Senior Health Related Diseases & Conditions

You are reading this article to get healthier and help prevent disease. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments related to Senior Health. The conditions and diseases listed below may be helped by the healthy lifestyle interventions outlined in the article.

  • Heat Rash Heat rash is a skin irritation caused by excessive sweating. It can occur at any age and it appears as a rash that itches or...learn more »
    In This Article
    Heat Rash Article
    • Heat rash facts
    • What is heat rash?
    • What are the causes of heat rash?
    • What are the symptoms of heat rash in children and adults?
    • Who is at risk for heat rash?
    • What does heat rash look like?
    • Heat rash pictures
    • How is heat rash diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for heat rash?
    • Home remedies for heat rash
    • Medical treatment for heat rash
    • How can heat rash be prevented?
    • How effective are electric fans in preventing heat rash?
    • How can people protect their health when temperatures are extremely high?
    • How much water should I drink in hot weather?
    • Should I take salt tablets during hot weather?
    • What is the best clothing for hot weather or a heat wave?
    • What is the prognosis for heat rash?
  • Low Blood Pressure (Hypotension) Low blood pressure, also referred to as hypotension, is blood pressure that is so low that it causes symptoms or signs due to the...learn more »
  • Lower Back Pain There are many causes of back pain. Pain in the low back can relate to the bony lumbar spine, discs between the vertebrae,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Lower Back Pain Article
    • Low back pain facts
    • What is the anatomy of the low back?
    • What is the function of the low back?
    • What are common causes of lower back pain?
    • What are other causes of lower back pain?
    • What are uncommon causes of low back pain?
    • What are other symptoms and signs sometimes associated with low back pain?
    • How is low back pain diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for low back pain?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for low back pain?
    • Can low back pain be prevented?
  • Cirrhosis (Liver) Cirrhosis of the liver refers to a disease in which normal liver cells are replaced by scar tissue caused by alcohol and viral...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cirrhosis (Liver) Article
    • Cirrhosis facts
    • What is cirrhosis?
    • Why does cirrhosis cause problems?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of cirrhosis?
    • What are the complications of cirrhosis?
    • What are the common causes of cirrhosis?
    • How is cirrhosis diagnosed and evaluated?
    • How is cirrhosis treated?
    • What is new and in the future for cirrhosis?
  • Anemia Anemia is the condition of having less than the normal number of red blood cells or less than the normal quantity of hemoglobin...learn more »
  • Diverticulitis (Diverticulosis, Diverticular Disease) Diverticulitis is a condition in which diverticuli in the colon rupture. The rupture results in infection in the tissues that...learn more »
    In This Article
    Diverticulitis (Diverticulosis, Diverticular Disease) Article
    • Diverticulosis and diverticulitis facts
    • What is diverticulosis?
    • What is diverticulitis?
    • What are diverticulitis symptoms?
    • What causes diverticula and how do diverticula form?
    • What are the more serious complications of diverticulitis?
    • How are the diagnosis of diverticulitis and diverticulosis made?
    • What is the treatment for diverticulitis and diverticulosis?
    • Medical treatment of diverticulitis and diverticulosis
    • Surgical treatment for diverticulitis
    • What can be done to prevent diverticulitis and diverticulosis?
  • Menopause Menopause is the time in a woman's life when menstrual periods permanently stop, also called the "change of life." Menopause...learn more »
    In This Article
    Menopause Article
    • Menopause facts
    • What is menopause?
    • At what age does a woman typically reach menopause?
    • What conditions can affect the timing of menopause?
    • What are the symptoms of menopause?
    • What are the complications and effects of menopause on chronic medical conditions?
    • Are hormone levels or other blood tests helpful in detecting menopause?
    • What are the treatment options for the symptoms of menopause?
    • Hormone therapy for menopause
    • Other medical therapies for menopause
    • Alternative therapies for menopause
    • Non-hormone therapies for menopause
    • Lifestyle factors in managing menopause symptoms
  • Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) Congestive heart failure (CHF) refers to a condition in which the heart loses the ability to function properly. Heart disease,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) Article
    • What is congestive heart failure (CHF)?
    • What causes congestive heart failure?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of congestive heart failure?
    • What are the risk factors for congestive heart failure?
    • How is congestive heart failure diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for congestive heart failure?
    • What is the prognosis for congestive heart failure?
    • Can congestive heart failure be prevented?
  • Dehydration Dehydration is the excessive loss of body water. There are a number of causes of dehydration including heat exposure, prolonged...learn more »
    In This Article
    Dehydration Article
    • Dehydration facts
    • What is dehydration?
    • What causes dehydration?
    • Dehydration pictures
    • What are the signs and symptoms of dehydration?
    • What about dehydration in children?
    • How is dehydration diagnosed?
    • How is dehydration treated?
    • Can I treat dehydration at home?
    • What are the complications of dehydration?
    • How can dehydration be prevented?
  • Diabetes (Type 1 and Type 2) Diabetes mellitus is a chronic condition characterized by high levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood. The two types of diabetes...learn more »
    In This Article
    Diabetes (Type 1 and Type 2) Article
    • Diabetes facts
    • What is diabetes?
    • What is the impact of diabetes?
    • What causes diabetes?
    • What are the different types of diabetes?
    • Type 1 diabetes
    • Type 2 diabetes
    • Other types of diabetes
    • What are diabetes symptoms?
    • How is diabetes diagnosed?
    • Why is blood sugar checked at home?
    • What are the acute complications of diabetes?
    • What are the chronic complications of diabetes?
    • What can be done to slow diabetes complications?
  • Colon Cancer Colon cancer is a malignancy that arises from the inner lining of the colon. Most, if not all, of these cancers develop from...learn more »
    In This Article
    Colon Cancer Article
    • Colon cancer facts
    • What is cancer?
    • What is cancer of the colon and rectum?
    • What are the causes of colon cancer?
    • What are the symptoms of colon cancer?
    • What tests can be done to detect colon cancer?
    • How can colon cancer be prevented?
    • What are the treatments and survival for colon cancer?
    • What is the follow-up care for colon cancer?
    • What does the future hold for patients with colorectal cancer?
  • Edema Edema is the swelling of tissues as a result of excess water accumulations. Peripheral edema occurs in the feet and legs. There...learn more »
    In This Article
    Edema Article
    • Edema facts
    • What is edema?
    • What is pitting edema and how does it differ from non-pitting edema?
    • What causes pitting edema?
    • How does salt intake affect edema?
    • Why does a patient with heart disease retain fluid?
    • Why do patients with liver disease develop ascites and edema?
    • Why does edema occur in patients with kidney disease?
    • What is idiopathic edema?
    • How does venous insufficiency cause edema?
    • Which diuretics are used to treat edema?
    • Are diuretics used for other purposes?
