Sleep and Sleep Disorders in Children and Teens (cont.)

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Can a lack of sleep impact a child's behavior?

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The symptoms of a lack of sleep are often obvious to watchful parents. Some of these tell-tale signs include:

  • recurrently falling asleep in the car (excluding young infants);
  • requiring extreme stimulation and repetitive reminders to get up in the morning;
  • behavioral abnormalities such as excessive emotionalism, aggression, and crankiness; and
  • an older child's (over 8 years of age) recurrent need for an afternoon nap.

What is sleep hygiene?

A common definition of sleep hygiene is "all behavioral and environmental factors that precede sleep and may interfere with sleep." Daytime sleepiness and trouble sleeping may be a reflection of poor sleep hygiene. Detailed specifics are listed below. General areas to consider include:

  • Personal habits: Establish consistent routines around bedtimes and awakening times
  • Sleep environment: The bedroom should be a slightly cooler temperature, and eliminate any distracting noise in the bedroom
  • Getting ready for bed: Establish a calming pre-sleep ritual (for example, reading, not watching TV) and
  • Miscellaneous: Examples include limiting intake of foods/liquids/medications which may disrupt a restful sleep

What are some common sleep disorder in children?

The University of Michigan's Sleep Disorders program includes five issues that may be disruptive of good sleep practices. These include:

  1. Sleep deprivation: As noted in the previously, the amount of sleep generally required varies with age and genetic predisposition. Unfortunately many older children, especially teens do not receive an appropriate amount of sound sleep.
  2. Night waking: All children after the first 7 to 8 months of life start to be more sensitive to internal and external stimuli. If an infant has not yet learned to calm himself and resettle back to sleep, the parents commonly are summoned to help the child return to sleep. This pattern may repeat itself several times each night.
  3. Separation anxiety: Children experience this emotion commonly at 5 months of age as well as during the toddler years. Such children become anxious and are unable to enter a comfortable sleep pattern unless parents are present.
  4. Resistance to sleep/settling problems: This occurs when your child does not want to go to bed at a reasonable time. Stalling, temper tantrums, and other resistance patterns are common. Parental persistence generally will resolve this common issue.
  5. Parasomnias: Parasomnias are problems that disrupt sleep. Examples include night terrors, grinding of teeth, sleepwalking, etc.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 1/15/2014

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Sleep Disorders in Children and Teens - Treatments Question: What treatment has been effective for your child's sleep disorder?
Sleep Disorder In Children And Teens - Symptoms Question: Does your child have a sleep disorder? What symptoms does he/she suffer?
Sleep Disorders in Children and Teens - Tips Question: Please provide tips for helping your child get to sleep. Include your child's age.
Sleep Disorders in Children and Teens - Behavior Question: Have you noticed behavioral changes in your child due to a lack of sleep? Please describe your experience.
Sleep Disorders in Children and Teens - Sleepwalking Question: Has your child ever experienced sleepwalking? Please share your story.
Sleep Disorders in Children and Teens - Night Terrors Question: Has your child ever had night terrors? What was it like and how did you handle the situation?

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