Seizure Related Diseases & Conditions

Medical conditions are often related to other diseases and conditions. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments related to the topic of Seizure. These conditions may be a cause or symptom of Seizure or be a condition for which you may be at increased risk.

  • Muscle Spasms Muscle spasms are involuntary muscle contractions that come on suddenly and are usually quite painful. Dehydration, doing...learn more »
  • Brain Tumor A brain tumor can be either benign (non cancerous) or malignant (cancerous), primary, or secondary. Causes and risk factors...learn more »
    In This Article
    Brain Tumor Article
    • Brain tumor facts*
    • What is the brain?
    • What are the tumor grades and types?
    • Tumor grade
    • Types of primary brain tumors
    • What are the risk factors for brain tumors?
    • What are the symptoms of a brain tumor?
    • How are brain tumors diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a brain tumor?
    • What type of surgery is available for brain tumors?
    • Radiation therapy for brain tumors
    • Chemotherapy for brain tumors
    • What about a second opinion for brain tumor treatment?
    • Nutrition during brain tumor treatment
    • What supportive care is available for patients and caregivers?
    • What about rehabilitation after brain tumor treatment?
    • What about follow-up care after brain tumor treatment?
    • Sources of support
    • Taking part in cancer research
  • Sepsis Sepsis (blood poisoning) is a potentially deadly infection with signs and symptoms that include elevated heart rate, low or high...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sepsis Article
    • Sepsis (blood poisoning) facts
    • What is blood poisoning?
    • What is sepsis?
    • Why are there so many diseases with "sepsis," "septic," "septicemia," or "blood poisoning" in their name?
    • What causes sepsis?
    • What are the risk factors for sepsis?
    • What are the signs or symptoms of sepsis (blood poisoning)?
    • How is sepsis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for sepsis?
    • What is the prognosis (outcome) with sepsis?
    • What are the complications of sepsis?
    • How can sepsis be prevented?
    • What are some additional sources for information on sepsis?
  • Lupus Systemic lupus erythematosus is a condition characterized by chronic inflammation of body tissues caused by autoimmune disease....learn more »
    In This Article
    Lupus Article
    • Systemic lupus erythematosus facts
    • What is systemic lupus erythematosus? What are the types of lupus?
    • What causes systemic lupus erythematosus? Is lupus hereditary?
    • What is drug-induced lupus?
    • What are lupus symptoms and signs?
    • How is systemic lupus erythematosus diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for systemic lupus?
    • How can a lupus patient help prevent disease activity (flares)?
    • How can systemic lupus erythematosus affect pregnancy or the newborn?
    • What is the prognosis of lupus? What does the future hold for people with systemic lupus?
    • Where can one get more information about systemic lupus erythematosus?
  • Listeria Listeria is a type of bacteria that can cause food poisoning. Listeriosis symptoms include diarrhea, nausea and fever. Pregnant...learn more »
    In This Article
    Listeria Article
    • Listeriosis (Listeria monocytogenes infection) facts
    • What is listeriosis? What causes listeriosis?
    • What are listeriosis symptoms and signs?
    • What are the risk factors for listeriosis?
    • How is listeriosis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for listeriosis?
    • How does a person get listeriosis?
    • Can listeriosis be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis (outcome) for Listeria infections?
    • If a person has eaten recalled food potentially contaminated with Listeria, what should he or she do?
    • What is the government doing about listeriosis?
  • Group B Strep Group B strep are bacteria called Streptococcus agalactiae that may sometimes cause infections both in a pregnant woman and her...learn more »
    In This Article
    Group B Strep Article
    • Group B strep facts
    • What is group B strep?
    • What causes group B strep infection?
    • How is group B strep transmitted?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of group B strep infection?
    • How is group B strep infection diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for group B strep infection?
    • What are the complications of group B strep infection?
    • Is it possible to prevent group B strep infection?
  • Hypoglycemia Hypoglycemia is a syndrome caused by low blood sugar. Symptoms of hypoglycemia include palpitations, trembling, intense hunger,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hypoglycemia Article
    • What is hypoglycemia?
    • Who is at risk for hypoglycemia?
    • I thought high blood sugar was bad. Why is low blood sugar also bad?
    • Can the body protect itself from hypoglycemia?
    • What are symptoms of hypoglycemia and how low is too low?
