Superoxide Dismutase

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What other names is Superoxide Dismutase known by?

Orgotein, SOD, Super Dioxide Dismutase, Superóxido Dismutasa, Superoxydase Dismutase, Superoxyde Dismutase.

What is Superoxide Dismutase?

Superoxide dismutase is an enzyme found in all living cells. An enzyme is a substance that speeds up certain chemical reactions in the body. The superoxide dismutase that is used as medicine is sometimes taken from cows.

Superoxide dismutase is taken by mouth for removing wrinkles, rebuilding tissue, and extending the length of life. However, there is no evidence that superoxide dismutase products that are taken by mouth are absorbed by the body.

As a shot, superoxide dismutase is used for treating pain and swelling (inflammation) caused by osteoarthritis, sports injuries, and rheumatoid arthritis; a kidney condition called interstitial cystitis; gout; poisoning caused by a weed-killer called paraquat; cancer; and lung problems in newborns.

Superoxide dismutase is also given as a shot for improving tolerance to radiation therapy, improving rejection rates in kidney transplantation, and minimizing heart damage caused by heart attacks.

A sterile solution containing superoxide dismutase is sometimes applied directly to the eyes for treating ulcers on the cornea.

Possibly Effective for...



BY INJECTION

Likely Ineffective for...



BY INJECTION

Insufficient Evidence to Rate Effectiveness for...

  • Ulcers on the cornea of the eye. A series of case reports suggest that a specific eye solution of superoxide dismutase might help reduce ulcer size and improve healing when applied to the eye for at least 2 weeks.
  • Sports injuries.
  • Gout.
  • Cancer.
  • Helping people tolerate radiation therapy.
  • Preventing rejection of kidney transplants.
  • Other conditions.
More evidence is needed to rate the effectiveness of superoxide dismutase for these uses.

Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database rates effectiveness based on scientific evidence according to the following scale: Effective, Likely Effective, Possibly Effective, Possibly Ineffective, Likely Ineffective, and Insufficient Evidence to Rate (detailed description of each of the ratings).

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Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) Symptoms & Treatment

How does Superoxide Dismutase work?

Superoxide dismutase is an enzyme that helps break down potentially harmful oxygen molecules in cells, which might prevent damage to tissues. It is being researched to see if it can help conditions where oxygen molecules are believed to play a role in disease.

Are there safety concerns?

Injectable (shot) forms of superoxide dismutase that have been used in research studies appear to be safe. Some superoxide dismutase products are obtained from animal sources, raising concern about contamination from sick or diseased animals. Though there are no reports of people getting sick after using superoxide dismutase products taken from animals, it's best to avoid products from animal sources until more is known.

Special Precautions & Warnings:

Pregnancy and breast-feeding: Not enough is known about the use of superoxide dismutase during pregnancy and breast-feeding. Stay on the safe side and avoid use.

Dosing considerations for Superoxide Dismutase.

The following doses have been studied in scientific research:

BY INJECTION:
  • Healthcare providers give superoxide dismutase as a shot for certain bladder infections (interstitial cystitis), osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and lung damage that sometimes develops in premature infants who have been given oxygen to help them survive.
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Reviewed on 3/29/2011 12:35:40 PM

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