • What new information about RA has come from the 2015 national meeting of the American College of Rheumatology?
    • What research is being done on rheumatoid arthritis?
    • Where can people get additional information on rheumatoid arthritis?
  • Anemia Anemia is the condition of having less than the normal number of red blood cells or less than the normal quantity of hemoglobin...learn more »
  • Vaginal Bleeding Normal vaginal bleeding (menorrhea) occurs through the process of menstruation. Abnormal vaginal bleeding in women who are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Vaginal Bleeding Article
    • Vaginal bleeding facts
    • What is normal vaginal bleeding?
    • What is abnormal vaginal bleeding?
    • What conditions cause abnormal vaginal bleeding in women who are ovulating regularly?
    • What conditions cause vaginal bleeding after menopause or abnormal vaginal bleeding in women who are not ovulating regularly?
    • What causes abnormal vaginal bleeding during pregnancy?
    • What causes vaginal bleeding during or after sexual intercourse?
    • What diagnostic tests are used to evaluate abnormal vaginal bleeding?
    • How is irregular vaginal bleeding treated?
  • Sjogren's Syndrome Sjögren's syndrome is an autoimmune disease involving the abnormal production of extra antibodies that attack the glands and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sjogren's Syndrome Article
    • Sjögren's syndrome facts
    • What is Sjögren's syndrome?
    • What causes Sjögren's syndrome?
    • What are risk factors for developing Sjögren's syndrome?
    • What are Sjögren's syndrome symptoms and signs?
    • How is Sjögren's syndrome diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for Sjögren's syndrome? Will dietary changes improve Sjögren's syndrome symptoms and signs?
    • What are complications of Sjögren's syndrome?
    • Is it possible to prevent Sjögren's syndrome?
    • What is the prognosis for patients with Sjögren's syndrome?
    • What types of doctors treat Sjögren's syndrome?
    • Conclusion
  • Thrombocytopenia (Low Platelet Count) Thrombocytopenia (low platelet count) refers to a decreased number of platelets in the blood. Symptoms of thrombocytopenia...learn more »
    In This Article
    Thrombocytopenia (Low Platelet Count) Article
    • Thrombocytopenia (low platelet count) definition and facts
    • What is thrombocytopenia (low platelet count)?
    • What are the symptoms of thrombocytopenia?
    • What causes thrombocytopenia?
    • Decreased platelet production
    • Increased platelet destruction or consumption
    • Splenic sequestration
    • When should I seek medical care for thrombocytopenia?
    • Which specialties of doctors treat thrombycytopenia (low platelet count)?
    • How is thrombocytopenia diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for thrombocytopenia (low platelet count)?
    • What are the complications of thrombocytopenia?
    • Can thrombocytopenia be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for a person with thrombocytopenia (low platelet count)?
  • Sunburn (Sun Poisoning) Sunburn is caused by overexposure to UV radiation from the sun. UV rays can also damage the eyes. Repeated overexposure to UV...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sunburn (Sun Poisoning) Article
    • Sunburn and sun poisoning facts
    • What is sunburn?
    • Can sunburn cause permanent damage?
    • What is UV light and where are UV rays most intense?
    • What are the symptoms of sunburn?
    • What are the symptoms of severe sunburn (sun poisoning)?
    • Sunburn pictures
    • What first-aid measures should be taken with sunburn?
    • What is the treatment for sunburn?
    • Are there any home remedies to treat sunburn?
    • Is a follow-up visit with a physician necessary?
    • Who is most susceptible to sunburn?
    • Can diseases cause a heightened sensitivity to UV rays?
    • What kinds of skin cancer can UV rays cause?
    • How can sunburn and skin cancer be prevented?
    • How do sunscreens work?
    • What is SPF?
    • What is the best way to apply sunscreen?
    • Do sunscreens expire?
    • Can antioxidants protect against sunburn?
