Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Pregnancy (STDs) Related Diseases & Conditions

Medical conditions are often related to other diseases and conditions. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments related to the topic of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Pregnancy (STDs). These conditions may be a cause or symptom of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Pregnancy (STDs) or be a condition for which you may be at increased risk.

  • Swollen Lymph Nodes Lymph nodes help the body's immune system fight infections. Causes of swollen lymph nodes (glands) may include infection (viral,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Swollen Lymph Nodes Article
    • Swollen lymph nodes facts
    • What are lymph nodes?
    • Where are the lymph nodes located in the body?
    • Picture of lymph nodes located in the body
    • What are the causes of swollen lymph nodes?
    • What are the symptoms of swollen lymph nodes?
    • How are swollen lymph nodes diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for swollen lymph nodes?
    • When should I see the doctor for swollen lymph nodes?
    • What are the common lymph nodes that may become swollen?
    • What are the complications of swollen lymph nodes?
  • Pregnancy (Week By Week, Trimesters) There are many symptoms involved in the 1st, 2nd and 3rd trimesters of pregnancy. The first early pregnancy symptom is typically...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pregnancy (Week By Week, Trimesters) Article
    • Pregnancy facts*
    • Introduction
    • What is the first trimester (week 1-week 12)?
    • What is the second trimester (week 13-week 28)?
    • What is the third trimester (week 29-week 40)?
    • How will my baby develop week by week?
    • What are the changes that happen to a woman's body during her 1st, 2nd, and 3rd trimesters of pregnancy?
    • Body aches
    • Breast changes
    • Constipation
    • Dizziness
    • Fatigue, sleep problems
    • Heartburn and indigestion
    • Hemorrhoids
    • Itching
    • Leg cramps
    • Morning sickness
    • Nasal problems
    • Numb or tingling hands
    • Stretch marks, skin changes
    • Swelling
    • Urinary frequency and leaking
    • Varicose veins
  • Ectopic Pregnancy An ectopic pregnancy is a pregnancy located outside the inner lining of the uterus. The majority of ectopic pregnancies occur in...learn more »
    In This Article
    Ectopic Pregnancy Article
    • Ectopic pregnancy facts
    • What is an ectopic pregnancy?
    • What are the risk factors for ectopic pregnancy?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of an ectopic pregnancy?
    • How is ectopic pregnancy diagnosed?
    • What is the health risk of an ectopic pregnancy?
    • What treatment options are available for ectopic pregnancy?
  • Hepatitis C (HCV, Hep C) Hepatitis C is an inflammation of the liver due to the hepatitis C virus (HCV), which is usually spread by blood transfusion,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hepatitis C (HCV, Hep C) Article
    • Hepatitis C infection (HCV, hep C) facts
    • What is hepatitis C infection?
    • What is the nature (biology) of the hepatitis C virus?
    • How does liver damage occur in hepatitis C infection?
    • How is hepatitis C virus spread, is it contagious, and how can transmission be prevented?
    • What are the symptoms of hepatitis C infection?
    • What conditions outside the liver are associated with hepatitis C infection?
    • What is the usual progression of chronic hepatitis C infection?
    • Who is at high risk and should be tested for hepatitis C infection?
    • What are the diagnostic tests for hepatitis C virus and how are they used to diagnose hepatitis C infection?
    • What is the role of a liver biopsy in the management of chronic hepatitis C infection?
    • What is the treatment for hepatitis C infection?
    • Who should receive antiviral therapy for hepatitis C infection?
    • What are the different patterns of response to antiviral treatment?
    • What are the goals of therapy for hepatitis C infection?
    • What are the therapy options for previously untreated patients with chronic hepatitis C infection?
    • How are relapses and nonresponders treated?
    • Should individuals with acute hepatitis C infection be treated?
    • What are the side effects of treatment for hepatitis C infection?
    • What about liver transplantation for hepatitis C infection?
    • What is the current research and what is in the future for hepatitis C infection?
