Sleep Apnea Related Diseases & Conditions

Medical conditions are often related to other diseases and conditions. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments related to the topic of Sleep Apnea. These conditions may be a cause or symptom of Sleep Apnea or be a condition for which you may be at increased risk.

  • Sinus Infection (Sinusitis) Sinus infection (sinusitis) signs and symptoms include headache, fever, and facial tenderness, pressure, or pain. Treatments of...learn more »
  • Fatty Liver Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) refers to a wide spectrum of liver disease ranging from simple fatty liver (steatosis),...learn more »
    In This Article
    Fatty Liver Article
    • Nonalcoholic fatty liver facts
    • What are nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and steatohepatitis?
    • Why is nonalcoholic fatty liver disease important?
    • What causes nonalcoholic fatty liver disease?
    • What is the difference between nonalcoholic fatty liver and steatohepatitis?
    • What is the relationship between nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, obesity, and diabetes?
    • What is the relationship between nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and the metabolic syndrome?
    • What are the symptoms of fatty liver?
    • How is nonalcoholic fatty liver disease diagnosed?
    • What are the other causes of fatty liver?
    • What are the complications of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease?
    • How is nonalcoholic fatty liver disease treated?
    • Weight loss and exercise
    • Diet
    • Medications and other treatment options
    • Bariatric surgery
    • Liver transplant
    • What is the relationship between nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and cardiovascular disease?
    • What diseases are associated with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease?
    • Does nonalcoholic fatty liver disease occur in children?
  • Polycythemia (High Red Blood Cell Count) Polycythemia (elevated red blood cell count) causes are either primary (aquired or genetic mutations) or secondary (diseases,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Polycythemia (High Red Blood Cell Count) Article
    • Polycythemia facts
    • What is polycythemia?
    • What are normal ranges of hematocrit, red cell counts, and hemoglobin?
    • What causes polycythemia?
    • What are the causes of primary polycythemia?
    • What are the common causes of secondary polycythemia?
    • Can other sources of Erythropoietin (EPO) cause polycythemia?
    • What is relative polycythemia?
    • What is stress polycythemia?
    • What are the risk factors for polycythemia?
    • What are the symptoms of polycythemia?
    • When should I see a doctor about polycythemia?
    • How is polycythemia diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for polycythemia?
    • What are the complications of polycythemia?
    • Can polycythemia be prevented?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for polycythemia?
  • Hypothyroidism Hypothyroidism is any state in which thyroid hormone production is below normal. Normally, the rate of thyroid hormone...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hypothyroidism Article
    • Hypothyroidism facts
    • What is hypothyroidism?
    • What are thyroid hormones?
    • Thyroid hormone regulation- the chain of command
    • What causes hypothyroidism?
    • What are the symptoms of hypothyroidism?
    • How is hypothyroidism diagnosed?
    • How is hypothyroidism treated?
    • What is subclinical hypothyroidism?
    • What's best for you?
  • Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) Congestive heart failure (CHF) refers to a condition in which the heart loses the ability to function properly. Heart disease,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) Article
    • Congestive heart failure facts
    • What is congestive heart failure (CHF)?
    • What causes congestive heart failure?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of congestive heart failure?
    • What are the risk factors for congestive heart failure?
    • How is congestive heart failure diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for congestive heart failure?
    • What lifestyle changes can help treat congestive heart failure?
    • Exercise
    • Diet
    • Fluid regulation
    • Maintaining weight
    • What is the long term prognosis for patients with congestive heart failure?
    • Can congestive heart failure be prevented?
  • High Blood Pressure High blood pressure is defined as a pressure of 140/90 mmHg or higher in the arteries. Genetic factors, high salt intake, and...learn more »
    In This Article
    High Blood Pressure Article
    • What is high blood pressure?
    • What causes high blood pressure?
    • How is blood pressure measured?
    • What do blood pressure readings mean?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of high blood pressure?
    • How is high blood pressure diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for high blood pressure?
    • What are the potential risks and complications of untreated high blood pressure?
    • What dietary strategies can help lower high blood pressure?
    • How does exercise help lower high blood pressure?
    • Is complementary and alternative medicine effective for treating high blood pressure?
  • Restless Leg Syndrome Restless leg syndrome (RLS or restless legs syndrome) is a common cause for painful legs that typically eases with motion, and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Restless Leg Syndrome Article
    • Restless leg syndrome facts
    • What is restless leg syndrome (RLS)?
    • What causes restless leg syndrome?
    • What are the symptoms of restless leg syndrome?