  • Arthritis Arthritis is inflammation of one or more joints. When joints are inflamed they can develop stiffness, warmth, swelling, redness...learn more »
    In This Article
    Arthritis Article
    • Arthritis facts
    • What is arthritis?
    • How many types of arthritis exist?
    • What causes arthritis?
    • What are risk factors for arthritis?
    • What are arthritis symptoms and signs?
    • Who is affected by arthritis?
    • How do health-care professionals diagnose arthritis? Why is a diagnosis important?
    • Is there an arthritis diet?
    • Are there foods to avoid when you have arthritis?
    • What is the treatment for arthritis?
    • What are the prognosis (outlook) for arthritis, and what are arthritis complications?
    • Is it possible to prevent arthritis?
    • What is a rheumatologist, and what specialties of doctors treat arthritis?
    • What is the Arthritis Foundation?
  • Sun-Sensitive Drugs (Photosensitivity to Drugs) Sun sensitivity (photosensitivity) is an inflammation of the skin induced by the combination of medications or substances and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sun-Sensitive Drugs (Photosensitivity to Drugs) Article
    • Sun-sensitizing drugs (photosensitivity) facts
    • What is photosensitivity?
    • What is the difference between a photoallergic and a phototoxic reaction?
    • What is ultraviolet light?
    • Photoallergic and phototoxic reaction pictures
    • What are the symptoms of sun sensitivity (photosensitivity)?
    • Phototoxic drugs
    • Photoallergic drugs
    • Are there any medical conditions that may cause photosensitivity?
    • How is sun sensitivity (photosensitivity) diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a photosensitizing drug reaction?
    • Is anyone taking these drugs at risk for developing sunburn?
    • Can any foods or plants cause sun sensitivity (photosensitivity) reactions?
    • Pictures of food and plant sun-sensitivity (photosensitivity) reactions
    • Are there any medical applications of sun sensitivity (photosensitivity)?
  • Hair Loss There are many causes of scalp hair loss. This featured article covers the common ones such as patchy hair loss (alopecia areata,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hair Loss Article
    • Hair loss facts
    • What are causes and risk factors for hair loss?
    • What types of doctors treat hair loss?
    • How do physicians classify hair loss?
    • What is alopecia areata?
    • What is traction alopecia?
    • What is trichotillomania?
    • What is tinea capitis?
    • What is generalized (diffuse) hair loss?
    • What is telogen effluvium?
    • What is androgenetic or androgenic alopecia ("male-pattern baldness," "female-pattern baldness")?
    • What treatment is there for hair loss in men?
    • What other options do people have for hair loss?
    • Is hair loss in women different than men?
    • What about pregnancy hair loss?
    • What specific treatments are there for hair loss in women?
    • What vitamins are good for hair loss? Are there home remedies for hair loss?
    • Can itchy scalp cause hair loss?
    • What is the prognosis for hair loss?
    • How do people prevent hair loss?
  • Foot Pain Foot pain may be caused by injuries (sprains, strains, bruises, and fractures), diseases (diabetes, Hansen disease, and gout),...learn more »
  • Peripheral Neuropathy Peripheral neuropathy is a problem with the functioning of the nerves outside of the spinal cord. Symptoms may include numbness,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Peripheral Neuropathy Article
    • Peripheral neuropathy facts
    • What is peripheral neuropathy?
    • What causes peripheral neuropathy?
    • What are the symptoms of peripheral neuropathy?
    • How is peripheral neuropathy diagnosed?
    • Is there any treatment for peripheral neuropathy?
    • Can peripheral neuropathy be prevented?
  • Pulmonary Fibrosis Pulmonary fibrosis is scarring throughout the lungs. Pulmonary fibrosis can be caused by many conditions including chronic...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pulmonary Fibrosis Article
    • Pulmonary fibrosis facts
    • What is pulmonary fibrosis?
    • What causes pulmonary fibrosis?
    • What are symptoms of pulmonary fibrosis?
    • How is pulmonary fibrosis diagnosed?
    • How is pulmonary fibrosis treated?
