Table of Contents
- Sinus infection or sinusitis facts
- What is a sinus?
- 18 signs and symptoms of sinus infection or sinusitis
- What is a sinus infection or sinusitis?
- What causes sinus infections or sinusitis?
- What are the types of sinusitis and sinus infections?
- How is sinus infection or sinusitis diagnosed?
- What kinds of doctors treat sinusitis and sinus infections?
- Are antibiotics necessary to treat sinus infections and sinusitis?
- What decongestants and nasal sprays soothe or cure sinus infections or sinusitis?
- What home remedies help soothe sinus infection or sinusitis symptoms?
- What are complications of sinus infection or sinusitis?
- Can sinus infection or sinusitis be prevented?
Sinus Infection Signs & Symptoms
Sinus infection is characterized by an infection of the lining tissues of the sinuses within the skull. Symptoms of a sinus infection can include
- pain or pressure sensations over the involved areas of the face along with tenderness and swelling,
- stuffy nose, or nasal congestion,
- drainage or discharge from the nose,
- pain in the jaw or teeth,
- and nausea.
Quick GuideSinus Infection (Sinusitis) Symptoms and Treatment Options
Sinus infection or sinusitis facts
- Sinusitis or sinus infection is inflammation of the air cavities within the passages of the nose.
- Sinusitis can be caused by infection, allergies, and chemical or particulate irritation of the sinuses.
- Most people do not spread sinus infections to other people.
- Sinusitis may be classified as acute sinus infection, subacute sinus infection, chronic sinus infection, infected sinusitis, and noninfectious sinusitis.
- Sinusitis signs and symptoms include
- Symptoms of a bacterial sinus infection include
- facial pain,
- pus-like nasal discharge, and
- symptoms that persist for longer than a week and that are not responding to over-the-counter (OTC) nasal medications.
- Sinus infection is generally diagnosed based on the patient history and physical examination.
- Bacterial sinusitis is usually treated with antibiotics. Early treatment of allergic sinusitis may prevent secondary bacterial sinus infections.
- Home remedies for sinusitis and sinus infections include over-the-counter (OTC) medications such as acetaminophen (Tylenol and others), decongestants, and mucolytics. Nasal irrigation can be accomplished with a Neti-pot or rinse kit (nasal bidet).
- Rare fungal infections of the sinuses (for example, zygomycosis) are medical emergencies.
- Complications of a sinus infection that may develop are meningitis, brain abscess, osteomyelitis, and orbital cellulitis.
- There are no fungal vaccines available to prevent fungal sinus infections.
US Federal Drug Administration. "Is Rinsing Your Sinuses Safe?"
Brook, I. MD. "Acute Sinusitis." Medscape. Jul 29, 2015.
Brook, I. MD. "Chronic Sinusitis." Medscape. July 19, 2015.
NeilMed Pharmaceuticals, Inc. NeilMed Sinusrinse Video.
1. Getty Images/Pixland
3. Wikipedia – Bruce Blaus
4. iStock / MedicineNet
5. Wikipedia - © Nevit Dilmen
10. WebMD - Brayden Knell
Subscribe to MedicineNet's Allergy and Asthma Newsletter