GENERIC NAME: silver sulfadiazine
BRAND NAME: Silvadene, SSD, SSD AF, Thermazene
Silver sulfadiazine kills bacteria by damaging the bacterial cell membrane. Silver sulfadiazine has activity against a broad spectrum of gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria including Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Xanthomonas maltophilia, Enterobacter species, Klebsiella species, Escherichia coli, Serratia species, Proteus mirabilis, Morganella morganii, Providencia rettgeri, Proteus vulgaris, Providencia species, Citrobacter species, Acinetobacter calcoaceticus, Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Enterococcus species, Candida albicans, Corynebacterium diphtheriae, and Clostridium perfringens. Additionally, silver sulfadiazine has demonstrated activity against yeast.
Silver sulfadiazine was approved by the FDA in 1973.
SIDE EFFECTS: Since silver sulfadiazine is applied to the surface of the skin, it rarely affects other areas of the body or causes long term side effects. Most of the side effects reported with use are short lived and limited to the areas being treated.
Use of silver sulfadiazine may cause the treated area(s) to be more sensitive to sunlight (photosensitive or sun sensitive). To avoid sunburn, patients must take caution in protecting the affected area(s) from prolonged sun exposure.
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