Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Pregnancy (STDs) Related Diseases & Conditions

Medical conditions are often related to other diseases and conditions. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments related to the topic of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Pregnancy (STDs). These conditions may be a cause or symptom of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Pregnancy (STDs) or be a condition for which you may be at increased risk.

  • Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs) A urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection of the bladder, kidneys, ureters, or urethra. E. coli, a type of bacteria that...learn more »
    In This Article
    Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs) Article
    • What is a urinary tract infection (UTI)?
    • What are causes and risk factors for a urinary tract infection?
    • Are urinary tract infections contagious?
    • What are urinary tract infection symptoms and signs?
    • When should people seek medical care for a UTI?
    • How do health care professionals diagnose a urinary tract infection?
    • What kinds of doctors treat urinary tract infections?
    • Are there home remedies for a urinary tract infection?
    • What is the treatment for a urinary tract infection?
    • How long does a UTI last after treatment with antibiotics?
    • What follow-up is needed for a urinary tract infection?
    • Is it possible to prevent a urinary tract infection?
    • What is the prognosis of a urinary tract infection?
  • Swollen Lymph Nodes (Causes, Locations, Symptoms, Treatments) Lymph nodes help the body's immune system fight infections. Causes of swollen lymph nodes (glands) may include infection (viral,...learn more »
  • Pregnancy (Week By Week, Trimesters) Signs and symptoms of pregnancy vary by stage (trimester).  The earliest pregnancy symptom is typically a missed period, but...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pregnancy (Week By Week, Trimesters) Article
    • Pregnancy definition and facts*
    • How many weeks is a normal term pregnancy?
    • What is the first trimester of pregnancy (week 1-week 12)?
    • What is the second trimester of pregnancy (week 13-week 28)?
    • What is the third trimester trimester of pregnancy (week 29-week 40)?
    • How will my baby develop week by week?
    • What are the changes that happen to a woman's body during the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd trimester of her pregnancy?
    • Body aches
    • Breast changes
    • Constipation
    • Dizziness
    • Fatigue, sleep problems
    • Heartburn and indigestion
    • Hemorrhoids during pregnancy
    • Itching
    • Leg cramps
    • Morning sickness
    • Nasal problems
    • Numb or tingling hands
    • Stretch marks, skin changes
    • Swelling
    • Urinary frequency and leaking
    • Varicose veins
  • Genital Herpes in Women Genital herpes is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) caused by the herpes simplex virus (HSV). Symptoms of genital herpes...learn more »
    In This Article
    Genital Herpes in Women Article
    • Genital herpes in women facts
    • What is genital herpes?
    • How common is genital herpes?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of genital herpes?
    • What causes genital herpes, and how is it spread?
    • How do you get genital herpes (transmission)?
    • What kind of doctors treats genital herpes?
    • How is genital herpes diagnosed?
    • Is there a cure for genital herpes?
    • Are home remedies or natural treatments effective for genital herpes?
    • What medications treat and manage genital herpes?
    • How is genital herpes managed during pregnancy?
    • What is the prognosis for a person with genital herpes?
    • Is there a link between genital herpes and HIV?
    • Can genital herpes be prevented?
  • Chlamydia in Women (Symptoms and Cures) Chlamydia is the most common sexually transmitted disease in the U.S. Signs and symptoms of chlamydia, a bacterial infection,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Chlamydia in Women (Symptoms and Cures) Article
    • What is chlamydia?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of chlamydia?
    • What causes chlamydia?
    • How is the infection diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for chlamydia? Can it be cured?
    • What is the prognosis for a female with chlamydia?
    • Can chlamydia be prevented?
  • STDs in Men Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are infections transmitted during sexual contact. They may be caused by viruses, bacteria,...learn more »
    In This Article
    STDs in Men Article
    • STDS in men: Common infections and facts
    • What are sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)?
    • Who is at risk for STDs?
    • What causes STDs in men?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of STDs in men?
    • List of STDs in men
    • 1. Chlamydia
    • 2. Gonorrhea
    • 3. Trichomoniasis
    • 4. HIV
    • 5. Genital herpes
    • 6. Genital warts (HPV)
    • 7. Hepatitis
    • 8. Syphilis
    • 9. Zika virus
    • Which specialties of doctors treat STDs in Men?