  • Pubic Lice (Crabs) Pubic lice (crabs) are parasitic insects found in the genital area, and are primarily spread through sexual contact. Symptoms of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pubic Lice (Crabs) Article
    • Pubic lice facts*
    • What are pubic lice?
    • What do pubic lice look like?
    • Where are pubic lice found?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of pubic lice?
    • How did I get pubic lice?
    • How is a pubic lice infestation diagnosed?
    • How are pubic lice treated?
  • Hepatitis B (HBV, Hep B) The hepatitis B virus (HBV, hep B) is a unique, coated DNA virus belonging to the Hepadnaviridae family of viruses. The course of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hepatitis B (HBV, Hep B) Article
    • Hepatitis B facts
    • What is hepatitis?
    • How is the hepatitis B virus spread (transmitted)?
    • What are the symptoms of acute hepatitis B infection?
    • What are the symptoms of chronic hepatitis B infection?
    • How is hepatitis B diagnosed?
    • What is the role of a liver biopsy in chronic hepatitis B?
    • What is the natural course of chronic hepatitis B?
    • What medications are used to treat hepatitis B?
    • What are the effects of alcohol on hepatitis B?
    • What are the effects of immunosuppressive medications on hepatitis B?
    • What is delta hepatitis?
    • What about co-infection with hepatitis B virus and hepatitis C virus?
    • What happens in co-infection with hepatitis B virus and human immunodeficiency virus?
    • What is the role of liver transplantation in hepatitis B?
    • What can be done to prevent hepatitis B?
    • What is new in the treatment of hepatitis B?
  • STDs in Men Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are infections transmitted during sexual contact. They may be caused by viruses, bacteria,...learn more »
    In This Article
    STDs in Men Article
    • What are sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)
    • Who is at risk for STDs?
    • What causes STDs?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of STDs?
    • List of STDs in men
    • Chlamydia
    • Gonorrhea
    • Trichomoniasis
    • HIV
    • Genital herpes
    • Genital warts (HPV)
    • Hepatitis
    • Syphilis
    • How are STDs diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for STDs?
    • What is the prognosis for STDs?
    • Can STDs be prevented?
  • Pelvic Inflammatory Disease Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is the most common and serious complication of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), aside from...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pelvic Inflammatory Disease Article
    • Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) facts*
    • What is pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)?
    • What causes pelvic inflammatory disease?
    • How common is pelvic inflammatory disease?
    • Are some women more likely to get pelvic inflammatory disease?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of pelvic inflammatory disease?
    • How is pelvic inflammatory disease diagnosed?
    • How is pelvic inflammatory disease treated?
    • What if my partner is infected with pelvic inflammatory disease?
    • My friend was told she can't get pregnant because she has PID. Is this true?
    • How can I keep myself from getting PID?
    • What should I do if I think I have an STI (sexually transmitted disease)?
  • Abdominal Adhesions (Scar Tissue) Abdominal adhesions (scar tissue) bands of scar tissue that form between abdominal organs and tissues. Symptoms of abdominal...learn more »
    In This Article
    Abdominal Adhesions (Scar Tissue) Article
    • Abdominal adhesions facts*
    • What are abdominal adhesions?
    • What causes abdominal adhesions?
    • How can abdominal adhesions cause intestinal obstruction?
    • How can abdominal adhesions cause female infertility?
    • What are the symptoms of abdominal adhesions?
    • What are the symptoms of an intestinal obstruction?
    • How are abdominal adhesions and intestinal obstructions diagnosed?
    • How are abdominal adhesions and intestinal obstructions treated?
    • Can abdominal adhesions be prevented?
  • Sexually Transmitted Diseases in Women (STDs) Sexually transmitted diseases, or STDs, are infections that are transmitted during any type of sexual exposure, including...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sexually Transmitted Diseases in Women (STDs) Article
    • What are sexually transmitted diseases (STDs, formerly referred to as sexually transmitted infections or STIs)?
