Sleep Related Diseases & Conditions

Medical conditions are often related to other diseases and conditions. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments related to the topic of Sleep. These conditions may be a cause or symptom of Sleep or be a condition for which you may be at increased risk.

  • Bedbugs Bed bugs (from the insect family Cimicidae) are small, reddish-brown tick-like insects that feed by sucking the blood of mammals....learn more »
  • Night Sweats Night sweats are severe hot flashes that occur at night and result in a drenching sweat. In order to distinguish night sweats...learn more »
  • Pinworms Pinworm infection is an intestinal infection caused by a pinworm, seatworm, or threadworm. Female pinworms leave the intestine...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pinworms Article
    • Pinworms facts
    • Can humans get pinworms?
    • What are the symptoms of pinworms in children and adults?
    • Who gets pinworms?
    • How do you get pinworms?
    • Can you get pinworms in the vagina?
    • What do pinworms and their eggs look like (pinworm pictures)?
    • Which specialties of doctors treat pinworms?
    • How is the tape test used in diagnosing pinworms?
    • Are there natural or home remedies that treat pinworms?
    • What medicine treats pinworms?
    • What are the consequences if pinworms aren't treated?
    • Can pinworms be prevented?
  • Fatigue Fatigue can be described in various ways. Sometimes fatigue is described as feeling a lack of energy and motivation (both mental...learn more »
    In This Article
    Fatigue Article
    • Fatigue Facts
    • Fatigue introduction
    • What causes fatigue?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of fatigue?
    • How is the cause of fatigue diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for fatigue?
    • Can fatigue be prevented?
  • Restless Leg Syndrome Restless leg syndrome (RLS or restless legs syndrome) is a common cause for painful legs that typically eases with motion, and...learn more »
  • Anxiety Anxiety is a feeling of apprehension and fear characterized by symptoms such as trouble concentrating, headaches, sleep problems,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Anxiety Article
    • Generalized anxiety disorder facts
    • What is anxiety?
    • What are the types of anxiety disorders?
    • What are anxiety symptoms and signs?
    • What is generalized anxiety disorder (GAD)?
    • How common is generalized anxiety disorder?
    • Are other mental health diagnoses associated with generalized anxiety disorder?
    • What are causes and risk factors for generalized anxiety disorder?
    • How do health-care professionals diagnose generalized anxiety disorder (GAD)?
    • What types of specialists treat generalized anxiety disorder?
    • What is the treatment for anxiety?
    • What are the side effects of anxiety medications?
    • What are complications of generalized anxiety disorder?
    • Is it possible to prevent anxiety?
    • What is the prognosis of generalized anxiety disorder?
    • Are there support groups for those with generalized anxiety disorder?
    • Where can people find additional information on generalized anxiety disorder?
  • Jet Lag Jet lag (desynchonosis) is a temporary disorder that results from travel across time zones. Symptoms include anxiety,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Jet Lag Article
    • What is jet lag?
    • What are other symptoms and signs of jet lag?
    • How long does jet lag last?
    • What is a time zone?
    • What causes jet lag?
    • How does the body keep time?
    • Does the direction of travel matter?
    • Do the symptoms of jet lag vary in intensity?
    • What are risk factors for jet lag?
    • Are there any remedies for jet lag? Is it possible to prevent jet lag?
    • What is the treatment for jet lag?
    • Are there effective medications for jet lag? What is the role of melatonin in jet lag?
  • Fibromyalgia Fibromyalgia is a chronic pain condition characterized by symptoms such as fatigue, sleep disturbances, and tender points. Stress...learn more »
    In This Article
    Fibromyalgia Article
    • Fibromyalgia facts
    • What is fibromyalgia?
    • What causes fibromyalgia?
    • Is fibromyalgia hereditary?
    • What are risk factors for fibromyalgia?
    • What are fibromyalgia symptoms and signs?
    • How do physicians diagnose fibromyalgia?
    • What is the treatment for fibromyalgia?