    • How are STDs in men diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for STDs in men?
    • What is the prognosis for STDs in men?
    • Can STDs in men be prevented?
  • Ectopic Pregnancy An ectopic pregnancy is a pregnancy located outside the inner lining of the uterus. The majority of ectopic pregnancies occur in...learn more »
  • Trichomoniasis Trichomoniasis is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) caused by a parasite passed from person to person. Trichomoniasis can be...learn more »
    In This Article
    Trichomoniasis Article
    • Trichomoniasis facts*
    • What is trichomoniasis?
    • How do you get trichomoniasis?
    • Who gets trichomoniasis?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of trichomoniasis?
    • Is there a test to diagnose trichomoniasis?
    • What is the treatment to cure trichomoniasis?
    • What can happen if trichomoniasis is not treated?
    • What should I do if I have trichomoniasis?
    • Does trichomoniasis affect pregnancy?
    • Can I take medicine to cure trichomoniasis if I am breastfeeding?
    • How can I prevent from getting trichomoniasis?
    • Can women who have sex with women get trichomoniasis?
  • Early Pregnancy Symptoms and Signs Pregnancy symptoms can vary from woman to woman, and not all women experience the same symptoms. When women do experience...learn more »
    In This Article
    Early Pregnancy Symptoms and Signs Article
    • Early pregnancy symptoms and signs facts
    • How soon do early pregnancy symptoms start?
    • Are pregnancy symptoms the same for every woman?
    • 16 signs and symptoms of early pregnancy
    • What are the later signs and symptoms and signs of pregnancy?
    • What options help soothe and relieve pregnancy symptoms?
    • Pregnancy symptoms vs. PMS (premenstrual syndrome)
  • Bleeding During Pregnancy (First Trimester) Bleeding during pregnancy is never normal. Causes of bleeding during the first trimester of a pregnancy may be caused by:...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bleeding During Pregnancy (First Trimester) Article
    • Bleeding during pregnancy facts
    • Is bleeding during pregnancy normal?
    • What is implantation bleeding during the first trimester?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of implantation bleeding?
    • What are other common causes of bleeding during the first trimester?
    • What are serious causes of bleeding during the first trimester of pregnancy?
    • Miscarriage
    • Molar Pregnancy
    • Ectopic pregnancy
    • Threatened miscarriage
    • Subchorionic hemorrhage
    • When should you call your doctor about bleeding during the first trimester?
    • How is the cause of bleeding during the first trimester of pregnancy diagnosed?
    • What about bleeding during the second and third trimesters of pregnancy?
  • Hepatitis C (HCV, Hep C) Hepatitis C is an inflammation of the liver due to the hepatitis C virus (HCV), which is usually spread by blood transfusion,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hepatitis C (HCV, Hep C) Article
    • Hepatitis C infection (HCV) facts
    • What is hepatitis C infection, and how many people are infected?
    • What is the hepatitis C virus?
    • What are the symptoms of hepatitis C infection?
    • What is the contagious period for hepatitis C?
    • What is the incubation period for hepatitis C?
    • How long does it take for symptoms to appear after contracting hepatitis C?
    • How is hepatitis C spread?
    • Can hepatitis C infection affect other organs besides the liver?
    • Who is at high risk and should be tested for hepatitis C infection?
    • What type of doctor treats hepatitis C?
    • How is hepatitis C diagnosed?
    • Liver biopsy and non-invasive tests for hepatitis C
    • What medications cure hepatitis C infection?
    • What are the treatment guidelines for hepatitis C?
    • What is the treatment for people with acute hepatitis C infection?
    • What are the side effects of treatments for hepatitis C infection?
    • What about liver transplantation for a person with hepatitis C?
    • How is monitoring done after treatment for hepatitis C?
    • What home remedies are available for hepatitis C?
    • What are the complications of undiagnosed hepatitis C?
    • Can hepatitis C be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis of hepatitis C?
    • What is the current research and what is in the future for hepatitis C?
  • Genital Warts in Women (HPV) Genital warts is an infection caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV). It is the most common sexually transmitted infection...learn more »
    In This Article
    Genital Warts in Women (HPV) Article
    • Genital warts definition and facts
    • What causes genital warts (HPV infection)?