  • Bladder Infection (Cystitis) Bladder infection is an infection of the bladder, usually caused by bacteria or, rarely, by Candida. Certain people, including...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bladder Infection (Cystitis) Article
    • What is a bladder infection?
    • What causes bladder infections?
    • What are some risk factors for bladder infection?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of a bladder infection in women?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of a bladder infection in men?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of a bladder infection in children?
    • How is a bladder infection diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a bladder infection?
    • Are home remedies effective for a bladder infection?
    • How is a bladder infection during pregnancy treated?
    • What are potential complications of a bladder infection?
    • Can bladder infections be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for a bladder infection?
  • Ovarian Cancer There are many types of ovarian cancer, epithelial carcinoma is the most common. Women with a family history of ovarian cancer...learn more »
    In This Article
    Ovarian Cancer Article
    • What is ovarian cancer?
    • Epithelial ovarian cancer
    • Borderline ovarian tumors
    • Germ cell ovarian cancers
    • Stromal ovarian cancers
    • The statistics for ovarian cancer
    • What are the risk factors for ovarian cancer?
    • What are ovarian cancer symptoms and signs?
    • How is ovarian cancer diagnosed?
    • How is ovarian cancer staging determined?
    • What is the treatment for ovarian cancer?
    • What is the prognosis of ovarian cancer?
    • Can ovarian cancer be prevented?
  • High Blood Pressure High blood pressure is defined as a pressure of 140/90 mmHg or higher in the arteries. Genetic factors, high salt intake, and...learn more »
    In This Article
    High Blood Pressure Article
    • What is high blood pressure?
    • What causes high blood pressure?
    • How is blood pressure measured?
    • What do blood pressure readings mean?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of high blood pressure?
    • How is high blood pressure diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for high blood pressure?
    • What are the potential risks and complications of untreated high blood pressure?
    • What dietary strategies can help lower high blood pressure?
    • How does exercise help lower high blood pressure?
    • Is complementary and alternative medicine effective for treating high blood pressure?
  • Gallstones Gallstones are stones that form when substances in the bile harden. Gallstones (formed in the gallbladder) can be as small as a...learn more »
    In This Article
    Gallstones Article
    • Gallstones facts
    • What are gallstones?
    • What causes gallstones?
    • Who is at risk for gallstones?
    • What are the symptoms of gallstones?
    • What are the complications of gallstones?
    • What is the relationship of gallbladder sludge to gallstones?
    • How are gallstones diagnosed?
    • What are the potential pitfalls of diagnosing gallstones?
    • How are gallstones treated?
    • Can gallstones be prevented?
    • Can symptoms continue after gallstones are removed?
    • What is new with gallstones?
  • Knee Pain Acute injuries, medical conditions, and chronic use conditions are causes of knee pain. Symptoms and signs that accompany knee...learn more »
    In This Article
    Knee Pain Article
    • Knee pain facts
    • What is knee pain?
    • What are knee pain symptoms and signs?
    • What causes knee pain?
    • What are risk factors for knee pain?
    • When should people with knee pain call a health-care professional?
    • What are some of the complications of knee pain?
    • How do physicians diagnose knee pain?
    • What is the treatment for knee pain?
    • Are there any home remedies for relief of knee pain?
    • What is the prognosis of knee pain?
  • Vitiligo Vitiligo is a condition in which the skin turns white due to the loss of pigment from the melanocytes, cells that produce the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Vitiligo Article
    • Vitiligo facts*
    • What is vitiligo, and what causes it?
    • Who is affected by vitiligo, and is vitiligo inherited?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of vitiligo?
    • Will the depigmented patches spread?
    • How is vitiligo diagnosed?
    • How can people cope with the emotional and psychological aspects of vitiligo?
    • What treatment options are available for vitiligo?
    • Medical therapies
    • Surgical therapies
    • Additional therapies
    • What research is being done on vitiligo?
    • Where can people find more information about vitiligo?
  • Broken Foot There are several bones in the foot, and these bones can be broken (fractured) in a variety of ways. Falling from heights,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Broken Foot Article
    • Broken foot facts
    • What is the structure of the foot?
    • What are the causes of a broken foot?
    • Pictures of the bones in the foot
    • What are the symptoms of a broken foot?
    • When should I call the doctor for foot pain?
    • How is a broken foot diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a broken foot?
    • What are the complications of a broken foot?
    • Can a broken foot be prevented?
  • Cervical Cancer Cervical cancer is cancer of the entrance to the womb (uterus). Regular pelvic exams and Pap testing can detect precancerous...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cervical Cancer Article
    • Cervical cancer facts*
    • What is the cervix?
    • What is cancer?
    • What are the risk factors and causes of cervical cancer?
    • What are the symptoms of cervical cancer?
    • How is cervical cancer diagnosed?
    • How is staging of cervical cancer determined?
    • What is the treatment for cervical cancer?
    • What are methods of treatment for cervical cancer?
    • How do I go about getting a second opinion?
    • What follow-up care is involved after cervical cancer treatment?
    • What support, research, and clinical trials information is available for cervical cancer patients?
  • Breast Lumps (In Women) Breast lumps in women can have a variety of causes such as breast inflammation, infection, injuries, cancer, and non-cancerous...learn more »
    In This Article
    Breast Lumps (In Women) Article
    • Breast lumps facts
    • What are causes of breast lumps?
    • Infections that cause breast lumps
    • Injuries that cause breast lumps
    • Non-cancerous growths that cause breast lumps
    • Symptoms of breast cancer
    • What determines breast cancer risk?
    • How are breast lumps evaluated?
    • How can a woman be certain that a lump is not cancer?
    • How are breast lumps treated?
  • Esophageal Cancer Esophageal cancer is a disease in which malignant cells form in the esophagus. Risk factors of cancer of the esophagus include...learn more »
    In This Article
    Esophageal Cancer Article
    • Esophageal cancer facts*
    • What is the esophagus?
    • What is cancer?
    • What are the types of esophageal cancer?
    • What are esophageal cancer causes and risk factors?
    • What are esophageal cancer symptoms and signs?
    • How is esophageal cancer diagnosed?
    • What are the stages of esophageal cancer?
    • What is the treatment for esophageal cancer?
    • Surgery
    • Radiation therapy
    • Chemotherapy
    • Should people get a second opinion after an esophageal cancer diagnosis?
    • What are the side effects of treatment for cancer of the esophagus?
    • What follow-up care is necessary during recovery?
    • Where can people get support for esophageal cancer?
    • How can people with esophageal cancer participate in clinical trials?
    • Where can people find more information about esophageal cancer?
  • Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a blood clot in a vein located deep in the muscles of the legs, thighs, pelvis (lower torso), or...learn more »
    In This Article
    Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) Article
    • Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) facts
    • Introduction to deep vein thrombosis (DVT)
    • What are the causes of deep vein thrombosis?
