Stool Color Changes Related Diseases & Conditions

Medical conditions are often related to other diseases and conditions. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments related to the topic of Stool Color Changes. These conditions may be a cause or symptom of Stool Color Changes or be a condition for which you may be at increased risk.

  • Constipation Constipation is defined medically as fewer than three stools per week and severe constipation as less than one stool per week....learn more »
    In This Article
    Constipation Article
    • Constipation facts
    • What is constipation?
    • What causes constipation?
    • Medications that cause constipation
    • Other causes of constipation
    • What are constipation symptoms?
    • How is constipation evaluated (diagnosed)?
    • What treatments are available for constipation?
    • Home remedies and OTC medications to treat constipation
    • Prescription drugs to treat constipation
    • Other treatments for constipation
    • What is the approach to the evaluation and treatment of constipation?
    • When should I seek medical care for chronic constipation?
    • What's new in the treatment of constipation?
  • Blood Clots Blood clots can occur in the venous and arterial vascular system. Blood clots can form in the heart, legs, arteries, veins,...learn more »
  • Anal Itching Anal itching is the irritation of the skin at the exit of the rectum, known as the anus, accompanied by the desire to scratch. ...learn more »
    In This Article
    Anal Itching Article
    • What is anal itching?
    • What causes anal itching?
    • How is anal itching treated?
    • Local anesthetics
    • Vasoconstrictors
    • Protectants
    • Astringents
    • Antiseptics
    • Keratolytics
    • Analgesics
    • Corticosteroids
    • What if anal itching persists?
  • Colitis Inflammation of the inner lining of the colon is referred to as colitis. Symptoms of the inflammation of the colon lining include...learn more »
    In This Article
    Colitis Article
    • Colitis facts
    • What is colitis?
    • What are the causes (types) of colitis?
    • Infectious colitis
    • Ischemic colitis
    • Inflammatory bowel disease
    • Microscopic colitis
    • Allergic colitis in infants
    • What are the symptoms of colitis?
    • When should I contact my doctor about colitis?
    • How is colitis diagnosed?
    • How is colitis treated?
    • What is the prognosis for a patient with colitis?
  • Diarrhea Diarrhea is a change is the frequency and looseness of bowel movements. Cramping, abdominal pain, and the sensation of rectal...learn more »
    In This Article
    Diarrhea Article
    • Diarrhea facts
    • What is diarrhea?
    • How is diarrhea defined?
    • Why does diarrhea develop?
    • What symptoms are associated with diarrhea?
    • What are common causes of acute diarrhea?
    • Viral gastroenteritis
    • Food poisoning
    • Traveler's diarrhea
    • Bacterial enterocolitis
    • Parasites
    • Drugs
    • What are common causes of chronic diarrhea?
    • What are the complications of diarrhea?
    • When should the doctor be called for diarrhea?
    • What tests are useful in the evaluation of diarrhea?
    • How can dehydration be prevented and treated?
    • How is diarrhea treated?
    • When should antibiotics be used for diarrhea?
  • Blood in the Stool (Rectal Bleeding) Rectal bleeding (hematochezia) refers to the passage of bright red blood from the anus. Rectal bleeding may be moderate to severe...learn more »
    In This Article
    Blood in the Stool (Rectal Bleeding) Article
    • Rectal bleeding (blood in stool) facts
    • What does rectal bleeding (blood in stool) mean?
    • What are causes of blood in the stool (rectal bleeding)?
    • What diseases and conditions can cause blood in the stool (rectal bleeding)?
    • Anal fissures
    • Hemorrhoids
    • Diverticulitis
    • Colon cancer and polyps
    • Angiodysplasias
    • Colitis and proctitis
    • Meckel's diverticulum
    • Polypectomy
    • Rare causes of rectal bleeding
    • When should I call a doctor for blood in the stool (rectal bleeding)?
    • How is the cause of blood in the stool (rectal bleeding) diagnosed?