    • What are the complications of pulmonary fibrosis?
    • Can pulmonary fibrosis be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for pulmonary fibrosis?
    • Where can I get information to improve the quality of life for those with pulmonary fibrosis?
  • Peripheral Vascular Disease Peripheral vascular disease (PVD) refers to diseases of the blood vessels (arteries and veins) located outside the heart and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Peripheral Vascular Disease Article
    • Peripheral vascular disease facts
    • What is peripheral vascular disease?
    • What is atherosclerosis?
    • How does atherosclerosis cause disease?
    • What are potential complications of peripheral artery disease?
    • What are the other causes of peripheral vascular diseases?
    • Who is at risk for peripheral artery disease?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of peripheral artery disease?
    • How is peripheral artery disease diagnosed?
    • What are the treatments for peripheral artery disease?
    • Lifestyle changes
    • Supervised exercise
    • Peripheral vascular disease medications
    • Angioplasty for peripheral vascular disease
    • Surgery for peripheral vascular disease
  • Fatigue Fatigue can be described in various ways. Sometimes fatigue is described as feeling a lack of energy and motivation (both mental...learn more »
    In This Article
    Fatigue Article
    • Fatigue Facts
    • Fatigue introduction
    • What causes fatigue?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of fatigue?
    • How is the cause of fatigue diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for fatigue?
    • Can fatigue be prevented?
  • Pinkeye Pinkeye, also called conjunctivitis, is redness or irritation of the conjunctivae, the membranes on the inner part of the eyelids...learn more »
  • Fever Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 F (37 C), in practice, a person is usually not...learn more »
    In This Article
    Fever Article
    • Fever facts
    • What is a fever?
    • What causes a fever?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of a fever?
    • How is a fever diagnosed?
    • How should someone take a temperature for fever?
    • What is the treatment for a fever?
    • When should someone seek medical care for a fever?
    • What kind of doctors treat a fever?
    • What are complications of a fever?
    • What is the prognosis for a fever?
    • Is it possible to prevent a fever?
    • Where can people find more information about fevers?
  • Dry Mouth (Xerostomia) Dry mouth is a common side effect of many prescription and non-prescription drugs and certain medical conditions. Symptoms of dry...learn more »
    In This Article
    Dry Mouth (Xerostomia) Article
    • What is dry mouth?
    • How common is dry mouth?
    • What are the benefits of saliva?
    • What causes dry mouth?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of dry mouth?
    • How do health care professionals diagnose dry mouth?
    • What is the treatment for dry mouth?
    • Is it possible to prevent dry mouth?
    • What is the prognosis of dry mouth?
  • Lupus Second Source article from WebMD...learn more »
  • Fibromyalgia Fibromyalgia is a chronic pain condition characterized by symptoms such as fatigue, sleep disturbances, and tender points. Stress...learn more »
    In This Article
    Fibromyalgia Article
    • Fibromyalgia facts
    • What is fibromyalgia?
    • What causes fibromyalgia?
    • Is fibromyalgia hereditary?
    • What are risk factors for fibromyalgia?
    • What are fibromyalgia symptoms and signs? What are fibromyalgia tender points?
    • How do physicians diagnose fibromyalgia?
    • What specialties of doctors treat fibromyalgia?
    • What is the treatment for fibromyalgia?
    • Are there any home remedies for fibromyalgia?
    • What is the prognosis of fibromyalgia?
    • Is it possible to prevent fibromyalgia?
    • Are there support groups for fibromyalgia?
    • What is the latest research on fibromyalgia?
  • Raynaud's Phenomenon Raynaud's phenomenon is characterized by a pale-blue-red sequence of color changes of the digits, most commonly after exposure to...learn more »
  • Interstitial Pneumonitis (Interstitial Lung Disease) Interstitial lung disease refers to a variety of diseased that thicken the tissue between the lungs' air sacks. Viruses,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Interstitial Pneumonitis (Interstitial Lung Disease) Article
    • Interstitial lung disease facts
    • What is interstitial lung disease?