    • What are the symptoms of deep vein thrombosis?
    • When should I seek medical care for deep vein thrombosis?
    • How is deep vein thrombosis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for deep vein thrombosis?
    • What are the complications of deep vein thrombosis?
    • Can deep vein thrombosis be prevented?
  • Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease) is a condition in which the acidified liquid contents of the stomach backs up into the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) Article
    • GERD facts
    • What is GERD (acid reflux)?
    • What causes GERD?
    • What are the symptoms of uncomplicated GERD?
    • What are the complications of GERD?
    • How is GERD diagnosed and evaluated?
    • Symptoms and procedures to diagnose GERD
    • GERD tests
    • How is GERD treated?
    • Lifestyle changes and GERD diet
    • GERD medications
    • GERD surgery
    • What is a reasonable approach to the management of GERD?
    • What are the unresolved issues in GERD?
  • Peripheral Vascular Disease Peripheral vascular disease (PVD) refers to diseases of the blood vessels (arteries and veins) located outside the heart and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Peripheral Vascular Disease Article
    • Peripheral vascular disease facts
    • What is peripheral vascular disease?
    • What is atherosclerosis?
    • How does atherosclerosis cause disease?
    • What are potential complications of peripheral artery disease?
    • What are the other causes of peripheral vascular diseases?
    • Who is at risk for peripheral artery disease?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of peripheral artery disease?
    • How is peripheral artery disease diagnosed?
    • What are the treatments for peripheral artery disease?
    • Lifestyle changes
    • Supervised exercise
    • Medications
    • Angioplasty
    • Surgery
  • Dementia Dementia is a significant loss of intellectual abilities such as memory capacity, severe enough to interfere with social or...learn more »
    In This Article
    Dementia Article
    • Dementia facts*
    • Introduction to dementia
    • What is dementia?
    • What are the different kinds of dementia?
    • Alzheimer's disease
    • Vascular dementia
    • Lewy body dementia
    • Frontotemporal dementia
    • HIV-associated dementia
    • Huntington's disease
    • Dementia pugilistica
    • Corticobasal degeneration
    • Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease
    • Other rare hereditary dementias
    • Secondary dementias
    • Dementias in children
    • What other conditions can cause dementia?
    • What conditions are not dementia?
    • What causes dementia?
    • What are the risk factors for dementia?
    • How is dementia diagnosed?
    • Is there any treatment for dementia?
    • Can dementia be prevented?
    • What kind of care does a person with dementia need?
    • What research is being done?
    • How can I help research?
    • Where can I get more information?
  • Parkinson's Disease Parkinson's disease is a slowly progressive neurologic disease characterized by a fixed inexpressive face, a tremor at rest,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Parkinson's Disease Article
    • Parkinson's disease facts
    • What is Parkinson's disease?
    • What causes Parkinson's disease?
    • What genes are linked to Parkinson's disease?
    • Who is at risk for Parkinson's disease?
    • What are the symptoms of Parkinson's disease?
    • What other conditions resemble Parkinson's disease?
    • How is Parkinson's disease diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for Parkinson's disease?
    • How can people learn to cope with Parkinson's disease?
    • Can Parkinson's disease be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for Parkinson's disease?
  • Colon Polyps Colon are common growths on the inner lining of the colon. Colon polyps may become cancerous. There are several different types...learn more »
    In This Article
    Colon Polyps Article
    • Colon polyp facts
    • What are colon polyps?
    • How common are colon polyps?
    • Why are colon polyps important?
    • Are all colon polyps the same?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of colon polyps?
    • How are colon polyps diagnosed?
    • How are colon polyps treated?
    • How is screening for colon polyps done?
    • How should patients with colon polyps be followed?
    • Are all colon cancers associated with polyps?
    • Can colon polyps be prevented?
    • How is genetic testing used in patients with colon polyps?
  • Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Abdominal aortic aneurysm is a ballooning or widening of the main artery (the aorta) as it courses down through the abdomen. Most...learn more »
    In This Article
    Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Article
    • Abdominal aortic aneurysm facts
    • What is an aneurysm?
    • What is an aortic aneurysm?
    • What is the thoracic and abdominal aorta?
    • Where do aortic aneurysms tend to develop?
    • What shape are most aortic aneurysms?
    • What is inside an aortic aneurysm?
    • Who is most likely to have an abdominal aortic aneurysm?
    • What are risk factors of aortic aneurysms?
    • What is the most common cause of aortic aneurysms?
    • What are other causes of aortic aneurysms?
    • What are the symptoms of an abdominal aortic aneurysm?
    • How is an abdominal aortic aneurysm diagnosed clinically?
    • What tests help in the diagnosis of an abdominal aortic aneurysm?
    • What is the natural history of abdominal aortic aneurysm?
    • What are the complications with an abdominal aortic aneurysm?
    • How are abdominal aortic aneurysms repaired?
    • What is done if an abdominal aortic aneurysm threatens to rupture?
    • What is the medical management (nonsurgical management) of abdominal aortic aneurysm?
  • Glaucoma Glaucoma is a common eye condition in which the fluid pressure inside the eye rises because of slowed fluid drainage from the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Glaucoma Article
    • Glaucoma facts
    • What is glaucoma?
    • How common is glaucoma?
    • What causes glaucoma?
    • What are glaucoma risk factors?
    • What are the different types of glaucoma?
    • What are glaucoma symptoms and signs?
    • How is glaucoma diagnosed?
    • How often should someone be checked (screened) for glaucoma?
    • What is the treatment for glaucoma?
    • Glaucoma medications (eyedrops)
    • Glaucoma surgery or laser
    • Can glaucoma be prevented?
    • What is in the future for glaucoma?
  • Dry Skin Dry skin (xeroderma) may be caused by external factors, like cold temperatures, low humidity, harsh soaps, and certain...learn more »
    In This Article
    Dry Skin Article
    • Dry skin facts
    • What is dry skin?
    • What causes dry skin?
    • What are signs and symptoms of dry skin?
    • How is dry skin diagnosed?
    • Does dry skin cause winter itch?
    • Do genetics play a role in dry skin?
    • What medical conditions cause dry skin?
    • Do any medications cause dry skin?
    • What is the treatment for dry skin?
    • What are possible complications of dry skin?
    • What are some home remedies for dry skin?
    • How can dry skin be prevented?
    • What are the best products for dry skin?
  • Bunions The common bunion, an enlargement of the inner portion of the joint at the base of the big toe, primarily affects women. The...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bunions Article
    • Bunions facts
    • What are bunions?
    • What are the causes of bunions?
    • Who develops bunions?
    • What are symptoms and signs of a bunion?
    • How is a bunion diagnosed?
