Sleep Related Diseases & Conditions

Medical conditions are often related to other diseases and conditions. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments related to the topic of Sleep. These conditions may be a cause or symptom of Sleep or be a condition for which you may be at increased risk.

  • Scabies Scabies are itch mites that burrow under the skin and produce intense itching that's usually worse at night. Symptoms of scabies...learn more »
  • Bedbugs Bed bugs (from the insect family Cimicidae) are small, reddish-brown tick-like insects that feed by sucking the blood of mammals....learn more »
  • Hip Bursitis Bursitis of the hip results when the fluid-filled sac (bursa) near the hip becomes inflamed due to localized soft tissue trauma...learn more »
  • Sleep: A Dynamic Activity Second Source article from Government...learn more »
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease that causes chronic inflammation of the joints, the tissue around the joints, as...learn more »
    In This Article
    Rheumatoid Arthritis Article
    • Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) facts
    • What is rheumatoid arthritis (RA)?
    • What are causes and risk factors of rheumatoid arthritis?
    • What are rheumatoid arthritis symptoms and signs?
    • What are complications of rheumatoid disease?
    • How do physicians diagnose rheumatoid arthritis?
    • What is the treatment for rheumatoid arthritis?
    • "First-line" rheumatoid arthritis medications
    • "Second-line" or "slow-acting" rheumatoid arthritis drugs
    • What are newer treatments for rheumatoid arthritis?
    • Rheumatoid arthritis diet and other treatments
    • What about rheumatoid arthritis and pregnancy?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for patients with rheumatoid arthritis?
    • Is it possible to prevent rheumatoid arthritis?
    • What research is being done on rheumatoid arthritis?
    • Where can people get additional information on rheumatoid arthritis?
  • Night Sweats Night sweats are severe hot flashes that occur at night and result in a drenching sweat. In order to distinguish night sweats...learn more »
    In This Article
    Night Sweats Article
    • Introduction to night sweats
    • What are the causes of night sweats in women, men, and children?
    • What are the symptoms of night sweats?
    • Menopause
    • Idiopathic hyperhidrosis
    • Infections
    • Cancer
    • Medications
    • Hypoglycemia
    • Hormone disorders
    • Neurologic conditions
    • Night sweats treatment
  • Restless Leg Syndrome Restless leg syndrome (RLS or restless legs syndrome) is a common cause for painful legs that typically eases with motion, and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Restless Leg Syndrome Article
    • Restless leg syndrome facts
    • What is restless leg syndrome (RLS)?
    • What causes restless leg syndrome?
    • What are the symptoms of restless leg syndrome?
    • How is restless leg syndrome diagnosed?
    • Can other conditions mimic restless leg syndrome?
    • What is the treatment for restless leg syndrome?
    • What medications are used to treat restless leg syndrome?
    • Are there any remedies or complimentary/alternative treatments for restless leg syndrome?
  • Anxiety Anxiety is a feeling of apprehension and fear characterized by physical symptoms. Anxiety disorders are serious medical illnesses...learn more »
    In This Article
    Anxiety Article
    • Generalized anxiety disorder facts
    • What is generalized anxiety disorder (GAD)?
    • What are the different types of anxiety?
    • How common is generalized anxiety disorder?
    • What are causes and risk factors for anxiety?
    • What are anxiety symptoms and signs?
    • How is generalized anxiety disorder diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for anxiety?
    • What are the side effects of anxiety medications?
    • What are complications of generalized anxiety disorder?
    • Is it possible to prevent anxiety?
    • What is the prognosis of generalized anxiety disorder?
    • Are there support groups for those with generalized anxiety disorder?
    • Where can people find additional information on generalized anxiety disorder?
  • Tension Headache A tension headache is a headache previously thought to be caused by contraction of the muscles in the back of the neck, on the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Tension Headache Article
    • What is a tension headache?
    • What causes tension headaches?
    • What are the symptoms of tension headache?
    • How are tension headaches diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for tension headache?
    • Are home remedies effective for tension headache?
    • Can tension headaches be prevented?
  • Jet Lag Jet lag (desynchonosis) is a temporary disorder that results from travel across time zones. Symptoms include anxiety,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Jet Lag Article
    • What is jet lag?
    • What are other symptoms and signs of jet lag?
    • What is a time zone?
    • Why does jet lag occur?
