Staph Infection (Staphylococcus Aureus)

  • Medical Author:
    Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD

    Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD, is a U.S. board-certified Anatomic Pathologist with subspecialty training in the fields of Experimental and Molecular Pathology. Dr. Stöppler's educational background includes a BA with Highest Distinction from the University of Virginia and an MD from the University of North Carolina. She completed residency training in Anatomic Pathology at Georgetown University followed by subspecialty fellowship training in molecular diagnostics and experimental pathology.

  • Medical Editor: William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR
    William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR

    William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR

    Dr. Shiel received a Bachelor of Science degree with honors from the University of Notre Dame. There he was involved in research in radiation biology and received the Huisking Scholarship. After graduating from St. Louis University School of Medicine, he completed his Internal Medicine residency and Rheumatology fellowship at the University of California, Irvine. He is board-certified in Internal Medicine and Rheumatology.

Superbug Staph Spread in Community

CA-MRSA infections have increased dramatically in the U.S. since the mid-1990s.

Community-associated MRSA infections usually affect the skin, causing pimples and boils in otherwise healthy people. Infected areas may be red, swollen, painful, and have pus or other drainage.

Quick GuideWhat Is a Staph Infection? Symptoms, Pictures

What Is a Staph Infection? Symptoms, Pictures

Staph infection facts

  • Staphylococcus (sometimes called "staph") is a group of bacteria that can cause a multitude of diseases.
  • Staph infections may cause disease due to direct infection or due to the production of toxins by the bacteria. Boils, impetigo, food poisoning, cellulitis, and toxic shock syndrome are all examples of diseases that can be caused by Staphylococcus.
  • Symptoms and signs of a localized staph infection include a collection of pus, such as a boil, furuncle, or abscess. The area is typically tender or painful and may be reddened and swollen.
  • Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, known as MRSA, is a type of Staphylococcus aureus that is resistant to the antibiotic methicillin and other drugs in this class.
  • Staph infections are treated with topical, oral, or intravenous antibiotics, depending upon the type of infection. Continue Reading
Reviewed on 5/3/2016
References
REFERENCES:

Baorto, Elizabeth P. "Staphylococcus Aureus Infection." Medscape.com. Nov. 6, 2014. <http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/971358-overview>.

Herchline, Thomas. "Staphylococcal Infections." Medscape.com. Apr. 25, 2016. <http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/228816-overview>.

Smith, Darvin Scott. "Bacterial Infections and Pregnancy." Medscape.com. Mar. 27, 2014. <http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/235054-overview>.

United States. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Community-Associated Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (CA-MRSA)." Mar. 3, 2010.

United States. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Healthcare-Associated Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (HA-MRSA)." Mar. 3, 2010.

United States. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) Infections." Sept. 10, 2013.

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8.Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) / Frank DeLeo, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

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10.MedicineNet (Don Dufur)

11.Getty Images/Hemera

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