    • What causes interstitial lung disease?
    • What are signs and symptoms of interstitial lung disease?
    • How is interstitial lung disease diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for interstitial lung disease?
    • What is the prognosis for interstitial lung disease?
    • Can interstitial lung disease be prevented?
  • Pericarditis Pericarditis is the inflammation of the pericardial sac that surrounds the heart. The causes of pericarditis include injury from...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pericarditis Article
    • Pericarditis facts
    • What is pericarditis?
    • What causes pericarditis?
    • What are the symptoms of pericarditis?
    • How is pericarditis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for pericarditis?
    • What are the complications of pericarditis?
  • Lupus Second Source article from Government...learn more »
  • Corneal Ulcer A corneal ulcer is an open sore on the cornea. Infection is a common cause of corneal ulcer. Symptoms and signs of corneal ulcer...learn more »
    In This Article
    Corneal Ulcer Article
    • Corneal ulcer facts
    • What is a corneal ulcer?
    • What does a corneal ulcer look like?
    • What are the causes of a corneal ulcer?
    • What are risk factors for corneal ulcers?
    • What are corneal ulcer symptoms?
    • What are corneal ulcer signs?
    • What types of doctors treat corneal ulcers?
    • How does a health-care professional diagnose a corneal ulcer?
    • What is the treatment for a corneal ulcer?
    • What is the healing time for a corneal ulcer?
    • What is the prognosis of a corneal ulcer?
    • Is it possible to prevent corneal ulcers?
  • Depression Depression is an illness that involves the body, mood, and thoughts and affects the way a person eats and sleeps, the way one...learn more »
    In This Article
    Depression Article
    • Depression facts
    • What is a depressive disorder?
    • What are myths about depression?
    • What are the types of depression, and what are depression symptoms and signs?
    • Depression symptoms and signs in men
    • Depression symptoms and signs in women
    • Depression symptoms and signs in teenagers
    • Depression symptoms and signs in children
    • What are the risk factors and causes of depression?
    • Postpartum depression
    • What tests do health-care professionals use to diagnose depression?
    • What treatments are available for depression?
    • What is the general approach to treating depression?
    • What about sexual dysfunction related to antidepressants?
    • What about discontinuing antidepressants?
    • What are complications of depression?
    • What is the prognosis for depression?
    • Is it possible to prevent depression?
    • What about self-help and home remedies for depression?
    • How can someone help a person who is depressed?
    • Where can one seek help for depression?
    • What is in the future for depression?
    • Where can people find more information about depression?
  • Scleritis Scleritis is inflammation of the white part of the eye. It may be caused by a serious underlying condition, such as an autoimmune...learn more »
    In This Article
    Scleritis Article
    • Scleritis facts
    • What is scleritis?
    • What is the sclera?
    • What causes scleritis?
    • What are risk factors for scleritis?
    • What are symptoms of scleritis?
    • What are signs of scleritis?
    • How is scleritis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for scleritis?
    • What are the complications of scleritis?
    • What is the prognosis for scleritis?
    • Can scleritis be prevented?
    • What research is being done on scleritis?
  • Heart Murmur A heart murmur is the sound generated when blood flow within the heart is not smooth. Causes of heart murmurs can be functional,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Heart Murmur Article
    • Heart murmur facts
    • What is a heart murmur?
    • What causes a heart murmur?
    • What are the risk factors for heart murmur?
    • What are the symptoms of a heart murmur?
    • When should I seek medical care for a heart murmur?
    • How is a heart murmur diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a heart murmur?
    • What are the complications of a heart murmur?
    • Can heart murmur be prevented?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for a patient with a heart murmur?
  • Head and Neck Cancer Head and neck cancer is cancer of the oral cavity, salivary glands, paranasal sinuses and nasal cavity, pharynx, larynx, or lymph...learn more »
    In This Article
    Head and Neck Cancer Article
    • Head and neck cancer facts*
    • What is cancer?