    • How does the body keep time?
    • What is the role of melatonin in jet lag?
    • Does the direction of travel matter?
    • Do the symptoms of jet lag vary in intensity?
    • How long does jet lag last?
    • What are the best ways to cope with jet lag?
    • Should I take melatonin?
  • Fatigue Fatigue can be described in various ways. Sometimes fatigue is described as feeling a lack of energy and motivation (both mental...learn more »
    In This Article
    Fatigue Article
    • Fatigue Facts
    • Fatigue introduction
    • What causes fatigue?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of fatigue?
    • How is the cause of fatigue diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for fatigue?
    • Can fatigue be prevented?
  • Fibromyalgia Fibromyalgia is a chronic pain condition characterized by symptoms such as fatigue, sleep disturbances, and tender points. Stress...learn more »
    In This Article
    Fibromyalgia Article
    • Fibromyalgia facts
    • What is fibromyalgia?
    • What causes fibromyalgia?
    • Is fibromyalgia hereditary?
    • What are risk factors for fibromyalgia?
    • What are fibromyalgia symptoms and signs?
    • How do physicians diagnose fibromyalgia?
    • What is the treatment for fibromyalgia?
    • Are there any home remedies for fibromyalgia?
    • Does diet or exercise affect fibromyalgia?
    • What is the prognosis of fibromyalgia?
    • Is it possible to prevent fibromyalgia?
    • Are there support groups for fibromyalgia?
    • What is the latest research on fibromyalgia?
  • Depression Depression is an illness that involves the body, mood, and thoughts and affects the way a person eats and sleeps, the way one...learn more »
    In This Article
    Depression Article
    • Depression facts
    • What is a depressive disorder?
    • What are myths about depression?
    • What are the types of depression, and what are depression symptoms and signs?
    • Depression symptoms and signs in men
    • Depression symptoms and signs in women
    • Depression symptoms and signs in teenagers
    • Depression symptoms and signs in children
    • What are the causes and risk factors of depression?
    • Postpartum depression
    • How is depression diagnosed?
    • What treatments are available for depression?
    • What is the general approach to treating depression?
    • What about sexual dysfunction related to antidepressants?
    • What about discontinuing antidepressants?
    • What are complications of depression?
    • What is the prognosis for depression?
    • How can depression be prevented?
    • What about self-help and home remedies?
    • How can someone help a person who is depressed?
    • Where can one seek help for depression?
    • What is in the future for depression?
    • Where can people find more information about depression?
  • Sleep Apnea Sleep apnea is defined as a reduction or cessation of breathing during sleep. The three types of sleep apnea are central apnea,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sleep Apnea Article
    • Sleep apnea facts
    • What is sleep apnea?
    • What are the types of sleep apnea?
    • What is central sleep apnea and what causes it?
    • What is obstructive sleep apnea and what causes it?
    • How common is obstructive sleep apnea?
    • What are obstructive sleep apnea symptoms?
    • What are some of the complications of sleep apnea?
    • How is obstructive sleep apnea diagnosed and evaluated?
    • What are the nonsurgical treatments for obstructive sleep apnea?
    • What are the surgical treatments for obstructive sleep apnea?
    • Why is it important to treat obstructive sleep apnea?
  • Cluster Headaches The term cluster headache is a type of headache that recurs over a period of time. There are episodes that last one to three...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cluster Headaches Article
    • What are cluster headaches?
    • Who gets cluster headaches?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of cluster headaches?
    • What causes cluster headaches?
    • What triggers cluster headaches?
    • How are cluster headaches diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for cluster headaches?
    • Can cluster headaches be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for cluster headaches?
  • Eye Strain Eye strain is a symptom caused by looking at something for a long time. Symptoms and signs include redness, light sensitivity,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Eye Strain Article
    • Eye strain facts
    • What is eye strain?
    • What causes eye strain?
    • What are the symptoms of eye strain?
    • What are the signs of eye strain?
    • How is eye strain diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for eye strain?
    • Can eye strain be prevented?
  • Concussion Concussion is a short-lived loss of brain function that is due to head trauma. There are two types of concussion, simple and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Concussion Article
    • What is concussion and what causes concussion?
    • What are the types of concussion?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of concussion?
    • How is concussion diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for concussion?
    • How can concussion be prevented?
    • What is the future of concussion?
  • Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Chronic fatigue syndrome is a debilitating and complex disorder characterized by profound fatigue that lasts 6 months or longer,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Article
    • Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) facts
    • What is chronic fatigue syndrome?
    • What causes chronic fatigue syndrome?
    • What are risk factors for chronic fatigue syndrome?
    • What are symptoms and signs of chronic fatigue syndrome?
    • What are chronic fatigue syndrome symptoms in men?
    • What are chronic fatigue syndrome symptoms in women?
    • How is chronic fatigue syndrome diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for chronic fatigue syndrome?
    • Is there a cure for chronic fatigue syndrome?
    • What is the prognosis of chronic fatigue syndrome?
    • Can chronic fatigue syndrome be prevented?
    • Where can people find additional information about chronic fatigue syndrome?
  • Head and Neck Cancer Head and neck cancer is cancer of the oral cavity, salivary glands, paranasal sinuses and nasal cavity, pharynx, larynx, or lymph...learn more »
    In This Article
    Head and Neck Cancer Article
    • Head and neck cancer facts*
    • What is cancer?
    • What kinds of cancers are considered cancers of the head and neck?
    • How common are head and neck cancers?
    • What causes head and neck cancers?
    • What are common symptoms of head and neck cancers?
    • How are head and neck cancers diagnosed?
    • What health professionals treat patients with head and neck cancers?
    • How are head and neck cancers treated?
    • Are clinical trials (research studies) available for patients with head and neck cancers?
    • What rehabilitation or support options are available for patients with head and neck cancers?
    • Is follow-up treatment necessary? What does it involve?
    • What can people who have had head and neck cancer do to reduce the risk of developing a second primary (new) cancer?
  • Sleep Paralysis Sleep paralysis is a condition that causes a person to feel as if he or she is awake but is unable to move. Lack of sleep, sleep...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sleep Paralysis Article
    • Sleep paralysis introduction
    • Is sleep paralysis a symptom of a serious problem?
    • What is sleep paralysis?
    • When does sleep paralysis usually occur?
    • What happens with hypnagogic sleep paralysis?
    • What happens with hypnopompic sleep paralysis?
    • Who develops sleep paralysis?
    • How is sleep paralysis diagnosed?
    • How is sleep paralysis treated?
    • What can I do about sleep paralysis?
  • Cystic Fibrosis Cystic fibrosis is a disease of the mucus and sweat glands. Cystic fibrosis is an inherited disease. The outcome of the disease...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cystic Fibrosis Article
    • Cystic fibrosis facts*
    • What is cystic fibrosis?
    • What are other names for cystic fibrosis?
    • What causes cystic fibrosis?
    • Is cystic fibrosis inherited?
    • Who is at risk for cystic fibrosis?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of cystic fibrosis?
    • How is cystic fibrosis diagnosed?
    • How is cystic fibrosis treated?
    • Living with cystic fibrosis
    • What is the outlook for cystic fibrosis?
  • Grief: Loss of a Loved One Grief is the feeling one experiences after a loss (of a friendship, death of loved one, job). Complicated grief refers to grief...learn more »
    In This Article
    Grief: Loss of a Loved One Article
    • Grief: Loss of a loved one facts
    • What is grief?
    • What is mourning?
    • What are the effects of losing a loved one?
    • What are the causes and risk factors of prolonged grief?
    • What are the signs, symptoms, and stages of grief?
    • How is grief assessed?
    • How can people cope with grief?
    • What are the legal issues associated with dying and death?
    • Where can people get help?
  • Marfan Syndrome Marfan syndrome is hereditary condition affecting connective tissue. A person with Marfan syndrome may exhibit the following...learn more »
    In This Article
    Marfan Syndrome Article
    • Marfan syndrome facts*
    • What is Marfan syndrome?
    • What are the symptoms of Marfan syndrome?
    • What causes Marfan syndrome?
    • How is Marfan syndrome diagnosed?
    • What types of doctors treat Marfan syndrome?
    • What treatment options are available for Marfan syndrome?
    • What are some of the emotional and psychological effects of Marfan syndrome?
    • What research is being conducted on Marfan syndrome?
    • Where can people find additional information about Marfan syndrome?
  • Chronic Pain Chronic pain is pain (an unpleasant sense of discomfort) that persists or progresses over a long period of time. In contrast to...learn more »
    In This Article
    Chronic Pain Article
    • Chronic pain facts*
    • Introduction to chronic pain
    • The A to Z of pain
    • How is pain diagnosed?
