Surgery Questions Related Diseases & Conditions

Medical tests and procedures are used to diagnose and treat a wide variety of conditions. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments related to the topic of Surgery Questions that may be used to diagnose or monitor the status of the diseases and conditions listed below.

  • Ovarian Cysts Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled, sac-like structures within an ovary. Causes of ovarian cysts are numerous. Symptoms of an ovarian...learn more »
    In This Article
    Ovarian Cysts Article
    • Ovarian cysts facts
    • What is the ovary and what are ovarian cysts?
    • What causes ovarian cysts?
    • What symptoms are caused by ovarian cysts?
    • How are ovarian cysts diagnosed?
    • How can the physician decide if an ovarian cyst is dangerous?
    • How are ovarian cysts treated?
    • What are the risks of ovarian cysts during pregnancy?
  • Lower Back Pain There are many causes of back pain. Pain in the low back can relate to the bony lumbar spine, discs between the vertebrae,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Lower Back Pain Article
    • Low back pain facts
    • What is the anatomy of the low back?
    • What is the function of the low back?
    • What are common causes of lower back pain?
    • What are other causes of lower back pain?
    • What are uncommon causes of low back pain?
    • What are other symptoms and signs sometimes associated with low back pain?
    • How is low back pain diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for low back pain?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for low back pain?
    • Can low back pain be prevented?
  • Diverticulitis (Diverticulosis, Diverticular Disease) Diverticulitis is a condition in which diverticuli in the colon rupture. The rupture results in infection in the tissues that...learn more »
    In This Article
    Diverticulitis (Diverticulosis, Diverticular Disease) Article
    • Diverticulosis and diverticulitis facts
    • What is diverticulosis?
    • What is diverticulitis?
    • What are diverticulitis symptoms?
    • What causes diverticula and how do diverticula form?
    • What are the more serious complications of diverticulitis?
    • How are the diagnosis of diverticulitis and diverticulosis made?
    • What is the treatment for diverticulitis and diverticulosis?
    • Medical treatment of diverticulitis and diverticulosis
    • Surgical treatment for diverticulitis
    • What can be done to prevent diverticulitis and diverticulosis?
  • Pregnancy (Week By Week, Trimesters) There are many symptoms involved in the 1st, 2nd and 3rd trimesters of pregnancy. The first early pregnancy symptom is typically...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pregnancy (Week By Week, Trimesters) Article
    • Pregnancy facts*
    • Introduction
    • What is the first trimester (week 1-week 12)?
    • What is the second trimester (week 13-week 28)?
    • What is the third trimester (week 29-week 40)?
    • How will my baby develop week by week?
    • What are the changes that happen to a woman's body during her 1st, 2nd, and 3rd trimesters of pregnancy?
    • Body aches
    • Breast changes
    • Constipation
    • Dizziness
    • Fatigue, sleep problems
    • Heartburn and indigestion
    • Hemorrhoids during pregnancy
    • Itching
    • Leg cramps
    • Morning sickness
    • Nasal problems
    • Numb or tingling hands
    • Stretch marks, skin changes
    • Swelling
    • Urinary frequency and leaking
    • Varicose veins
  • Uterine Fibroids (Benign Tumors of the Uterus) Uterine fibroids are benign tumors that originate in the uterus and are usually round or semi-round in shape. The most common...learn more »
    In This Article
    Uterine Fibroids (Benign Tumors of the Uterus) Article
    • Uterine fibroids facts
    • What are uterine fibroids?
    • What causes uterine fibroids and how common are they?
    • What are the symptoms of uterine fibroids?
    • Do untreated uterine fibroids pose a risk?
    • What are the usual ways of diagnosing uterine fibroids?
    • What is the treatment of uterine fibroids?
    • Surgery for fibroids
    • Medical treatment for fibroids
    • What are the risks of uterine fibroids during pregnancy?
  • Abdominal Pain (Causes, Remedies, Treatment) Abdominal pain can have many causes. Some of the less serious causes include bloating, gas, colitis, endometriosis, food...learn more »
    In This Article
    Abdominal Pain (Causes, Remedies, Treatment) Article
    • Definition of abdominal pain
    • What are the ways to describe abdominal pain?
    • What are the causes of abdominal pain?
    • What are the less serious causes of abdominal pain?
    • What are more serious causes of abdominal pain?