    • Are there any home remedies for fibromyalgia?
    • Does diet or exercise affect fibromyalgia?
    • What is the prognosis of fibromyalgia?
    • Is it possible to prevent fibromyalgia?
    • Are there support groups for fibromyalgia?
    • What is the latest research on fibromyalgia?
  • Sleep Apnea Sleep apnea is defined as a reduction or cessation of breathing during sleep. The three types of sleep apnea are central apnea,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sleep Apnea Article
    • Sleep apnea facts
    • What is sleep apnea?
    • What are the types of sleep apnea?
    • What is central sleep apnea and what causes it?
    • What is obstructive sleep apnea and what causes it?
    • How common is obstructive sleep apnea?
    • What are obstructive sleep apnea symptoms?
    • What are some of the complications of sleep apnea?
    • How is obstructive sleep apnea diagnosed and evaluated?
    • What are the nonsurgical treatments for obstructive sleep apnea?
    • What are the surgical treatments for obstructive sleep apnea?
    • Why is it important to treat obstructive sleep apnea?
  • Depression Depression is an illness that involves the body, mood, and thoughts and affects the way a person eats and sleeps, the way one...learn more »
    In This Article
    Depression Article
    • Depression facts
    • What is a depressive disorder?
    • What are myths about depression?
    • What are the types of depression, and what are depression symptoms and signs?
    • Depression symptoms and signs in men
    • Depression symptoms and signs in women
    • Depression symptoms and signs in teenagers
    • Depression symptoms and signs in children
    • What are the risk factors and causes of depression?
    • Postpartum depression
    • What tests do health-care professionals use to diagnose depression?
    • What treatments are available for depression?
    • What is the general approach to treating depression?
    • What about sexual dysfunction related to antidepressants?
    • What about discontinuing antidepressants?
    • What are complications of depression?
    • What is the prognosis for depression?
    • Is it possible to prevent depression?
    • What about self-help and home remedies for depression?
    • How can someone help a person who is depressed?
    • Where can one seek help for depression?
    • What is in the future for depression?
    • Where can people find more information about depression?
  • Snoring Snoring, like all other sounds, is caused by vibrations that cause particles in the air to form sound waves. While we are asleep,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Snoring Article
    • Snoring facts
    • What is snoring?
    • How common is snoring?
    • What causes snoring?
    • The function of the nose in normal breathing
    • How do medications and alcohol affect snoring?
    • Why is snoring a problem?
    • What is the clinical importance of snoring?
    • What are different levels of snoring?
    • How should someone with snoring be evaluated?
    • How is it determined if snoring is a medical problem?
    • What are some objective tests to measure sleepiness?
    • What are the treatments for snoring?
    • What are some non-surgical treatments for snoring?
    • What are the surgical options for snoring?
    • What is the success of surgery for snoring?
  • Chronic Pain Chronic pain is pain (an unpleasant sense of discomfort) that persists or progresses over a long period of time. In contrast to...learn more »
    In This Article
    Chronic Pain Article
    • Chronic pain facts*
    • Introduction to chronic pain
    • The A to Z of pain
    • How is pain diagnosed?
    • Pain management
    • What is the role of age and gender in pain?
    • A pain primer: what do we know about pain?
    • What is the future of pain research?
    • Spine basics: the vertebrae, discs and spinal cord
    • The nervous system
    • Phantom pain: how does the brain feel?
    • Chili peppers, capsaicin and pain
    • Marijuana for pain treatment
    • Nerve blocks for pain treatment
    • Where can I get more information about pain?
  • Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) The cause of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is unknown. The risk of SIDS peaks in infants 2-4 months of age. SIDS is more...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) Article
    • Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) facts
    • What is sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)?
    • What is the cause of SIDS?
    • What are the risk factors for SIDS?
    • How is SIDS diagnosed?
    • Can SIDS be prevented?
    • Does the supine (back) sleep position cause any problems for infants?
    • What support is available to parents who are coping with an infant loss due to SIDS?