    • How is hypoglycemia treated?
    • Is there anything else that should be done to manage hypoglycemia?
  • Rhabdomyolysis Rhabdomyolysis is a rapid deterioration and destruction of skeletal muscle. Some of the causes of rhabdomyolysis include severe...learn more »
    In This Article
    Rhabdomyolysis Article
    • Rhabdomyolysis facts
    • What is rhabdomyolysis?
    • What causes rhabdomyolysis?
    • What are the symptoms of rhabdomyolysis?
    • What should I do if I think I have rhabdomyolysis?
    • How is rhabdomyolysis diagnosed?
    • What are the complications of rhabdomyolysis?
    • How is rhabdomyolysis treated?
    • What is the prognosis for rhabdomyolysis?
  • Brain Cancer Cancers that form from brain tissue are called primary brain tumors. Brain tumors may be malignant (brain cancer) or benign....learn more »
    In This Article
    Brain Cancer Article
    • Brain cancer facts
    • What is brain cancer?
    • What is metastatic brain cancer?
    • What causes brain cancer?
    • Do cell phones cause brain cancer?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of brain cancer?
    • What tests are used to diagnose brain cancer?
    • What is the treatment for brain cancer?
    • What are the side effects of brain cancer treatment?
    • What is the prognosis (outcome) of treated brain cancer?
    • What can I do to help my family (and me) cope with my diagnosis of brain cancer?
    • How is brain cancer prevented?
    • Where can I get more information about my type of brain cancer?
  • Hydrocephalus Hydrocephalus is an abnormal buildup of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the ventricles of the brain. The fluid is often under...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hydrocephalus Article
    • Hydrocephalus facts
    • What is hydrocephalus?
    • What are the different types of hydrocephalus?
    • Who gets this hydrocephalus?
    • What causes hydrocephalus?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of hydrocephalus?
    • How is hydrocephalus diagnosed?
    • What is the current treatment for hydrocephalus?
    • What are the possible complications of a shunt system?
    • What is the prognosis for hydrocephalus?
    • What research is being done on hydrocephalus?
    • Where can I get more information about hydrocephalus?
  • Alcoholism Alcoholism is a disease that includes alcohol craving and continued drinking despite repeated alcohol-related problems, such as...learn more »
    In This Article
    Alcoholism Article
    • Alcohol use disorder facts
    • What is alcohol abuse?
    • What is alcoholism?
    • What differentiates alcohol abuse from alcoholism?
    • What are risk factors for alcoholism?
    • What causes alcoholism? Is alcoholism hereditary?
    • What are alcohol use disorder symptoms and signs in teenagers, women, men, and the elderly?
    • How do physicians diagnose alcohol use disorder?
    • What are the stages of alcohol use disorder?
    • What is the treatment for alcohol use disorder?
    • What medications treat alcohol use disorder?
    • How can you tell if someone has a drinking problem?
    • Can an alcoholic just cut back or stop drinking?
    • Is there a safe level of drinking?
    • Is it safe to drink alcohol while pregnant?
    • How can someone find more information or get help or support to treat alcohol use disorder?
    • What are the long-term physical and psychological effects of alcohol use disorder?
    • What is codependency, and what is the treatment for codependency?
    • Is it possible to prevent alcohol use disorder?
    • What is the prognosis of alcohol use disorder?
  • Encephalopathy Encephalopathy means brain disease, damage, or malfunction. Causes of encephalopathy are varied and numerous. The main symptom of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Encephalopathy Article
    • Encephalopathy facts
    • Encephalopathy definition and overview
    • What causes encephalopathy?
    • What are the symptoms of encephalopathy?
    • How is encephalopathy diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for encephalopathy?
    • What are the complications of encephalopathy?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for encephalopathy?
    • Can encephalopathy be prevented?
    • For more information on types of encephalopathy
  • Pulmonary Edema Pulmonary edema (swelling or fluid in the lungs) can either be caused by cardiogenic causes (congestive heart failure, heart...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pulmonary Edema Article
    • Pulmonary edema facts
    • What is pulmonary edema?
    • What causes pulmonary edema?
    • What are the risk factors for pulmonary edema?
    • What are the symptoms of pulmonary edema?
    • When should I seek medical care for pulmonary edema?
    • How is pulmonary edema diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for pulmonary edema?