    • How is restless leg syndrome diagnosed?
    • Can other conditions mimic restless leg syndrome?
    • What is the treatment for restless leg syndrome?
    • What medications are used to treat restless leg syndrome?
    • Are there any remedies or complimentary/alternative treatments for restless leg syndrome?
  • Tonsillitis It is thought that the tonsils and adenoids assist the body in fighting incoming bacteria and viruses by helping the body form...learn more »
    In This Article
    Tonsillitis Article
    • Tonsillitis and adenoid infection facts
    • What are the tonsils and adenoids?
    • What is the purpose of the tonsils and adenoids?
    • What are the symptoms of tonsillitis or an adenoid infection?
    • Is tonsillitis contagious?
    • What are common problems affecting the tonsils and adenoids?
    • How are tonsillitis and adenoid infection diagnosed?
    • How are tonsillitis and adenoid infection treated?
    • What home remedies help soothe tonsillitis?
    • When should the tonsils and/or adenoids be removed?
  • Anxiety Anxiety is a feeling of apprehension and fear characterized by physical symptoms. Anxiety disorders are serious medical illnesses...learn more »
    In This Article
    Anxiety Article
    • Generalized anxiety disorder facts
    • What is generalized anxiety disorder (GAD)?
    • What are the different types of anxiety?
    • How common is generalized anxiety disorder?
    • What are causes and risk factors for anxiety?
    • What are anxiety symptoms and signs?
    • How is generalized anxiety disorder diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for anxiety?
    • What are the side effects of anxiety medications?
    • What are complications of generalized anxiety disorder?
    • Is it possible to prevent anxiety?
    • What is the prognosis of generalized anxiety disorder?
    • Are there support groups for those with generalized anxiety disorder?
    • Where can people find additional information on generalized anxiety disorder?
  • Insulin Resistance Insulin resistance is the diminished ability of cells to respond to the action of insulin in transporting glucose (sugar) from...learn more »
    In This Article
    Insulin Resistance Article
    • Insulin resistance facts
    • What is insulin resistance?
    • What causes insulin resistance?
    • What is the relationship between insulin resistance and diabetes?
    • What medical conditions are associated with insulin resistance?
    • Who is at risk for insulin resistance?
    • How is insulin resistance diagnosed?
    • How is insulin resistance managed?
    • Lifestyle changes (diet, weight loss, exercise)
    • Medications
    • What's new in insulin resistance?
  • Temporomandibular Joint Syndrome (TMJ) Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) syndrome is a disorder that causes symptoms like pain, clicking, and popping of the jaw. TMJ is...learn more »
    In This Article
    Temporomandibular Joint Syndrome (TMJ) Article
    • What is temporomandibular joint (TMJ) syndrome?
    • What are the risk factors for TMJ syndrome?
    • What causes TMJ syndrome?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of TMJ syndrome?
    • How is TMJ syndrome diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for TMJ syndrome?
    • What is the prognosis for TMJ syndrome?
    • Can TMJ syndrome be prevented?
  • Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease) is a condition in which the acidified liquid contents of the stomach backs up into the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) Article
    • GERD facts
    • What is GERD (acid reflux)?
    • What causes GERD?
    • What are the symptoms of uncomplicated GERD?
    • What are the complications of GERD?
    • How is GERD diagnosed and evaluated?
    • Symptoms and procedures to diagnose GERD
    • GERD tests
    • How is GERD treated?
    • Lifestyle changes and GERD diet
    • GERD medications
    • GERD surgery
    • What is a reasonable approach to the management of GERD?
    • What are the unresolved issues in GERD?
  • Sexual (Sex) Problems in Men Male sexual dysfunction can be caused by physical or psychological problems. Common sexual problems in men include erectile...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sexual (Sex) Problems in Men Article
    • What are sexual problems in men?
    • What is the physiology of sexual function?
    • How are sexual problems in men diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for sexual problems in men?
    • What are the different types of sexual dysfunction in men?
    • What is low libido?
    • What are the risk factors for low libido?
    • What causes low libido?
    • What are the symptoms of low libido?
    • What is erectile dysfunction?
    • What are the risk factors for erectile dysfunction?
    • What causes erectile dysfunction?
    • What are the symptoms of erectile dysfunction?
    • What is the treatment for erectile dysfunction?
    • What are nonsurgical treatments for erectile dysfunction?
    • What are surgical treatments for erectile dysfunction?
    • What is premature ejaculation?
    • What causes premature ejaculation?
    • What are the symptoms of premature ejaculation?