    • How is pain treated?
    • Pain management
    • What is the role of age and gender in pain?
    • A pain primer: what do we know about pain?
    • What is the future of pain research?
    • Appendix
    • Spine basics: the vertebrae, discs and spinal cord
    • The nervous system
    • Phantom pain: how does the brain feel?
    • Chili peppers, capsaicin and pain
    • Marijuana for pain treatment
    • Nerve blocks for pain treatment
    • Where can I get more information about pain?
  • Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), a psychiatric condition, can develop after any catastrophic life event. Symptoms include...learn more »
    In This Article
    Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Article
    • PTSD facts
    • What is posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)?
    • What are the effects of PTSD?
    • What causes PTSD?
    • What are PTSD risk factors and protective factors?
    • What are PTSD symptoms and signs?
    • How is PTSD assessed?
    • What is the treatment for PTSD?
    • What is the prognosis for PTSD?
    • Is it possible to prevent PTSD?
    • How can people cope with PTSD?
    • Where can people get help for PTSD?
  • Teeth Grinding (Bruxism) Bruxism is the medical term for teeth grinding. Bruxism may be caused by stress or anxiety and often happens during sleep....learn more »
    In This Article
    Teeth Grinding (Bruxism) Article
    • What causes people to grind their teeth?
    • What are bruxism symptoms and signs?
    • Why is teeth grinding harmful?
    • What is the treatment for bruxism?
    • Do children grind their teeth?
  • Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) The cause of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is unknown. The risk of SIDS peaks in infants 2-4 months of age. SIDS is more...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) Article
    • Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) facts
    • What is sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)?
    • What is the cause of SIDS?
    • What are the risk factors for SIDS?
    • How is SIDS diagnosed?
    • Can SIDS be prevented?
    • Does the supine (back) sleep position cause any problems for infants?
    • What support is available to parents who are coping with an infant loss due to SIDS?
    • Where can people get more information about sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)?
  • ICU Psychosis ICU psychosis is a disorder (also a form of delirium or acute brain failure) in which patients in an intensive care unit or a...learn more »
    In This Article
    ICU Psychosis Article
    • ICU psychosis facts
    • What is ICU psychosis?
    • What causes ICU psychosis?
    • What are the symptoms of ICU psychosis?
    • How is ICU psychosis diagnosed?
    • How is ICU psychosis treated?
    • Can ICU psychosis be prevented?
    • How long does ICU psychosis last?
    • How common is ICU psychosis?
    • What is an example of a situation of ICU psychosis?
    • Can ICU psychosis be dangerous?
  • Snoring Snoring, like all other sounds, is caused by vibrations that cause particles in the air to form sound waves. While we are asleep,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Snoring Article
    • Snoring facts
    • What is snoring?
    • How common is snoring?
    • What are the causes of snoring?
    • How do medications and alcohol affect snoring?
    • Why is snoring a problem?
    • What is the clinical importance of snoring?
    • What are different levels of snoring?
    • How should someone with snoring be evaluated?
    • How is it determined if snoring is a medical problem?
    • What are some objective tests to measure sleepiness?
    • What are the treatments for snoring?
    • What are some non-surgical treatments for snoring?
    • What are the surgical options for snoring?
    • What is the success of surgery for snoring?
  • Insomnia Treatment (Sleep Aids and Stimulants) Insomnia is difficulty in falling or staying asleep, the absence of restful sleep, or poor quality of sleep. Insomnia is a...learn more »
    In This Article
    Insomnia Treatment (Sleep Aids and Stimulants) Article
    • What is insomnia and what causes it?
    • What are natural treatments for insomnia?
    • Melatonin
    • What over-the-counter (OTC) medicines are there for insomnia?
    • Antihistamines
    • What prescription medicines are there for insomnia?
    • What stimulant products are available OTC?
    • Caffeine
  • Stress Management Techniques Stress may be considered as any physical, chemical, or emotional factor that causes bodily or mental unrest and that may be a...learn more »
    In This Article
    Stress Management Techniques Article
    • Stress-management facts
    • What is stress?
    • Who is most susceptible to stress?
    • What are the symptoms and effects of excess stress or "out-of-control" stress?