    • How are bunions treated? Are there home remedies to treat bunions?
    • Can bunions be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis of a bunion?
  • Oral Cancer The term oral cancer includes cancer of the mouth (oral cavity) and the back of the mouth (oropharynx). Red and white patches...learn more »
    In This Article
    Oral Cancer Article
    • Oral cancer facts*
    • What is the oral cavity?
    • What is cancer?
    • Who's at risk for oral cancer?
    • What are the symptoms of oral cancer?
    • How is oral cancer diagnosed?
    • How is oral cancer treated?
    • Methods of treatment
    • What are the side effects of treatment for oral cancer?
    • What is rehabilitation for oral cancer?
    • What happens after treatment for oral cancer?
    • What does the future hold for patients with oral cancer?
    • What resources are available to patients with oral cancer?
  • Sun-Sensitive Drugs (Photosensitivity to Drugs) Sun sensitivity (photosensitivity) is an inflammation of the skin induced by the combination of medications or substances and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sun-Sensitive Drugs (Photosensitivity to Drugs) Article
    • What is photosensitivity?
    • What is the difference between a photoallergic and a phototoxic reaction?
    • Photoallergic and phototoxic reaction pictures
    • What is ultraviolet light?
    • What are the symptoms of sun sensitivity (photosensitivity)?
    • What are some common sun-sensitizing drugs?
    • Phototoxic drugs
    • Photoallergic drugs
    • Are there any medical conditions that can cause photosensitivity?
    • How is sun sensitivity (photosensitivity) diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a photosensitizing drug reaction?
    • Is anyone taking these drugs at risk for developing sunburn?
    • Can any foods or plants cause sun sensitivity (photosensitivity) reactions?
    • Pictures of food and plant sun-sensitivity (photosensitivity) reactions
    • Are there any medical applications of sun sensitivity (photosensitivity)?
    • Sun-Sensitizing (Photosensitivity) Drugs At A Glance
  • Degenerative Disc Disease & Sciatica Degenerative disc disease makes the disc more susceptible to herniation (rupture) which can lead to localized or radiating pain....learn more »
    In This Article
    Degenerative Disc Disease & Sciatica Article
    • Degenerative disc disease and sciatica facts
    • How is the spine designed?
    • What is the purpose of the spine and its discs?
    • What causes degenerative disc disease?
    • What are the symptoms of degenerative disc disease?
    • What are radiculopathy and sciatica? What are the symptoms?
    • How are degenerative disc disease, radiculopathy, and sciatica diagnosed?
    • How is radiculopathy treated?
    • What is bony encroachment and spinal stenosis?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) of degenerative disc disease, radiculopathy, and sciatica?
    • Can degenerative disc disease, radiculopathy, and sciatica be prevented?
  • Stomach Cancer Though the cause of stomach cancer is unknown, risk factors for stomach cancer include diet, H. pylori infection, smoking age,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Stomach Cancer Article
    • Stomach cancer facts*
    • What is the stomach?
    • What is cancer, and how does stomach cancer spread?
    • What are risk factors and causes of stomach cancer?
    • What are symptoms of stomach cancer?
    • How is stomach cancer diagnosed?
    • How is staging determined?
    • What is the treatment for stomach cancer?
    • Surgery
    • Chemotherapy
    • Radiation therapy
    • How do I go about getting a second opinion?
    • What are some of the nutritional concerns of stomach cancer patients?
    • What are treatment options for cancer that blocks the digestive tract?
    • What follow-up care is necessary for stomach cancer patients? What about complementary and alternative medicine?
    • What support is there for cancer patients?
    • How can I take part in clinical trials for stomach cancer?
  • Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a GI (gastrointestinal disorder) with symptoms of abdominal pain, bloating, increased flatus,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) Article
    • Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) definition
    • What causes irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)?
    • What are the symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)?
    • How is the diagnosis of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) made?
    • What are the treatments for irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)?
    • What medications are used to treat irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)?
    • What about IBS and diet?
    • Is irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) related to small bacterial overgrowth (SIBO)?
    • What is the prognosis for irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)?
  • Hiatal Hernia Hiatal hernia is a condition in which a thin membrane of tissue connects the esophagus with the diaphragm becomes week, and a...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hiatal Hernia Article
    • Hiatal hernia definition
    • What causes a hiatal hernia?
    • Is there one more than one type of hiatal hernia?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of a hiatal hernia?
    • How is hiatal hernia diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for hiatal hernia?
    • Hiatal hernia medicaitons
    • Lifestyle changes
    • Hiatal hernia surgery
  • Heart Attack Heart attack happens when a blood clot completely obstructs a coronary artery supplying blood to the heart muscle. A heart...learn more »
    In This Article
    Heart Attack Article
    • Heart attack facts
    • What is a heart attack?
    • What causes a heart attack?
    • What are the symptoms of a heart attack?
    • What are the complications of a heart attack?
    • What are the risk factors for atherosclerosis and heart attack?
    • How is a heart attack diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for heart attack?
    • What are the risk factors for heart attack in women?
    • What are the symptoms of heart attack in women and how is heart attack diagnosed?
    • How is heart attack in women treated?
    • What about hormone therapy and heart attack in women?
    • What is new in heart attack?
  • Larynx Cancer Symptoms of cancer of the larynx, the organ at the front of the neck, include hoarseness, a lump in the neck, sore throat, cough,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Larynx Cancer Article
    • Throat cancer (larynx cancer) facts*
    • What is the larynx?
    • What is cancer?
    • Who is at risk for larynx cancer?
    • What are symptoms of larynx cancer?
    • How is larynx cancer diagnosed?
    • How is staging for throat cancer determined?
    • What are treatment options for larynx cancer?
    • Surgery
    • Radiation therapy
    • Chemotherapy
    • Targeted therapy
    • How does a person get a second opinion after a throat cancer diagnosis?
    • What can people with throat cancer eat?
    • What is involved in rehabilitation after surgery for larynx cancer?
    • What follow-up care is needed after treatment for throat cancer?
    • What support is available for patients with larynx cancer?
    • What research is being done on throat cancer? What about clinical trials?
  • Osteopenia Osteopenia is a bone condition characterized by bone loss that is not as severe as in osteoporosis. Bone fracture is the typical...learn more »
    In This Article
    Osteopenia Article
    • Osteopenia facts
    • What is osteopenia?
    • What causes osteopenia?
    • What are osteopenia symptoms and signs?
    • How widespread is osteopenia?
    • Why is osteopenia important?
    • When should I see my doctor for osteopenia?
    • How is osteopenia diagnosed?
    • Who should be tested for osteopenia?
    • What is the treatment for osteopenia?
    • What follow-up is needed after treatment of osteopenia has been initiated?
    • Can osteopenia be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis of osteopenia?