    • When should I call my doctor about abdominal pain?
    • What are the methods used to diagnose abdominal pain?
    • What are the home remedies for certain causes of abdominal pain?
    • What medications can be used to treat certain causes of abdominal pain?
    • What lifestyle choices can I make to prevent abdominal pain?
  • Uterine Cancer Though uterine cancer's cause is unknown, there are many factors that will put a woman at risk, including: over age 50,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Uterine Cancer Article
    • Uterine cancer facts
    • What is the uterus?
    • What is uterine cancer (endometrial cancer)?
    • What causes uterine cancer? Who is at risk for uterine cancer?
    • What are uterine cancer symptoms and signs?
    • How is a diagnosis of uterine cancer determined?
    • How is the stage determined for uterine cancer?
    • What are treatment options for uterine cancer?
    • What about surgery for the treatment of endometrial cancer?
    • What about radiation therapy for the treatment of uterine cancer?
    • What about chemotherapy for the treatment of endometrial cancer?
    • What about hormone therapy for the treatment of uterine cancer?
    • How does a person go about getting a second opinion after a uterine cancer diagnosis?
    • What sort of follow-up treatment is needed during and after uterine cancer treatment?
    • What support is available for patients with uterine cancer?
    • What research is being done on uterine cancer?
  • Lung Cancer Lung cancer kills more men and women than any other form of cancer. Eight out of 10 lung cancers are due to tobacco smoke. Lung...learn more »
  • Gallstones Gallstones are stones that form when substances in the bile harden. Gallstones (formed in the gallbladder) can be as small as a...learn more »
    In This Article
    Gallstones Article
    • Gallstones facts
    • What are gallstones?
    • What causes gallstones?
    • Who is at risk for gallstones?
    • What are the symptoms of gallstones?
    • What are the complications of gallstones?
    • What is the relationship of gallbladder sludge to gallstones?
    • How are gallstones diagnosed?
    • What are the potential pitfalls of diagnosing gallstones?
    • How are gallstones treated?
    • Can gallstones be prevented?
    • Can symptoms continue after gallstones are removed?
    • What is new with gallstones?
  • Melanoma Melanoma is a type of skin cancer which begins in skin cells called melanocytes and affects more than 53,600 people in the United...learn more »
    In This Article
    Melanoma Article
    • Melanoma facts
    • Introduction
    • What does melanoma look like? What are the symptoms and signs?
    • What if the skin changes are rapid or dramatic?
    • What are the causes and risk factors for melanoma?
    • How do I know my level of risk for melanoma?
    • What are the types of melanoma?
    • How is melanoma diagnosed?
    • How do doctors determine the prognosis (outlook) of a melanoma?
    • What is the treatment for melanoma?
    • What methods are available to help prevent melanoma?
    • Conclusions
    • What is in the future for melanoma?
    • Additional Resources
  • Hernia A hernia occurs when an organ or piece of tissue protrudes from the space in which it is normally contained. Symptoms of a hernia...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hernia Article
    • What is an abdominal hernia?
    • What are the different types of abdominal hernias?
    • What causes an abdominal hernia?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of an abdominal hernia?
    • How are abdominal hernias diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for an abdominal hernia?
    • What non-surgical treatments are available for an abdominal hernia?
    • What is the prognosis for an abdominal hernia?
    • Can an abdominal hernia be prevented?
  • Kidney Cancer There are several types of kidney cancer, including renal cell cancer (renal adenocarcinoma or hypernephroma), transitional cell...learn more »
    In This Article
    Kidney Cancer Article
    • Kidney cancer facts*
    • What are the kidneys?
    • What is cancer?
    • What are kidney cancer causes and risk factors?
    • What are kidney cancer symptoms and signs?
    • How is kidney cancer diagnosed?
    • How is kidney cancer staging determined?
    • Methods of kidney cancer treatment
    • What are the side effects of treatment for kidney cancer?
    • What happens after treatment for kidney cancer?
    • What does the future hold in the field of kidney cancer?
    • What resources are there for patients with kidney cancer?
  • Breast Lumps (In Women) Breast lumps in women can have a variety of causes such as breast inflammation, infection, injuries, cancer, and non-cancerous...learn more »
    In This Article
    Breast Lumps (In Women) Article
    • Breast lumps facts
    • What are causes of breast lumps?
