Dr. Roxanne Dryden-Edwards is an adult, child, and adolescent psychiatrist. She is a former Chair of the Committee on Developmental Disabilities for the American Psychiatric Association, Assistant Professor of Psychiatry at Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore, Maryland, and Medical Director of the National Center for Children and Families in Bethesda, Maryland.
Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD, is a U.S. board-certified Anatomic Pathologist with subspecialty training in the fields of Experimental and Molecular Pathology. Dr. Stöppler's educational background includes a BA with Highest Distinction from the University of Virginia and an MD from the University of North Carolina. She completed residency training in Anatomic Pathology at Georgetown University followed by subspecialty fellowship training in molecular diagnostics and experimental pathology.
What happens if separation anxiety disorder is left untreated?
Separation anxiety disorder puts its sufferers at risk for depression and anxiety problems as adults, as well as personality disorders, in which anxiety is a major symptom.
Where can I find more information on separation anxiety disorder?
American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
3615 Wisconsin Avenue NW
Washington, DC 20016
Fax: 202-966-2891 http://www.aacap.org
American Academy of Pediatrics
141 Northwest Point Boulevard
Elk Grove Village, IL 60007-1098
Email: firstname.lastname@example.org http://www.aap.org
Anxiety Disorders Association of America (ADAA)
8730 Georgia Avenue, Suite 600
Silver Spring, MD 20910
Email: email@example.com http://www.adaa.org
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), Public Information & Communication Branch
6001 Executive Boulevard, Room 8184, MSC 9663
Bethesda, MD 20892-9663
Toll Free: 1-866-615-6464
TTY Toll Free: 1-866-415-8051
Email: firstname.lastname@example.org http://www.nimh.nih.gov
Medically reviewed by Douglas Barton, MD; Board Certified Pediatrics
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American Academy of Pediatrics. "Separation Anxiety Disorder: Planning Treatment." Pediatrics in Review 21
den Boer, J.A. "Social Phobia: Epidemiology, Recognition and Treatment." British Medical Journal
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Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition,
Treatment Revision. American Psychiatric Association: Washington, D.C., 2000.
Foley, D.L., D.B. Goldston, E.J. Costello, and A. Angold. "Proximal Psychiatric Risk Factors for Suicidality in Youth."
Archives of General Psychiatry 63 (2006): 1017-1024.
Foley, D., M. Rutter, A. Pickles, A. Angold, M. Hermine, J. Silberg, and L. Eaves. "Informant
Disagreement for Separation Anxiety Disorder." Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
43.4 Apr. 2004: 452-460.
Fremont, W.P. "School Refusal in Children and Adolescents." American Family Physician Oct. 15, 2003.
Lewinsohn, P.M., J.M. Holm-Denoma, J.W. Small, J.R. Seeley, and T.E. Joiner. "Separation Anxiety Disorder in Childhood as a Risk Factor for Future Mental Illness." Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 47.5 May 2008: 548-555.
Masi, G., M. Mucci, and S. Millepiedi. "Separation Anxiety Disorder in Children and Adolescents: Epidemiology, Diagnosis and Management." CNS Drugs 15.2 (2001): 93-104.
National Institute of Mental Health. "Behavioral Therapy Effectively Treats Children With Social Phobia." Dec. 17, 2007.
Osone, A., and S. Takahashi. "Possible Link Between Childhood Separation Anxiety and Adulthood Personality Disorder in Patients With Anxiety Disorders in Japan." Journal of Clinical Psychiatry 67.9 Sept. 2006: 1451-1457.
Talge, N.M., C. Neal, and V. Glover. "Antenatal Maternal Stress and Long-Term Effects on Child Neurodevelopment: How and Why?" Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 48.3-4 Mar. 7, 2007: 245-261.
van der Linden, G.J., D.J. Stein, and A.J. van Balkom. "The Efficacy of the Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors for Social Anxiety Disorder (Social Phobia): A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials." International Clinical Psychopharmacology 15.2 Aug. 2000: S15-S23.
Walkup, J.T., M.J. Labellarte, M.A. Riddle, D.S. Pine, L. Greenhill, R. Klein,
et al. "Fluvoxamine for the Treatment of Anxiety Disorders in Children and Adolescents." New England Journal of Medicine 344.17 Apr. 26, 2001: 1279-1285.