  • Atrial Fibrillation Atrial fibrillation is an abnormality in the heart rhythm which involves irregular and often rapid beating of the heart. Symptoms...learn more »
    In This Article
    Atrial Fibrillation Article
    • Atrial fibrillation facts
    • What is atrial fibrillation?
    • What causes atrial fibrillation?
    • What are the symptoms of atrial fibrillation?
    • What are the complications of atrial fibrillation?
    • What are the risk factors for developing atrial fibrillation?
    • How is atrial fibrillation diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for atrial fibrillation?
    • Reversing the risk factors that cause atrial fibrillation
    • Slowing the heart rate with medications
    • Anticoagulation to prevent blood clots and strokes
    • Converting atrial fibrillation to a normal rhythm
    • Procedures for treating and preventing atrial fibrillation
    • What is new in atrial fibrillation?
  • Macular Degeneration Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a disease that gradually destroys the central vision. In people over 60, AMD is a...learn more »
    In This Article
    Macular Degeneration Article
    • Macular degeneration facts
    • What is macular degeneration?
    • What is the retina?
    • What is the macula?
    • What is age-related macular degeneration (AMD)?
    • What is wet age-related macular degeneration?
    • What are retinal drusen?
    • What is dry age-related macular degeneration?
    • What causes macular degeneration?
    • What are risk factors for macular degeneration?
    • What are macular degeneration symptoms?
    • What are signs of macular degeneration?
    • How is macular degeneration diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for wet macular degeneration?
    • What is the treatment for dry macular degeneration?
    • What are complications of macular degeneration?
    • What is the prognosis for macular degeneration?
    • Can macular degeneration be prevented?
    • What research is being done on macular degeneration?
  • Actinic Keratosis Actinic keratoses are rough, scaly patches of skin that are considered precancerous and are due to sun exposure. Prevention is to...learn more »
    In This Article
    Actinic Keratosis Article
    • Actinic keratosis facts
    • What is an actinic keratosis, and what does it look like?
    • Who is at risk for an actinic keratosis?
    • Where on the body do actinic keratoses typically occur?
    • What is the significance of an actinic keratosis?
    • How is an actinic keratosis diagnosed?
    • How is an actinic keratosis treated?
    • What happens after an actinic keratosis is treated?
  • Barrett's Esophagus Barrett's esophagus occurs as a complication of chronic gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), primarily in white males. GERD...learn more »
    In This Article
    Barrett's Esophagus Article
    • Barrett's esophagus facts
    • What is Barrett's esophagus?
    • Why is there so much interest in Barrett's esophagus?
    • What causes Barrett's esophagus?
    • Who develops Barrett's esophagus?
    • What is the specific abnormality in the inner lining (epithelium) of Barrett's esophagus?
    • What about the cancer that occurs in Barrett's esophagus?
    • What is dysplasia in Barrett's esophagus?
    • What is the risk of developing adenocarcinoma of the esophagus in Barrett's?
    • What are the symptoms of Barrett's esophagus?
    • How is GERD with or without Barrett's esophagus treated?
    • Why is it important to screen patients with GERD to diagnose Barrett's esophagus?
    • Why is it critical to be accurate in the diagnosis of Barrett's esophagus?
    • What does endoscopic biopsy surveillance in Barrett's esophagus involve?
    • How is high grade dysplasia managed?
    • How is low grade dysplasia managed?
    • What are the experimental approaches for treatment of high grade dysplasia?
    • What experimental options are there for Barrett's esophagus WITHOUT dysplasia?
    • What does the future hold for Barrett's esophagus?
  • Claudication Intermittent claudication, or pain and cramping in the lower leg is caused by inadequate blood flow to the leg muscles. This lack...learn more »
    In This Article
    Claudication Article
    • What is claudication?
    • What causes claudication?
    • What are the symptoms of claudication?
    • Why does claudication come and go?
    • What can cause the artery narrowing that leads to claudication?
    • Who typically is affected by claudication?
    • What are the risk factors for claudication and peripheral vascular disease?
    • How is claudication diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for claudication?
    • Can claudication be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis and treatment for patients with intermittent claudication?
  • Orthostatic Hypotension Orthostatic hypotension symptoms include lightheadedness, weakness, blurred vision, and syncope or passing out. Causes of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Orthostatic Hypotension Article
    • Orthostatic hypotension facts
    • What is orthostatic hypotension?
    • What causes orthostatic hypotension?
    • What are the risk factors for orthostatic hypotension?
    • What are the symptoms of orthostatic hypotension?
    • When should I call the doctor for orthostatic hypotension?
    • How is orthostatic hypotension diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for orthostatic hypotension?
    • What are the complications of orthostatic hypotension?
    • How can orthostatic hypotension be prevented?
  • Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH or enlarged prostate) is very common in men over 50 years of age. This noncancerous enlargement...learn more »
    In This Article
    Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia Article
    • Benign prostatic hyperplasia facts
    • What is the prostate gland?
    • How does the doctor detect prostate enlargement?
    • What is benign prostatic hyperplasia?
    • When does benign prostatic hyperplasia start?
    • What happens in BPH? What are symptoms of BPH?
    • How common is BPH? Are there any risk factors?
    • Is BPH a type of cancer?
    • Is BPH always treated?
    • How is BPH treated?
    • Are there other noncancerous prostate problems?
    • Can prostate problems be prevented?
  • Cataracts A cataract is an eye disease that causes the eye's lens to become cloudy and opaque with decreased vision. Causes of cataracts...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cataracts Article
    • Facts about cataracts
    • What is a cataract?
    • What are the different types of cataracts?
    • What are causes of cataracts?
    • What are risk factors for cataracts?
    • What are the symptoms of cataracts?
    • What are the signs of cataracts?
    • How are cataracts diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for cataracts?
    • What are the different types of cataract surgery, and what risks are involved?
    • What are complications of cataracts?
    • What is the prognosis of cataracts?
    • Can cataracts be prevented?
    • Where can people get more information on cataracts?
  • Stroke A stroke is an interruption of the blood supply to part of the brain caused by either a blood clot (ischemic) or bleeding...learn more »
    In This Article
    Stroke Article
    • Stroke facts
    • What is a stroke?
    • What are the different types of stroke?
    • What are the warning signs of a stroke?
    • What are the symptoms of a stroke?
    • How is a stroke diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for stroke?
    • What is the prognosis for stroke?
    • Is recovery after a stroke possible?
    • What is stroke rehabilitation?
    • Can strokes be prevented?
  • Head Injury (Brain Injury) In the United States, head injuries are one of the most common causes of death and disability. Head injuries due to bleeding are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Head Injury (Brain Injury) Article
    • Head injury facts
    • Head injury introduction
    • What are the causes of head injury?
    • What are the symptoms of a head injury?