    • How common is HPV infection?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of genital warts?
    • Is there a vaccine to prevent genital warts and HPV infection
    • Will birth control protect me from getting genital warts or HPV infection?
    • Is there a test to diagnose genital warts?
    • Is there a DNA test for types of HPV infection?
    • Is there a treatment that will cure genital warts (HPV infection)?
    • What if a woman has precancerous changes (dysplasia) of the cervix?
    • What should a person do if exposed to someone with genital warts?
  • Cytomegalovirus (CMV) Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a virus that is spread from person to person via spit, semen, vaginal secretions, urine, blood, sexual...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cytomegalovirus (CMV) Article
    • Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection facts
    • What is cytomegalovirus (CMV)?
    • What causes cytomegalovirus infection?
    • What are the risk factors for cytomegalovirus infection?
    • Is CMV contagious?
    • How long is cytomegalovirus contagious?
    • How is cytomegalovirus transmitted?
    • What is the incubation period for cytomegalovirus?
    • What are cytomegalovirus infection symptoms and signs?
    • What specialists treat cytomegalovirus infections?
    • How do physicians diagnose cytomegalovirus infection?
    • What is the treatment for cytomegalovirus infection?
    • What is the prognosis of cytomegalovirus infection?
    • What are complications of cytomegalovirus infection?
    • Is it possible to prevent cytomegalovirus infection? Is there a CMV vaccine?
  • Pelvic Inflammatory Disease Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is the most common and serious complication of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), aside from...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pelvic Inflammatory Disease Article
    • Pelvic inflammatory disease facts*
    • What causes pelvic inflammatory disease?
    • How common is pelvic inflammatory disease?
    • Are some women more likely to get pelvic inflammatory disease?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of pelvic inflammatory disease?
    • What is the treatment for pelvic inflammatory disease?
    • What should I do if I think I have an STI (sexually transmitted disease)
    • How can I keep myself from getting PID?
  • Sexually Transmitted Diseases in Women (STD) Sexually transmitted diseases, or STDs, are infections that are transmitted during any type of sexual exposure, including...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sexually Transmitted Diseases in Women (STD) Article
    • Sexually transmitted disease (STD) definition and facts
    • What are sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)?
    • 1. Gonorrhea
    • 2. Chlamydia
    • 4. Syphilis
    • 5. Genital herpes
    • 6. Human papillomaviruses (HPVs) and genital warts
    • 7. Chancroid
    • 8. Pubic lice and scabies (ectoparasitic infections)
    • 9. HIV and AIDS
    • 10. Hepatitis B
    • 11. Hepatitis C
    • 12. Zika virus
    • Which specialties of doctors treat STDs in women?
    • Conclusions
  • Puberty The time when boys and girls begin the process of sexual maturation is called puberty. During this time, both sexes undergo a...learn more »
    In This Article
    Puberty Article
    • Puberty facts
    • What is puberty?
    • When does puberty occur?
    • What determines when puberty begins?
    • What are the physical stages of puberty in girls and boys?
    • What other changes in the body occur during puberty in boys and girls?
    • What emotional changes occur in puberty in boys and girls?
    • What are the medical concerns associated with normal puberty?
    • What are medical conditions associated with early or late puberty?
  • Hepatitis B (HBV, Hep B) The hepatitis B virus (HBV, hep B) is a unique, coated DNA virus belonging to the Hepadnaviridae family of viruses. The course of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hepatitis B (HBV, Hep B) Article
    • Hepatitis B facts
    • What is hepatitis?
    • How is the hepatitis B virus spread (transmitted)?
    • What are the symptoms of acute hepatitis B?
    • What are the symptoms of chronic hepatitis B?
    • How is hepatitis B diagnosed?
    • What is the role of a liver biopsy in chronic hepatitis B?
    • What is the natural course of chronic hepatitis B?
    • What medications are used to treat hepatitis B?
    • What are the effects of alcohol on hepatitis B?
    • What are the effects of immunosuppressive medications on hepatitis B?
    • What is delta hepatitis?
    • What about co-infection with hepatitis B virus and hepatitis C virus?
    • What happens in co-infection with hepatitis B virus and HIV?
    • What is the role of liver transplantation in hepatitis B?
    • What can be done to prevent hepatitis B?