    • What are the complications of pulmonary edema?
    • How can pulmonary edema be prevented?
  • Heart Attack Heart attack happens when a blood clot completely obstructs a coronary artery supplying blood to the heart muscle. A heart...learn more »
    In This Article
    Heart Attack Article
    • Heart attack facts
    • What is a heart attack?
    • What causes a heart attack?
    • What are the symptoms of a heart attack?
    • What are the complications of a heart attack?
    • What are the risk factors for atherosclerosis and heart attack?
    • How is a heart attack diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for heart attack?
    • What are the risk factors for heart attack in women?
    • What are the symptoms of heart attack in women and how is heart attack diagnosed?
    • How is heart attack in women treated?
    • What about hormone therapy and heart attack in women?
    • What is new in heart attack?
  • Brain Hemorrhage A brain hemorrhage is a type of stroke caused when an artery bursts in the brain, causing localized bleeding in the surrounding...learn more »
    In This Article
    Brain Hemorrhage Article
    • What is a brain hemorrhage?
    • What causes a brain hemorrhage?
    • What are the symptoms of a brain hemorrhage?
    • How is a brain hemorrhage diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a brain hemorrhage?
    • What is the prognosis after a brain hemorrhage? Is recovery possible?
    • Special situations
  • Stress Stress occurs when forces from the outside world impinge on the individual. Stress is a normal part of life. However,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Stress Article
    • Stress facts
    • What is stress?
    • A brief history of stress
    • What are the signs and symptoms of poorly managed stress?
    • Who is most vulnerable to stress?
    • Teen stress
    • What is the healthy response to stress?
    • How does the response to stress work?
    • What is the role of the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis (grouping) in stress?
    • What is the role of the locus coeruleus in stress?
    • How do the connections in the brain work in stress?
    • What do we know about using (activating) and overusing our internal systems that respond to stress?
    • What are the effects of stress on medical and psychological conditions?
    • Conclusions about the effects of stress
    • What can people do for stress management?
    • What's in the future for stress?
  • Meningitis Encephalitis is a brain inflammation that causes sudden fever, vomiting, headache, light sensitivity, stiff neck and back,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Meningitis Article
    • Encephalitis and meningitis facts
    • What is encephalitis?
    • What causes encephalitis?
    • What are encephalitis symptoms and signs?
    • What is meningitis?
    • What causes meningitis?
    • What are meningitis symptoms and signs?
    • What is encephalomyelitis?
    • How are encephalitis and meningitis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment of encephalitis and meningitis?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for patients with encephalitis or meningitis?
    • Is meningitis contagious?
    • Can meningitis be prevented?
  • Whooping Cough (Pertussis) Whooping cough (pertussis) is highly contagious respiratory infection that is caused by the bacteria Bordetella pertussis. There...learn more »
    In This Article
    Whooping Cough (Pertussis) Article
    • Whooping cough (pertussis) facts
    • What is whooping cough? What is the history of whooping cough?
    • What causes whooping cough?
    • What are risk factors for whooping cough?
    • Can whooping cough be prevented with a vaccine?
    • What are whooping cough symptoms, signs, and stages?
    • How is whooping cough transmitted?
    • Can adults get whooping cough?
    • How is whooping cough diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for whooping cough?
    • What is the prognosis for whooping cough?
    • What are possible complications of whooping cough?
    • Where can people find more information about whooping cough (pertussis)?
  • Toxoplasmosis Toxoplasmosis (toxo) is a parasitic infection that causes flulike symptoms, swollen lymph nodes, and muscle aches and pains that...learn more »
    In This Article
    Toxoplasmosis Article
    • Toxoplasmosis facts
    • What is toxoplasmosis?
    • What is the cause of toxoplasmosis?
    • What factors increase the risk of acquiring toxo?
    • What are the usual symptoms of toxoplasmosis?
    • Why do some people develop severe problems from toxo?
    • Can toxoplasmosis develop into a more serious illness in babies?
    • What is meant by a baby developing "a more severe case of toxo"?
    • How is toxo diagnosed in the lab?
    • How can toxoplasmosis be prevented?
    • Am I able to keep my cat?
    • Once infected with toxo, is my cat always able to spread the infection to me?
    • What is the treatment for toxoplasmosis?
    • What is the prognosis for toxoplasmosis?