    • What is the Glasgow Coma Scale?
    • When should I contact a doctor about a head injury?
    • How is a head injury diagnosed?
    • How is a head injury treated?
    • What is the prognosis for a head injury?
    • How can a head injury be prevented?
    • What about a head injury in infants and young children?
  • Alzheimer's Disease Alzheimer's disease is a common cause of dementia. Symptoms and warning signs of Alzheimer's disease include memory loss,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Alzheimer's Disease Article
    • Alzheimer's disease facts
    • What is dementia?
    • What is Alzheimer's disease?
    • Who develops Alzheimer's disease?
    • What are the symptoms of Alzheimer's disease?
    • Ten warning signs of Alzheimer's disease
    • What are the causes Alzheimer's disease?
    • What are risk factors for Alzheimer's disease?
    • How is the diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease made?
    • What treatment and management options are available for Alzheimer's disease?
    • Cholinesterase inhibitors (ChEIs)
    • Partial glutamate antagonists
    • Non-medication based treatments
    • Treatment of psychiatric symptoms
    • What is the prognosis of a person with Alzheimer's disease?
    • Caring for the caregiver and Alzheimer's disease resources
  • Dupuytren's Contracture Dupuytren contracture is a localized formation of scar tissue beneath the skin of the palm of the hand. The scarring accumulates...learn more »
    In This Article
    Dupuytren's Contracture Article
    • Dupuytren's contracture facts
    • What is a Dupuytren's contracture?
    • How fast does a Dupuytren's contracture develop?
    • What are the causes and risk factors of a Dupuytren's contracture?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of a Dupuytren's contracture?
    • Is a Dupuytren's contracture limited to the hands?
    • How is a Dupuytren's contracture diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a Dupuytren's contracture?
    • What are complications of Dupuytren's contractures?
    • Can a Dupuytren's contracture be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for Dupuytren's contracture?
  • Sleep A number of vital tasks carried out during sleep help maintain good health and enable people to function at their best. Sleep...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sleep Article
    • What is sleep?
    • What are the stages of sleep?
    • How much sleep does a person need?
    • Does the amount of sleep we need change as we age?
    • What are signs and symptoms of sleep deprivation?
    • What are and what causes sleep disorders?
    • How are sleep problems diagnosed?
    • How are sleep problems treated?
    • Sleep hygiene
    • Other therapies
    • Sleep aids (prescription and OTC)
    • Are sleep problems and disease related?
    • How can I get a good night's sleep?
  • Pneumonia Pneumonia is inflammation of the lungs caused by fungi, bacteria, or viruses. Symptoms and signs include cough, fever, shortness...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pneumonia Article
    • Pneumonia facts
    • What is pneumonia?
    • What are the different types of pneumonia?
    • What causes pneumonia?
    • What are risk factors for pneumonia?
    • What are pneumonia symptoms and signs?
    • How do doctors diagnose pneumonia?
    • What is the treatment for pneumonia?
    • What are complications of pneumonia?
    • What is the prognosis of pneumonia?
    • Is it possible to prevent pneumonia? Is there a pneumonia vaccine?
  • Prostate Cancer Prostate cancer is an uncontrolled (malignant) growth of cells in the prostate gland. Prostate cancer is the second leading...learn more »
    In This Article
    Prostate Cancer Article
    • Prostate cancer facts
    • What is the prostate gland?
    • What is prostate cancer?
    • Why is prostate cancer important?
    • What are prostate cancer causes?
    • What are prostate cancer symptoms and signs?
    • What are the screening tests for prostate cancer?
    • What are false positive elevations in the PSA test?
    • What refinements have been made in the PSA test?
    • How is prostate cancer diagnosed and graded?
    • How is the staging of prostate cancer done?
    • What are the treatment options for prostate cancer?
    • What about prostate cancer surgery?
    • What about radiation therapy for prostate cancer?
    • What about hormonal treatment for prostate cancer?
    • What is cryotherapy for prostate cancer?
    • What is HIFU for prostate cancer?
    • What is chemotherapy for prostate cancer?
    • What are the differences between hormonal treatment and chemotherapy?
    • What about herbal or other alternative medicine treatments for prostate cancer?
    • What is active surveillance for prostate cancer?
    • Can prostate cancer be prevented?
    • What will be the future treatments for prostate cancer?
    • Controversy in prostate cancer today
  • Cholesterol High cholesterol and triglyceride levels increase the risk of cardiovascular disease. Getting your cholesterol and triglyceride...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cholesterol Article
    • What is cholesterol?
    • What are the different types of cholesterol?
    • Why is high cholesterol dangerous?
    • Where does cholesterol come from?
    • What are normal cholesterol levels?
    • Which foods can help lower cholesterol?
    • What other lifestyle interventions help lower cholesterol?
    • What medications are available to treat high cholesterol?
  • Vaginal Cancer Vaginal cancer is fairly uncommon. There are two types of vaginal cancer: squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma. Risk...learn more »
    In This Article
    Vaginal Cancer Article
    • Vaginal cancer facts*
    • What is vaginal cancer?
    • What are causes and risk factors for vaginal cancer?
    • What are symptoms and signs of vaginal cancer?
    • What tests are used to diagnose vaginal cancer?
    • What is the prognosis for vaginal cancer?
    • How is staging determined for vaginal cancer?
    • What is the treatment for vaginal cancer?
    • Treatment options by stage
    • Treatment options for recurrent vaginal cancer
    • Where can I find more information about vaginal cancer?
  • Erectile Dysfunction (ED, Impotence) Erectile dysfunction (ED, impotence) is the failure to achieve or maintain an erection. There are many potential underlying...learn more »
    In This Article
    Erectile Dysfunction (ED, Impotence) Article
    • What is erectile dysfunction?
    • What causes erectile dysfunction?
    • What are the risk factors for erectile dysfunction?
    • Can young men get erectile dysfunction?
    • How is erectile dysfunction diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for erectile dysfunction?
    • What is the prognosis for erectile dysfunction?
    • Can erectile dysfunction be prevented?
  • Bullous Pemphigoid Bullous pemphigoid is a skin disease that causes blistering eruptions on the skin's surface and sometimes affects the inner...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bullous Pemphigoid Article
    • What is bullous pemphigoid?
    • What are symptoms of bullous pemphigoid?
    • How is bullous pemphigoid diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for bullous pemphigoid?
    • What is the prognosis of bullous pemphigoid?
  • COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease) COPD or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is a lung condition caused by smoking tobacco, exposure to secondhand smoke, and/or...learn more »
    In This Article
    COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease) Article
    • What is chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)?
    • What are the risk factors for COPD?
    • What other diseases or conditions contribute to COPD?
    • What causes COPD?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of COPD?
    • When should I call my doctor about COPD?
    • How is COPD diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for COPD?
