Table of Contents
- Sinus infection or sinusitis facts
- What is a sinus?
- 18 signs and symptoms of sinus infection or sinusitis
- What is a sinus infection or sinusitis?
- What causes sinus infections or sinusitis?
- What are the types of sinusitis and sinus infections?
- How is sinus infection or sinusitis diagnosed?
- What kinds of doctors treat sinusitis and sinus infections?
- Are antibiotics necessary to treat sinus infections and sinusitis?
- What decongestants and nasal sprays soothe or cure sinus infections or sinusitis?
- What home remedies help soothe sinus infection or sinusitis symptoms?
- What are complications of sinus infection or sinusitis?
- Can sinus infection or sinusitis be prevented?
Quick GuideSinus Infection (Sinusitis) Symptoms and Treatment Options
18 signs and symptoms of sinus infection or sinusitis
There are many signs and symptoms of sinusitis and sinus infections. The following is a summary of predominant ones (18 total) that may occur. Most patients have several signs and symptoms at the same time. Others may have some symptoms that are intermittent; most do not have all symptoms at once. The signs and symptoms of a sinus infection or sinusitis include the following:
- Headache due to pressure in partially or completely blocked sinuses. The pain may increase when the person bends down.
- Facial tenderness and/or swelling when facial areas over sinus areas are touched.
- Pressure or pain due to mucus pressing on sinus tissue or inflammation of sinuses.
- Fever due to inflammation of sinus tissues and infection.
- A cloudy, discolored nasal drainage is often seen in bacterial sinus infections.
- Congestion is a feeling of nasal stuffiness, and occurs with both infectious and non-infectious sinusitis.
- Post nasal drip is mucus overproduction from sinusitis that flows to the throat and irritates throat tissue.
- Sore throat is inflammation of throat tissue by post nasal drip.
- Cough is a response to post nasal drip and body's attempt to clear out throat tissue irritants.
- Tooth pain caused by pressure on surrounding nerves and tissues
- Ear pain caused by pressure on surrounding nerves and tissues
- Eye pain caused by pressure on surrounding nerves and tissues
- Fatigue due to fever, immune response and/or coughing
- Bad breath usually is due to bacterial infections
- Itching/sneezing - In noninfectious sinusitis, other associated allergy symptoms of itching eyes and sneezing may be common, but may include some of the symptoms listed above for infectious sinusitis.
- Nasal drainage usually is clear or whitish-colored in people with noninfectious sinusitis.
- Ulceration can occur with rare fulminant fungal infections with sharply defined edges and a black, necrotic center in the nasal area. Some fungal infections cause dark, black-appearing exudates. This requires immediate medical evaluation.
- Multiple chronic (over 1-3 months) symptoms usually are a sign of subacute or chronic sinusitis Continue Reading
US Federal Drug Administration. "Is Rinsing Your Sinuses Safe?"
Brook, I. MD. "Acute Sinusitis." Medscape. Jul 29, 2015.
Brook, I. MD. "Chronic Sinusitis." Medscape. July 19, 2015.
NeilMed Pharmaceuticals, Inc. NeilMed Sinusrinse Video.
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