    • Infections that cause breast lumps
    • Injuries that cause breast lumps
    • Non-cancerous growths that cause breast lumps
    • Symptoms of breast cancer
    • What determines breast cancer risk?
    • How are breast lumps evaluated?
    • How can a woman be certain that a lump is not cancer?
    • How are breast lumps treated?
  • Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma is cancer of the lymphatic system, a vital part of the body's immune system. Symptoms include swollen...learn more »
    In This Article
    Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma Article
    • Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma facts
    • What is non-Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • What causes non-Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • What are risk factors for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • What are symptoms and signs of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • How is non-Hodgkin's lymphoma diagnosed?
    • What are the types of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, and how is non-Hodgkin's lymphoma staging determined?
    • What is the treatment for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • What is the prognosis and survival rates of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • Where can people find more information about non-Hodgkin's lymphoma?
  • Chronic Rhinitis and Post-Nasal Drip Allergic rhinitis symptoms include an itchy, runny nose, sneezing, itchy ears, eyes, and throat. Seasonal allergic rhinitis (also...learn more »
    In This Article
    Chronic Rhinitis and Post-Nasal Drip Article
    • Chronic rhinitis and post-nasal drip facts
    • What is the purpose of the nose?
    • What are rhinitis and post-nasal drip?
    • What causes rhinitis?
    • Is rhinitis always related to allergies?
    • What conditions cause an abnormal production of nasal secretions?
    • What conditions cause an impaired clearance of nasal secretions?
    • How can chronic rhinitis and post-nasal drip be treated?
    • What medications can be used to treat rhinitis and post-nasal drip?
    • What can be used to treat non-allergic rhinitis?
    • Does salt water have any role in the treatment of rhinitis and post-nasal drip?
    • What are other options for the treatment of rhinitis and post-nasal drip?
    • Terminology
  • Testicular Cancer Testicular cancer symptoms include a painless lump or swelling in a testicle, testicle or scrotum pain, a dull ache in the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Testicular Cancer Article
    • Testicular cancer facts*
    • What is testicular cancer?
    • What are testicular cancer risk factors and causes?
    • How is testicular cancer detected? What are testicular cancer symptoms and warning signs?
    • How is testicular cancer diagnosed?
    • How is testicular cancer treated? What are the side effects of treatment for testicular cancer?
    • Is follow-up treatment necessary for testicular cancer? What does it involve?
    • Are clinical trials (research studies) available for men with testicular cancer?
  • Male Breast Cancer Male breast cancer accounts for 1% of all breast cancers, and most cases are found in men between the ages of 60 and 70. A man's...learn more »
    In This Article
    Male Breast Cancer Article
    • Male breast cancer facts
    • What is male breast cancer?
    • How common is male breast cancer?
    • What are causes and risk factors of male breast cancer?
    • What are the different types of male breast cancer?
    • What are male breast cancer symptoms and signs?
    • How is male breast cancer diagnosed?
    • What is staging of male breast cancer?
    • What is the treatment for male breast cancer?
    • What is the outcome (prognosis) of male breast cancer?
  • Larynx Cancer Symptoms of cancer of the larynx, the organ at the front of the neck, include hoarseness, a lump in the neck, sore throat, cough,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Larynx Cancer Article
    • Throat cancer (larynx cancer) facts*
    • What is the larynx?
    • What is cancer?
    • Who is at risk for larynx cancer?
    • What are symptoms of larynx cancer?
    • How is larynx cancer diagnosed?
    • How is staging for throat cancer determined?
    • What are treatment options for larynx cancer?
    • Surgery
    • Radiation therapy
    • Chemotherapy
    • Targeted therapy
    • How does a person get a second opinion after a throat cancer diagnosis?
    • What can people with throat cancer eat?
    • What is involved in rehabilitation after surgery for larynx cancer?
    • What follow-up care is needed after treatment for throat cancer?
    • What support is available for patients with larynx cancer?
    • What research is being done on throat cancer? What about clinical trials?
  • Penis Cancer Signs and symptoms of penile cancer include a lump on the penis and redness, irritation, or a sore on the penis. Risk of penis...learn more »
    In This Article
    Penis Cancer Article
    • Penis cancer facts*
    • What is cancer of the penis?
    • What are causes and risk factors for penis cancer?
    • What are symptoms and signs of penis cancer?
    • How is penile cancer diagnosed?
    • What factors affect prognosis and treatment of penile cancer?