    • What is new in the treatment of hepatitis B?
  • Abdominal Adhesions (Scar Tissue) Abdominal adhesions (scar tissue) bands of scar tissue that form between abdominal organs and tissues. Symptoms of abdominal...learn more »
    In This Article
    Abdominal Adhesions (Scar Tissue) Article
    • Abdominal adhesions facts*
    • What are abdominal adhesions?
    • What causes abdominal adhesions?
    • How can abdominal adhesions cause intestinal obstruction?
    • How can abdominal adhesions cause female infertility?
    • What are the symptoms of abdominal adhesions?
    • What are the symptoms of an intestinal obstruction?
    • How are abdominal adhesions and intestinal obstructions diagnosed?
    • How are abdominal adhesions and intestinal obstructions treated?
    • Can abdominal adhesions be prevented?
  • Urethral Stricture A urethral stricture, or narrowing of the urethra, may cause decreased urine output. Symptoms include painful urination, urinary...learn more »
    In This Article
    Urethral Stricture Article
    • Urethral stricture facts
    • What is the urethra?
    • What is a urethral stricture?
    • What are the risk factors and causes of urethral strictures?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of a urethral stricture?
    • What type of doctor treats urethral obstruction?
    • How do physicians diagnose urethral strictures?
    • Are there any special tests for diagnosing urethral strictures?
    • What is the treatment for urethral strictures?
    • What surgical options are available for urethral strictures?
    • How are urethral strictures followed after repair?
    • What is the recovery period after surgery to repair a urethral stricture?
    • Is it possible to prevent a urethral stricture?
    • What is the prognosis for urethral stricture?
  • Pubic Lice (Crabs) Pubic lice (crabs) are parasitic insects found in the genital area, and are primarily spread through sexual contact. Symptoms of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pubic Lice (Crabs) Article
    • What are pubic lice?
    • What do pubic lice look like?
    • Where are pubic lice found?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of pubic lice?
    • How did I get pubic lice?
    • How is a pubic lice infestation diagnosed?
    • How are pubic lice treated?
  • Cervical Dysplasia Cervical dysplasia is a condition in which the cells of the inner lining of the cervix have precancerous changes. There are two...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cervical Dysplasia Article
    • Cervical dysplasia facts
    • What is cervical dysplasia?
    • What causes cervical dysplasia?
    • Are there signs and symptoms of cervical dysplasia?
    • How is cervical dysplasia diagnosed?
    • How is cervical dysplasia classified?
    • What are treatments for cervical dysplasia?
    • Carbon dioxide laser photoablation
    • Cryotherapy
    • Loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP)
    • Cold knife cone biopsy (conization)
    • Hysterectomy
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for cervical dysplasia?
    • Can cervical dysplasia be prevented?
  • Is Chlamydia Contagious? Chlamydia, a sexually tranmistted disease (STD), is the most common STD in the U.S. The incubation period for chlamydia ranges...learn more »
    In This Article
    Is Chlamydia Contagious? Article
    • Is chlamydia contagious?
    • What is the incubation period for chlamydia?
    • What are chlamydia symptoms and signs?
    • How is chlamydia transmitted?
    • How long is the contagious period for chlamydia?
    • When should someone seek medical care for chlamydia?
  • PMS vs. Pregnancy (Differences and Similarities) Many women have difficulty figuring out if they are pregnant, have PMS, or are about to start their period. The most common signs...learn more »
    In This Article
    PMS vs. Pregnancy (Differences and Similarities) Article
    • How can I tell if it is PMS or if I'm pregnant?
    • What is PMS (premenstrual syndrome)?
    • Signs and symptoms: Similarities between PMS vs. pregnancy
    • Signs and Symptoms: Differences between PMS vs. pregnancy
    • What symptoms are unique to pregnancy?
    • What is the two-week wait?
  • Healthy Living and Disease Prevention The importance of a healthy lifestyle in disease prevention is widely understood and most people know that lifestyle changes and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Healthy Living and Disease Prevention Article
    • Healthy living facts
    • Eating (diet)
    • Physical activity and exercise
    • Avoid tobacco use
    • Avoid excessive alcohol consumption
    • Avoid high-risk sexual behaviors
    • Avoid other high-risk behaviors
    • Additional tips for healthy living
  • Is Pinkeye Contagious? Pinkeye (conjunctivitis) is inflammation of the conjunctiva. Whether pinkeye is contagious depends upon what is causing the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Is Pinkeye Contagious? Article
    • What is pinkeye?