    • Where can people get more information about sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)?
  • Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), a psychiatric condition, can develop after any catastrophic life event. Symptoms include...learn more »
    In This Article
    Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Article
    • PTSD facts
    • What is posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)?
    • What are the effects of PTSD?
    • What causes PTSD?
    • What are PTSD risk factors and protective factors?
    • What are PTSD symptoms and signs?
    • How is PTSD assessed?
    • What is the treatment for PTSD?
    • What is the prognosis for PTSD?
    • Is it possible to prevent PTSD?
    • How can people cope with PTSD?
    • Where can people get help for PTSD?
  • Sleep: A Dynamic Activity Second Source article from Government...learn more »
  • Grief: Loss of a Loved One Grief is the feeling one experiences after a loss (of a friendship, death of loved one, job). Complicated grief refers to grief...learn more »
    In This Article
    Grief: Loss of a Loved One Article
    • Grief: Loss of a loved one facts
    • What is grief?
    • What is mourning?
    • What are the effects of losing a loved one?
    • What are the causes and risk factors of prolonged grief?
    • What are the signs, symptoms, and stages of grief?
    • How is grief assessed?
    • How can people cope with grief?
    • What are the legal issues associated with dying and death?
    • Where can people get help?
  • Sleepwalking Sleepwalking is a condition in which an individual walks or does other activities while asleep. Factors associated with...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sleepwalking Article
    • Sleepwalking facts
    • What is sleepwalking?
    • What causes sleepwalking?
    • What are associated factors to consider?
    • What are symptoms of sleepwalking?
    • What are the signs and tests for sleepwalking?
    • What other conditions will my doctor consider before diagnosing sleepwalking?
    • How do you stop sleepwalking? What is the treatment for sleepwalking?
    • What is the prognosis of sleepwalking?
    • What are the complications of sleepwalking?
    • When should you call your health care professional about sleepwalking?
    • How can you prevent sleepwalking?
  • Urinary Incontinence in Children Urinary incontinence in children (enuresis) is twice as common in boys as in girls and may occur during the daytime or nighttime....learn more »
    In This Article
    Urinary Incontinence in Children Article
    • Urinary incontinence in children facts
    • What is urinary incontinence?
    • How does the urinary system work?
    • What are the different types of urinary incontinence in children?
    • How common is urinary incontinence in children?
    • What causes nighttime incontinence in children?
    • What causes daytime incontinence in children?
    • How do you differentiate between organic and nonorganic causes of urinary incontinence?
    • What is the treatment for urinary incontinence in children?
    • What is the prognosis of urinary incontinence in children?
    • Where can people get more information on urinary incontinence in children?
  • Are Bedbugs Contagious? Bedbugs are brown wingless insects that feed on human blood. The are typically found around a person's sleeping area. Bedbugs...learn more »
    In This Article
    Are Bedbugs Contagious? Article
    • What are bedbugs?
    • Are bedbugs contagious?
    • How do I know if I have bedbugs?
    • How do bedbugs spread?
    • How will I know when I am cured of bedbugs?
    • When should I call a medical caregiver about bedbugs?
  • Narcolepsy Narcolepsy, a chronic disease of the central nervous system causes have not been fully determined. Narcolepsy, a chronic disease...learn more »
    In This Article
    Narcolepsy Article
    • Narcolepsy facts
    • What is narcolepsy?
    • How common is narcolepsy?
    • What causes narcolepsy?
    • What are the symptoms of narcolepsy?
    • Excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS)
    • Cataplexy
    • Hypnagogic hallucinations
    • Sleep paralysis
    • Additional symptoms
    • How is narcolepsy diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for narcolepsy?
    • What specialists treat narcolepsy?
    • What medications treat narcolepsy?
    • Non-drug treatments
    • What is the outcome (prognosis) for patients with narcolepsy?
    • What's in the future for narcolepsy?