    • History and physical examination
    • Anoscopy
    • Flexible sigmoidoscopy
    • Colonoscopy
    • Radionuclide scans
    • Visceral angiogram
    • Video capsule and small intestine enteroscopy
    • MRI and CT tomographic angiography
    • Nasogastric tube aspiration
    • Esophagogastroduodenoscopy
    • Blood tests
    • What is the treatment for rectal bleeding (blood in the stool)?
    • Can rectal bleeding (blood in the stool) be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis of rectal bleeding (blood in the stool)?
  • Gallstones Gallstones are stones that form when substances in the bile harden. Gallstones (formed in the gallbladder) can be as small as a...learn more »
  • Pancreatic Cancer Pancreatic cancer is a malignant tumor of the pancreas. Pancreatic cancer has been called a "silent" disease because early...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pancreatic Cancer Article
    • Pancreatic cancer facts
    • What is the pancreas, and what is the function of the pancreas?
    • What is cancer?
    • What is pancreatic cancer?
    • What are pancreatic cancer causes and risk factors?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of pancreatic cancer?
    • How is the diagnosis of pancreatic cancer made?
    • How is pancreatic cancer staged?
    • What is the treatment for resectable pancreatic cancer?
    • What is the treatment for locally advanced unresectable pancreatic cancer?
    • What is the treatment for metastatic pancreatic cancer?
    • What are the side effects of pancreatic cancer treatment?
    • What is the prognosis of pancreatic cancer?
    • What research is being done on pancreatic cancer?
    • Is complimentary or alternative medicine effective in pancreatic cancer treatment?
    • Can pancreatic cancer be prevented?
    • Where can people get support when coping with pancreatic cancer?
    • Where can people find additional information about pancreatic cancer?
  • Abdominal Pain (Causes, Remedies, Treatment) Abdominal pain can have many causes. Some of the less serious causes include bloating, gas, colitis, endometriosis, food...learn more »
    In This Article
    Abdominal Pain (Causes, Remedies, Treatment) Article
    • Abdominal pain facts
    • What is abdominal pain?
    • What causes abdominal pain?
    • When should I call my doctor about abdominal pain?
    • How is the cause of abdominal pain diagnosed?
    • Signs and symptoms associated with abdominal pain
    • Physical examination to diagnose abdominal pain
    • Exams and tests to diagnose abdominal pain
    • IBS (irritable bowel syndrome) and diagnosing abdominal pain
    • Why can diagnosis of the cause of abdominal pain be difficult?
    • What are home remedies for certain causes of abdominal pain?
    • What medications can be used to treat certain causes of abdominal pain?
    • What lifestyle choices can I make to prevent abdominal pain?
  • Pancreatitis Pancreatitis is a rare disease in which the pancreas becomes inflamed, occurring when digestive enzymes are activated and begin...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pancreatitis Article
    • Pancreatitis facts*
    • What is pancreatitis?
    • What are the causes of acute pancreatitis?
    • What are the symptoms of acute pancreatitis?
    • How is acute pancreatitis diagnosed?
    • How is acute pancreatitis treated?
    • What is chronic pancreatitis?
    • What are the symptoms of chronic pancreatitis?
    • How is chronic pancreatitis diagnosed?
    • How is chronic pancreatitis treated?
    • How common is pancreatitis in children?
    • Hope through research
    • For more information about pancreatitis
  • Colon Polyps Colon are common growths on the inner lining of the colon. Colon polyps may become cancerous. There are several different types...learn more »
    In This Article
    Colon Polyps Article
    • Colon polyp facts
    • What are colon polyps?
    • How common are colon polyps?
    • Why are colon polyps important?
    • Are all colon polyps the same?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of colon polyps?
    • How are colon polyps diagnosed?
    • How are colon polyps treated?
    • How is screening for colon polyps done?
    • How should patients with colon polyps be followed?
    • Are all colon cancers associated with polyps?
    • Can colon polyps be prevented?
    • How is genetic testing used in patients with colon polyps?
  • Internal Bleeding Internal bleeding occurs when an artery or vein is damaged and blood to escapes the circulatory system and collects inside the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Internal Bleeding Article
    • Internal bleeding facts
    • What is internal bleeding?