    • What is the treatment for premature ejaculation?
    • What is disordered orgasm?
    • What causes disordered orgasm?
    • What is the treatment for disordered orgasm?
    • What are other kinds of sexual dysfunction in men?
    • At what age do men experience sexual dysfunction?
    • What kinds of professionals treat sexual problems in men?
    • Can sexual problems in men be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for sexual problems in men?
  • Heart Attack Heart attack happens when a blood clot completely obstructs a coronary artery supplying blood to the heart muscle. A heart...learn more »
    In This Article
    Heart Attack Article
    • Heart attack facts
    • What is a heart attack?
    • What causes a heart attack?
    • What are the symptoms of a heart attack?
    • What are the complications of a heart attack?
    • What are the risk factors for atherosclerosis and heart attack?
    • How is a heart attack diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for heart attack?
    • What are the risk factors for heart attack in women?
    • What are the symptoms of heart attack in women and how is heart attack diagnosed?
    • How is heart attack in women treated?
    • What about hormone therapy and heart attack in women?
    • What is new in heart attack?
  • Fatigue Fatigue can be described in various ways. Sometimes fatigue is described as feeling a lack of energy and motivation (both mental...learn more »
    In This Article
    Fatigue Article
    • Fatigue Facts
    • Fatigue introduction
    • What causes fatigue?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of fatigue?
    • How is the cause of fatigue diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for fatigue?
    • Can fatigue be prevented?
  • Depression Depression is an illness that involves the body, mood, and thoughts and affects the way a person eats and sleeps, the way one...learn more »
    In This Article
    Depression Article
    • Depression facts
    • What is a depressive disorder?
    • What are myths about depression?
    • What are the types of depression, and what are depression symptoms and signs?
    • Depression symptoms and signs in men
    • Depression symptoms and signs in women
    • Depression symptoms and signs in teenagers
    • Depression symptoms and signs in children
    • What are the causes and risk factors for depression?
    • Postpartum depression
    • How is depression diagnosed?
    • What treatments are available for depression?
    • What is the general approach to treating depression?
    • What about sexual dysfunction related to antidepressants?
    • What about discontinuing antidepressants?
    • What are complications of depression?
    • What is the prognosis for depression?
    • How can depression be prevented?
    • What about self-help and home remedies for depression?
    • How can someone help a person who is depressed?
    • Where can one seek help for depression?
    • What is in the future for depression?
    • Where can people find more information about depression?
  • Obesity Obesity is the state of being well above one's normal weight. A person has traditionally been considered to be obese if they are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Obesity Article
    • Obesity facts
    • What is obesity?
    • How common is obesity?
    • What are the health risks associated with obesity?
    • What causes obesity?
    • What are other factors associated with obesity?
    • How is body fat measured?
    • What about weight-for-height tables?
    • What is the body mass index (BMI)?
    • Does it matter where body fat is located? (Is it worse to be an "apple" or a "pear"?)
    • What can be done about obesity?
    • What is the role of physical activity and exercise in obesity?
    • What is the role of diet in the treatment of obesity?
    • What is the role of medication in the treatment of obesity?
    • What about herbal fen/phen?
    • What about meal substitutes, artificial sweeteners, and OTC products?
    • What is the role of surgery in the treatment of obesity?
    • How can patients choose a safe and successful weight-loss program?
  • Stroke A stroke is an interruption of the blood supply to part of the brain caused by either a blood clot (ischemic) or bleeding...learn more »
    In This Article
    Stroke Article
    • Stroke facts
    • What is a stroke?
    • What are the different types of stroke?
    • What causes a stroke?
    • What are the risk factors for stroke?
    • What is a transient ischemic attack (TIA)?
    • What are the warning signs of a stroke?
    • What are the symptoms of a stroke?
    • How is a stroke diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for stroke?
    • What is the prognosis for stroke?
    • Is recovery after a stroke possible?
    • What is stroke rehabilitation?
    • Can strokes be prevented?
  • Women's Health Women's health is an important topic area to guide a woman through the stages of her life, as well as knowing the conditions and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Women's Health Article
    • Introduction to women's health
    • Women's general health and wellness
    • Female anatomy
    • The female reproductive System
    • Female hormones
    • Diseases more common in women
    • Cancer in women
    • Women's cosmetic concerns
    • Menstruation
    • Sexuality
    • Fertility, birth control, and infertility
    • Pregnancy
    • Motherhood
    • Menopause
    • The mature woman - post menopause
  • Sleep A number of vital tasks carried out during sleep help maintain good health and enable people to function at their best. Sleep...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sleep Article
    • What is sleep?
