Stomach Cramps

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The term stomach cramps is nonspecific and is used to refer to a number of different symptoms or sensations. People often refer to a "stomachache" or "abdominal cramps" to refer to pain that is perceived anywhere in the abdominal area. As such, the list of potential causes is extremely varied. Organs of the abdomen include the stomach, small intestine, colon, liver, gallbladder, and pancreas, and problems or diseases of all of these organs may be the source of pain. Occasionally, pain may be felt in the abdomen even though it is arising from organs that are close to, but not within, the abdominal cavity, such as conditions involving the lower lungs, kidneys, uterus, or ovaries.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 2/27/2012

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REFERENCE:

Fauci, Anthony S., et al. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine. 17th ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Professional, 2008.

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Causes of Stomach Cramps
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      • What is an aortic aneurysm?
      • What is the thoracic and abdominal aorta?
      • Where do aortic aneurysms tend to develop?
      • What shape are most aortic aneurysms?
      • What is inside an aortic aneurysm?
      • Who is most likely to have an abdominal aortic aneurysm?
      • What are risk factors for aortic aneurysms?
      • What is the most common cause of aortic aneurysms?
      • What are other causes of aortic aneurysms?
      • What are the symptoms of an abdominal aortic aneurysm?
      • How is an abdominal aortic aneurysm diagnosed clinically?
      • What tests help in the diagnosis of an abdominal aortic aneurysm?
      • What is the natural history of abdominal aortic aneurysms?
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      • How are abdominal aortic aneurysms repaired?
      • What is done if an abdominal aortic aneurysm threatens to rupture?
      • What is the medical management (nonsurgical management) of abdominal aortic aneurysm?
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      • What are the causes (types) of colitis?
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      In This Article
      Constipation Article
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      • What are constipation symptoms?
      • How is constipation evaluated (diagnosed)?
      • What treatments are available for constipation?
      • Home remedies and OTC medications to treat constipation
      • Prescription drugs to treat constipation
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      • When should I seek medical care for chronic constipation?
      • What's new in the treatment of constipation?
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      • What is Crohn's disease?
      • What causes Crohn's disease?
      • How does Crohn's disease affect the intestines?
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      • What are the complications of Crohn's disease?
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      • How is Crohn's disease treated?
      • Crohn's Disease Medications
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      • 5-ASA (mesalamine) oral medications
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      • Corticosteroids
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      • Natalizumab (Tysabri)
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      • Surgery in Crohn's disease
      • Are there any recommendations for diet, supplementation, or vaccinations for Crohn's disease?
      • Conclusions
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      Cryptosporidiosis Article
      • What is cryptosporidiosis?
      • How is cryptosporidiosis spread?
      • What are the symptoms of cryptosporidiosis?
      • What is the incubation period for cryptosporidiosis infection?
      • How long will symptoms last?
      • Who is most at risk for cryptosporidiosis?
      • Who is most at risk for getting seriously ill with cryptosporidiosis?
      • What should I do if I think I may have cryptosporidiosis?
      • How is cryptosporidiosis diagnosed?
      • What is the treatment for cryptosporidiosis?
      • If I have been diagnosed with Crypto, should I worry about spreading the infection to others?
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      In This Article
      Diverticulitis (Diverticulosis, Diverticular Disease) Article
      • Diverticulosis and diverticulitis facts
      • What is diverticulosis?
      • What is diverticulitis?
      • What are diverticulitis symptoms?
      • What causes diverticula and how do diverticula form?
      • What are the more serious complications of diverticulitis?
      • How are the diagnosis of diverticulitis and diverticulosis made?
      • What is the treatment for diverticulitis and diverticulosis?
      • Medical treatment of diverticulitis and diverticulosis
      • Surgical treatment for diverticulitis
      • What can be done to prevent diverticulitis and diverticulosis?
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      E. coli (0157:H7) Article
      • E. coli Facts
      • What is E. coli?
      • What is E. coli 0157:H7?
      • Is E. coli 0157:H7 contagious?
      • What are the symptoms of E. coli 0157:H7 infections?
      • How is a E. coli 0157:H7 infection diagnosed?
      • What is the treatment for E. coli 0157:H7?
      • What are the complications of infection with E. coli 0157:H7?
      • How do people contract E. coli 0157:H7 infections?
      • E. coli 0157:H7 and prevention of outbreaks
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      • What is endometriosis?
      • Who is affected by endometriosis?
      • What causes endometriosis?
      • What are endometriosis symptoms?
      • Endometriosis and cancer risk
      • How is endometriosis diagnosed?
      • How is endometriosis treated?