    • For more information
  • Teeth Grinding (Bruxism) Bruxism is the medical term for teeth grinding. Bruxism may be caused by stress or anxiety and often happens during sleep....learn more »
    In This Article
    Teeth Grinding (Bruxism) Article
    • What is teeth grinding?
    • What are the dangers of teeth grinding?
    • What causes teeth grinding?
    • Who is at risk for teeth grinding?
    • What are symptoms and signs of teeth grinding?
    • What is the treatment for teeth grinding?
    • What is the prognosis for teeth grinding?
  • Insomnia Treatment (Sleep Aids and Stimulants) Insomnia is difficulty in falling or staying asleep, the absence of restful sleep, or poor quality of sleep. Insomnia is a...learn more »
    In This Article
    Insomnia Treatment (Sleep Aids and Stimulants) Article
    • What is insomnia and what causes it?
    • What are natural treatments for insomnia?
    • Melatonin
    • What over-the-counter (OTC) medicines are there for insomnia?
    • Antihistamines
    • What prescription medicines are there for insomnia?
    • What stimulant products are available OTC?
    • Caffeine
  • Hypersomnia Hypersomnia is a condition where a person has excessive daytime sleepiness and trouble staying awake during the day. Treatment...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hypersomnia Article
    • Introduction to hypersomnia
    • What causes hypersomnia?
    • How is hypersomnia diagnosed?
    • How is hypersomnia treated?
  • Postpartum Depression Postpartum depression is a form of depression that occurs within a year after delivery. It is thought that rapid hormone changes...learn more »
    In This Article
    Postpartum Depression Article
    • Postpartum depression facts
    • What is postpartum depression? Are there different types of postpartum depression?
    • What are causes and risk factors for postpartum depression?
    • What are postpartum depression symptoms and signs?
    • How is postpartum depression diagnosed?
    • What are the treatments for postpartum depression?
    • What is the prognosis of postpartum depression?
    • Can postpartum depression be prevented?
    • Where can people get more information about postpartum depression?
    • Where can people get support for postpartum depression?
    • What research is being done on postpartum depression?
  • Dysthymia Dysthymia is a less severe form of chronic depression. Symptoms and signs include insomnia, suicidal thoughts, guilt, empty...learn more »
    In This Article
    Dysthymia Article
    • Persistent depressive disorder (dysthymia) facts
    • What is persistent depressive disorder (dysthymia)?
    • What are causes and risk factors for persistent depressive disorder?
    • What are persistent depressive disorder symptoms and signs?
    • How do health-care professionals diagnose persistent depressive disorder? What types of doctors treat persistent depressive disorder?
    • What is the treatment for persistent depressive disorder? Are there any home remedies for persistent depressive disorder?
    • What is the prognosis of persistent depressive disorder?
    • Is it possible to prevent persistent depressive disorder?
    • Are there support groups for people with persistent depressive disorder?
  • Stress Management Techniques Stress may be considered as any physical, chemical, or emotional factor that causes bodily or mental unrest and that may be a...learn more »
    In This Article
    Stress Management Techniques Article
    • Stress-management facts
    • What is stress?
    • Who is most susceptible to stress?
    • What are the symptoms and effects of excess stress or "out-of-control" stress?
    • What can I do to better manage stress?
    • Exercise
    • Relaxation techniques and meditation
    • Other stress-management strategies; Time management
    • Organizational skills
    • Support systems
    • How can I get help with stress management?
  • Bedwetting Bedwetting, or nocturnal enuresis, is the accidental passage of urine while asleep. There are two types of bedwetting: primary...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bedwetting Article
    • Bedwetting facts
    • What is bedwetting?
    • What are the types of bedwetting?
    • What is primary bedwetting?
    • What is the basic problem in primary bedwetting?
    • What is the cause of primary bedwetting?
    • What is the treatment for primary bedwetting?
    • How common is secondary bedwetting?
    • What causes secondary bedwetting?
    • How is the cause of secondary bedwetting diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for secondary bedwetting?
    • What is the prognosis for children with bedwetting?