    • What are the stages of sleep?
    • How much sleep does a person need?
    • Does the amount of sleep we need change as we age?
    • What are signs and symptoms of sleep deprivation?
    • What are and what causes sleep disorders?
    • How are sleep problems diagnosed?
    • How are sleep problems treated?
    • Sleep hygiene
    • Other therapies
    • Sleep aids (prescription and OTC)
    • Are sleep problems and disease related?
    • How can I get a good night's sleep?
  • Abnormal Heart Rhythms (Heart Rhythm Disorders) Heart rhythm disorders vary from minor palpitations, premature atrial contractions (PACs), premature ventricular contractions...learn more »
    In This Article
    Abnormal Heart Rhythms (Heart Rhythm Disorders) Article
    • How does the heart work?
    • What is a heart rhythm disorder (arrhythmia)?
    • What causes heart rhythm disorders?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of heart rhythm disorders?
    • What are the different types of heart rhythm disorders?
    • Premature atrial contractions (PACs) and premature ventricular contractions (PVCs)
    • Sinus tachycardia
    • Sinus bradycardia
    • Abnormal heart rhythms
    • Tachycardia
    • Ventricular fibrillation (V-fib)
    • Ventricular tachycardia (V-tach)
    • Paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT)
    • Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome
    • Atrial fibrillation (A-fib)
    • Atrial flutter
    • Bradycardia
    • Heart blocks
    • When to seek medical care
    • How are heart rhythm disorders diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for heart rhythm disorders?
    • What is the prognosis for heart rhythm disorders?
    • Can heart rhythm disorders be prevented?
  • Marfan Syndrome Marfan syndrome is hereditary condition affecting connective tissue. A person with Marfan syndrome may exhibit the following...learn more »
    In This Article
    Marfan Syndrome Article
    • Marfan syndrome facts*
    • What is Marfan syndrome?
    • What are the symptoms of Marfan syndrome?
    • What causes Marfan syndrome?
    • How is Marfan syndrome diagnosed?
    • What types of doctors treat Marfan syndrome?
    • What treatment options are available for Marfan syndrome?
    • What are some of the emotional and psychological effects of Marfan syndrome?
    • What research is being conducted on Marfan syndrome?
    • Where can people find additional information about Marfan syndrome?
  • Atrial Fibrillation Atrial fibrillation is an abnormality in the heart rhythm which involves irregular and often rapid beating of the heart. Symptoms...learn more »
    In This Article
    Atrial Fibrillation Article
    • Atrial fibrillation facts
    • What is atrial fibrillation?
    • What causes atrial fibrillation?
    • What are the symptoms of atrial fibrillation?
    • What are the complications of atrial fibrillation?
    • What are the risk factors for developing atrial fibrillation?
    • How is atrial fibrillation diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for atrial fibrillation?
    • Reversing the risk factors that cause atrial fibrillation
    • Slowing the heart rate with medications
    • Anticoagulation to prevent blood clots and strokes
    • Converting atrial fibrillation to a normal rhythm
    • Procedures for treating and preventing atrial fibrillation
    • What is new in atrial fibrillation?
  • Metabolic Syndrome The main features of metabolic syndrome include insulin resistance, hypertension (high blood pressure), cholesterol...learn more »
    In This Article
    Metabolic Syndrome Article
    • What is metabolic syndrome?
    • How is metabolic syndrome defined?
    • How common is metabolic syndrome?
    • What causes, and what are the risk factors of metabolic syndrome?
    • What are the symptoms of metabolic syndrome?
    • Why should I know about metabolic syndrome?
    • What is the treatment for metabolic syndrome?
    • Diet and metabolic syndrome
    • Exercise and metabolic syndrome
    • Cosmetic surgery to remove fat
    • What if lifestyle changes are not enough to treat metabolic syndrome?
    • Summary
  • High Blood Pressure Treatment High blood pressure (hypertension) means high pressure (tension) in the arteries. Treatment for high blood pressure include...learn more »
    In This Article
    High Blood Pressure Treatment Article
    • What is high blood pressure (hypertension)?
    • Which lifestyle modifications are beneficial in treating high blood pressure?
    • Alcohol
    • Smoking
    • Coffee and caffeinated beverages
    • Salt
    • Other dietary considerations
    • Obesity
    • Exercise and stress reduction
    • How is high blood pressure treated?