      • Medical treatment of endometriosis
      • Surgical treatment of endometriosis
      • Treatment of infertility associated with endometriosis
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      • Introduction to food allergies
      • How do allergic reactions to food occur?
      • What are the symptoms and signs of food allergy?
      • Do infants and children have problems with food allergy?
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      • Food poisoning facts
      • What is food poisoning?
      • What are the types of food poisoning?
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      • When should the doctor be called for food poisoning?
      • How is food poisoning diagnosed?
      • What is the treatment for food poisoning?
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      • What are the complications of food poisoning?
      • How can food poisoning be prevented?
      • What is the prognosis for food poisoning?
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      • GERD facts
      • What is GERD (acid reflux)?
      • What causes GERD?
      • What are the symptoms of uncomplicated GERD?
      • What are the complications of GERD?
      • How is GERD diagnosed and evaluated?
      • Symptoms and procedures to diagnose GERD
      • GERD tests
      • How is GERD treated?
      • Lifestyle changes and GERD diet
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      • GERD surgery
      • What is a reasonable approach to the management of GERD?
      • What are the unresolved issues in GERD?
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      Hepatitis A (HAV, Hep A) Article
      • Hepatitis A facts*
      • What is hepatitis A?
      • What is the liver?
      • Who gets hepatitis A?
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      • How is hepatitis A treated?
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      • What should I do if I think I have been exposed to the hepatitis A virus?
      • Eating, diet, and nutrition
      • Hope through Research
      • For More Information
      • Acknowledgments
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      In This Article
      Hepatitis B (HBV, Hep B) Article
      • Hepatitis B facts
      • What is hepatitis?
      • How is the hepatitis B virus spread (transmitted)?
      • What are the symptoms of acute hepatitis B?
      • What are the symptoms of chronic hepatitis B?
      • How is hepatitis B diagnosed?
      • What is the role of a liver biopsy in chronic hepatitis B?
      • What is the natural course of chronic hepatitis B?
      • What medications are used to treat hepatitis B?
      • What are the effects of alcohol on hepatitis B?
      • What are the effects of immunosuppressive medications on hepatitis B?
      • What is delta hepatitis?
      • What about co-infection with hepatitis B virus and hepatitis C virus?
      • What happens in co-infection with hepatitis B virus and HIV?
      • What is the role of liver transplantation in hepatitis B?
      • What can be done to prevent hepatitis B?
      • What is new in the treatment of hepatitis B?
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      In This Article
      Hepatitis C (HCV, Hep C) Article
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      • What is the nature (biology) of the hepatitis C virus?
      • How does liver damage occur in hepatitis C infection?
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      • What are the symptoms of hepatitis C infection?
      • What conditions outside the liver are associated with hepatitis C infection?
      • What is the usual progression of chronic hepatitis C infection?
      • Who is at high risk and should be tested for hepatitis C infection?
      • What are the diagnostic tests for hepatitis C virus and how are they used to diagnose hepatitis C infection?
      • What is the role of a liver biopsy in the management of chronic hepatitis C?
      • What is the treatment for hepatitis C infection?
      • Who should receive antiviral therapy for hepatitis C virus infection?
      • What are the different patterns of response to antiviral treatment?
      • What are the goals of therapy for hepatitis C infection?
      • What are the therapy options for previously untreated patients with chronic hepatitis C infection?
      • How are relapses and nonresponders treated?
      • Should individuals with acute hepatitis C infection be treated?
      • What are the side effects of treatment for hepatitis C infection?
      • What about liver transplantation for hepatitis C infection?
      • What is the current research and what is in the future for hepatitis C?
    • Hiatal Hernia Hiatal hernia is a condition in which a thin membrane of tissue connects the esophagus with the diaphragm becomes week, and a...learn more »
      In This Article
      Hiatal Hernia Article
      • Hiatal hernia definition
      • What causes a hiatal hernia?
      • Is there one more than one type of hiatal hernia?
      • What are the signs and symptoms of a hiatal hernia?
      • How is hiatal hernia diagnosed?
      • What is the treatment for hiatal hernia?
      • Hiatal hernia medications
      • Lifestyle changes
      • Hiatal hernia surgery
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      In This Article
      Indigestion (Dyspepsia, Upset Stomach) Article
      • Dyspepsia (indigestion) facts
      • What is dyspepsia (indigestion)?
      • What are the symptoms of dyspepsia (indigestion)?
      • What causes dyspepsia (indigestion)?
      • What is the course of dyspepsia (indigestion)?
      • What are the complications of dyspepsia (indigestion)?
      • How is dyspepsia diagnosed (indigestion)?
      • Exclusion of other diseases
      • Specific tests of gastrointestinal function
      • How is dyspepsia (indigestion) treated and relieved?
      • What is a reasonable approach to the diagnosis and treatment of dyspepsia (indigestion)?
      • What is in the future for dyspepsia (indigestion)?