  • Insomnia Insomnia is the perception or complaint of inadequate or poor-quality sleep because of difficulty falling asleep; waking up...learn more »
    In This Article
    Insomnia Article
    • Insomnia facts
    • What is insomnia?
    • What causes insomnia?
    • What situational and stress factors cause insomnia?
    • What are the risk factors for insomnia?
    • What are the symptoms of insomnia?
    • When should I call the doctor about insomnia?
    • How is insomnia diagnosed?
    • How is insomnia treated?
    • What are non-medical treatments for insomnia?
    • What is sleep hygiene?
    • How can stimulus control help with insomnia?
    • What is sleep restriction?
    • What medications are used to treat insomnia?
    • What is the outlook for insomnia?
  • Heart Attack Prevention About every 43 seconds in the US one in person in the US has a heart attack. Symptoms of heart attack in men and women include...learn more »
    In This Article
    Heart Attack Prevention Article
    • Heart attack prevention facts
    • What is a heart attack?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of a heart attack in men and women?
    • Are signs and symptoms of a heart attack different in women?
    • What can I do to prevent a heart attack when home alone?
    • What kinds of diets are recommended to prevent heart attacks?
    • What tips and lifestyle changes can be made to prevent a heart attack?
    • Will exercise reduce my risk of having a heart attack?
    • What diseases or conditions put a person at a higher risk for a heart attack?
  • Sleep and Sleep Disorders in Children and Teenagers Sleep needs in children and teenagers depends on the age of the child. Sleep disorders in children such as sleep apnea,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sleep and Sleep Disorders in Children and Teenagers Article
    • How much sleep do children need?
    • Can a lack of sleep impact a child's behavior?
    • What is sleep hygiene?
    • What are some common sleep disorders in children?
    • Sleep Apnea symptoms in children
    • Parasomnia symptoms in children
    • Confusional arousal symptoms in children
    • Night terror symptoms in children
    • Narcolepsy symptoms in children
    • Sleepwalking symptoms in children
    • Do teenagers have the same sleep requirements as younger children?
    • How can I teach my child or teenager healthy sleep habits and good sleep hygiene?
    • What are some ways I can help my child or teenager get a better night's sleep?
    • What are some "don'ts" for getting my child or teen to sleep?
  • Problem Sleepiness When sleepiness interferes with daily routines and activities, or reduces the ability to function, it is called "problem...learn more »
    In This Article
    Problem Sleepiness Article
    • Problem sleepiness facts*
    • What is problem sleepiness?
    • What are the symptoms of problem sleepiness?
    • What causes problem sleepiness?
    • Sleep-wake cycle
    • Inadequate sleep
    • Sleep disorders
    • Medical conditions/drugs
    • Problem sleepiness and adolescents
    • Shift work and problem sleepiness
    • What treatments and remedies can help for problem sleepiness?
  • Depression in Children Childhood depression can interfere with social activities, interests, schoolwork and family life. Symptoms and signs include...learn more »
    In This Article
    Depression in Children Article
    • Depression in children facts
    • What is childhood depression?
    • What are the types of depression in children?
    • What are causes and risk factors for depression in children?
    • What are the symptoms and warning signs of depression in children?
    • How do health-care professionals diagnose depression in children? Who are specialists?
    • What should parents do if they suspect that their child is depressed?
    • What is the treatment for depression in children?
    • What are complications of depression in children?
    • What is the prognosis for depression in children?
    • Is it possible to prevent depression in children?
    • Where can families get information and support for childhood depression?
  • Seasonal Affective Disorder Seasonal affective disorder is a type of depression that tends to occur as the days grow shorter in the fall and winter. Symptoms...learn more »
    In This Article
    Seasonal Affective Disorder Article
    • What is seasonal affective disorder?
    • What are the symptoms of seasonal affective disorder?
    • What causes seasonal affective disorder?
    • What is the treatment for seasonal affective disorder?