    • What kinds of cancers are considered cancers of the head and neck?
    • How common are head and neck cancers?
    • What causes head and neck cancers?
    • What are common symptoms of head and neck cancers?
    • How are head and neck cancers diagnosed?
    • What health professionals treat patients with head and neck cancers?
    • How are head and neck cancers treated?
    • Are clinical trials (research studies) available for patients with head and neck cancers?
    • What rehabilitation or support options are available for patients with head and neck cancers?
    • Is follow-up treatment necessary? What does it involve?
    • What can people who have had head and neck cancer do to reduce the risk of developing a second primary (new) cancer?
  • Polymyositis Polymyositis is a disease of the muscle featuring inflammation of the muscle fibers. It results in weakness of the muscles which...learn more »
    In This Article
    Polymyositis Article
    • Polymyositis and dermatomyositis facts
    • What is polymyositis? What is dermatomyositis?
    • Polymyositis vs. polymyalgia rheumatica
    • What causes polymyositis and dermatomyositis?
    • What are signs and symptoms of polymyositis and dermatomyositis?
    • What tests do doctors use to diagnose polymyositis or dermatomyositis?
    • What types of doctors treat polymyositis and dermatomyositis?
    • What is the treatment for polymyositis and dermatomyositis?
    • What are home remedies for polymyositis and dermatomyositis?
    • What is the prognosis for polymyositis?
    • What are risk factors for worse outcomes with polymyositis or dermatomyositis?
    • Is it possible to prevent polymyositis?
    • Are there support groups for people with polymyositis and dermatomyositis?
    • Where can people find more information on polymyositis and dermatomyositis?
  • Seizure (Epilepsy) Epilepsy is a brain disorder in which the person has seizures. There are two kinds of seizures, focal and generalized. There are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Seizure (Epilepsy) Article
    • Epilepsy Facts*
    • Introduction
    • What is epilepsy?
    • What causes epilepsy?
    • What are the different kinds of seizures?
    • Focal seizures
    • Generalized seizures
    • What are the different kinds of epilepsy?
    • When are seizures not epilepsy?
    • First seizures
    • Febrile seizures
    • Nonepileptic events
    • Eclampsia
    • How is epilepsy diagnosed?
    • Can epilepsy be prevented?
    • How can epilepsy be treated?
    • How does epilepsy affect daily life?
    • Are there special risks associated with epilepsy?
    • What research is being done on epilepsy?
    • How can I help research on epilepsy?
    • What to do if you see someone having a seizure
    • Conclusion
    • Where can I get more information?
  • Pleural Effusion Pleural effusion is a buildup of fluid in the chest or on the lungs. There are two types of pleural effusion, trandsudate and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pleural Effusion Article
    • What is pleural effusion?
    • What are the causes of pleural effusion?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of pleural effusion?
    • What are the risk factors for pleural effusion?
    • How is pleural effusion diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for pleural effusion?
    • What are the complications of pleural effusion?
    • Can pleural effusion be prevented?
  • Costochondritis Costochondritis is inflammation of the cartilage where the ribs attach to the sternum. Tietze syndrome affects the same region of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Costochondritis Article
    • What is costochondritis?
    • What causes costochondritis?
    • What are symptoms of costochondritis, and what is Tietze's syndrome?
    • How are costochondritis and Tietze's syndrome diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for costochondritis and Tietze's syndrome?
    • What is the prognosis for costochondritis and Tietze's syndrome?
    • Can costochondritis and Tietze's syndrome be prevented?
  • Vasculitis Vasculitis is a general term for a group of uncommon diseases which feature inflammation of the blood vessels. Each form of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Vasculitis Article
    • Vasculitis facts
    • What is vasculitis?
    • What causes vasculitis, and what are examples of diseases with vasculitis?
    • What are the symptoms of vasculitis?
    • How is vasculitis diagnosed?
    • How is vasculitis treated?