    • Is pinkeye contagious? What is the incubation period for pinkeye?
    • How will I know when I have pinkeye?
    • How do people transmit pinkeye?
    • How long does pinkeye last? What is the contagious period for pinkeye?
    • When should I contact a health-care provider about pinkeye?
  • Is Scabies Contagious? The Sarcoptes scabiei mite causes scabies in humans. Close skin-to-skin contact can transmit scabies. The incubation period for...learn more »
    In This Article
    Is Scabies Contagious? Article
    • What is scabies?
    • Is scabies contagious?
    • What is the contagious period for scabies?
    • How will I know if I have scabies? What is the incubation period for scabies?
    • How is scabies transmitted?
    • How will I know if I am cured of scabies?
    • When should I contact a medical caregiver about scabies?
  • Women's Health Women's health is an important topic area to guide a woman through the stages of her life, as well as knowing the conditions and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Women's Health Article
    • Introduction to women's health
    • Women's general health and wellness
    • Female anatomy
    • The female reproductive System
    • Female hormones
    • Diseases more common in women
    • Cancer in women
    • Women's cosmetic concerns
    • Menstruation
    • Sexuality
    • Fertility, birth control, and infertility
    • Pregnancy
    • Motherhood
    • Menopause
    • The mature woman - post menopause
  • Pregnancy Planning Pregnancy planning is an important step in preparation for starting or expanding a family. Planning for a pregnancy includes:...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pregnancy Planning Article
    • Pregnancy planning definition and facts
    • What is pregnancy planning?
    • What are the goals pre-pregnancy planning?
    • What is a pregnancy calendar or calculator?
    • How soon can a woman start trying to conceive after stopping birth control?
    • What are dietary considerations for pregnancy planning?
    • How much weight gain is recommended in pregnancy?
    • What about alcohol consumption and pregnancy planning?
    • Should I exercise when pregnant?
    • Is it safe to have sexual intercourse during pregnancy?
    • Is it safe to diet during pregnancy?
    • Is air travel safe for pregnant women?
    • Do medications need to be stopped when planning pregnancy or when a woman becomes pregnant?
    • What infections should be avoided in pregnancy?
  • Birth Control Options (Types and Side Effects) Birth control is available in a variety of methods and types. The method of birth control varies from person to person, and...learn more »
  • Is Sepsis Contagious? Sepsis is a potentially life-threatening infection that may be caused by: bacteria, fungi, viruses, or parasites....learn more »
    In This Article
    Is Sepsis Contagious? Article
    • What is sepsis?
    • Is sepsis contagious?
    • How will I know if someone has sepsis?
    • How is sepsis transmitted?
    • When will I know I am cured of sepsis?
    • When should I contact a health-care provider about sepsis?
  • Preeclampsia and Eclampsia Preeclampsia is a condition in pregnant women marked by high blood pressure and a high level of protein in the urine. Eclampsia...learn more »
    In This Article
    Preeclampsia and Eclampsia Article
    • Preeclampsia and eclampsia facts
    • What are preeclampsia and eclampsia?
    • What causes preeclampsia and eclampsia?
    • Who is at risk for preeclampsia and eclampsia?
    • What are the symptoms of preeclampsia and eclampsia?
    • How are preeclampsia and eclampsia diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for preeclampsia and eclampsia?
    • What are complications of preeclampsia and eclampsia?
    • Can preeclampsia and eclampsia be prevented?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for preeclampsia and eclampsia?
  • Getting Pregnant (Tips for Trying to Conceive) Trying to get conceive, or become pregnant can be challenging, frustrating, and an emotional rollercoaster for some couples. A...learn more »
    In This Article
    Getting Pregnant (Tips for Trying to Conceive) Article
    • Trying to Conceive Facts*
    • Fertility Awareness
    • Basal body temperature method
    • Calendar method
    • Cervical mucus method
    • When to see your doctor if you are having problems conceiving
    • Infertility
    • Age
    • Health Problems
    • Options for infertile couples
    • Adoption
    • Counseling and support groups
  • HPV (Human Papillomavirus Infection) HPVs or human papillomaviruses are a group of viral infections of the skin and mucous membranes. Certain high-risk types of HPV...learn more »
    In This Article
    HPV (Human Papillomavirus Infection) Article
    • Facts and definition of HPV
    • What is HPV (human papillomavirus)?