    • Starting treatment for high blood pressure
    • Treatment with combinations of drugs for high blood pressure
    • Emergency treatment for high blood pressure
    • Treatment during pregnancy
    • Which medications are used to treat high blood pressure?
    • Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE Inhibitors) and angiotensin receptor blockers
    • Beta blockers
    • Diuretics
    • Calcium channel blockers (CCBs)
    • Alpha blockers
    • Clonidine
    • Minoxidil
    • Renin inhibitors
    • Aldosterone blockers
    • Combining agents
    • What about the patient's compliance with medication regimens?
    • Is alternative medicine used to treat high blood pressure?
    • What are the complications of high blood pressure?
    • Can high blood pressure be prevented?
    • What's new in high blood pressure?
  • Snoring Snoring, like all other sounds, is caused by vibrations that cause particles in the air to form sound waves. While we are asleep,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Snoring Article
    • Snoring facts
    • What is snoring?
    • How common is snoring?
    • What causes snoring?
    • How do medications and alcohol affect snoring?
    • Why is snoring a problem?
    • What is the clinical importance of snoring?
    • What are different levels of snoring?
    • How should someone with snoring be evaluated?
    • How is it determined if snoring is a medical problem?
    • What are some objective tests to measure sleepiness?
    • What are the treatments for snoring?
    • What are some non-surgical treatments for snoring?
    • What are the surgical options for snoring?
    • What is the success of surgery for snoring?
  • Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Chronic fatigue syndrome is a debilitating and complex disorder characterized by profound fatigue that lasts 6 months or longer,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Article
    • Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) facts
    • What is chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS)?
    • What causes chronic fatigue syndrome?
    • What are risk factors for chronic fatigue syndrome?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of chronic fatigue syndrome?
    • What are chronic fatigue syndrome symptoms in men?
    • What are chronic fatigue syndrome symptoms in women?
    • How is chronic fatigue syndrome diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for chronic fatigue syndrome?
    • Is there a cure for chronic fatigue syndrome?
    • What is the prognosis (outcome) for chronic fatigue syndrome?
    • Can chronic fatigue syndrome be prevented?
    • Where can people find additional information about chronic fatigue syndrome?
  • Pulmonary Hypertension Pulmonary hypertension is an abnormal elevation of the pressure in the pulmonary circulation caused by the constriction of the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pulmonary Hypertension Article
    • What are pulmonary arteries?
    • What is pulmonary hypertension?
    • What are primary and secondary pulmonary hypertension?
    • What causes pulmonary hypertension?
    • What causes primary pulmonary hypertension?
    • How common is pulmonary hypertension?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of pulmonary hypertension?
    • How is pulmonary hypertension diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for pulmonary hypertension?
    • What is the life expectancy for pulmonary hypertension?
  • Heart Failure Heart failure is caused by many conditions including coronary artery disease, heart attack, cardiomyopathy, and conditions that...learn more »
    In This Article
    Heart Failure Article
    • What is Heart Failure?
    • What Causes Heart Failure?
    • What are the Symptoms of Heart Failure?
    • What are the Types of Heart Failure?
    • How is Heart Failure Diagnosed?
    • How is Heart Failure Treated?
    • Stages of Heart Failure
    • How Can I Prevent Heart Failure From Worsening?
    • How Can I Prevent Further Heart Damage?
    • What Medications Should I Avoid?
    • How Can I Improve My Quality of Life?
    • What Surgical Procedures are Used to Treat Heart Failure?
    • Treatment is a Team Effort
    • What is the Outlook for People with Heart Failure?
  • Seizures Symptoms and Types Seizures are divided into two categories: generalized and partial. Generalized seizures are produced by electrical impulses from...learn more »
    In This Article
    Seizures Symptoms and Types Article
    • Epilepsy and an overview of the types of seizures
    • Types of generalized seizures (including grand mal)
    • Absence seizures
    • Myoclonic seizures
    • Clonic seizures
    • Tonic seizures
    • Atonic seizures
    • Types of partial seizures
    • Simple partial seizures
    • Complex partial seizures
    • Focal seizure that evolves into a generalized convulsive ("grand-mal") seizure
  • Achondroplasia A common form of short stature, achondroplasia (dwarfism) is a genetic condition causing a disorder of bone growth. Complications...learn more »
    In This Article
    Achondroplasia Article
    • Achondroplasia facts
    • What is achondroplasia?
    • What are the characteristics of achondroplasia?
    • How is achondroplasia diagnosed?
    • What can be done for patients with achondroplasia?
    • How is achondroplasia inherited?