    • Gonorrhea
    • Chlamydia
    • Syphilis
    • Genital Herpes
    • Human Papillomaviruses (HPVs) and Genital Warts
    • Chancroid
    • Ectoparasitic Infections
    • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS)
    • Hepatitis B
    • Hepatitis C
    • Conclusions
  • Trichomoniasis (Vaginal Infection) Trichomoniasis is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) caused by a parasite passed from person to person. Trichomoniasis can be...learn more »
    In This Article
    Trichomoniasis (Vaginal Infection) Article
    • Trichomoniasis facts*
    • What is trichomoniasis and how do you get it?
    • What are the symptoms of trichomoniasis?
    • Is there a test for trichomoniasis?
    • How is trichomoniasis treated?
    • What happens if I don't get treated?
    • Should I tell my partner if I have trichomoniasis?
    • Does trichomoniasis cause problems during pregnancy?
    • How is trichomoniasis prevented?
  • Chlamydia in Women Chlamydia is the most common sexually transmitted disease in the U.S. Signs and symptoms of chlamydia, a bacterial infection,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Chlamydia in Women Article
    • What is chlamydia?
    • What causes chlamydia?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of chlamydia?
    • How is chlamydia diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for chlamydia?
    • What is the prognosis for chlamydia?
    • Can chlamydia be prevented?
  • Cervical Dysplasia Cervical dysplasia is a condition in which the cells of the inner lining of the cervix have precancerous changes. There are two...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cervical Dysplasia Article
    • Cervical dysplasia facts
    • What is cervical dysplasia?
    • What causes cervical dysplasia?
    • Are there symptoms of cervical dysplasia?
    • How is cervical dysplasia diagnosed?
    • How is cervical dysplasia classified?
    • What are the treatments for cervical dysplasia?
    • Carbon dioxide laser photoablation
    • Cryotherapy
    • Loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP)
    • Cold knife cone biopsy (conization)
    • Hysterectomy
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for cervical dysplasia?
    • Can cervical dysplasia be prevented?
  • Cytomegalovirus (CMV) Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a virus that is spread from person to person via spit, semen, vaginal secretions, urine, blood, sexual...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cytomegalovirus (CMV) Article
    • Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection facts
    • What is cytomegalovirus (CMV)?
    • What causes cytomegalovirus infection?
    • What are the risk factors for cytomegalovirus infection?
    • How is cytomegalovirus transmitted?
    • What are cytomegalovirus symptoms and signs?
    • How do physicians diagnose cytomegalovirus infection?
    • What is the treatment for cytomegalovirus infection?
    • What is the prognosis of cytomegalovirus infection?
    • What are complications of cytomegalovirus infection?
    • Is it possible to prevent cytomegalovirus infection? Is there a CMV vaccine?
  • Urethral Stricture A urethral stricture, or narrowing of the urethra, may cause decreased urine output. Symptoms include painful urination, urinary...learn more »
    In This Article
    Urethral Stricture Article
    • Urethral stricture facts
    • What is the urethral?
    • What is urethral stricture?
    • What are the causes of urethral stricture?
    • What are the symptoms of urethral stricture?
    • What type of doctors treat urethral obstruction?
    • How is urethral stricture diagnosed?
    • Are there any special tests for diagnosing urethral stricture?
    • What is the treatment for urethral stricture?
    • What surgical options are available for urethral stricture?
    • Can urethral stricture be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for urethral stricture?
  • Women's Health Women's health is an important topic area to guide a woman through the stages of her life, as well as knowing the conditions and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Women's Health Article
    • Introduction to Women's Health
    • Women's General Health and Wellness
    • Female Anatomy
    • The Female Reproductive System
    • Female Hormones
    • Diseases More Common In Women
    • Cancer In Women
    • Women's Cosmetic Concerns
    • Menstruation
    • Sexuality
    • Fertility, Birth Control and Infertility
    • Pregnancy
    • Motherhood
    • Menopause
    • The Mature Woman - Post Menopause
  • Preeclampsia and Eclampsia Preeclampsia is a condition in pregnant women marked by high blood pressure and a high level of protein in the urine. Eclampsia...learn more »
    In This Article
    Preeclampsia and Eclampsia Article
    • Preeclampsia and eclampsia facts
    • What are preeclampsia and eclampsia?