    • Is HPV an STD?
    • Who gets infected with HPV?
    • Is HPV contagious? How do you get HPV?
    • How is HPV transmitted or spread?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of HPV in men and women?
    • What about HPV infection and pregnancy?
    • Is there a vaccine against HPV infection in men and women?
    • What are the risks and side effects of the HPV vaccine?
    • Who is at risk for contracting HPV infection?
    • Is there a test for HPV infection?
    • Is there a treatment or cure for HPV?
    • Which specialties of doctors treat HPV infection in men and women?
    • Are oral and genital HPV infections the same?
    • How long is someone with HPV contagious?
    • Does HPV infection cause cancer?
    • What is the prognosis for a person with HPV infection?
  • Is Hepatitis B Contagious? Hepatitis B is a type of liver infection. Hepatitis B is spread through person-to-person contact or through personal items like...learn more »
    In This Article
    Is Hepatitis B Contagious? Article
    • What is hepatitis B?
    • Is hepatitis B contagious?
    • How will I know if I'm infected with hepatitis B?
    • How is hepatitis B spread?
    • How will I know if an individual is cured of hepatitis B?
    • When should I contact a health-care professional about hepatitis B?
  • Zika Virus (Zika Fever) The Zika virus is transmitted by the bite of an infected Aedes mosquito. Symptoms and signs of a Zika virus infection include...learn more »
    In This Article
    Zika Virus (Zika Fever) Article
    • Zika virus facts
    • What is Zika virus?
    • What is the history of Zika virus outbreaks?
    • What are causes and risk factors of a Zika virus infection?
    • How is the Zika virus transmitted?
    • What is the incubation period for a Zika virus infection?
    • Is the Zika virus contagious?
    • What is the contagious period for a Zika virus infection?
    • What are symptoms and signs of a Zika virus infection?
    • What exams and tests do health-care professionals use to diagnose a Zika virus infection?
    • Can people who have returned from a country with active Zika outbreaks get tested for the infection?
    • Are there home remedies for a Zika virus infection?
    • What is the treatment for a Zika virus infection?
    • What specialists treat Zika infections?
    • What are the complications of Zika virus infections?
    • What are the risks of contracting a Zika virus infection during pregnancy?
    • What is the prognosis of a Zika virus infection?
    • Is it possible to prevent a Zika virus infection?
    • Is there a vaccine against Zika virus?
    • CDC advisory on travel to areas with Zika virus, including the U.S. (Florida)
  • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome AIDS is the advanced stage of HIV infection. Symptoms and signs of AIDS include pneumonia due to Pneumocystis jiroveci,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome Article
    • Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) facts
    • What does AIDS stand for? What causes AIDS?
    • What is the history of AIDS?
    • What are symptoms and signs of AIDS?
    • What are risk factors for developing AIDS?
    • How is AIDS diagnosed?
    • AIDS vs. HIV
    • What is the treatment for HIV/AIDS?
    • What is the treatment for HIV during pregnancy?
    • What is the treatment for non-HIV-infected people who are exposed to the genital secretions or blood of someone with HIV?
    • What are the complications of HIV?
    • What is the prognosis for HIV infection?
    • Can HIV infection be prevented?
    • Is there a vaccine for HIV?
    • What research is being done to find a cure for HIV?
    • Where can a person find information about clinical trials for HIV and AIDS?
  • Hepatitis A and B Vaccinations Hepatitis A and hepatitis B are the two most commnon viruses that infect the liver. Hepatitis A and Hepatitis B can be prevented...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hepatitis A and B Vaccinations Article
    • What is hepatitis?
    • Hepatitis A vaccine
    • Hepatitis B vaccine
  • Pelvic Pain (in Women and Men) There are numerous causes of pelvic pain in women and men. Causes of pelvic pain in women and men include: Pelvic pain...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pelvic Pain (in Women and Men) Article
    • Facts about pelvic pain
    • What is the pelvis?
