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- What is sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim, and how does it work (mechanism of action)?
- What brand names are available for sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim?
- Is sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim available as a generic drug?
- Do I need a prescription for sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim?
- What are the uses for sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim?
- What are the side effects of sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim?
- What is the dosage for sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim?
- Which drugs or supplements interact with sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim?
- Is sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim safe to take if I'm pregnant or breastfeeding?
- What else should I know about sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim?
What is the dosage for sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim?
The recommended adult dose for urinary tract infections is one double strength tablet (Bactrim DS, Septra DS) or two single strength tablets every 12 hours for 10 to 14 days.
Flares of chronic bronchitis are treated with a similar regimen for 14 days.
Sulfamethoxazole/trimethoprim should be taken with 6 to 8 ounces of liquid to prevent crystals from forming in the urine. Persons with advanced kidney disease may require lower doses.
Which drugs or supplements interact with sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim?
Sulfamethoxazole/trimethoprim can enhance the blood-thinning effects of warfarin (Coumadin), possibly leading to bleeding. Sulfonamides such as sulfamethoxazole can increase the metabolism (break-down and elimination) of cyclosporine (causing loss of effectiveness of cyclosporine), and can add to the kidney damage caused by cyclosporine.
Blood levels of phenytoin (Dilantin) may be increased by treatment with sulfamethoxazole/trimethoprim. This may lead to side effects associated with phenytoin (Dilantin, Dilantin-125) such as dizziness, and reduced attention.
Sulfamethoxazole/trimethoprim also may increase blood levels of digoxin (Lanoxin) and possibly lead to serious toxic effects. Anemia, due to a reduction in folic acid, can occur in persons receiving sulfamethoxazole/trimethoprim in combination with:
- valproic acid (Depakote, Depakote ER, Depakene, Depacon, Stavzor),
- methotrexate (Rheumatrex, Trexall),
- triamterene, or
Increased blood levels of potassium may occur when sulfamethoxazole/trimethoprim is combined with ACE inhibitors.
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