  • Graves' Disease Graves' disease is an autoimmune disease that affects the thyroid. Some of the symptoms of Graves' disease include hand tremors,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Graves' Disease Article
    • Graves' disease facts*
    • What is Graves' disease?
    • What are the symptoms of Graves' disease?
    • Who gets Graves' disease?
    • What causes Graves' disease?
    • How do I find out if I have Graves' disease?
    • How is Graves' disease treated?
    • What could happen if Graves' disease is not treated?
    • Does pregnancy affect the thyroid?
    • Do I need a thyroid test if I become pregnant?
    • I have Graves' disease and want to have a baby. What should I do before I try to become pregnant?
    • How is Graves' disease managed during pregnancy?
    • Can I breastfeed if I am taking antithyroid medicine for Graves' disease?
    • For more information on Graves' disease
  • Miscarriage Miscarriage is the medical term for the spontaneous loss of pregnancy from conception to 20 weeks gestation. Risk factors for a...learn more »
    In This Article
    Miscarriage Article
    • What is a miscarriage?
    • How common is miscarriage?
    • What causes miscarriage?
    • What are the types of miscarriage?
    • What are signs and symptoms of a miscarriage?
    • How is miscarriage diagnosed?
    • What happens after a miscarriage?
    • What is the outlook for future pregnancies after a miscarriage?
    • Can miscarriage be prevented?
  • Connective Tissue Disease Connective tissue disease is when the body's connective tissues come under attack, possibly becoming injured by inflammation....learn more »
    In This Article
    Connective Tissue Disease Article
    • What is a connective tissue disease?
    • What causes connective tissue disease?
    • What are symptoms and signs of a connective tissue disease?
    • How are connective tissue diseases diagnosed?
    • What are genetic risk factors for developing connective tissue disease?
    • What autoimmune diseases are associated with connective tissue disease?
  • Breast Cancer Breast cancer is an invasive tumor that develops in the mammary gland. Breast cancer is detected via mammograms, breast...learn more »
    In This Article
    Breast Cancer Article
    • Breast cancer facts
    • What is breast cancer?
    • What are the statistics on male breast cancer?
    • What are the different types of breast cancer? Where does breast cancer come from?
    • What causes breast cancer?
    • What are breast cancer risk factors? How do you get breast cancer?
    • What about antiperspirants or deodorants as causes of breast cancer?
    • What are breast cancer symptoms and signs?
    • What tests do physicians use to diagnose breast cancer?
    • What is HER2-positive breast cancer?
    • What tests detect HER2?
    • Do symptoms and signs of HER2-positive breast cancer differ from those of HER2-negative breast cancer?
    • What are therapies for HER2-positive breast cancers?
    • How are breast cancer stages determined?
    • What are breast cancer treatments?
    • What are breast cancer survival rates by stage? What is the prognosis of breast cancer?
    • Is it possible to prevent breast cancer?
    • What research is being done on breast cancer? Is it worthwhile to participate in a breast cancer clinical trial?
    • I may have breast cancer. What questions should I ask my doctor?
    • Is the doctor sure I have breast cancer?
    • What type of breast cancer do I have?
    • What difference does a precise breast cancer diagnosis make?
    • What has been done to exclude cancer in other areas of the same breast or in my other breast?
    • What type of medical team do I need for the most accurate breast cancer diagnosis?
    • Is my family history relevant to my breast cancer diagnosis?
    • What other studies should be done on my breast tissue biopsy?
    • How urgent is it that I make decisions and begin breast cancer treatment?
    • Should I stop taking hormone replacement therapy (HRT) after a breast cancer diagnosis?
    • Even though my breast tumor does not have hormone receptors, should I take tamoxifen to reduce the risk of a new tumor?
    • I have a ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), a type of localized cancer. Why have I been advised to have a mastectomy when other women with invasive breast cancer have lumpectomies?
    • Should I start chemotherapy before surgery for breast cancer?
    • If I am advised to have a mastectomy, what are the risks and benefits of immediate breast reconstruction?
    • Should breast cancer patients have their lymph nodes removed?