    • What is pelvic pain?
    • What other symptoms are associated with pelvic pain?
    • What are the causes of pelvic pain during pregnancy?
    • What are the causes of pelvic pain in women?
    • What are the causes of pelvic pain in women and men?
    • What are causes of pelvic pain in men?
    • When to seek medical care for pelvic pain
    • Which specialties of doctors treat pelvic pain?
    • How is pelvic pain diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for pelvic pain?
    • Can pelvic pain be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for a person with pelvic pain?
  • Trachoma Trachoma is an infectious disease caused by the Chlamydia trachomatis bacteria. Symptoms and signs include redness and irritation...learn more »
    In This Article
    Trachoma Article
    • Trachoma facts
    • What is trachoma? Is trachoma contagious?
    • How does trachoma manifest itself?
    • What is the cause of trachoma?
    • What are trachoma symptoms and signs?
    • How is trachoma diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for trachoma?
    • How long does trachoma last?
    • Can trachoma be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for trachoma?
    • What are complications of trachoma?
    • What research is being done on trachoma?
  • Masturbation Just about everybody masturbates. Masturbation itself is the self-stimulation of the male or female genitals to achieve sexual...learn more »
    In This Article
    Masturbation Article
    • Introduction to masturbation
    • Who masturbates?
    • Why do people masturbate?
    • Is masturbation normal?
    • Is masturbation harmful?
  • Is Hepatitis Contagious? Hepatitis means "inflammation of the liver," and there are several different types of such as A, B, C, D, and E. Some types of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Is Hepatitis Contagious? Article
    • What is hepatitis?
    • Is hepatitis contagious?
    • How will I know if I have hepatitis?
    • How is hepatitis spread?
    • When will I know I'm cured of hepatitis?
    • When should I contact doctor about hepatitis?
  • Antibiotic Resistance (Drug Resistance, Antimicrobial Resistance) Drug resistance (antimicrobial resistance) is the ability of bacteria, fungi, parasites, and viruses to grow, even in the...learn more »
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    • Drug resistance facts*
    • Antimicrobial
    • Antibiotic
    • Antibacterial
    • MRSA and VRE
    • What is drug resistance?
    • History of antimicrobial drug resistance
    • Causes of antimicrobial drug resistance
    • Diagnosis of antimicrobial drug resistance
    • Treatment of antimicrobial drug resistance
    • Prevention of antimicrobial drug resistance
    • Antimicrobial resistance: A growing health issue
    • Methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)
    • Vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE)
    • Microbes increasingly resistant to drugs
  • HIV vs. AIDS Human immunodeficiency virus causes HIV infection. Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is a condition that results after...learn more »
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    • HIV vs. AIDS facts
    • What are causes and risk factors for HIV and AIDS?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of HIV and AIDS?
    • What tests do health care professionals use to diagnose HIV and AIDS?
    • What are treatments and medications for HIV and AIDS?
    • What is the prognosis of HIV and AIDS?
    • Is it possible to prevent HIV and AIDS?
  • Pregnancy and Drugs (Prescription and OTC) Taking prescription medications or over-the-counter drugs or supplements should be discussed with your doctor. There are some...learn more »
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    Pregnancy and Drugs (Prescription and OTC) Article
    • Is it safe to use medicine while I am pregnant?
    • How should I decide whether to use a medicine while I am pregnant?
    • Where do doctors and nurses find out about using medicines during pregnancy?
    • How do prescription and over-the-counter (OTC) medicine labels help my doctor choose the right medicine for me when I am pregnant?
    • What if I'm thinking about getting pregnant?
    • Is it safe to use medicine while I am trying to become pregnant?
    • What if I get sick and need to use medicine while I am pregnant?
    • I have a health problem. Should I stop using my medicine while I am pregnant?
    • Are vitamins safe for me while I am pregnant?
    • Are herbal remedies or natural products safe for me when I am pregnant?
    • In the future, will there be better ways to know if medicines are safe to use during pregnancy?
