Table of Contents
- Swollen ankles and swollen feet definition and facts
- What causes swollen ankles and swollen feet?
- What are the most common causes swollen ankles and swollen feet?
- Who is at risk for swollen ankles and swollen feet?
- Who is at risk for swollen ankles and swollen feet? (Continued)
- What are the symptoms of swollen ankles and swollen feet?
- What medical conditions cause symptoms of swollen ankles and swollen feet?
- How are swollen ankles and swollen feet diagnosed?
- Which specialties of doctors treat foot and ankle swelling?
- What is the treatment for swollen feet and swollen ankles?
- What home remedies help soothe symptoms of swollen ankles or feet?
- What are the complications of swollen ankles and swollen feet?
- Can swollen ankles and swollen feet be prevented?
- What is the prognosis (outcome) for swollen feet and swollen ankles?
Quick GuideBurning or Swollen Feet? What Foot Pain Says About Your Health
What are the symptoms of swollen ankles and swollen feet?
The symptoms of swollen feet and swollen ankles depend on the underlying causes mentioned above.
- In general, swelling caused by dependent edema, pregnancy, medications, and most diseases produce swelling that is bilateral (present in both feet or ankles ) and usually begins as a soft, puffy skin enlargement in the feet that spreads rapidly (often within hours) to the ankles.
- The skin is easily indented when pressed down with a finger and slowly returns to its more puffy state when the finger pressure is removed.
- Indentions seen in the puffy skin when shoes or socks are removed are classic signs of swelling.
- The skin color with this swelling is often normal or slightly pale; indentation marks are slightly darker than the surrounding swollen tissue.
- Many individuals can simply position themselves on their backs, elevate their feet and ankles higher than their hearts, and after some time (often a few hours), the swelling may resolve completely. However, in some chronic diseases and with some medications taken for long time periods, the swelling becomes chronic and the skin becomes more rigid, reddish and sometimes mildly discolored or mottled and will not return to normal after a few hours of elevation. For example, many people with chronic congestive heart failure (CHF) will have chronic bilateral swelling of feet and ankles with skin changes.
American Pregnancy Association. Swelling During Pregnancy. April 1, 2014
Dumitru, I., et al. Heart Failure. Medscape. April 22, 2015