    • What can I do to better manage stress?
    • What are some effective stress-management strategies?
    • Exercise
    • Relaxation techniques/meditation
    • Other stress management strategies; time management
    • Organization skills
    • Support systems
    • How can I get help with stress management?
  • Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome (CVS) Cyclic vomiting syndrome is a condition in which affected individuals have severe nausea and vomiting that come in cycles....learn more »
    In This Article
    Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome (CVS) Article
    • Cyclic vomiting syndrome facts*
    • What is cyclic vomiting syndrome?
    • What are the symptoms of cyclic vomiting syndrome?
    • What triggers cyclic vomiting syndrome?
    • What are the four phases of cyclic vomiting syndrome?
    • How is cyclic vomiting syndrome diagnosed?
    • How is cyclic vomiting syndrome treated?
    • What are the complications if cyclic vomiting syndrome is not treated?
    • What is the relationship between cyclic vomiting syndrome and migraines?
    • What other features and conditions accompany cyclic vomiting syndrome?
    • How common is cyclic vomiting syndrome?
    • What are the genetic changes related to cyclic vomiting syndrome?
    • How do people inherit cyclic vomiting syndrome?
    • What other names do people use for cyclic vomiting syndrome?
  • Deviated Septum A deviate septum is a condition in which the bone and cartilage that divide the nasal cavity of the nose in half (nasal septum)...learn more »
    In This Article
    Deviated Septum Article
    • Deviated septum facts
    • What is the definition of deviated septum?
    • What are the causes of deviated septum?
    • What are the symptoms of deviated septum?
    • How is deviated septum diagnosed?
    • How is deviated septum treated?
    • When should I see a doctor about a deviated septum?
    • Can deviated septum be prevented?
  • Autism Spectrum Disorder (In Children and Adults) Autism in children and adults is a developmental disorder, characterized by impaired development in communication, social...learn more »
    In This Article
    Autism Spectrum Disorder (In Children and Adults) Article
    • Autism facts
    • What is autism?
    • How does autism impact the family?
    • What are the different types of autism?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of autism in children and adults?
    • Impairment of social interaction and communication
    • Behaviors
    • What causes autism?
    • Is autism genetic?
    • Do vaccines play a role in autism?
    • How is autism diagnosed in children and adults?
    • How is autism treated in children and adults?
    • What common sociobehavioral interventions are used to treat autism?
    • What are the common medications used to treat the symptoms of autism?
    • Can diet and supplements play a role in the treatment of autism?
    • What is the prognosis for children and adults with autism?
    • For more information about autism in children and adults
  • Insomnia Insomnia is the perception or complaint of inadequate or poor-quality sleep because of difficulty falling asleep; waking up...learn more »
    In This Article
    Insomnia Article
    • Insomnia facts
    • What is insomnia?
    • What causes insomnia?
    • What are the risk factors for insomnia?
    • What acute situational and stress factors cause insomnia?
    • What are the symptoms of insomnia?
    • When should I call the doctor about insomnia?
    • How is insomnia diagnosed?
    • How is insomnia treated?
    • What are non-medical treatments for insomnia?
    • What is sleep hygiene?
    • How can stimulus control help with insomnia?
    • What is sleep restriction?
    • What medications are used to treat insomnia?
    • What is the outlook for insomnia?
  • Seasonal Affective Disorder Seasonal affective disorder is a type of depression that tends to occur as the days grow shorter in the fall and winter. Symptoms...learn more »
    In This Article
    Seasonal Affective Disorder Article
    • What is seasonal affective disorder?
    • What are the symptoms of seasonal affective disorder?
    • What causes seasonal affective disorder?
    • What is the treatment for seasonal affective disorder?
  • Dysthymia Dysthymia is a less severe form of chronic depression. Symptoms and signs include insomnia, suicidal thoughts, guilt, empty...learn more »
    In This Article
    Dysthymia Article
    • Dysthymia facts
    • What is dysthymia?
    • What are causes and risk factors for dysthymia?
    • What are symptoms and signs of dysthymia?
    • How do health-care professionals diagnose dysthymia?
    • What is the treatment for dysthymia?
    • What is the prognosis of dysthymia?
    • Is it possible to prevent dysthymia?
    • Are there support groups for people with dysthymia?