    • How is staging of penile cancer determined?
    • What is the treatment for penis cancer?
    • What are treatment options by stage?
    • Where can I get more information about penis cancer?
  • Scalp Psoriasis Scalp psoriasis causes red, raised, scaly patches that may extend from the scalp to the forehead and the back of the neck and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Scalp Psoriasis Article
    • What is scalp psoriasis?
    • What is the cause of scalp psoriasis?
    • What are scalp psoriasis symptoms and signs?
    • How is scalp psoriasis diagnosed?
    • What are topical treatments and home remedies for scalp psoriasis?
    • What are office treatments for scalp psoriasis?
    • What are systemic treatments for psoriasis?
    • What is the prognosis of psoriasis? Is there a cure for psoriasis?
    • Are there support groups for individuals with psoriasis?
  • Compartment Syndrome Compartment syndrome is a condition in which swelling and an increase in pressure within a limited space presses and compresses...learn more »
    In This Article
    Compartment Syndrome Article
    • Compartment syndrome facts
    • What is compartment syndrome?
    • What causes compartment syndrome?
    • What are the risk factors for compartment syndrome?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of compartment syndrome?
    • When should I seek medical care for compartment syndrome?
    • How is compartment syndrome diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for compartment syndrome?
    • Surgery (fasciotomy)
    • What are the complications of compartment syndrome?
    • What is the prognosis for compartment syndrome?
  • Prostate Cancer Prostate cancer is an uncontrolled (malignant) growth of cells in the prostate gland. Prostate cancer is the second leading...learn more »
    In This Article
    Prostate Cancer Article
    • Prostate cancer facts
    • What is the prostate gland?
    • What is prostate cancer?
    • Why is prostate cancer important?
    • What are prostate cancer causes?
    • What are prostate cancer symptoms and signs?
    • What are the screening tests for prostate cancer?
    • What are false positive elevations in the PSA test?
    • What refinements have been made in the PSA test?
    • How is prostate cancer diagnosed and graded?
    • How is the staging of prostate cancer done?
    • What are the treatment options for prostate cancer?
    • What about prostate cancer surgery?
    • What about radiation therapy for prostate cancer?
    • What about hormonal treatment for prostate cancer?
    • What is cryotherapy for prostate cancer?
    • What is HIFU for prostate cancer?
    • What is chemotherapy for prostate cancer?
    • What are the differences between hormonal treatment and chemotherapy?
    • What about herbal or other alternative medicine treatments for prostate cancer?
    • What is active surveillance for prostate cancer?
    • Can prostate cancer be prevented?
    • What will be the future treatments for prostate cancer?
    • Controversy in prostate cancer today
  • Snoring Snoring, like all other sounds, is caused by vibrations that cause particles in the air to form sound waves. While we are asleep,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Snoring Article
    • Snoring facts
    • What is snoring?
    • How common is snoring?
    • What are the causes of snoring?
    • How do medications and alcohol affect snoring?
    • Why is snoring a problem?
    • What is the clinical importance of snoring?
    • What are different levels of snoring?
    • How should someone with snoring be evaluated?
    • How is it determined if snoring is a medical problem?
    • What are some objective tests to measure sleepiness?
    • What are the treatments for snoring?
    • What are some non-surgical treatments for snoring?
    • What are the surgical options for snoring?
    • What is the success of surgery for snoring?
  • Carcinoid Syndrome and Carcinoid Tumor A carcinoid tumor is a tumor that develops from enterochromaffin cells. The important characteristic of carcinoid tumors that...learn more »
    In This Article
    Carcinoid Syndrome and Carcinoid Tumor Article
    • Carcinoid tumor facts
    • What is a carcinoid tumor?
    • What is carcinoid syndrome?
    • How common are carcinoid tumors and carcinoid syndrome?
    • What is the prognosis and natural history of carcinoid tumors?
    • Where do carcinoid tumors occur?
    • How are carcinoid tumors and carcinoid syndrome diagnosed?
    • How are carcinoid tumors and carcinoid syndrome treated?