    • What if someone with achondroplasia has children?
    • What if two people with achondroplasia have children?
    • What gene causes achondroplasia?
  • Deviated Septum A deviate septum is a condition in which the bone and cartilage that divide the nasal cavity of the nose in half (nasal septum)...learn more »
    In This Article
    Deviated Septum Article
    • Deviated septum facts
    • What is the definition of deviated septum?
    • What are the causes of deviated septum?
    • What are the symptoms of deviated septum?
    • How is deviated septum diagnosed?
    • How is deviated septum treated?
    • When should I see a doctor about a deviated septum?
    • Can deviated septum be prevented?
  • Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) The cause of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is unknown. The risk of SIDS peaks in infants 2-4 months of age. SIDS is more...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) Article
    • Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) facts
    • What is sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)?
    • What is the cause of SIDS?
    • What are the risk factors for SIDS?
    • How is SIDS diagnosed?
    • Can SIDS be prevented?
    • Does the supine (back) sleep position cause any problems for infants?
    • What support is available to parents who are coping with an infant loss due to SIDS?
    • Where can people get more information about sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)?
  • Childhood Obesity Fast food consumption and lack of exercise are just a couple of causes of childhood obesity. Health effects of childhood obesity...learn more »
    In This Article
    Childhood Obesity Article
    • Childhood obesity facts
    • What is childhood obesity? How is childhood obesity diagnosed?
    • How prevalent is childhood obesity?
    • What causes childhood obesity?
    • What are childhood obesity symptoms and signs?
    • What are risk factors for childhood obesity?
    • What are the risks, complications, and long-term health effects of childhood obesity?
    • What is the treatment for childhood obesity?
    • Can childhood obesity be prevented?
    • What research is being done on childhood obesity?
    • Where can people find more information on childhood obesity?
  • Heart Disease (Coronary Artery Disease) Heart disease (coronary artery disease) occurs when plaque builds up in the coronary arteries, the vessels that supply blood to...learn more »
    In This Article
    Heart Disease (Coronary Artery Disease) Article
    • What is heart disease?
    • What are the risk factors for heart disease?
    • What causes heart disease?
    • What are the symptoms of heart disease?
    • How is heart disease diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for heart disease?
    • What is the prognosis for heart disease?
    • Can heart disease be prevented?
  • Narcolepsy Narcolepsy, a chronic disease of the central nervous system causes have not been fully determined. Some theories include...learn more »
    In This Article
    Narcolepsy Article
    • Narcolepsy facts
    • What is narcolepsy?
    • How common is narcolepsy?
    • What causes narcolepsy?
    • What are the symptoms of narcolepsy?
    • Excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS)
    • Cataplexy
    • Hypnagogic hallucinations
    • Sleep paralysis
    • Additional symptoms
    • How is narcolepsy diagnosed?
    • How is narcolepsy treated?
    • Medications
    • Non-drug treatments
    • What is the outcome (prognosis) for patients with narcolepsy?
    • What's in the future for narcolepsy?
    • For more information
  • Scars Scar formation is a natural part of the healing process after injury. The depth and size of the wound incision and the location...learn more »
    In This Article
    Scars Article
    • Scars facts
    • What is a scar?
    • What are the different types of scars?
    • What causes a scar?
    • What are symptoms and signs of a scar?
    • How are scars diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a scar?
    • Are there any home remedies to reduce scarring?
    • What is the prognosis of a scar?
    • Can scarring be prevented?
    • Does insurance coverage apply to scar treatments?
  • Prevention Enjoying a healthy diet helps to prevent diseases. A good diet also helps to control celiac disease, diabetes, and high blood...learn more »
    In This Article
    Prevention Article
    • Maintaining health
    • Preventing and controlling diseases
    • Vitamins and minerals to maintain health
    • Vitamin supplements to prevent diseases
    • Diets to control and/or treat diseases
  • Sudden Cardiac Arrest Sudden cardiac arrest is an unexpected, sudden death caused by sudden cardiac arrest (loss of heart function). Causes and risk...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sudden Cardiac Arrest Article
    • Introduction to sudden cardiac arrest
    • What are the causes of sudden cardiac arrest?
    • What about sudden cardiac arrest in the young?
    • What are the symptoms of sudden cardiac arrest?
    • How is sudden cardiac arrest diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for sudden cardiac arrest?
    • Can sudden cardiac arrest be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for sudden cardiac arrest?
  • Sexual Problems (Sex) in Women Sexual dysfunction refers to a problem that arises during any phase of the sexual response cycle, preventing an individual or...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sexual Problems (Sex) in Women Article
    • What causes female sexual problems?