  • Narcolepsy Narcolepsy, a chronic disease of the central nervous system causes have not been fully determined. Some theories include...learn more »
    In This Article
    Narcolepsy Article
    • Narcolepsy facts
    • What is narcolepsy?
    • How common is narcolepsy?
    • What causes narcolepsy?
    • What are the symptoms of narcolepsy?
    • Excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS)
    • Cataplexy
    • Hypnagogic hallucinations
    • Sleep paralysis
    • Additional symptoms
    • How is narcolepsy diagnosed?
    • How is narcolepsy treated?
    • Medications
    • Non-drug treatments
    • What is the outcome (prognosis) for patients with narcolepsy?
    • What's in the future for narcolepsy?
    • For more information
  • Menstrual Cramps and Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) Medication Guide Menstrual cramps and premenstrual syndrome (PMS) symptoms include abdominal cramping, bloating, a feeling of fullness, abdominal...learn more »
    In This Article
    Menstrual Cramps and Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) Medication Guide Article
    • Menstrual cramps and PMS medication facts
    • What are menstrual cramps?
    • What is the treatment for common menstrual cramps (primary dysmenorrhea)?
    • What is premenstrual syndrome (PMS)?
    • What treatments are available for PMS?
    • What medications are used to treat PMS?
    • What are some guidelines for the safe use of OTC products for menstrual cramps and PMS?
  • Urinary Incontinence in Children Urinary incontinence in children (enuresis) is twice as common in boys as in girls and may occur during the daytime or nighttime....learn more »
    In This Article
    Urinary Incontinence in Children Article
    • Urinary incontinence in children facts
    • What is urinary incontinence?
    • How does the urinary system work?
    • What are the different types of urinary incontinence?
    • How common is urinary incontinence in children?
    • What causes nighttime incontinence in children?
    • What causes daytime incontinence in children?
    • How do you differentiate between organic and nonorganic causes of urinary incontinence?
    • What is the treatment for urinary incontinence in children?
    • What is the prognosis of urinary incontinence in children?
    • Where can people get more information on urinary incontinence in children?
  • Sleepwalking Sleepwalking is a condition in which an individual walks or does other activities while asleep. Factors associated with...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sleepwalking Article
    • Sleepwalking facts
    • What is sleepwalking?
    • What are the causes, incidence, and risk factors of sleepwalking?
    • What are associated factors to consider?
    • What are symptoms of sleepwalking?
    • What are the signs and tests for sleepwalking?
    • What other conditions will my doctor consider before diagnosing sleepwalking?
    • What is the treatment for sleepwalking?
    • What is the prognosis of sleepwalking?
    • What are the complications of sleepwalking?
    • When should you call your health care practitioner about sleepwalking?
    • How can I prevent sleepwalking?
  • Arteriovenous Malformation Arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is a congenital disorder of blood vessels in the brain, brainstem, or spinal cord that is...learn more »
    In This Article
    Arteriovenous Malformation Article
    • What are arteriovenous malformations?
    • What are the symptoms of arteriovenous malformations?
    • How do arteriovenous malformations damage the brain and spinal cord?
    • Where do neurological arteriovenous malformations tend to form?
    • What are the health consequences of arteriovenous malformations?
    • What other types of vascular lesions affect the central nervous system?
    • What causes vascular lesions?
    • How are arteriovenous malformations and other vascular lesions detected?
    • How can arteriovenous malformations and other vascular lesions be treated?
    • What research is being done?
  • Depression in Children Childhood depression can interfere with social activities, interests, schoolwork and family life. Symptoms and signs include...learn more »
    In This Article
    Depression in Children Article
    • Depression in children facts
    • What is childhood depression?
    • What are the types of depression in children?
    • What are causes and risk factors for depression in children?
    • What are the symptoms and warning signs of depression in children?
    • How is depression in children diagnosed?
    • What should parents do if they suspect that their child is depressed?
    • What is the treatment for depression in children?
    • What are complications of depression in children?
    • What is the prognosis of depression in children?
    • Can depression in children be prevented?
    • Where can families get support for a child with depression?
  • Postpartum Depression Postpartum depression is a form of depression that occurs within a year after delivery. It is thought that rapid hormone changes...learn more »
    In This Article
    Postpartum Depression Article
    • Postpartum depression facts
    • What is postpartum depression? Are there different types of postpartum depression?
    • What are causes and risk factors for postpartum depression?