    • What is a sentinel lymph node biopsy, and what are its benefits and risks?
    • Are there any other questions I should ask my doctor about breast cancer?
  • Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS or SEID) Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) or systemic exertion intolerance disease (SEID) is a debilitating and complex disorder...learn more »
    In This Article
    Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS or SEID) Article
    • Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) or systemic exertion intolerance disease (SEID) facts
    • What is chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS or SEID)?
    • What causes chronic fatigue syndrome or systemic exertional intolerance disease?
    • What are risk factors for CFS/SEID?
    • What are systemic exertion intolerance disease or chronic fatigue syndrome symptoms and signs?
    • What are CFS/SEID symptoms in men?
    • What are SEID/CFS symptoms in women?
    • How is chronic fatigue syndrome (or systemic exertion intolerance disease) diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for CFS/SEID?
    • Is there a cure for CFS/SEID?
    • What is the prognosis (outcome) for CFS/SEID?
    • Is it possible to prevent CFS/SEID?
    • Where can people find additional information about CFS/SEID?
  • Trigeminal Neuralgia Pain that originates in the face is referred to as trigeminal neuralgia. This pain may be caused by an injury, and infection in...learn more »
    In This Article
    Trigeminal Neuralgia Article
    • Introduction to trigeminal neuralgia
    • What is trigeminal neuralgia?
    • What causes trigeminal neuralgia?
    • What are the symptoms of trigeminal neuralgia?
    • How is trigeminal neuralgia diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for trigeminal neuralgia?
  • Celiac Disease Celiac disease is a condition in which a person has inflammation of the small intestinal mucosa when exposed to gluten in the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Celiac Disease Article
    • Celiac disease facts
    • What causes celiac disease?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of celiac disease?
    • Are there other diseases or conditions associated with celiac disease?
    • How is celiac disease diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for celiac disease?
    • What are the complications of celiac disease?
    • What is a gluten-free diet?
  • Dry Eyes Dry eyes are caused by an imbalance in the tear-flow system of the eye, but also can be caused by the drying out of the tear...learn more »
    In This Article
    Dry Eyes Article
    • Dry eye syndrome facts
    • What is dry eye syndrome?
    • What causes dry eye syndrome?
    • What is the impact of dry eye syndrome?
    • What are dry eye syndrome symptoms and signs?
    • What are the complications of dry eye syndrome?
    • What are the risk factors for dry eye syndrome?
    • Can self-care treatments and remedies help alleviate dry eyes?
    • What is the medical treatment for dry eye syndrome?
    • What medications are used to treat dry eye syndrome?
    • Can surgery treat dry eye syndrome?
    • What other therapies are used to treat dry eye syndrome?
  • Aseptic Necrosis Aseptic necrosis (avascular necrosis or osteonecrosis) is a condition that develops when blood supply diminishes to an area of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Aseptic Necrosis Article
    • Aseptic necrosis facts
    • What is aseptic necrosis?
    • What causes aseptic necrosis?
    • What are risk factors for aseptic necrosis?
    • What are aseptic necrosis symptoms and signs?
    • How do physicians diagnose aseptic necrosis?
    • What is the treatment for aseptic necrosis?
    • What is the prognosis of aseptic necrosis?
    • Is it possible to prevent aseptic necrosis?
  • Optic Neuritis Optic neuritis is inflammation of the optic nerve, the structure that connects the eye to the brain. The precise cause of optic...learn more »
    In This Article
    Optic Neuritis Article
    • Optic neuritis facts
    • What is optic neuritis?
    • What causes optic neuritis?
    • What are symptoms of optic neuritis?
    • What are signs of optic neuritis?
    • How is optic neuritis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for optic neuritis?
    • What is the prognosis for optic neuritis?
    • Where can I find more information on optic neuritis?