    • What causes preeclampsia and eclampsia?
    • Who is at risk for preeclampsia and eclampsia?
    • What are the symptoms of preeclampsia and eclampsia?
    • How are preeclampsia and eclampsia diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for preeclampsia and eclampsia?
    • What are complications of preeclampsia and eclampsia?
    • Can preeclampsia and eclampsia be prevented?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for preeclampsia and eclampsia?
  • Puberty The time when boys and girls begin the process of sexual maturation is called puberty. During this time, both sexes undergo a...learn more »
    In This Article
    Puberty Article
    • Puberty facts
    • What is puberty?
    • When does puberty occur?
    • What determines when puberty begins?
    • What are the physical changes of puberty in girls and boys?
    • What other changes in the body occur during puberty in boys and girls?
    • What are the medical concerns associated with normal puberty?
    • What are medical conditions associated with early or late puberty?
  • Masturbation Just about everybody masturbates. Masturbation itself is the self-stimulation of the male or female genitals to achieve sexual...learn more »
    In This Article
    Masturbation Article
    • Introduction to masturbation
    • Who masturbates?
    • Why do people masturbate?
    • Is masturbation normal?
    • Is masturbation harmful?
  • Antibiotic Resistance (Drug Resistance, Antimicrobial Resistance) Drug resistance (antimicrobial resistance) is the ability of bacteria, fungi, parasites, and viruses to grow, even in the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Antibiotic Resistance (Drug Resistance, Antimicrobial Resistance) Article
    • Drug resistance facts*
    • Drug resistance definitions
    • Antimicrobial
    • Antibiotic
    • Antibacterial
    • MRSA and VRE
    • What is drug resistance?
    • History of antimicrobial drug resistance
    • Causes of antimicrobial drug resistance
    • Diagnosis of antimicrobial drug resistance
    • Treatment of antimicrobial drug resistance
    • Prevention of antimicrobial drug resistance
    • Antimicrobial resistance: A growing health issue
    • Drug-resistant microbes of concern today
    • Methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)
    • Vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE)
    • Microbes increasingly resistant to drugs
  • Healthy Living and Disease Prevention The importance of a healthy lifestyle in disease prevention is widely understood and most people know that lifestyle changes and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Healthy Living and Disease Prevention Article
    • Healthy living facts
    • Eating (diet)
    • Physical activity and exercise
    • Avoid tobacco use
    • Avoid excessive alcohol consumption
    • Avoid high-risk sexual behaviors
    • Avoid other high-risk behaviors
    • Additional tips for healthy living
  • Hepatitis A and B Vaccinations Hepatitis A and hepatitis B are the two most commnon viruses that infect the liver. Hepatitis A and Hepatitis B can be prevented...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hepatitis A and B Vaccinations Article
    • What is hepatitis?
    • Hepatitis A vaccine
    • Hepatitis B vaccine
  • Trachoma Trachoma is an infectious disease caused by the Chlamydia trachomatis bacteria. Symptoms and signs include redness and irritation...learn more »
    In This Article
    Trachoma Article
    • Trachoma facts
    • What is trachoma? Is trachoma contagious?
    • How does trachoma manifest itself?
    • What is the cause of trachoma?
    • What are trachoma symptoms and signs?
    • How is trachoma diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for trachoma?
    • How long does trachoma last?
    • Can trachoma be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for trachoma?
    • What are complications of trachoma?
    • What research is being done on trachoma?
  • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome AIDS is the advanced stage of HIV infection. Symptoms and signs of AIDS include pneumonia due to Pneumocystis jiroveci,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome Article
    • Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) facts
    • What does AIDS stand for? What causes AIDS?
    • What is the history of AIDS?
    • What are symptoms and signs of AIDS?
    • What are risk factors for developing AIDS?
    • How is AIDS diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for HIV/AIDS?
    • What is the treatment for HIV during pregnancy?
    • What is the treatment for non-HIV-infected people who are exposed to the genital secretions or blood someone with HIV?
