Acetazolamide (Diamox) may increase the risk of toxicity or adverse effects
associated with sodium bicarbonate treatment.
PREGNANCY: Sodium bicarbonate has not been adequately
evaluated in pregnant women. Sodium bicarbonate has the potential risk of
causing metabolic alkalosis and fluid overload in pregnancy. Therefore, sodium
bicarbonate containing antacids are considered unsafe in pregnancy.
NURSING MOTHERS: Sodium bicarbonate enters
Other antacids such as calcium carbonate or magnesium hydroxide are generally
preferred over sodium carbonate due to their wider safety margin.
SIDE EFFECTS: Known side effects include belching,
flatulence (gas), stomach pain, and edema (water retention).
REFERENCE: FDA Prescribing Information
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 10/13/2014
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