  • Back Pain Back pain may be caused by sciatica, a herniated disc, spinal stenosis, fibromyalgia, injury and pregnancy. Possible symptoms...learn more »
    In This Article
    Back Pain Article
    • Low Back Pain Overview
    • Low Back Pain Causes
    • Low Back Pain Symptoms
    • When to Seek Medical Care
    • Low Back Pain Exams and Tests
    • Self-Care at Home
    • Medical Treatment
    • Low Back Pain Medications
    • Low Back Pain Surgery
    • Other Therapy
    • Follow-up
    • Low Back Pain Prevention
    • Low Back Pain Prognosis
  • Skin Cancer Skin cancers occur when skin cells undergo malignant transformations and grow into tumors. The most common types of skin cancer,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Skin Cancer Article
    • What is skin cancer?
    • What are the risk factors for skin cancer?
    • What causes skin cancer?
    • What are the different types of skin cancer?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of skin cancer?
    • When is a mole dangerous or high-risk for becoming a skin cancer?
    • What are the most common sites where skin cancer develops?
    • How is skin cancer diagnosed?
    • What is the staging for skin cancer?
    • What is the treatment for skin cancer?
    • What is the prognosis for skin cancer?
    • Can skin cancer be prevented?
    • Sunscreen use and vitamin D
  • Congenital Heart Defects Congenital heart defects are heart problems that are present at birth. Genetics may play a role in some heart defects. Symptoms...learn more »
    In This Article
    Congenital Heart Defects Article
    • Congenital heart defects facts
    • What are congenital heart defects?
    • How the heart works
    • What are the types of congenital heart defects?
    • What are other names for congenital heart defects?
    • What causes congenital heart defects?
    • What are the signs and symptoms and signs of congenital heart defects?
    • How are congential heart defects diagnosed??
    • How are congenital heart defects treated?
    • Living with a congenital heart defect
  • Osteochondritis Dissecans With osteochondritis dissecans, bone and its adjacent cartilage loses its blood supply. Though osteochondritis dissecans can...learn more »
    In This Article
    Osteochondritis Dissecans Article
    • Osteochondritis dissecans facts
    • What is osteochondritis dissecans?
    • What causes osteochondritis dissecans?
    • What are symptoms of osteochondritis dissecans?
    • How is osteochondritis dissecans diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment of osteochondritis dissecans?
    • What is the prognosis of osteochondritis dissecans?
    • Can osteochondritis dissecans be prevented?
  • Adult Brain Tumors Adult brain tumors are diseases in which cancer (malignant) cells begin to grow in the tissues of the brain. The brain controls...learn more »
    In This Article
    Adult Brain Tumors Article
    • Adult brain tumor facts*
    • What are adult brain tumors?
    • What are metastatic brain tumors?
    • What are the symptoms of an adult brain tumor?
    • What tests are used to find and diagnose adult brain tumors?
    • What is the grade of a tumor?
    • What are the types of adult brain tumors?
    • How are adult brain tumors treated?
    • Three types of standard treatment are used.
    • Other types of treatment that are being tested in clinical trials
    • Treatment options by type of adult brain tumor
    • Where can a patient get more information about adult brain tumors?
  • Malignant Hyperthermia Malignant hyperthermia is a severe reaction to certain drugs that are often used during invasive procedures or surgery. Certain...learn more »
    In This Article
    Malignant Hyperthermia Article
    • Malignant hyperthermia facts*
    • What is malignant hyperthermia?
    • How common is malignant hyperthermia?
    • What genes are related to malignant hyperthermia?
    • How do people inherit malignant hyperthermia?
    • Where can I find information about diagnosis, management, or treatment of malignant hyperthermia?
    • What other names do people use for malignant hyperthermia?
  • Men's Health Men's health is an important component to a happy lifestyle and healthy relationships. Eating healthy, exercise, managing stress,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Men's Health Article
    • Introduction to men's health
    • Prostate problems
    • Testosterone
    • Top 10 diseases that kill men
    • 1. Heart disease
    • 2. Cancers
    • 3. Injuries
    • 4. Stroke (cerebrovascular accident, CVA)
    • 5. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
    • 6. Diabetes
    • 7. Influenza and pneumonia
    • 8. Suicide
    • 9. Kidney disease
    • 10. Alzheimer's disease
    • The checklist: How to stay healthy
  • Rhinoplasty Rhinoplasty is a type surgery that is performed to repair nasal fractures or to change the appearance of the nose for cosmetic...learn more »
    In This Article
    Rhinoplasty Article
    • Rhinoplasty facts
    • What is rhinoplasty?
    • What does the surgery involve?
    • What are the risks and complications?

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