  • Brain Lesions (Lesions on the Brain) Brain lesions (lesions on the brain) are caused by trauma, inflammation, autoimmune diseases, cancers, other diseases, stroke,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Brain Lesions (Lesions on the Brain) Article
    • Brain lesions facts
    • Brain anatomy
    • What are brain lesions?
    • What causes brain lesions?
    • What are the types of brain lesions?
    • What are the symptoms of brain lesions?
    • How are brain lesions diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for brain lesions?
    • Can brain lesions be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for brain lesions?
  • Stroke A stroke is an interruption of the blood supply to part of the brain caused by either a blood clot (ischemic) or bleeding...learn more »
    In This Article
    Stroke Article
    • Stroke facts
    • What is a stroke?
    • What are the different types of stroke?
    • What are the warning signs of a stroke?
    • What are the symptoms of a stroke?
    • How is a stroke diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for stroke?
    • What is the prognosis for stroke?
    • Is recovery after a stroke possible?
    • What is stroke rehabilitation?
    • Can strokes be prevented?
  • Streptococcal Infections Group A streptococcal infections are caused by group A streptococcus, a bacteria that causes a variety of health problems,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Streptococcal Infections Article
    • Group A streptococcal infections facts
    • What is group A Streptococcus (GAS)?
    • How are group A streptococcal (GAS) infections contracted?
    • What diseases are caused by group A streptococcal infection?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of GAS infections?
    • What is invasive group A streptococcal disease? Who is most at risk for getting invasive GAS disease?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of necrotizing fasciitis?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of toxic shock syndrome (TSS)?
    • How are group A streptococcal (GAS) infections diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for invasive group A streptococcal disease?
    • What complications are seen with group A streptococcal infections?
    • Can group A streptococcal infections be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for group A streptococcal infections?
    • Where can people find more information about group A streptococcal infections?
  • Trichinosis Trichinosis is a food-borne disease caused by ingesting parasites (roundworms) in undercooked pork or wild-game meat. Symptoms of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Trichinosis Article
    • Trichinosis facts
    • What is trichinosis?
    • What are symptoms of trichinosis?
    • What causes trichinosis?
    • What is the history and life cycle of trichinosis?
    • How is trichinosis diagnosed?
    • How is trichinosis treated?
    • Are there complications associated with trichinosis?
    • What is the prognosis for patients with trichinosis?
    • What are the risk factors for getting trichinosis?
    • Is trichinosis a common disease?
    • Is it possible to prevent trichinosis?
    • Where can I get more information on trichinosis?
  • Head Injury (Brain Injury) In the United States, head injuries are one of the most common causes of death and disability. Head injuries due to bleeding are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Head Injury (Brain Injury) Article
    • Head injury facts
    • Head injury introduction
    • What are the causes of head injury?
    • What are the symptoms of a head injury?
    • What is the Glasgow Coma Scale?
    • When should I contact a doctor about a head injury?
    • How is a head injury diagnosed?
    • How is a head injury treated?
    • What is the prognosis for a head injury?
    • How can a head injury be prevented?
    • What about a head injury in infants and young children?
  • Dupuytren's Contracture Dupuytren contracture is a localized formation of scar tissue beneath the skin of the palm of the hand. The scarring accumulates...learn more »
    In This Article
    Dupuytren's Contracture Article
    • Dupuytren's contracture facts
    • What is a Dupuytren's contracture?
    • How fast does a Dupuytren's contracture develop?
    • What are the causes and risk factors of a Dupuytren's contracture?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of a Dupuytren's contracture?
    • Is a Dupuytren's contracture limited to the hands?
    • How is a Dupuytren's contracture diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a Dupuytren's contracture?
    • What are complications of Dupuytren's contractures?
    • Can a Dupuytren's contracture be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for Dupuytren's contracture?
  • Swine Flu Novel H1N1 influenza A virus infection (swine flu) is an infection that generally is transferred from an infected pig to a human,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Swine Flu Article
    • Swine flu (H1N1 and H3N2v influenza virus) facts
    • What is the swine flu?
    • What causes swine flu?
    • Why is swine flu now infecting humans?
    • What are the symptoms of swine flu?
    • How is swine flu diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for swine flu?
    • What is the history of swine flu?
    • What are the risk factors for swine flu?
