Sleep and Sleep Disorders in Children and Teens Related Diseases & Conditions

Medical conditions are often related to other diseases and conditions. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments related to the topic of Sleep and Sleep Disorders in Children and Teens. These conditions may be a cause or symptom of Sleep and Sleep Disorders in Children and Teens or be a condition for which you may be at increased risk.

  • Restless Leg Syndrome Restless leg syndrome (RLS or restless legs syndrome) is a common cause for painful legs that typically eases with motion, and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Restless Leg Syndrome Article
    • Restless leg syndrome facts
    • What is restless leg syndrome (RLS)?
    • What causes restless leg syndrome?
    • What are the symptoms of restless leg syndrome?
    • How is restless leg syndrome diagnosed?
    • Can other conditions mimic restless leg syndrome?
    • What is the treatment for restless leg syndrome?
    • What medications are used to treat restless leg syndrome?
    • Are there any remedies or complimentary/alternative treatments for restless leg syndrome?
  • Fever Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 degrees F. (37 degrees C.), in practice a person is...learn more »
    In This Article
    Fever Article
    • Aches, pain, fever facts
    • What is a fever?
    • What causes a fever?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of a fever?
    • How is a fever diagnosed?
    • How should I take a temperature for fever?
    • What is the treatment for a fever?
    • When should I seek medical care for a fever?
    • What are complications of a fever?
    • What is the prognosis for a fever?
    • What is the prevention for a fever?
  • Fatigue Fatigue can be described in various ways. Sometimes fatigue is described as feeling a lack of energy and motivation (both mental...learn more »
    In This Article
    Fatigue Article
    • Fatigue Facts
    • Fatigue introduction
    • What causes fatigue?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of fatigue?
    • How is the cause of fatigue diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for fatigue?
    • Can fatigue be prevented?
  • Sleep Apnea Sleep apnea is defined as a reduction or cessation of breathing during sleep. The three types of sleep apnea are central apnea,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sleep Apnea Article
    • Sleep apnea facts
    • What is sleep apnea?
    • What are the types of sleep apnea?
    • What is central sleep apnea and what causes it?
    • What is obstructive sleep apnea and what causes it?
    • How common is obstructive sleep apnea?
    • What are obstructive sleep apnea symptoms?
    • What are some of the complications of sleep apnea?
    • How is obstructive sleep apnea diagnosed and evaluated?
    • What are the nonsurgical treatments for obstructive sleep apnea?
    • What are the surgical treatments for obstructive sleep apnea?
    • Why is it important to treat obstructive sleep apnea?
  • Stress Stress occurs when forces from the outside world impinge on the individual. Stress is a normal part of life. However,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Stress Article
    • Stress facts
    • What is stress?
    • A brief history of stress
    • What are the signs and symptoms of poorly managed stress?
    • Who is most vulnerable to stress?
    • Teen stress
    • What is the healthy response to stress?
    • How does the response to stress work?
    • What is the role of the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis (grouping) in stress?
    • What is the role of the locus coeruleus in stress?
    • How do the connections in the brain work in stress?
    • What do we know about using (activating) and overusing our internal systems that respond to stress?
    • What are the effects of stress on medical and psychological conditions?
    • Conclusions about the effects of stress
    • What can people do for stress management?
    • What's in the future for stress?
  • Teeth Grinding (Bruxism) Bruxism is the medical term for teeth grinding. Bruxism may be caused by stress or anxiety and often happens during sleep....learn more »
    In This Article
    Teeth Grinding (Bruxism) Article
    • What causes people to grind their teeth?
    • What are bruxism symptoms and signs?
    • Why is teeth grinding harmful?
    • What is the treatment for bruxism?
    • Do children grind their teeth?
  • Sleep A number of vital tasks carried out during sleep help maintain good health and enable people to function at their best. Sleep...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sleep Article
    • What is sleep?
    • What are the stages of sleep?
    • How much sleep does a person need?
    • Does the amount of sleep we need change as we age?
    • What are signs and symptoms of sleep deprivation?
    • What are and what causes sleep disorders?
    • How are sleep problems diagnosed?
    • How are sleep problems treated?
    • Sleep hygiene
    • Other therapies
    • Sleep aids (prescription and OTC)
    • Are sleep problems and disease related?
    • How can I get a good night's sleep?
  • Insomnia Treatment (Sleep Aids and Stimulants) Insomnia is difficulty in falling or staying asleep, the absence of restful sleep, or poor quality of sleep. Insomnia is a...learn more »
    In This Article
    Insomnia Treatment (Sleep Aids and Stimulants) Article
    • What is insomnia and what causes it?
    • What are natural treatments for insomnia?
    • Melatonin
    • What over-the-counter (OTC) medicines are there for insomnia?
    • Antihistamines
    • What prescription medicines are there for insomnia?
    • What stimulant products are available OTC?
    • Caffeine
  • Deviated Septum A deviate septum is a condition in which the bone and cartilage that divide the nasal cavity of the nose in half (nasal septum)...learn more »
    In This Article
    Deviated Septum Article
    • Deviated septum facts
    • What is the definition of deviated septum?
    • What are the causes of deviated septum?
    • What are the symptoms of deviated septum?
    • How is deviated septum diagnosed?
    • How is deviated septum treated?
    • When should I see a doctor about a deviated septum?
    • Can deviated septum be prevented?
  • Narcolepsy Narcolepsy, a chronic disease of the central nervous system causes have not been fully determined. Some theories include...learn more »
    In This Article
    Narcolepsy Article
    • Narcolepsy facts
    • What is narcolepsy?
