Separation Anxiety (cont.)

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What happens if separation anxiety disorder is left untreated?

Separation anxiety disorder puts its sufferers at risk for depression and anxiety problems as adults, as well as personality disorders, in which anxiety is a major symptom.

Where can I find more information on separation anxiety disorder?

American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
3615 Wisconsin Avenue NW
Washington, DC 20016
Phone: 202-966-7300
Fax: 202-966-2891

American Academy of Pediatrics
141 Northwest Point Boulevard
Elk Grove Village, IL 60007-1098
Phone: 847-434-4000
Fax: 847-434-8000

Anxiety Disorders Association of America (ADAA)
8730 Georgia Avenue, Suite 600
Silver Spring, MD 20910
Phone: 240-485-1001
Fax: 240-485-1035

National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), Public Information & Communication Branch
6001 Executive Boulevard, Room 8184, MSC 9663
Bethesda, MD 20892-9663
Phone: 301-443-4513
Toll Free: 1-866-615-6464
TTY: 301-443-8431
TTY Toll Free: 1-866-415-8051
Fax: 301-443-4279

Medically reviewed by Douglas Barton, MD; Board Certified Pediatrics


American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. "Practice Parameter for the Assessment and Treatment of Children and Adolescents With Anxiety Disorders." Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 46.2 (2007): 267-283.

American Academy of Pediatrics. "Separation Anxiety Disorder: Planning Treatment." Pediatrics in Review 21 (2000): 248.

den Boer, J.A. "Social Phobia: Epidemiology, Recognition and Treatment." British Medical Journal 315 (1997): 796-800.

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Treatment Revision. American Psychiatric Association: Washington, D.C., 2000.

Foley, D.L., D.B. Goldston, E.J. Costello, and A. Angold. "Proximal Psychiatric Risk Factors for Suicidality in Youth." Archives of General Psychiatry 63 (2006): 1017-1024.

Foley, D., M. Rutter, A. Pickles, A. Angold, M. Hermine, J. Silberg, and L. Eaves. "Informant Disagreement for Separation Anxiety Disorder." Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 43.4 Apr. 2004: 452-460.

Fremont, W.P. "School Refusal in Children and Adolescents." American Family Physician Oct. 15, 2003.

Lewinsohn, P.M., J.M. Holm-Denoma, J.W. Small, J.R. Seeley, and T.E. Joiner. "Separation Anxiety Disorder in Childhood as a Risk Factor for Future Mental Illness." Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 47.5 May 2008: 548-555.

Masi, G., M. Mucci, and S. Millepiedi. "Separation Anxiety Disorder in Children and Adolescents: Epidemiology, Diagnosis and Management." CNS Drugs 15.2 (2001): 93-104.

National Institute of Mental Health. "Behavioral Therapy Effectively Treats Children With Social Phobia." Dec. 17, 2007.

Osone, A., and S. Takahashi. "Possible Link Between Childhood Separation Anxiety and Adulthood Personality Disorder in Patients With Anxiety Disorders in Japan." Journal of Clinical Psychiatry 67.9 Sept. 2006: 1451-1457.

Physicians' Desk Reference Staff. Physicians' Desk Reference, 62 ed. Blackwell Publishing: Oxford, United Kingdom, 2008.

Talge, N.M., C. Neal, and V. Glover. "Antenatal Maternal Stress and Long-Term Effects on Child Neurodevelopment: How and Why?" Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 48.3-4 Mar. 7, 2007: 245-261.

van der Linden, G.J., D.J. Stein, and A.J. van Balkom. "The Efficacy of the Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors for Social Anxiety Disorder (Social Phobia): A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials." International Clinical Psychopharmacology 15.2 Aug. 2000: S15-S23.

Walkup, J.T., M.J. Labellarte, M.A. Riddle, D.S. Pine, L. Greenhill, R. Klein, et al. "Fluvoxamine for the Treatment of Anxiety Disorders in Children and Adolescents." New England Journal of Medicine 344.17 Apr. 26, 2001: 1279-1285.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 1/23/2014

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