    • Intestinal Gas (Belching, Bloating, Flatulence) Gas or "intestinal gas" means different things to different people. Everyone has gas and eliminates it by belching or farting...learn more »
      In This Article
      Intestinal Gas (Belching, Bloating, Flatulence) Article
      • Intestinal gas facts
      • What causes belching?
      • What causes bloating?
      • What causes flatulence (gas)?
      • What are the causes of intermittent abdominal bloating/distention?
      • How are belching, bloating/distention, and flatulence evaluated?
      • How is excessive intestinal gas treated?
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      In This Article
      Intussusception Article
      • Intussusception facts
      • What is intussusception?
      • What happens during intussusception?
      • Is intussusception an urgent problem?
      • Who is at greatest risk for intussusception?
      • What causes intussusception?
      • Why is rapid diagnosis of intussusception important?
      • What are the symptoms of intussusception?
      • How is intussusception diagnosed?
      • Is it necessary to operate when there is intussusception?
      • What is the prognosis (outlook) for patients with intussusception?
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      In This Article
      Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) Article
      • Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) definition
      • What causes irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)?
      • What are the symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)?
      • How is the diagnosis of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) made?
      • What are the treatments for irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)?
      • What medications are used to treat irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)?
      • What about IBS and diet?
      • Is irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) related to small bacterial overgrowth (SIBO)?
      • What is the prognosis for irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)?
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      In This Article
      Kidney Stones Article
      • Kidney stone facts
      • What is a kidney stone?
      • Who is at risk for kidney stones?
      • What causes kidney stones?
      • What are the signs and symptoms of kidney stones?
      • How are kidney stones diagnosed?
      • What is the treatment for kidney stones? How long does it take to pass a kidney stone?
      • Can kidney stones be prevented?
      • What is the prognosis for kidney stones?
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      In This Article
      Lactose Intolerance Article
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      • What is lactose intolerance?
      • What causes lactose intolerance?
      • What are the symptoms of lactose intolerance?
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      • Milk challenge
      • Breath test
      • Blood glucose test
      • Stool acidity test
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      • What are the long-term consequences of lactose intolerance?
      • What is new in lactose intolerance?
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      In This Article
      Menstrual Cramps Article
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      • What are menstrual cramps?
      • How common are menstrual cramps?
      • What is dysmenorrhea?
      • What causes menstrual cramps?
      • Why are some cramps so painful?
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      • What other factors influence menstrual cramps?
      • What are the symptoms of menstrual cramps?
      • How are menstrual cramps diagnosed?
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      • What if the cramps are very severe?
      • Are there surgical solutions?
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      In This Article
      Pancreatitis Article
      • Pancreatitis facts*
      • What is pancreatitis?
      • What are the causes of acute pancreatitis?
      • What are the symptoms of acute pancreatitis?
      • How is acute pancreatitis diagnosed?
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      • Hope through research
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      In This Article
      Pelvic Inflammatory Disease Article
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      In This Article
      Peptic Ulcer Article
      • Peptic ulcer facts
      • What is a peptic ulcer?
      • What causes of peptic ulcers?
      • What are symptoms of peptic ulcer?
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      In This Article
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      • Spider bites facts
      • What are the symptoms of spider bites?
      • Black widow spider bite symptoms
      • Brown recluse spider bite symptoms
      • Are spider bites dangerous?
      • What should you do if you are bitten by a spider?
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      In This Article
      Ulcerative Colitis Article
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      • What is ulcerative colitis?
      • What causes ulcerative colitis?
      • What are the symptoms of ulcerative colitis?
      • How is the diagnosis of ulcerative colitis made?
      • What are the complications of ulcerative colitis?
      • What are the treatments for ulcerative colitis?
      • What are ulcerative colitis medications?
      • 5-ASA Compounds
      • Systemic corticosteroids (including side effects)
      • Golimumab (Simponi)
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      • Summary of medication treatment
      • Surgery for ulcerative colitis
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      • What research is being done regarding ulcerative colitis?
Other Causes of Stomach Cramps
Examples of Medications for Stomach Cramps


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