    • Who is affected by sexual problems?
    • How do sexual problems affect women?
    • How is a female sexual problem diagnosed?
    • How are female sexual problems treated?
    • Can female sexual problems be cured?
    • How do hormones affect sexual function?
    • What effect does a hysterectomy have on sexual function?
    • How does menopause affect a woman's sexual function?
    • When should I call my doctor about sexual problems?
  • Insomnia Insomnia is the perception or complaint of inadequate or poor-quality sleep because of difficulty falling asleep; waking up...learn more »
    In This Article
    Insomnia Article
    • Insomnia facts
    • What is insomnia?
    • What causes insomnia?
    • What situational and stress factors cause insomnia?
    • What are the risk factors for insomnia?
    • What are the symptoms of insomnia?
    • When should I call the doctor about insomnia?
    • How is insomnia diagnosed?
    • How is insomnia treated?
    • What are non-medical treatments for insomnia?
    • What is sleep hygiene?
    • How can stimulus control help with insomnia?
    • What is sleep restriction?
    • What medications are used to treat insomnia?
    • What is the outlook for insomnia?
  • Urinary Incontinence in Children Urinary incontinence in children (enuresis) is twice as common in boys as in girls and may occur during the daytime or nighttime....learn more »
    In This Article
    Urinary Incontinence in Children Article
    • Urinary incontinence in children facts
    • What is urinary incontinence?
    • How does the urinary system work?
    • What are the different types of urinary incontinence in children?
    • How common is urinary incontinence in children?
    • What causes nighttime incontinence in children?
    • What causes daytime incontinence in children?
    • How do you differentiate between organic and nonorganic causes of urinary incontinence?
    • What is the treatment for urinary incontinence in children?
    • What is the prognosis of urinary incontinence in children?
    • Where can people get more information on urinary incontinence in children?
  • Sleepwalking Sleepwalking is a condition in which an individual walks or does other activities while asleep. Factors associated with...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sleepwalking Article
    • Sleepwalking facts
    • What is sleepwalking?
    • What are the causes, incidence, and risk factors of sleepwalking?
    • What are associated factors to consider?
    • What are symptoms of sleepwalking?
    • What are the signs and tests for sleepwalking?
    • What other conditions will my doctor consider before diagnosing sleepwalking?
    • What is the treatment for sleepwalking?
    • What is the prognosis of sleepwalking?
    • What are the complications of sleepwalking?
    • When should you call your health care practitioner about sleepwalking?
    • How can I prevent sleepwalking?
  • Lewy Body Dementia (Dementia with Lewy Bodies) Lewy body dementia (LBD or dementia with Lewy bodies) is one the most common causes of dementia. There are two types of LBD: 1)...learn more »
    In This Article
    Lewy Body Dementia (Dementia with Lewy Bodies) Article
    • Lewy body dementia facts*
    • Lewy body dementia (LBD) introduction
    • What are Lewy bodies?
    • What is Lewy body dementia (LBD)?
    • What are the types of Lewy body dementia (LBD)?
    • Who is affected by Lewy body dementia (LBD)?
    • What are the causes and risk factors for Lewy body dementia (LBD)?
    • What are the common symptoms of Lewy body dementia (LBD)?
    • Cognitive symptoms of Lewy body dementia
    • Behavoiral and mood symptoms of Lewy body dementia
    • Sleep disorders associated with Lewy body dementia
    • Movement symptoms of Lewy body dementia
    • Other Lewy body dementia symptoms
    • How is Lewy body dementia (LBD) diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment and management of Lewy body dementia (LBD)?
    • Medications for Lewy body dementia
    • Medications for cognitive symptoms
    • Medications for movement symptoms
    • Medications for sleep disorders
    • Medications for behavioral and mood problems
    • Other treatment considerations
  • Hypersomnia Hypersomnia is a condition where a person has excessive daytime sleepiness and trouble staying awake during the day. Treatment...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hypersomnia Article
    • Introduction to hypersomnia
    • What causes hypersomnia?
    • How is hypersomnia diagnosed?
    • How is hypersomnia treated?
  • Nightmares Nightmares are dreams that cause high anxiety or terror. Nightmares may be a part of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Nightmares Article
    • Nightmares and PTSD
    • How common are nightmares after trauma?
    • What do nightmares that follow trauma look like?
    • Nightmares and cultural differences
    • Are there any effective treatments for posttraumatic nightmares?
