Swollen Ankles and Swollen Feet (cont.)

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Who is at risk for swollen ankles and swollen feet?

A large number of people are at risk for swollen ankles and feet . Below are listed the causes and those people at risk:

  • Dependent swelling (or edema): people who are standing or walking for extended periods like salespersons, mothers with children, construction workers, obese individuals, and individuals with underlying health problems (see below)
  • Pregnancy: most normal pregnant females, especially in the last trimester.
  • Medications (side effects): people taking anti-inflammatory drugs (steroids and NSAIDs), hormones, medications for people with diabetes, antidepressants, and many calcium channel blockers (anti-hypertensive and cardiac medications).
  • Injury: any person with trauma to the foot or ankle
  • Diseases: Patients with heart disease (especially congestive heart failure), liver disease, kidney disease (all of these diseases can influence fluid mobilization in the body by physical, metabolic and electrolyte-water interactions)
  • Infection: any person infected, either localized (abscess) or diffuse (cellulitis)of the foot or ankle
  • Lymphedema: Persons with lymph vessel or lymph node blockage of lymph fluid, due to infections, trauma or surgical procedures
  • Blood clot(s): People with blockage of blood vessels (usually venous) that cause fluid to leak out of vessels into tissue

There are other causes that are less frequent and intermittent (for example gout or hairline ankle fractures).

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 3/18/2013

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