Spina Bifida and Anencephaly Index

Featured: Spina Bifida and Anencephaly (Neural Tube Defects) Main Article

Spina bifida is the most common neural tube defect in the United States. There are four types of spina bifida; 1) occulta, 2) closed neural tube defects, 3) meningocele, and 4) myelomeningocele. The cause of spina bifida is not known. Theories include genetic, nutritional, and environmental factors. Lack of folic acid during pregnancy is highly suspected. Symptoms of spina bifida vary from individual to individual. Treatment depends on the type of spina bifida the person suffers.

Patient Discussions - Viewers share their comments

Medications

    Related Diseases & Conditions

    • Lower Back Pain There are many causes of back pain. Pain in the low back can relate to the bony lumbar spine, discs between the vertebrae,...learn more »
      In This Article
      Lower Back Pain Article
      • Low back pain facts
      • What is the anatomy of the low back?
      • What is the function of the low back?
      • What are common causes of lower back pain?
      • What are other causes of lower back pain?
      • What are uncommon causes of low back pain?
      • What are other symptoms and signs sometimes associated with low back pain?
      • How is low back pain diagnosed?
      • What is the treatment for low back pain?
      • What is the outlook (prognosis) for low back pain?
      • Can low back pain be prevented?
    • Pregnancy (Week By Week, Trimesters) There are many symptoms involved in the 1st, 2nd and 3rd trimesters of pregnancy. The first early pregnancy symptom is typically...learn more »
      In This Article
      Pregnancy (Week By Week, Trimesters) Article
      • Pregnancy facts*
      • Introduction
      • What is the first trimester (week 1-week 12)?
      • What is the second trimester (week 13-week 28)?
      • What is the third trimester (week 29-week 40)?
      • How will my baby develop week by week?
      • What are the changes that happen to a woman's body during her 1st, 2nd, and 3rd trimesters of pregnancy?
      • Body aches
      • Breast changes
      • Constipation
      • Dizziness
      • Fatigue, sleep problems
      • Heartburn and indigestion
      • Hemorrhoids during pregnancy
      • Itching
      • Leg cramps
      • Morning sickness
      • Nasal problems
      • Numb or tingling hands
      • Stretch marks, skin changes
      • Swelling
      • Urinary frequency and leaking
      • Varicose veins
    • Allergy (Allergies) An allergy refers to a misguided reaction by our immune system in response to bodily contact with certain foreign substances. ...learn more »
    • Hydrocephalus Hydrocephalus is an abnormal buildup of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the ventricles of the brain. The fluid is often under...learn more »
      In This Article
      Hydrocephalus Article
      • Hydrocephalus facts
      • What is hydrocephalus?
      • What are the different types of hydrocephalus?
      • Who gets this hydrocephalus?
      • What causes hydrocephalus?
      • What are the symptoms and signs of hydrocephalus?
      • How is hydrocephalus diagnosed?
      • What is the current treatment for hydrocephalus?
      • What are the possible complications of a shunt system?
      • What is the prognosis for hydrocephalus?
      • What research is being done on hydrocephalus?
      • Where can I get more information about hydrocephalus?
    • Depression Depression is an illness that involves the body, mood, and thoughts and affects the way a person eats and sleeps, the way one...learn more »
      In This Article
      Depression Article
      • Depression facts
      • What is a depressive disorder?
      • What are myths about depression?
      • What are the types of depression, and what are depression symptoms and signs?
      • Depression symptoms and signs in men
      • Depression symptoms and signs in women
      • Depression symptoms and signs in teenagers
      • Depression symptoms and signs in children
      • What are the causes and risk factors of depression?
      • Postpartum depression
      • How is depression diagnosed?
      • What treatments are available for depression?
      • What is the general approach to treating depression?
      • What about sexual dysfunction related to antidepressants?
      • What about discontinuing antidepressants?
      • What are complications of depression?
      • What is the prognosis for depression?
      • How can depression be prevented?
      • What about self-help and home remedies?
      • How can someone help a person who is depressed?
      • Where can one seek help for depression?
      • What is in the future for depression?
      • Where can people find more information about depression?
    • Brain Hemorrhage A brain hemorrhage is a type of stroke caused when an artery bursts in the brain, causing localized bleeding in the surrounding...learn more »
      In This Article
      Brain Hemorrhage Article
      • What is a brain hemorrhage?
      • What causes a brain hemorrhage?
      • What are the symptoms of a brain hemorrhage?
      • How is a brain hemorrhage diagnosed?
      • What is the treatment for a brain hemorrhage?
      • What is the prognosis after a brain hemorrhage? Is recovery possible?
      • Special situations

Related FAQs, Doctor's & Expert's Views

Health & Living

Procedures & Tests

Health News

Health Features

Tools & References


Terms related to Spina Bifida and Anencephaly:

  • Anencephaly
  • Closed Neural Tube Defect
  • Meningocele
  • Meningomyelocele
  • Occulta