  • Men's Health Men's health is an important component to a happy lifestyle and healthy relationships. Eating healthy, exercise, managing stress,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Men's Health Article
    • Introduction to men's health
    • Prostate problems
    • Testosterone
    • Top 10 diseases that kill men
    • 1. Heart disease
    • 2. Cancers
    • 3. Injuries
    • 4. Stroke (cerebrovascular accident, CVA)
    • 5. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
    • 6. Diabetes
    • 7. Influenza and pneumonia
    • 8. Suicide
    • 9. Kidney disease
    • 10. Alzheimer's disease
    • The checklist: How to stay healthy
  • Sleep and Sleep Disorders in Children and Teenagers Sleep needs in children and teenagers depends on the age of the child. Sleep disorders in children such as sleep apnea,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sleep and Sleep Disorders in Children and Teenagers Article
    • How much sleep do children need?
    • Can a lack of sleep impact a child's behavior?
    • What is sleep hygiene?
    • What are some common sleep disorders in children?
    • Sleep Apnea symptoms in children
    • Parasomnia symptoms in children
    • Confusional arousal symptoms in children
    • Night terror symptoms in children
    • Narcolepsy symptoms in children
    • Sleepwalking symptoms in children
    • Do teenagers have the same sleep requirements as younger children?
    • How can I teach my child or teenager healthy sleep habits and good sleep hygiene?
    • What are some ways I can help my child or teenager get a better night's sleep?
    • What are some "dont's" for getting my child or teen to sleep?
  • Problem Sleepiness When sleepiness interferes with daily routines and activities, or reduces the ability to function, it is called "problem...learn more »
    In This Article
    Problem Sleepiness Article
    • Problem sleepiness facts*
    • What is problem sleepiness?
    • What are the symptoms of problem sleepiness?
    • What causes problem sleepiness?
    • Sleep-wake cycle
    • Inadequate sleep
    • Sleep disorders
    • Medical conditions/drugs
    • Problem sleepiness and adolescents
    • Shift work and problem sleepiness
    • What treatments and remedies can help for problem sleepiness?
  • Stretch Marks Stretch marks occur in the dermis, the elastic middle layer of skin that allows it to retain its shape. When the skin is...learn more »
    In This Article
    Stretch Marks Article
    • Stretch mark facts
    • What are stretch marks?
    • What causes stretch marks?
    • What are risk factors for stretch marks?
    • What are symptoms and signs of stretch marks?
    • How are stretch marks diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for stretch marks?
    • Are there any home remedies for stretch marks?
    • What is the prognosis of stretch marks?
    • Can stretch marks be prevented?
  • Fitness Regular physical activity can reduce the risk of disease. Regular exercise can also reduce the symptoms of stress and anxiety....learn more »
    In This Article
    Fitness Article
    • The importance of physical activity and fitness
    • Why should I be active?
    • Can everyone benefit from physical activity?
    • What are the recommendations for increasing fitness for youth, adults, and seniors?
    • How do I get started with a fitness plan?
    • When is a medical evaluation necessary?
    • How can I make physical activity a part of my life?
    • What are the components of physical fitness?
    • Fitness terms
  • Allergic Cascade The allergic cascade refers to allergic reactions that happen in the body in response to allergens. A variety of immune cells and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Allergic Cascade Article
    • The allergic cascade facts
    • Who are the "players" in the allergic cascade?
    • What about a more detailed look at the "players?"
    • What are cytokines?
    • What is the "early phase" of an allergic reaction?
    • What is the "late phase" of an allergic reaction?
    • What are the consequences of the allergic cascade?
    • How does understanding the allergic cascade help?
  • Sleep Related Breathing Disorders Sleep-related breathing disorders are characterized by disruptions of normal breathing patterns that only occur during sleep....learn more »
    In This Article
    Sleep Related Breathing Disorders Article
    • What are sleep related breathing disorders?
    • Why do we sleep?
    • What are the stages of sleep?
  • Weight Control and Smoking Cessation One concern smokers have when considering quitting smoking is weight gain. Not everyone will gain weight when they stop smoking....learn more »
    In This Article
    Weight Control and Smoking Cessation Article
    • Weight control and smoking cessation introduction
    • Will I gain weight if I stop smoking?
    • What causes weight gain after quitting?
    • Can I avoid weight gain?
    • Accept yourself
    • Get regular, moderate-intensity physical activity
    • Limit snacking and alcohol
    • Consider using medication to help you quit
    • Consider getting professional advice about weight control
    • Will weight gain hurt my health?