    • What causes internal bleeding?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of internal bleeding?
    • How is internal bleeding diagnosed?
    • How is internal bleeding treated?
    • What are the complications of internal bleeding?
  • Gastritis Gastritis is an inflammation of the stomach lining. Causes of gastritis include drinking too much alcohol, medications such as...learn more »
    In This Article
    Gastritis Article
    • What is gastritis?
    • What causes gastritis?
    • What are the symptoms of gastritis?
    • How is gastritis diagnosed?
    • What are the treatment medications and home remedies for gastritis?
    • What are the complications of gastritis?
    • What is the prognosis of gastritis?
    • How is gastritis prevented?
  • Clostridium Difficile Colitis (Antibiotic-Associated Colitis, C. difficile colitis) Clostridium difficile (C. difficile) is a bacterium, and is one of the most common causes of infection of the colon. C. difficile...learn more »
    In This Article
    Clostridium Difficile Colitis (Antibiotic-Associated Colitis, C. difficile colitis) Article
    • Clostridium difficile (C. difficile) facts
    • What is Clostridium difficile (C. difficile?)
    • What Clostridium difficile colitis?
    • How does Clostridium difficile cause colitis?
    • What are the symptoms of Clostridium difficile colitis?
    • Which antibiotics cause Clostridium difficile colitis?
    • How is Clostridium difficile colitis diagnosed?
    • How is Clostridium difficile colitis treated?
    • Why are there relapses of Clostridium difficile colitis?
    • How are relapses of Clostridium difficile colitis treated?
    • What is new in Clostridium difficile?
  • Pancreatic Cysts Pancreatic cysts are collections of fluid within the pancreas. Some are benign, malignant, or pseudocysts. There are two major...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pancreatic Cysts Article
    • What is the pancreas?
    • What are pancreatic cysts?
    • What are the symptoms of pancreatic cysts?
    • What are the causes of pancreatic cysts?
    • Pseudocysts
    • True cysts
    • How are pancreatic cysts diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for pancreatic cysts?
  • Barrett's Esophagus Barrett's esophagus occurs as a complication of chronic gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), primarily in white males. GERD...learn more »
    In This Article
    Barrett's Esophagus Article
    • Barrett's esophagus facts
    • What is Barrett's esophagus?
    • Why is there so much interest in Barrett's esophagus?
    • What causes Barrett's esophagus?
    • Who develops Barrett's esophagus?
    • What is the specific abnormality in the inner lining (epithelium) of Barrett's esophagus?
    • What about the cancer that occurs in Barrett's esophagus?
    • What is dysplasia in Barrett's esophagus?
    • What is the risk of developing adenocarcinoma of the esophagus in Barrett's?
    • What are the symptoms of Barrett's esophagus?
    • How is GERD with or without Barrett's esophagus treated?
    • Why is it important to screen patients with GERD to diagnose Barrett's esophagus?
    • Why is it critical to be accurate in the diagnosis of Barrett's esophagus?
    • What does endoscopic biopsy surveillance in Barrett's esophagus involve?
    • How is high grade dysplasia managed?
    • How is low grade dysplasia managed?
    • What are the experimental approaches for treatment of high grade dysplasia?
    • What experimental options are there for Barrett's esophagus WITHOUT dysplasia?
    • What does the future hold for Barrett's esophagus?
  • Cystic Fibrosis Cystic fibrosis is a disease of the mucus and sweat glands. Cystic fibrosis is an inherited disease. The outcome of the disease...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cystic Fibrosis Article
    • Cystic fibrosis facts*
    • What is cystic fibrosis?
    • What are other names for cystic fibrosis?
    • What causes cystic fibrosis?
    • Is cystic fibrosis inherited?
    • Who is at risk for cystic fibrosis?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of cystic fibrosis?
    • How is cystic fibrosis diagnosed?
    • How is cystic fibrosis treated?
    • Living with cystic fibrosis
    • What is the outlook for cystic fibrosis?