    • Can swine flu be prevented with a vaccine?
    • Can swine flu be prevented if the a flu vaccine (or other flu strain vaccine) is not readily available?
    • Was swine flu (H1N1) a cause of an epidemic or pandemic in the 2009-2010 flu season?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) and complications for patients who get swine flu?
    • Where can I find more information about swine flu?
  • Cerebral Palsy Cerebral palsy (CP) is an abnormality of motor function and postural tone acquired at an early age (even before birth). Cerebral...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cerebral Palsy Article
    • Cerebral palsy facts
    • What is cerebral palsy?
    • What are causes of cerebral palsy?
    • What are symptoms and signs of cerebral palsy?
    • What are the types of cerebral palsy?
    • What is spastic cerebral palsy?
    • What is dyskinetic cerebral palsy?
    • What is ataxic cerebral palsy?
    • What is dystonic cerebral palsy?
    • What is choreoathetoid cerebral palsy?
    • What is hypotonic cerebral palsy?
    • What is mixed cerebral palsy?
    • What other conditions are associated with cerebral palsy?
    • How is a child evaluated for cerebral palsy?
    • How is cerebral palsy treated?
    • What are specific treatment plans for cerebral palsy?
    • What is the long-term outlook for patients with cerebral palsy?
  • Rickets Rickets is caused by a deficiency of vitamin D, calcium or phosphate. Infants and children who are exclusively breastfed, have...learn more »
    In This Article
    Rickets Article
    • Rickets facts
    • What is rickets?
    • What is the history of rickets?
    • What causes rickets?
    • What are rickets symptoms and signs?
    • How is rickets diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for rickets?
    • What is the prognosis for rickets?
    • How can rickets be prevented?
  • Sleep A number of vital tasks carried out during sleep help maintain good health and enable people to function at their best. Sleep...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sleep Article
    • What is sleep?
    • What are the stages of sleep?
    • How much sleep does a person need?
    • Does the amount of sleep we need change as we age?
    • What are signs and symptoms of sleep deprivation?
    • What are and what causes sleep disorders?
    • How are sleep problems diagnosed?
    • How are sleep problems treated?
    • Sleep hygiene
    • Other therapies
    • Sleep aids (prescription and OTC)
    • Are sleep problems and disease related?
    • How can I get a good night's sleep?
  • Microcephaly Microcephaly is a genetic condition where the circumference of the head is smaller than normal due to underdeveloped brain....learn more »
    In This Article
    Microcephaly Article
    • Microcephaly facts*
    • What is microcephaly?
    • What causes microcephaly?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of microcephaly?
    • Is there any treatment for microcephaly?
    • What is the prognosis for microcephaly?
    • What research is being done on microcephaly?
    • For more information
  • Naegleria fowleri Naegleria fowleri is an amoeba found in freshwater and soil. Infection results when the amoeba enters the nose and travels to the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Naegleria fowleri Article
    • Naegleria fowleri (brain-eating amoeba) infection facts
    • What is Naegleria fowleri?
    • What causes a Naegleria fowleri infection?
    • What are risk factors for Naegleria fowleri infection?
    • What are symptoms and signs of a Naegleria fowleri infection?
    • How is a Naegleria fowleri infection diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a Naegleria fowleri infection?
    • Can Naegleria fowleri infections be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis of a Naegleria fowleri infection?
    • Where can people find additional information about Naegleria fowleri infections?
  • Concussion Concussion is a short-lived loss of brain function that is due to head trauma. There are two types of concussion, simple and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Concussion Article
    • What is concussion and what causes concussion?
    • What are the types of concussion?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of concussion?
    • How is concussion diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for concussion?
    • How can concussion be prevented?
    • What is the future of concussion?
  • Huntington's Disease Huntington's disease is the result of degeneration of neurons in areas of the brain. Huntington's disease is an inherited...learn more »
    In This Article
    Huntington's Disease Article
    • Huntington's disease facts*
    • Introduction to Huntington's disease
    • What causes Huntington's disease?
    • How is Huntington's disease inherited?
    • What are the symptoms and major effects of Huntington's disease?
    • At what age does Huntington's disease appear?
    • How is Huntington's disease diagnosed?
    • What is presymptomatic testing?
    • How is the presymptomatic test conducted?
    • How does a person decide whether to be tested?