    • What are postpartum depression symptoms and signs?
    • How is postpartum depression diagnosed?
    • What are the treatments for postpartum depression?
    • What is the prognosis of postpartum depression?
    • Can postpartum depression be prevented?
    • Where can people get more information about postpartum depression?
    • Where can people get support for postpartum depression?
    • What research is being done on postpartum depression?
  • Periodic Limb Movement Disorder Periodic limb movement disorder (PLMD) is a sleep disorder characterized by rhythmic movements of the limbs during sleep. The...learn more »
    In This Article
    Periodic Limb Movement Disorder Article
    • Introduction to periodic limb movement disorder
    • What causes periodic limb movement disorder?
    • What are the symptoms of periodic limb movement disorder?
    • How is periodic limb movement disorder diagnosed?
    • How is periodic limb movement disorder treated?
    • What should someone with periodic limb movement disorder avoid?
  • Biorhythms Biologic rhythms, or biorhythms, are how our bodies respond to the regular phases of the sun, moon, and seasons. A medical...learn more »
    In This Article
    Biorhythms Article
    • What are biologic rhythms?
    • How does the "body clock" affects symptoms of illness?
    • What are examples of specific diseases affected by biorhythms?
    • Angina
    • Heart attack
    • High blood pressure (hypertension)
    • Hay fever (allergic rhinitis)
    • Asthma
    • Can the "body clock"  affect diagnostic testing?
    • Can drug therapy be matched to the "body clock?"
  • Alzheimer's Disease Symptoms (and Stages) Alzheimer's disease symptoms often depend on the stage of the disease. Some of the early symptoms of Alzheimer's disease include...learn more »
    In This Article
    Alzheimer's Disease Symptoms (and Stages) Article
    • What are the signs and symptoms of the stages of Alzheimer's disease?
    • What are the early signs and symptoms in the first stage with Alzheimer's disease?
    • What are the signs and symptoms in the second stage of Alzheimer's disease?
    • What are the signs and symptoms in the third stage of Alzheimer's disease?
    • What are the signs and symptoms in the third stage of Alzheimer's disease?
    • Conclusion
  • Hypersomnia Hypersomnia is a condition where a person has excessive daytime sleepiness and trouble staying awake during the day. Treatment...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hypersomnia Article
    • Introduction to hypersomnia
    • What causes hypersomnia?
    • How is hypersomnia diagnosed?
    • How is hypersomnia treated?
  • Depression in the Elderly Depression in the elderly is very common. That doesn't mean, though, it's normal. Treatment may involve antidepressants,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Depression in the Elderly Article
    • How does depression in the elderly differ from depression in younger adults?
    • How is insomnia related to depression in the elderly?
    • What are risk factors for depression in the elderly?
    • What types of treatment are available for depression in the elderly?
    • How do antidepressants relieve depression in the elderly?
    • Can psychotherapy help relieve depression in the elderly?
    • Who may benefit from electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)?
    • What other problems affect treatment of depression in the elderly?
  • Nightmares Nightmares are dreams that cause high anxiety or terror. Nightmares may be a part of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Nightmares Article
    • Nightmares and PTSD
    • How common are nightmares after trauma?
    • What do nightmares that follow trauma look like?
    • Nightmares and cultural differences
    • Are there any effective treatments for posttraumatic nightmares?
  • Sleep and Sleep Disorders in Children and Teenagers Sleep needs in children and teenagers depends on the age of the child. Sleep disorders in children such as sleep apnea,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sleep and Sleep Disorders in Children and Teenagers Article
    • How much sleep do children need?
    • Can a lack of sleep impact a child's behavior?
    • What is sleep hygiene?
    • What are some common sleep disorders in children?
    • What are some common physiological sleep disorder symptoms in children?
    • Sleep apnea symptoms in children
    • Parasomnia symptoms in children
    • Confusional arousals symptoms in children
    • Night terror symptoms in children
    • Narcolepsy symptoms in children
    • Sleepwalking in children
    • Do teenagers have the same sleep requirements as younger children?
    • How can I teach my child or teen healthy sleep habits and good sleep hygiene?
    • What are some ways I can help my child or teenager get a better nights sleep?
    • What are some "dont's" for getting my child or teen to sleep?