  • Antiphospholipid Syndrome Antiphospholipid syndrome (phospholipid antibody syndrome or Hughes syndrome) is an immune system disorder characterized by...learn more »
    In This Article
    Antiphospholipid Syndrome Article
    • Antiphospholipid syndrome facts
    • What is antiphospholipid syndrome? What are antiphospholipid syndrome symptoms and signs?
    • What causes and risk factors of antiphospholipid syndrome?
    • What laboratory tests can support the diagnosis of antiphospholipid syndrome?
    • How is antiphospholipid syndrome treated?
    • What is the treatment for antiphospholipid syndrome during pregnancy?
    • What is catastrophic antiphospholipid syndrome?
    • What is the prognosis of antiphospholipid syndrome?
    • Is it possible to prevent antiphospholipid syndrome?
  • Uveitis Uveitis is inflammation of the eye. Symptoms include blurred vision, eye pain, eye redness, photophobia, and floaters. Treatment...learn more »
    In This Article
    Uveitis Article
    • What is uveitis?
    • What causes uveitis?
    • What are symptoms of uveitis?
    • What are the signs of uveitis?
    • What are the different types of uveitis?
    • What other medical conditions are associated with uveitis?
    • How is uveitis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for uveitis?
    • What is the prognosis for uveitis?
    • What are the complications of uveitis?
    • Can uveitis be prevented?
  • Iritis Iritis is inflammation of the iris, the colored portion of the eye. Symptoms include a red, painful eye, blurry vision, and light...learn more »
    In This Article
    Iritis Article
    • Iritis facts
    • What is iritis?
    • What causes iritis?
    • What are symptoms and signs of iritis?
    • How is iritis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for iritis?
    • How long does iritis last?
    • What are complications of iritis?
    • What is the prognosis for iritis?
    • What research is being done for iritis?
    • Where can I find out more information about iritis?
  • Scars Scar formation is a natural part of the healing process after injury. The depth and size of the wound incision and the location...learn more »
    In This Article
    Scars Article
    • Scars facts
    • What is a scar?
    • What are the different types of scars?
    • What causes a scar?
    • What are symptoms and signs of a scar?
    • How are scars diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a scar?
    • Are there any home remedies to reduce scarring?
    • What is the prognosis of a scar?
    • Can scarring be prevented?
    • Does insurance coverage apply to scar treatments?
  • Bullous Pemphigoid Bullous pemphigoid is a skin disease that causes blistering eruptions on the skin's surface and sometimes affects the inner...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bullous Pemphigoid Article
    • What is bullous pemphigoid?
    • What are symptoms of bullous pemphigoid?
    • How is bullous pemphigoid diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for bullous pemphigoid?
    • What is the prognosis of bullous pemphigoid?
  • Peritonitis Peritonitis is a bacterial infection inside of the abdomen. Some doctors choose to group the causes of peritonitis into five...learn more »
    In This Article
    Peritonitis Article
    • Peritonitis facts
    • What is peritonitis?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of peritonitis?
    • What are the causes of peritonitis?
    • What is the most common type of peritonitis?
    • What kind of doctor treats peritonitis?
    • How is peritonitis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for peritonitis?
    • What are the complications of peritonitis?
    • Can peritonitis be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for a person with peritonitis?
  • Is Pleurisy Contagious? Pleurisy or pleuritis is an inflammation of the lining around the lungs. Some of the causes of pleurisy include TB, the flu,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Is Pleurisy Contagious? Article
    • What is pleurisy?
    • Is pleurisy contagious?
    • How will I know if I have pleurisy?
    • How is pleurisy spread?
    • How will I know if I am cured of pleurisy?
    • When should I contact a doctor about pleurisy?
  • Is Lupus Contagious? Systemic lupus erythematosus in an inflammatory disease. Symptoms and signs include joint pain, fever, and rash. Though lupus is...learn more »
    In This Article
    Is Lupus Contagious? Article
    • What is lupus?
    • Is lupus contagious?
    • How will someone know if he or she has lupus?
    • Can lupus spread?
    • Is there a cure for lupus?
    • When should someone seek medical care for lupus?