    • Is there a treatment for Huntington's disease?
    • What kind of care does an individual with Huntington's disease need?
    • What community resources are available for Huntington's disease?
    • What research is being done on Huntington's disease?
    • How can I help?
    • What is the role of voluntary organizations?
    • Where can I get more information about Huntington's disease?
  • Measles Measles (rubeola) is a highly contagious disease that's caused by a virus. Symptoms include a rash, high fever, cough, runny...learn more »
    In This Article
    Measles Article
    • Measles facts
    • What is measles?
    • What is rubeola?
    • What is rubella?
    • What are other names for measles?
    • What is the history of measles?
    • What causes measles?
    • How is measles spread?
    • How does one become immune to measles?
    • Who is at risk for getting measles?
    • Is measles deadly?
    • What is the danger of getting measles while pregnant?
    • If I am exposed, how long does it take to develop symptoms and signs?
    • What are measles symptoms and signs?
    • What are the complications seen with measles?
    • What is atypical measles?
    • What is modified measles?
    • How is the diagnosis of measles made?
    • If it is not measles, what else could it be?
    • What should I do if I have been exposed to measles?
    • Is there any treatment for measles after symptoms and signs develop?
    • If measles only rarely occurs in the United States, why should I get vaccinated?
    • Do I need to be revaccinated against measles if I am traveling to Europe?
    • What is the prognosis for measles?
    • How can I prevent contracting measles?
    • Is there any truth to the fear of getting autism from vaccines?
    • Who should not receive measles vaccinations?
    • If a child has an egg allergy, can they still receive the measles vaccine?
    • What adverse reactions can occur to the measles vaccination?
    • Who should be revaccinated against measles?
    • Where can I find more information about measles?
  • Seizures Symptoms and Types Seizures are divided into two categories: generalized and partial. Generalized seizures are produced by electrical impulses from...learn more »
    In This Article
    Seizures Symptoms and Types Article
    • Epilepsy and an overview of the types of seizures
    • Types of generalized seizures (including grand mal)
    • Absence seizures
    • Myoclonic seizures
    • Clonic seizures
    • Tonic seizures
    • Atonic seizures
    • Types of partial seizures
    • Simple partial seizures
    • Complex partial seizures
    • Focal seizure that evolves into a generalized convulsive ("grand-mal") seizure
  • Shigella Shigellosis is a disease caused by the Shigella bacteria. Bloody diarrhea, stomach cramps and fever are common symptoms. Mild...learn more »
    In This Article
    Shigella Article
    • Shingellosis facts*
    • What is shigellosis? What causes shigellosis?
    • What sort of germ is Shigella?
    • How can Shigella infections be diagnosed?
    • How can Shigella infections be treated?
    • Are there long term consequences of a Shigella infection?
    • How do people catch Shigella?
    • What can a person do to prevent this illness?
    • How common is shigellosis?
    • What else can be done to prevent shigellosis?
    • What is the government doing about shigellosis?
    • How can I learn more about this and other public health problems?
    • Some tips for preventing the spread of shigellosis
  • Mitochondrial Disease Learn about mitochondrial disease, genetic disease in which include a group of neuromuscular diseases that are caused by damage...learn more »
    In This Article
    Mitochondrial Disease Article
    • Mitochondrial myopathies facts*
    • What are mitochondrial myopathies?
    • What are the symptoms of mitochondrial myopathies?
    • Is there any treatment for mitochondrial disease?
    • What is the prognosis for mitochondrial disease?
    • What research is being done for mitochondrial disease?
    • Organizations
  • Down Syndrome Down syndrome is a chromosomal disorder that results in the presence of an additional third chromosome 21, also referred to as...learn more »
    In This Article
    Down Syndrome Article
    • Down syndrome facts
    • What is Down syndrome?
    • What are the chromosome basics of Down syndrome?
    • How do the extra genes lead to Down syndrome?
    • What are the risk factors for conceiving a child with Down syndrome?
    • What are the characteristic features and symptoms of Down syndrome?
    • What type of prenatal screening is available for Down syndrome?
    • How is the diagnosis of Down syndrome made?
    • What about cognitive impairment in Down syndrome?
    • What other conditions are associated with Down syndrome?
    • How is Down syndrome managed?
    • What about early intervention and education for Down syndrome?