    • Home remedies for COPD?
    • Medications for COPD
    • Surgery to COPD
    • Can COPD be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis and life expectancy for a person with COPD?
  • Breast Cancer Breast cancer is an invasive tumor that develops in the mammary gland. Breast cancer is detected via mammograms, breast...learn more »
    In This Article
    Breast Cancer Article
    • Breast cancer facts
    • What is breast cancer?
    • What are the risk factors for breast cancer?
    • What causes breast cancer?
    • What are the different types of breast cancer?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of breast cancer?
    • How is breast cancer diagnosed?
    • Screening
    • Definitive diagnosis
    • Specialized testing
    • What are the stages of breast cancer?
    • What is the treatment for breast cancer?
    • Surgery
    • Radiation
    • Hormone therapy
    • Chemotherapy
    • Targeted therapy
    • Breast cancer treatment by stage
    • What are the survival rates and prognosis for breast cancer?
    • What research is being performed on breast cancer?
    • Can breast cancer be prevented?
  • Urinary Incontinence There are many types of urinary incontinence (UI), which is the accidental leakage of urine. These types include stress...learn more »
    In This Article
    Urinary Incontinence Article
    • Urinary incontinence (UI) in men facts*
    • Urinary incontinence (UI) introduction
    • What causes urinary incontinence (UI) in men?
    • How is urinary incontinence (UI) diagnosed?
    • How is urinary incontinence (UI) treated?
    • How do you do Kegel exercises?
    • Hope through research
    • For more information
  • Smoking (How to Quit Smoking) Smoking is an addiction. More than 430,000 deaths occur each year in the U.S. from smoking related illnesses. Secondhand smoke or...learn more »
    In This Article
    Smoking (How to Quit Smoking) Article
    • Smoking and quitting smoking facts
    • What problems are caused by smoking?
    • What is addictive disease and why is smoking considered an addictive disease?
    • What are the signs of cigarette addiction?
    • Why should someone quit smoking?
    • What are the steps in quitting?
    • Getting ready to quit smoking
    • On the day you quit smoking
    • Staying quit
    • What methods can help a person quit smoking?
    • Behavioral modification and self-help literature to quit smoking
    • Nicotine replacement therapy to quit smoking
    • What prescription products are available for smoking cessation?
    • How are nicotine-containing products used safely?
    • What is in the future for smoking?
  • Eye Care Many common eye disorders resolve without treatment and some may be managed with over-the-counter (OTC) products. It's important...learn more »
    In This Article
    Eye Care Article
    • Eye care introduction
    • What is the structure of the eye?
    • Which common disorders of the eye can (sometimes) be self-treated?
    • What common eye conditions usually require treatment by a doctor?
    • What types of OTC eye care products are there?
    • What inactive ingredients are contained in OTC eye care products?
  • Senior Sex Enjoying a satisfying sex life as we age is important to both physical and mental health. As we age, diseases and conditions may...learn more »
    In This Article
    Senior Sex Article
    • Senior sex facts*
    • Introduction to senior sex
    • What are the normal physical changes with age?
    • What causes sexual problems as we age?
    • What else may cause sexuality problems?
    • Am I too old to worry about safe sex?
    • Can emotions play a part?
    • What can I do to have an active sex life as I age?
  • Smoker's Lung: Pathology Photo Essay Smoker's lung photo essay is a collection of pictures and microscopic slides of lung disease caused by cigarette smoking....learn more »
    In This Article
    Smoker's Lung: Pathology Photo Essay Article
    • Smoker's lung introduction
    • What is the structure of the normal lung?
    • What processes determine normal function of the lung?
    • What are the abnormalities (diseases) in smoker's lung?
    • What happens to the lung in emphysema?
    • How does emphysema come about?
    • Why does smoker's lung look black?
    • What happens to the airways in chronic bronchitis?
    • Are smokers with COPD predisposed to developing pneumonia?
    • What about lung cancer in smokers?
    • Are any of the pulmonary consequences of smoking reversible?
    • From what do smokers die?
  • Menstrual Cramps and Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) Medication Guide Menstrual cramps and premenstrual syndrome (PMS) symptoms include abdominal cramping, bloating, a feeling of fullness, abdominal...learn more »
    In This Article
    Menstrual Cramps and Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) Medication Guide Article
    • Menstrual cramps and PMS medication facts
    • What are menstrual cramps?
    • What is the treatment for common menstrual cramps (primary dysmenorrhea)?
    • What is premenstrual syndrome (PMS)?
    • What treatments are available for PMS?
    • What medications are used to treat PMS?
    • What are some guidelines for the safe use of OTC products for menstrual cramps and PMS?
  • MELAS Syndrome MELAS syndrome, a rare form of dementia, stands for Mitochondrial Encephalopathy, Lactic Acidosis, and Stroke-like episodes....learn more »
    In This Article
    MELAS Syndrome Article
    • What is MELAS?
    • What causes MELAS?
    • What are the symptoms of MELAS?
    • How is MELAS diagnosed?
    • When do people with MELAS develop symptoms?
    • How is MELAS treated?
    • are there other mitochondrial diseases?
  • Osteochondritis Dissecans With osteochondritis dissecans, bone and its adjacent cartilage loses its blood supply. Though osteochondritis dissecans can...learn more »
    In This Article
    Osteochondritis Dissecans Article
    • Osteochondritis dissecans facts
    • What is osteochondritis dissecans?
    • What causes osteochondritis dissecans?
    • What are symptoms of osteochondritis dissecans?
    • How is osteochondritis dissecans diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment of osteochondritis dissecans?
    • What is the prognosis of osteochondritis dissecans?
    • Can osteochondritis dissecans be prevented?
  • Frostbite (Cold Weather-Related Injuries) There are two categories to cold weather-related injuries. 1) no freezing of body tissue (trench foot and chilblains), and 2)...learn more »
    In This Article
    Frostbite (Cold Weather-Related Injuries) Article
    • Frostbite and Cold Weather-Related Injuries Facts
    • Introduction to frostbite and cold weather-related injuries
    • What type of injuries can be caused by cold weather?
    • Cold weather-related injuries without tissue freezing
    • Chilblains
    • Trench foot
    • Frostnip
    • Cold weather-related injuries with tissue freezing
    • Frostbite
    • What does frostbite look like (frostbite pictures)?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of frostbite?
    • How should frostbite and other cold weather-related injuries be treated?
    • What is the recovery time for a frostbite injury?
    • When should a person seek medical care for a cold weather-related injury?
    • Who is most likely to get a cold weather-related injury and what can be done to prevent it?
  • Sunscreen Sunscreens are crucial for sun protection. Sun damage to the skin from exposure to ultraviolet rays is a risk factor for skin...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sunscreen Article
    • What is sun protection?