  • 7 Alzheimer's Disease Stages and Symptoms The signs and symptoms of Alzheimer's disease depend on the stage of the disease. Some doctors and researchers disagree in regard...learn more »
  • Alzheimer's Disease Patient Caregiver Guide Caring for a loved one or patient with Alzheimer's can become a difficult and overwhelming task at times. This guide helps...learn more »
    In This Article
    Alzheimer's Disease Patient Caregiver Guide Article
    • Tips for caregivers of persons with Alzheimer's disease
    • Dealing with the diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease
    • Communicating with a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Bathing a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Dressing a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Eating: getting a person with Alzheimer's disease to eat
    • Activities for a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Exercise for a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Incontinence in a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Sleep problems for caregivers and a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Hallucinations and delusions in a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Wandering: a problem for a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Home safety for a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Driving: decisions for a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Visiting the doctor with a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Coping with holidays with a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Visiting a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Choosing a nursing home for a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • For more information about Alzheimer's disease
  • 13 Tips for Parenting a Teen With ADHD Parenting a teenager who has attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) can be challenging. Parents can use specific...learn more »
    In This Article
    13 Tips for Parenting a Teen With ADHD Article
    • Introduction to parenting teens
    • 13 tips for dealing with your ADHD teen
    • ADHD teens and driving
    • ADHD teens, school, and homework
    • ADHD teens, alcohol, and drugs
    • Alcohol use by children
  • Lewy Body Dementia (Dementia with Lewy Bodies) Lewy body dementia (LBD or dementia with Lewy bodies) is one the most common causes of dementia. There are two types of LBD: 1)...learn more »
    In This Article
    Lewy Body Dementia (Dementia with Lewy Bodies) Article
    • Lewy body dementia facts*
    • Lewy body dementia (LBD) introduction
    • What are Lewy bodies?
    • What is Lewy body dementia (LBD)?
    • What are the types of Lewy body dementia (LBD)?
    • Who is affected by Lewy body dementia (LBD)?
    • What are the causes and risk factors for Lewy body dementia (LBD)?
    • What are the common symptoms of Lewy body dementia (LBD)?
    • Cognitive symptoms of Lewy body dementia
    • Behavoiral and mood symptoms of Lewy body dementia
    • Sleep disorders associated with Lewy body dementia
    • Movement symptoms of Lewy body dementia
    • Other Lewy body dementia symptoms
    • How is Lewy body dementia (LBD) diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment and management of Lewy body dementia (LBD)?
    • Medications for Lewy body dementia
    • Medications for cognitive symptoms
    • Medications for movement symptoms
    • Medications for sleep disorders
    • Medications for behavioral and mood problems
    • Other treatment considerations
  • Biorhythms Biologic rhythms, or biorhythms, are how our bodies respond to the regular phases of the sun, moon, and seasons. A medical...learn more »
    In This Article
    Biorhythms Article
    • What are biologic rhythms?
    • How does the "body clock" affect symptoms of illness?
    • Angina
    • Heart attack
    • High blood pressure (hypertension)
    • Hay fever (allergic rhinitis)
    • Asthma
    • Can the "body clock"  affect diagnostic testing?
    • Can drug therapy be matched to the "body clock?"
  • Sleep Paralysis Sleep paralysis is a condition that causes a person to feel as if he or she is awake but is unable to move. Lack of sleep, sleep...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sleep Paralysis Article
    • Sleep paralysis introduction
    • Is sleep paralysis a symptom of a serious problem?
    • What is sleep paralysis?
    • When does sleep paralysis usually occur?
    • What happens with hypnagogic sleep paralysis?
    • What happens with hypnopompic sleep paralysis?
    • Who develops sleep paralysis?
    • How is sleep paralysis diagnosed?
    • How is sleep paralysis treated?
    • What can I do about sleep paralysis?
  • Sleep Related Breathing Disorders Sleep-related breathing disorders are characterized by disruptions of normal breathing patterns that only occur during sleep....learn more »
    In This Article
    Sleep Related Breathing Disorders Article
    • What are sleep related breathing disorders?