    • For more information
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    Reproductive Health Article
    • Menstruation and menopause
    • Pregnancy and preconception care
    • Fertility/Infertility
    • Contraception
    • Sexually transmitted diseases and AIDS/HIV
  • Pregnancy Diet (Menu Plans) When a woman is pregnant she needs more vitamins, minerals, and other foods in her diet to stay healthy and deliver a healthy...learn more »
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    Pregnancy Diet (Menu Plans) Article
    • Pregnancy diet plan definition and facts
    • Is there a pre-pregnancy diet plan?
    • What is a healthy pregnancy diet plan?
    • What foods are part of a pregnancy diet menu plan?
    • How much weight is OK to gain during pregnancy?
    • Is it OK to diet during pregnancy?
    • Low carb diet menu plans during pregnancy
    • Dr. Brewer Pregnancy Diet
    • Holistic diet menu plan during pregnancy
    • Vegetarian and vegan diet menu plans during pregnancy
    • Protein needs during pregnancy
    • Iron needs during pregnancy
    • Folate needs during pregnancy
    • Calcium during pregnancy
    • Iodine needs during pregnancy
    • Zinc needs during pregnancy
    • Vitamin D needs during pregnancy
    • Are supplements, herbs, and over-the-counter (OTC) medications safe to take during pregnancy?
    • What foods and exercise help morning sickness and heartburn symptoms?
    • What about a post pregnancy diet?
    • What foods, drinks, or medicatons should be avoided during pregnancy?
  • Teens Teenagers recognize that they are developmentally between child and adult. Teen health prevention includes maintaining a healthy...learn more »
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    • What's involved with teen disease prevention?
    • What can teens expect during health checkups?
    • What immunizations do teenagers need?
  • Pregnancy Changes and Body Discomforts Pregnancy can bring challenges like weight gain, stretch marks, varicose veins, heartburn, constipation,...learn more »
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    • Natural remedies for pregnancy changes and body discomforts facts*
    • Introduction to natural remedies for pregnancy changes and body discomforts
    • Body aches
    • Breast changes
    • Constipation
    • Fatigue, sleep problems
    • Heartburn and indigestion
    • Hemorrhoids
    • Leg cramps
    • Morning sickness
    • Swelling
    • Urinary frequency and leaking
    • Varicose veins
    • Stretch marks, skin changes
    • Nasal problems
    • Numb or tingling hands
    • Dizziness
    • Itching
  • Disease Prevention in Women Disease prevention in women includes screening tests that are a basic part of prevention medicine. All screening tests are...learn more »
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    Disease Prevention in Women Article
    • Disease prevention in women overview
    • Osteoporosis
    • Breast cancer
    • High blood pressure (hypertension)
    • Cervical cancer
    • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
    • Hypercholesterolemia (hyperlipidemia, dyslipidemia)
    • Type II diabetes mellitus
    • Cancer of colon and rectum / polyps of colon and rectum
    • Bladder cancer
    • Glaucoma
    • Melanoma and other skin cancers
  • Embryo vs. Fetus (Differences between Stages Week by Week) The embryonic stage of pregnancy occurs from the moment of conception until the 11th week pregnancy, or first trimester....learn more »
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    • Embryo vs. fetus week by week
    • What is an embryo?
    • What is a fetus?
    • The developing embryo: Week #4 to Week #11
    • Fetal period: week #12 to week #40
    • Your first prenatal visit with your doctor or midwife
    • Which stage has the most risk of miscarriage?
  • Pain Relief Options for Childbirth Women experience and tolerate pain differently. For some pregnant women, focused breathing is all they need to get through labor...learn more »
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    • Labor and Delivery: Pain control options introduction
    • Regional anesthesia: spinal and epidural blocks
    • Local anesthesia
    • Pudendal block
    • Narcotics
    • Nitrous oxide
  • Doula vs. Midwife (Differences between Care, Costs, & Duties) A midwife and doula are not the same thing. A doula's job is to provide non-medical, emotional, and personal support to a...learn more »
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    • Doula vs. midwife quick comparison of differences
    • What is a doula? Can a doula deliver babies?
    • What is a midwife? Can a midwife deliver a baby?
    • Do doulas and midwives require certifications?
    • Similarities between doula vs. midwife
    • Differences between a doula vs. midwife
    • Can I use both a doula and midwife for my pregnancy and birth?
    • When should a doctor be consulted during pregnancy or assisted birth?
    • How much does a doula cost? How much does a midwife cost?