  • Alzheimer's Disease Patient Caregiver Guide Caring for a loved one or patient with Alzheimer's can become a difficult and overwhelming task at times. This guide helps...learn more »
    In This Article
    Alzheimer's Disease Patient Caregiver Guide Article
    • Tips for caregivers of persons with Alzheimer's disease
    • Dealing with the diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease
    • Communicating with a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Bathing a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Dressing a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Eating: getting a person with Alzheimer's disease to eat
    • Activities for a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Exercise for a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Incontinence in a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Sleep problems for caregivers and a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Hallucinations and delusions in a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Wandering: a problem for a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Home safety for a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Driving: decisions for a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Visiting the doctor with a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Coping with holidays with a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Visiting a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Choosing a nursing home for a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • For more information about Alzheimer's disease
  • Problem Sleepiness When sleepiness interferes with daily routines and activities, or reduces the ability to function, it is called "problem...learn more »
    In This Article
    Problem Sleepiness Article
    • Problem sleepiness facts*
    • What is problem sleepiness?
    • What are the symptoms of problem sleepiness?
    • What causes problem sleepiness?
    • Sleep-wake cycle
    • Inadequate sleep
    • Sleep disorders
    • Medical conditions/drugs
    • Problem sleepiness and adolescents
    • Shift work and problem sleepiness
    • What treatments and remedies can help for problem sleepiness?
  • 13 Tips for Parenting a Teen With ADHD Parenting a teenager who has attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) can be challenging. Parents can use specific...learn more »
    In This Article
    13 Tips for Parenting a Teen With ADHD Article
    • Introduction to parenting teens
    • 13 tips for dealing with your ADHD teen
    • ADHD teens and driving
    • ADHD teens, school, and homework
    • ADHD teens, alcohol, and drugs
    • Alcohol use by children
  • Bedwetting Bedwetting, or nocturnal enuresis, is the accidental passage of urine while asleep. There are two types of bedwetting: primary...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bedwetting Article
    • Bedwetting facts
    • What is bedwetting?
    • What are the types of bedwetting?
    • What is primary bedwetting?
    • What is the basic problem in primary bedwetting?
    • Is primary bedwetting due to emotional problems?
    • How is primary bedwetting treated?
    • How common is secondary bedwetting?
    • What causes secondary bedwetting?
    • How is the cause of secondary bedwetting diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for secondary bedwetting?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for children with bedwetting?
  • Holiday Depression and Stress Though the holidays are a fun time for most, for others, they're a sad, lonely and anxiety-filled time. Get tips on how to avoid...learn more »
    In This Article
    Holiday Depression and Stress Article
    • Holiday depression and stress facts
    • What causes the holiday blues?
    • Is the environment and reduced daylight a factor in wintertime sadness?
    • What are symptoms and signs of holiday depression and stress?
    • How is holiday stress and depression diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for holiday depression and stress?
    • Can holiday stress and depression be prevented?
  • Sleep Related Breathing Disorders Sleep-related breathing disorders are characterized by disruptions of normal breathing patterns that only occur during sleep....learn more »
    In This Article
    Sleep Related Breathing Disorders Article
    • What are sleep related breathing disorders?
    • Why do we sleep?
    • What are the stages of sleep?
  • Heart Attack Prevention Overview Heart attacks are the major causes of unexpected, sudden death among men and women. A heart attack is also a significant cause of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Heart Attack Prevention Overview Article
    • Introduction
    • What is atherosclerosis?
    • What are coronary heart diseases (CHD)?
    • What is angina pectoris?
    • What is a heart attack?
    • Ventricular fibrillation
    • Heart failure
    • What is cerebral vascular disease?
    • Ischemic stroke
    • Hemorrhagic stroke
    • Transient ischemic attack (TIA)
    • When does the coronary atherosclerosis process begin?
    • Have most people done enough to prevent atherosclerosis and heart attacks?
    • What are the risk factors for coronary atherosclerosis and heart disease?
    • How can coronary atherosclerosis and heart attacks be prevented?
  • Stroke Prevention Stroke is the third leading killer in the United States. Some of the warning signs of stroke include sudden confusion, trouble...learn more »
    In This Article
    Stroke Prevention Article
    • Introduction
    • What is a Stroke?
    • What are Warning Signs of a Stroke?
    • What are Risk Factors for a Stroke?
    • What Are the Treatable Risk Factors?
    • Do You Know Your Stroke Risk?