    • How common is narcolepsy?
    • What causes narcolepsy?
    • What are the symptoms of narcolepsy?
    • Excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS)
    • Cataplexy
    • Hypnagogic hallucinations
    • Sleep paralysis
    • Additional symptoms
    • How is narcolepsy diagnosed?
    • How is narcolepsy treated?
    • Medications
    • Non-drug treatments
    • What is the outcome (prognosis) for patients with narcolepsy?
    • What's in the future for narcolepsy?
    • For more information
  • Separation Anxiety Separation anxiety disorder is a common childhood anxiety disorder that has many causes. Infants, children, older kids and adults...learn more »
    In This Article
    Separation Anxiety Article
    • Separation anxiety disorder facts
    • What is separation anxiety disorder?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of separation anxiety disorder?
    • What are causes and risk factors for separation anxiety disorder?
    • How is separation anxiety disorder diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for separation anxiety disorder?
    • What happens if separation anxiety disorder is left untreated?
    • Where can I find more information on separation anxiety disorder?
  • Sleepwalking Sleepwalking is a condition in which an individual walks or does other activities while asleep. Factors associated with...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sleepwalking Article
    • Sleepwalking facts
    • What is sleepwalking?
    • What are the causes, incidence, and risk factors of sleepwalking?
    • What are associated factors to consider?
    • What are symptoms of sleepwalking?
    • What are the signs and tests for sleepwalking?
    • What other conditions will my doctor consider before diagnosing sleepwalking?
    • What is the treatment for sleepwalking?
    • What is the prognosis of sleepwalking?
    • What are the complications of sleepwalking?
    • When should you call your health care practitioner about sleepwalking?
    • How can I prevent sleepwalking?
  • Children's Health Children's health is focused on the well-being of children from conception through adolescence. There are many aspects of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Children's Health Article
    • Introduction
    • Children's growth and development
    • Children's illnesses
    • Children's injuries
    • Children's behavior
    • Children's mental illness
    • Family health and children
    • Community health and children
    • Health care for children
  • Periodic Limb Movement Disorder Periodic limb movement disorder (PLMD) is a sleep disorder characterized by rhythmic movements of the limbs during sleep. The...learn more »
    In This Article
    Periodic Limb Movement Disorder Article
    • Introduction to periodic limb movement disorder
    • What causes periodic limb movement disorder?
    • What are the symptoms of periodic limb movement disorder?
    • How is periodic limb movement disorder diagnosed?
    • How is periodic limb movement disorder treated?
    • What should someone with periodic limb movement disorder avoid?
  • Nightmares Nightmares are dreams that cause high anxiety or terror. Nightmares may be a part of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Nightmares Article
    • Nightmares and PTSD
    • How common are nightmares after trauma?
    • What do nightmares that follow trauma look like?
    • Nightmares and cultural differences
    • Are there any effective treatments for posttraumatic nightmares?
  • Bedwetting Bedwetting, or nocturnal enuresis, is the accidental passage of urine while asleep. There are two types of bedwetting: primary...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bedwetting Article
    • Bedwetting facts
    • What is bedwetting?
    • What are the types of bedwetting?
    • What is primary bedwetting?
    • What is the basic problem in primary bedwetting?
    • Is primary bedwetting due to emotional problems?
    • How is primary bedwetting treated?
    • How common is secondary bedwetting?
    • What causes secondary bedwetting?
    • How is the cause of secondary bedwetting diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for secondary bedwetting?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for children with bedwetting?
  • Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in Teens Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in teens is a disruption of neurocognitive functioning. Genetics contribute to...learn more »
    In This Article
    Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in Teens Article
    • ADHD in teens introduction
    • What causes ADHD in teens?
    • How do health-care professionals diagnose ADHD in teens?
    • What are the symptoms of ADHD in teens?
    • How does ADHD in teens affect executive function?
    • What kinds of difficulties do teens with ADHD face?
    • What are nonmedical treatment strategies for teen ADHD?
    • What stimulant medications are available to treat ADHD in teens?
    • What are the potential side effects of stimulant medications?
    • What non-stimulant medications are available to treat ADHD in teens?
    • What alternative treatments are available for ADHD in teens?
  • Bullying Bullying is repeated physical or verbal aggression that involves an imbalance of power. The four types of bullying include...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bullying Article
    • Bullying facts
    • What is bullying?
    • How common is bullying?
    • What are the different types of bullying?
    • What makes a bully? Why do kids bully? Why do adults bully?
    • What are causes and risk factors of bullying?
    • What are symptoms and signs of children and adults who are bullied?
    • What are the effects of bullying?
    • What should victims of bullying and their parents do to stop bullying?
    • What should parents do if they think their child is bullying others?
    • What can people do if they see someone being bullied?
    • What measures can be implemented to prevent bullying at school and in the workplace?
    • Where can people find more information about bullying?
  • Teens Teenagers recognize that they are developmentally between child and adult. Teen health prevention includes maintaining a healthy...learn more »
    In This Article
    Teens Article
    • What's involved with teen disease prevention?
    • What can teens expect during health checkups?
    • What immunizations do teenagers need?
  • Sleep Related Breathing Disorders Sleep-related breathing disorders are characterized by disruptions of normal breathing patterns that only occur during sleep....learn more »
    In This Article
    Sleep Related Breathing Disorders Article
    • What are sleep related breathing disorders?
    • Why do we sleep?
    • What are the stages of sleep?