    • How is sunburn best prevented?
    • What is sunscreen?
    • What is meant by SPF?
    • Are all sunscreens equally effective against UV radiation?
    • How do sunscreens work, and which sunscreen ingredients protect against both types of UV radiation?
    • How should skin sunscreens be applied?
    • Do water or perspiration wash off sunscreen?
    • Can sunscreens cause a skin reaction?
    • Should everyone use sunscreen protection?
    • Can the labels on sunscreen products be trusted in the U.S.?
    • Do all tanning products contain sunscreens?
    • What kind of sunglasses should be worn?
    • Is sunscreen protection necessary in the winter?
    • Are a good sunscreen and sunglasses enough?
  • Advance Medical Directives (Living Will, Power of Attorney, and Health Care Proxy) Advance directives are designed to outline a person's wishes and preferences in regard to medical treatments and interventions....learn more »
    In This Article
    Advance Medical Directives (Living Will, Power of Attorney, and Health Care Proxy) Article
    • Advance medical directive facts
    • Introduction to advance medical directives
    • What is the importance of an advance directive?
    • What is the history of advance directives?
    • The current situation
    • When do advance directives become helpful?
    • How can one obtain and prepare living will and advance medical directive forms?
  • Alzheimer's Disease Patient Caregiver Guide Caring for a loved one or patient with Alzheimer's can become a difficult and overwhelming task at times. This guide helps...learn more »
    In This Article
    Alzheimer's Disease Patient Caregiver Guide Article
    • Tips for caregivers of persons with Alzheimer's disease
    • Dealing with the diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease
    • Communicating with a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Bathing a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Dressing a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Eating: getting a person with Alzheimer's disease to eat
    • Activities for a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Exercise for a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Incontinence in a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Sleep problems for caregivers and a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Hallucinations and delusions in a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Wandering: a problem for a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Home safety for a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Driving: decisions for a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Visiting the doctor with a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Coping with holidays with a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Visiting a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Choosing a nursing home for a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • For more information about Alzheimer's disease
  • Hearing Loss Hearing loss (deafness) may be present at birth or it may manifest later in life. Deafness may be genetic or due to damage from...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hearing Loss Article
    • What are forms of hearing loss?
    • What are the types of hearing loss?
    • What are the symptoms of hearing loss?
    • What is the treatment for hearing loss?
  • Binswanger's Disease Binswanger's disease is a type of vascular dementia that is caused by damage to the blood vessels that feed deep areas of the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Binswanger's Disease Article
    • What is Binswanger's disease and what causes it?
    • What are the symptoms of Binswanger's disease?
    • How is Binswanger's disease diagnosed?
    • Is there any treatment for Binswanger's disease?
    • What is the prognosis for Binswanger's disease?
    • What research is being done on Binswanger's disease?
  • Diabetic Home Care Management Diabetic home care management is important. The goal of diabetic therapy is to control blood glucose levels and prevent the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Diabetic Home Care Management Article
    • Diabetic home care management facts
    • What is diabetes?
    • What is the treatment for diabetes?
    • Exercise therapy
    • Diet therapy
    • Drug therapy
    • How is diabetic treatment monitored at home?
    • Blood glucose reagent strips
    • Blood glucose meters
    • Urine glucose tests
    • Tests for urinary ketones
    • What additional monitoring does the doctor do?
    • Blood glucose
    • Continuous glucose sensors (CGMS)
    • Hemoglobin A1C testing
  • Wrinkles Wrinkles, whether they be fine line or deep furrows, typically appear on areas of the body that receive a high amount of exposure...learn more »
    In This Article
    Wrinkles Article
    • Wrinkles facts
    • Introduction to wrinkles
    • What factors promote wrinkles?
    • What medical treatments and cosmetic procedures are available for wrinkles?
  • Eyeglasses, Sunglasses, and Magnifying Glasses Nonprescription eyeglasses are available over the counter (OTC) and are typically used by people who can no longer read fine...learn more »
    In This Article
    Eyeglasses, Sunglasses, and Magnifying Glasses Article
    • Nonprescription eyeglasses
    • Trifocals and variable lenses
    • Sunglasses
    • Magnifying glasses
  • Hypothermia (Extended Exposure to Cold) Hyothermia or extreme exposure to cold can be classified as either accidental hypothermia (unintentional cold exposure) and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hypothermia (Extended Exposure to Cold) Article
    • What is hypothermia?
    • What are the risk factors for hypothermia?
    • What body parts are more susceptible to hypothermia?
    • What causes hypothermia?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of hypothermia?
    • When should I call my doctor for hypothermia?
    • How is hypothermia diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for hypothermia?
    • Home remedies for hypothermia
    • What items should I have to be prepared to prevent hypothermia?
    • What is the prognosis for hypothermia?
  • Heart Attack Pathology: Photo Essay A heart attack is a layperson's term for a sudden blockage of a coronary artery. This photo essay inlcudes graphics, pictures,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Heart Attack Pathology: Photo Essay Article
    • What is a Heart Attack?
    • What are the structures and functions of a normal coronary artery?
    • What happens to the coronary artery in atherosclerosis?
    • Who gets coronary artery plaques and what happens to the plaques?
    • What happens to the heart muscle after a person survives a Heart Attack?
    • Can a person have more than one Heart Attack?
  • Heart Attack Prevention Overview Heart attacks are the major causes of unexpected, sudden death among men and women. A heart attack is also a significant cause of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Heart Attack Prevention Overview Article
    • Introduction
    • What is atherosclerosis?
    • What are coronary heart diseases (CHD)?
    • What is angina pectoris?
    • What is a heart attack?
    • Ventricular fibrillation
    • Heart failure
    • What is cerebral vascular disease?
    • Ischemic stroke
    • Hemorrhagic stroke
    • Transient ischemic attack (TIA)
    • When does the coronary atherosclerosis process begin?
    • Have most people done enough to prevent atherosclerosis and heart attacks?
    • What are the risk factors for coronary atherosclerosis and heart disease?
    • How can coronary atherosclerosis and heart attacks be prevented?
  • Caregiving Most often, caregivers take care of other adults who are ill or disabled. Less often, caregivers are grandparents raising their...learn more »
    In This Article
    Caregiving Article
    • What is a caregiver?
    • Who are our nation's caregivers?
    • What is caregiver stress?
    • How can I tell if caregiving is putting too much stress on me?
    • What can I do to prevent stress or relieve stress?
    • What is respite care?
    • What is the National Family Caregiver Support Program (NFCSP)?
    • How can I find out about caregiving resources in my community?
    • What kind of caregiver services can I find in my community?
    • What kind of home care help is available?
    • How will I pay for home health care?
    • Who is eligible for Medicare home health care services?
    • Will Medicaid help pay for home health care?
    • For more information

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