Sinus Infection (Sinusitis)

  • Medical Author:
    Charles Patrick Davis, MD, PhD

    Dr. Charles "Pat" Davis, MD, PhD, is a board certified Emergency Medicine doctor who currently practices as a consultant and staff member for hospitals. He has a PhD in Microbiology (UT at Austin), and the MD (Univ. Texas Medical Branch, Galveston). He is a Clinical Professor (retired) in the Division of Emergency Medicine, UT Health Science Center at San Antonio, and has been the Chief of Emergency Medicine at UT Medical Branch and at UTHSCSA with over 250 publications.

  • Medical Editor: William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR
    William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR

    William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR

    Dr. Shiel received a Bachelor of Science degree with honors from the University of Notre Dame. There he was involved in research in radiation biology and received the Huisking Scholarship. After graduating from St. Louis University School of Medicine, he completed his Internal Medicine residency and Rheumatology fellowship at the University of California, Irvine. He is board-certified in Internal Medicine and Rheumatology.

Quick GuideSinus Infection (Sinusitis) Symptoms and Treatment Options

Sinus Infection (Sinusitis) Symptoms and Treatment Options

18 signs and symptoms of sinus infection or sinusitis

There are many signs and symptoms of sinusitis and sinus infections. The following is a summary of predominant ones (18 total) that may occur. Most patients have several signs and symptoms at the same time. Others may have some symptoms that are intermittent; most do not have all symptoms at once. The signs and symptoms of a sinus infection or sinusitis include the following:

  1. Headache due to pressure in partially or completely blocked sinuses. The pain may increase when the person bends down.
  2. Facial tenderness and/or swelling when facial areas over sinus areas are touched.
  3. Pressure or pain due to mucus pressing on sinus tissue or inflammation of sinuses.
  4. Fever due to inflammation of sinus tissues and infection.
  5. A cloudy, discolored nasal drainage is often seen in bacterial sinus infections.
  6. Congestion is a feeling of nasal stuffiness, and occurs with both infectious and non-infectious sinusitis.
  7. Post nasal drip is mucus overproduction from sinusitis that flows to the throat and irritates throat tissue.
  8. Sore throat is inflammation of throat tissue by post nasal drip.
  9. Cough is a response to post nasal drip and body's attempt to clear out throat tissue irritants.
  10. Tooth pain caused by pressure on surrounding nerves and tissues
  11. Ear pain caused by pressure on surrounding nerves and tissues
  12. Eye pain caused by pressure on surrounding nerves and tissues
  13. Fatigue due to fever, immune response and/or coughing
  14. Bad breath usually is due to bacterial infections
  15. Itching/sneezing - In noninfectious sinusitis, other associated allergy symptoms of itching eyes and sneezing may be common, but may include some of the symptoms listed above for infectious sinusitis.
  16. Nasal drainage usually is clear or whitish-colored in people with noninfectious sinusitis.
  17. Ulceration can occur with rare fulminant fungal infections with sharply defined edges and a black, necrotic center in the nasal area. Some fungal infections cause dark, black-appearing exudates. This requires immediate medical evaluation.
  18. Multiple chronic (over 1-3 months) symptoms usually are a sign of subacute or chronic sinusitis Continue Reading
Reviewed on 5/18/2016
References
REFERENCES:

US Federal Drug Administration. "Is Rinsing Your Sinuses Safe?"
<http://www.fda.gov/ForConsumers/ConsumerUpdates/ucm316375.htm>

Brook, I. MD. "Acute Sinusitis." Medscape. Jul 29, 2015.
<http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/232670-overview>

Brook, I. MD. "Chronic Sinusitis." Medscape. July 19, 2015.
<http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/232791-overview>

NeilMed Pharmaceuticals, Inc. NeilMed Sinusrinse Video.
<http://www.neilmed.com/usa/video.php>

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