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- Stress facts
- What is stress?
- A brief history of stress
- What are the signs and symptoms of poorly managed stress?
- Who is most vulnerable to stress? What are the risk factors for stress?
- Teen stress
- What is the healthy response to stress?
- How does the response to stress work?
- What is the role of the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis (grouping) in stress?
- What is the role of the locus coeruleus in stress?
- How do the connections in the brain work in stress?
- What do we know about using (activating) and overusing our internal systems that respond to stress?
- What are the effects of stress on medical and psychological conditions?
- Conclusions about the effects of stress
- What can people do for stress management? What are home remedies to combat stress symptoms?
- What's in the future for stress?
What's in the future for stress?
Stress is part of life and will always be around. The keys to dealing with stress are appropriate control of stressors and management of our physical (physiological) and mental (psychological) responses. In this regard, critical incident stress debriefing (CISD) involves discussing the traumatic event as soon as possible after the event. Although it is thought to help lessen extreme (pathological) reactions to stress and often prevent PTSD in its worst forms for some individuals, other research has called its effectiveness into question. Hopefully, the circumstances in which CISD can be useful can be clearly delineated and this approach to stress management can be translated into helpful strategies for managing the more common (normal) types of stress.
We all have slightly different stress responses because of our genetic makeup. In the future, perhaps we will be able to alter our genes (for example, if we are genetically determined to be over- or underreactors to stress). In fact, the field of pharmacogenetics (medicines that enter the cells' DNA and turn on or off certain genes) is very promising for the area of stress and health.
Chiesa, A., and A. Serretti. "Mindfulness-based stress reduction for stress management in healthy people: a review and meta-analysis." Journal of Alternative Complementary Medicine 15.5 May 2009: 593-600.
Chrousos, George P. "Stress and Disorders of the Stress System." Medscape.com. <http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/704866>.
Gore, T. Allen. "Posttraumatic Stress Disorder." eMedicine. Nov. 6, 2015. <http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/288154-overview>.
Lowry, Fran. "Stress, Depression Linked to Accelerated Aging." Medscape.com. Mar. 1, 2012. <http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/759510>.
"Stress." American Psychological Association. <http://www.apa.org/topics/stress/index.aspx>.
United States. National Institute of Mental Health. "Posttraumatic Stress Disorder." Feb. 2016. <http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-ptsd/index.shtml>.