    • What are the complications of HIV?
    • What is the prognosis for HIV infection?
    • Can HIV infection be prevented?
    • Is there a vaccine for HIV?
    • What research is being done to find a cure for HIV?
    • Where can a person find information about clinical trials for HIV and AIDS?
  • Chlamydia In Women Chlamydia, a type of bacteria that causes an infection, is spread through sexual contact. Most of the time, women with chlamydia...learn more »
    In This Article
    Chlamydia In Women Article
    • Chlamydia facts
    • What are sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)?
    • What is chlamydia?
    • What are the symptoms of chlamydia?
    • How is chlamydia diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for chlamydia?
  • Pregnancy Planning Pregnancy planning is important to help prevent exposure of the mother and fetus to potentially harmful medications and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pregnancy Planning Article
    • Pregnancy Planning Facts
    • What is pregnancy planning and why is it important?
    • What are pregnancy symptoms?
    • What is a pregnancy calculator and calendar?
    • Who effective are home pregnancy tests?
    • How can diet and nutrition affect early pregnancy?
    • How does alcohol affect pregnancy?
    • How do high blood pressure and diabetes affect pregnancy?
    • What are examples of commonly-used medications that are dangerous in pregnancy?
    • How do kidney and heart disease affect pregnancy?
    • What infections affect pregnancy?
    • What inherited (genetic) diseases can play a role in pregnancy planning?
    • Is it safe to exercise during pregnancy?
    • Can I travel by air during pregnancy?
    • Can I have intercourse during pregnancy?
    • How soon after stopping birth control can I become pregnant?
    • How do we maximize our chances of becoming pregnant?
    • Can I do something to help my chances of conceiving a boy or a girl?
  • Teens Teenagers recognize that they are developmentally between child and adult. Teen health prevention includes maintaining a healthy...learn more »
    In This Article
    Teens Article
    • What's involved with teen disease prevention?
    • What can teens expect during health checkups?
    • What immunizations do teenagers need?
  • Pregnancy and Drugs (Prescription and OTC) Taking prescription medications or over-the-counter drugs or supplements should be discussed with your doctor. There are some...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pregnancy and Drugs (Prescription and OTC) Article
    • Is it safe to use medicine while I am pregnant?
    • How should I decide whether to use a medicine while I am pregnant?
    • Where do doctors and nurses find out about using medicines during pregnancy?
    • How do prescription and over-the-counter (OTC) medicine labels help my doctor choose the right medicine for me when I am pregnant?
    • What if I'm thinking about getting pregnant?
    • Is it safe to use medicine while I am trying to become pregnant?
    • What if I get sick and need to use medicine while I am pregnant?
    • I have a health problem. Should I stop using my medicine while I am pregnant?
    • Are vitamins safe for me while I am pregnant?
    • Are herbal remedies or natural products safe for me when I am pregnant?
    • In the future, will there be better ways to know if medicines are safe to use during pregnancy?
    • For more information
  • Pain Relief Options for Childbirth Women experience and tolerate pain differently. For some pregnant women, focused breathing is all they need to get through labor...learn more »
  • Disease Prevention in Women Disease prevention in women includes screening tests that are a basic part of prevention medicine. All screening tests are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Disease Prevention in Women Article
    • Disease prevention in women overview
    • Osteoporosis
    • Breast cancer
    • High blood pressure (hypertension)
    • Cancer of the cervix
    • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
    • Hypercholesterolemia (hyperlipidemia, dyslipidemia)
    • Type II diabetes mellitus
    • Cancer of colon and rectum / polyps of colon and rectum
    • Bladder cancer
    • Glaucoma
    • Melanoma and other skin cancers
  • Reproductive Health Reproductive health encompasses the beginning of menstruation for women, choosing the right birth control method for you and your...learn more »
    In This Article
    Reproductive Health Article
    • Menstruation and menopause
    • Pregnancy and preconception care
    • Fertility/Infertility
    • Contraception
    • Sexually transmitted diseases and AIDS/HIV

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