    • Why do we sleep?
    • What are the stages of sleep?
  • Periodic Limb Movement Disorder Periodic limb movement disorder (PLMD) is a sleep disorder characterized by rhythmic movements of the limbs during sleep. The...learn more »
    In This Article
    Periodic Limb Movement Disorder Article
    • Introduction to periodic limb movement disorder
    • What causes periodic limb movement disorder?
    • What are the symptoms of periodic limb movement disorder?
    • How is periodic limb movement disorder diagnosed?
    • How is periodic limb movement disorder treated?
    • What should someone with periodic limb movement disorder avoid?
  • Depression in the Elderly Depression in the elderly is very common. That doesn't mean, though, it's normal. Treatment may involve antidepressants,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Depression in the Elderly Article
    • How does depression in the elderly differ from depression in younger adults?
    • How is insomnia related to depression in the elderly?
    • What are risk factors for depression in the elderly?
    • What types of treatment are available for depression in the elderly?
    • How do antidepressants relieve depression in the elderly?
    • Can psychotherapy help relieve depression in the elderly?
    • Who may benefit from electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)?
    • What other problems affect treatment of depression in the elderly?
  • Parenting a Child With ADHD ADHD is a behavioral condition with characteristics that include hyperactivity, inattention, and impulsivity. Parenting a child...learn more »
    In This Article
    Parenting a Child With ADHD Article
    • Childhood ADHD facts
    • What are the signs and symptoms of childhood ADHD?
    • What should parents do if they suspect their child has ADHD?
    • What are the causes of childhood ADHD?
    • What should parents of children with ADHD expect from their child?
    • What type of medical specialist can help diagnose and treat a child with ADHD?
    • What treatment options exist for a child with ADHD? How can parents help their child with ADHD?
    • What are the risks of the use of stimulant medication and other treatments?
    • What are other therapeutic approaches for children with ADHD?
    • Is childhood ADHD on the rise?
    • What is the outlook for a child with ADHD?
    • What can parents of children with ADHD do to help themselves?
  • Nightmares Nightmares are dreams that cause high anxiety or terror. Nightmares may be a part of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Nightmares Article
    • Nightmares and PTSD
    • How common are nightmares after trauma?
    • What do nightmares that follow trauma look like?
    • Nightmares and cultural differences
    • Are there any effective treatments for posttraumatic nightmares?
  • Holiday Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Though the holidays are a fun time for most, for others, they're a sad, lonely and anxiety-filled time. Get tips on how to avoid...learn more »
    In This Article
    Holiday Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Article
    • Holiday depression, anxiety, and stress facts
    • What causes the holiday blues?
    • Is the environment and reduced daylight a factor in wintertime sadness?
    • What are risk factors for holiday depression, anxiety, and stress?
    • What are symptoms and signs of holiday depression, anxiety, and stress?
    • How is holiday anxiety, stress, and depression diagnosed?
    • What kinds of specialists treat holiday depression, anxiety, and stress?
    • What is the treatment for holiday depression, anxiety, and stress?
    • What are possible complications from holiday depression, anxiety, and stress?
    • What is the prognosis for holiday depression, anxiety, and stress?
    • Can holiday anxiety, stress, and depression be prevented?
  • How to Stop Snoring Snoring is caused by the vibrations of the soft tissues at the back of the nose and throat while a person sleeps. There are many...learn more »
    In This Article
    How to Stop Snoring Article
    • What is snoring?
    • What are common causes of snoring?
    • Is snoring a symptom of another disease or condition?
    • How can I get my partner to stop snoring?
    • What kinds of doctors treat snoring?
    • How is the cause of snoring diagnosed?
    • What natural home remedies help a person stop snoring?
    • What anti-snoring aids and devices help stop snoring?
    • What foods or drinks may help a person stop snoring?
    • What medical treatments help a person to quit snoring?
    • Can snoring be prevented?