Table of Contents
- Strep throat definition and facts
- What is strep throat and what causes strep throat?
- What are the signs and symptoms of strep throat?
- What are the signs and symptoms of strep throat? (Continued)
- Are the signs and symptoms of strep throat different in various age groups?
- Is strep throat contagious
- How is strep throat diagnosed?
- What is the treatment for strep throat?
- What are home remedies for strep throat?
- What over-the-counter OTC drugs are helpful reducing strep throat symptoms?
- What antibiotics are prescribed to treat strep throat?
- What are the potential complications of strep throat?
- What are the potential complications of strep throat? (Continued)
- How can I prevent contracting strep throat?
Quick GuideCommon Sore Throat vs. Strep Throat
What over-the-counter OTC drugs are helpful reducing strep throat symptoms?
Several over-the-counter (OTC) medications, such as acetaminophen (Tylenol) and ibuprofen (Advil and Motrin), can be used to lower the fever and provide pain relief for the sore throat. Aspirin should not be used in children or adolescents because of its association with Reye's syndrome.
What antibiotics are prescribed to treat strep throat?
- Antibiotics provide the mainstay for successfully treating a strep throat infection.
- The GAS bacteria are generally susceptible to the penicillin family (for example, amoxicillin [Amoxil]) and the cephalosporin family (for example,cephalexin [Keflex], cefprozil [Cefzil), cefdinir [Omnicef] and others).
- Members of the macrolide family (for example,erythromycin [E-mycin], azithromycin [Zithromax] andclarithromycin [Biaxin]) are generally felt to be less effective than the other two classes of antibiotics, but are used in individuals with moderate penicillin orcephalosporin allergy. If such a patient cannot tolerate the macrolide family, clindamycin (Cleocin) is an alternative and very effective antibiotic option.
- Regardless of what antibiotic is prescribed, it is incumbent to complete the entire course of the antibiotic. A rapid reduction in symptoms within 24 to 48 hours is to be expected. Viral throat infections do not require antibiotics since they provide no benefit.
American Academy of Pediatrics Red Book. Group A Streptococcal Infections. 2012: 668.
CDC.gov. Is it Strep Throat?
Pichichero, Michael. Group A Beta-hemolytic Streptococcal Infections. Pediatrics in Review. 1998; 19: 291-302.
Wald, Ellen. Antibiotic Treatment of Pharyngitis. Pediatrics in Review. 2001; 22: 255.
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