  • Celiac Disease Celiac disease is a condition in which a person has inflammation of the small intestinal mucosa when exposed to gluten in the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Celiac Disease Article
    • Celiac disease definition
    • What causes celiac disease?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of celiac disease?
    • Are there other diseases or conditions associated with celiac disease?
    • How is celiac disease diagnosed?
    • What is latent celiac disease?
    • What is silent celiac disease?
    • What is the treatment for celiac disease?
    • What is refractory celiac disease?
    • What is the treatment for refractory celiac disease?
    • What are the complications of celiac disease?
    • What is a gluten-free diet?
  • Liver (Anatomy and Function) The liver is the largest gland and organ in the body. There are a variety of liver diseases caused by liver inflammation,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Liver (Anatomy and Function) Article
    • What is the liver? Is it a gland or an organ?
    • What is the functional purpose of the liver?
    • What does the liver look like, and where is it located in the body?
    • What diseases affect the liver?
    • Fatty liver disease
    • Cirrhosis
    • Infections
    • Hepatitis
    • Medications
    • Toxins
    • Genetic disorders
    • Cancer
    • Abnormalities of bile flow from the liver
    • Decrease in blood flow draining from the liver
    • What are symptoms of diseases of the liver?
    • How is an examination of the liver performed?
    • What is a liver biopsy?
    • Can diseases of the liver be prevented?
  • Hemophilia Hemophilia is one of a group of inherited bleeding disorders. Hemophilia A and B are inherited in an X-linked recessive genetic...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hemophilia Article
    • Hemophilia facts
    • What is hemophilia?
    • What causes hemophilia?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of hemophilia?
    • How is hemophilia diagnosed?
    • Is it possible to know if you are a carrier of hemophilia?
    • What are treatments for hemophilia?
    • Inhibitors
    • Infections
    • Can hemophilia be prevented?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for hemophilia?
    • What are possible future treatments for hemophilia?
  • Hepatitis A (HAV, Hep A) Hepatitis means inflammation of the liver. Hepatitis A (HAV, Hep A) is one type of liver disease caused by a virus. Since...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hepatitis A (HAV, Hep A) Article
    • Hepatitis A facts*
    • What is hepatitis A?
    • What is the liver?
    • Who gets hepatitis A?
    • How could I get hepatitis A?
    • What are the symptoms of hepatitis A?
    • How is hepatitis A diagnosed?
    • How is hepatitis A treated?
    • How can I avoid getting hepatitis A?
    • What should I do if I think I have been exposed to the hepatitis A virus?
    • Eating, diet, and nutrition
    • Hope through Research
    • For More Information
    • Acknowledgments
  • Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura (ITP) Idiopathic means that the cause of the condition isn't known. Thrombocytopenic means there's a lower than normal number of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura (ITP) Article
    • Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura (ITP) facts
    • What is idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP)?
    • What are the types of idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura?
    • What are the causes of idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP)?
    • What are the risk factors for idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP)?
    • What are the symptoms and signs for idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP)?
    • How is idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura diagnosed (ITP)?
    • What are the treatments for idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP)?
    • How can idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura be prevented (ITP)?
    • Living with idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP)
    • What is the outlook for idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP)?
    • What are other names for idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP)?
  • Travelers' Diarrhea Travelers' diarrhea is generally contracted by eating contaminated food or drinking contaminated water. Food is the primary...learn more »
    In This Article
    Travelers' Diarrhea Article
    • Travelers' diarrhea facts
    • What is travelers' diarrhea?
    • How common is travelers' diarrhea?
    • What causes travelers' diarrhea?
    • What are the symptoms of travelers' diarrhea?
    • How is travelers' diarrhea diagnosed?
    • How is travelers' diarrhea treated?
    • What is the prognosis for travelers' diarrhea?
    • How can travelers' diarrhea be prevented?
  • Intussusception Intussusception is the telescoping (prolapse) of a portion of the intestine within another immediately adjacent portion of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Intussusception Article
    • Intussusception facts
    • What is intussusception?
    • What happens during intussusception?
    • Is intussusception an urgent problem?
    • Who is at greatest risk for intussusception?
    • What causes intussusception?
    • Why is rapid diagnosis of intussusception important?
    • What are the symptoms of intussusception?
    • How is intussusception diagnosed?
    • Is it necessary to operate when there is intussusception?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for patients with intussusception?
  • Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs and Ulcers Nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are prescribed medications for the treatment of inflammatory conditions. Examples of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs and Ulcers Article
    • What are nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)?
    • What are the side effects of NSAIDs?
    • How do NSAIDs work and how do they cause stomach problems?
    • If a stomach ulcer is detected, how is it treated?
    • Can NSAID-related ulcers and complications be prevented?
  • Irritable Bowel Syndrome in Children Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) in children is a functional gastrointestinal disorder with symptoms of abdominal pain, bloating,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Irritable Bowel Syndrome in Children Article
    • Irritable bowel syndrome in children facts*
    • What is irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)?
    • What is the GI tract?
    • How common is IBS in children?
    • What are the symptoms of IBS in children?
    • What causes IBS in children?
    • How is IBS in children diagnosed?
    • How is IBS in children treated?
    • Eating, diet, and nutrition
    • Medications
    • Probiotics
    • Therapies for mental health problems
  • Bleeding Varices Varices are dilated blood vessels usually in the esophagus or stomach. Symptoms of bleeding varices include vomiting blood, black...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bleeding Varices Article
    • Introduction to bleeding varices
    • What are the symptoms of bleeding Varices?
    • How are bleeding varices treated?
    • Can bleeding varices be prevented?
  • The Digestion Process (Organs and Functions) Digestion is the complex process of turning food you eat into the energy you need to survive. The digestive process also involves...learn more »
    In This Article
    The Digestion Process (Organs and Functions) Article
    • Digestion definition
    • What is digestion?
    • The mouth
    • The pharynx and esophagus
    • The stomach and small intestine
    • The colon, rectum, and anus
    • Three accessory digestive organs (pancreas, liver, gallbladder)
  • Newborn Jaundice (Neonatal Jaundice) Newborn jaundice or neonatal jaundice is a yellowish discoloration of the mucous membranes, whites of the eyes, and skin of a...learn more »
    In This Article
    Newborn Jaundice (Neonatal Jaundice) Article
    • Jaundice definition
    • Jaundice in newborns (neonatal jaundice)
    • What causes jaundice in newborns?
    • Physiologic jaundice
    • Maternal-fetal blood group incompatibility (Rh, ABO)
    • Breast milk jaundice
    • Breastfeeding jaundice
    • Cephalohematoma (a collection of blood under the scalp)
    • Red blood cell enzyme defects
    • Red blood cell membrane defects
    • What are the symptoms of jaundice in newborns?
    • What are the risk factors for jaundice in newborns?
    • How is jaundice in newborns diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for jaundice in newborns?
    • What are the complications of jaundice in newborns?
    • Can jaundice in newborns be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis of jaundice in newborns?
  • Enterovirulent E. coli (EEC) Enterovirulent Escherichia coli (E. coli) are strains of related bacteria that have a strong propensity to cause gastrointestinal...learn more »
    In This Article
    Enterovirulent E. coli (EEC) Article
    • Enterovirulent E. coli (EEC) facts
    • What are enterovirulent E. coli (EEC)?
    • What are the symptoms caused by enterovirulent E. coli (EEC)?
    • A new EEC group? (E. coli 0104:H4
    • How do enterovirulent E. coli groups cause disease?
    • When should one seek medical care for enterovirulent E. coli infection?
    • How are enterovirulent E. coli infections diagnosed?
    • How are enterovirulent E. coli infections treated?
    • How is self-care at home done for enterovirulent E. coli?
    • What are the complications associated with enterovirulent E. coli (EEC)?
    • How are enterovirulent E. coli (EEC) infections prevented?
    • What are the prognoses (outcomes) of enterovirulent E. coli infections?