    • What are the needs of infants and preschool children with Down syndrome?
    • How do adolescents with Down syndrome develop?
    • What should one expect for adults with Down syndrome?
    • Do individuals with Down syndrome work?
    • Where can I find clinical trials for Down syndrome?
    • Where can I find more information about Down syndrome?
  • Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) The cause of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is unknown. The risk of SIDS peaks in infants 2-4 months of age. SIDS is more...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) Article
    • Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) facts
    • What is sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)?
    • What is the cause of SIDS?
    • What are the risk factors for SIDS?
    • How is SIDS diagnosed?
    • Can SIDS be prevented?
    • Does the supine (back) sleep position cause any problems for infants?
    • What support is available to parents who are coping with an infant loss due to SIDS?
    • Where can people get more information about sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)?
  • Drowning Drowning is a common cause of death and disability worldwide. In the US, it is the third most common cause of accidental death....learn more »
    In This Article
    Drowning Article
    • What is drowning and what are the statistics?
    • What happens during drowning?
    • What are the complications of drowning?
    • Does the type of drowning matter?
    • Wet vs. dry drowning
    • Salt vs. fresh water drowning
    • What are the risk factors of drowning?
    • What are the symptoms of drowning?
    • When should one seek medical care for drowning?
    • How is drowning diagnosed?
    • How is drowning treated?
    • How can drowning be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for a drowning victim?
  • Smoking (How to Quit Smoking) Smoking is an addiction. More than 430,000 deaths occur each year in the U.S. from smoking related illnesses. Secondhand smoke or...learn more »
    In This Article
    Smoking (How to Quit Smoking) Article
    • Smoking and quitting smoking facts
    • What problems are caused by smoking?
    • What is addictive disease and why is smoking considered an addictive disease?
    • What are the signs of cigarette addiction?
    • Why should someone quit smoking?
    • What are the steps in quitting?
    • Getting ready to quit smoking
    • On the day you quit smoking
    • Staying quit
    • What methods can help a person quit smoking?
    • Behavioral modification and self-help literature to quit smoking
    • Nicotine replacement therapy to quit smoking
    • What prescription products are available for smoking cessation?
    • How are nicotine-containing products used safely?
    • What is in the future for smoking?
  • Autism Spectrum Disorder (In Children and Adults) Autism in children and adults is a developmental disorder, characterized by impaired development in communication, social...learn more »
    In This Article
    Autism Spectrum Disorder (In Children and Adults) Article
    • Autism facts
    • What is autism?
    • How does autism impact the family?
    • What are the different types of autism?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of autism in children and adults?
    • Impairment of social interaction and communication
    • Behaviors
    • What causes autism?
    • Is autism genetic?
    • Do vaccines play a role in autism?
    • How is autism diagnosed in children and adults?
    • How is autism treated in children and adults?
    • What common sociobehavioral interventions are used to treat autism?
    • What are the common medications used to treat the symptoms of autism?
    • Can diet and supplements play a role in the treatment of autism?
    • What is the prognosis for children and adults with autism?
    • For more information about autism in children and adults
  • Sleepwalking Sleepwalking is a condition in which an individual walks or does other activities while asleep. Factors associated with...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sleepwalking Article
    • Sleepwalking facts
    • What is sleepwalking?
    • What are the causes, incidence, and risk factors of sleepwalking?
    • What are associated factors to consider?
    • What are symptoms of sleepwalking?
    • What are the signs and tests for sleepwalking?
    • What other conditions will my doctor consider before diagnosing sleepwalking?
    • What is the treatment for sleepwalking?
    • What is the prognosis of sleepwalking?
    • What are the complications of sleepwalking?
    • When should you call your health care practitioner about sleepwalking?
    • How can I prevent sleepwalking?
  • Schistosomiasis Schistosomiasis (snail fever), a disease caused by parasites, causes a variety of symptoms and signs, such as cough, rash and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Schistosomiasis Article
    • Schistosomiasis facts
    • What is schistosomiasis?
    • What causes schistosomiasis?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of schistosomiasis?
    • How is schistosomiasis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for schistosomiasis?
    • When should people with schistosomiasis seek medical care?
    • What are the complications of schistosomiasis?
    • Can schistosomiasis be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis (outcome) for schistosomiasis?
  • Phenylketonuria Phenylketonuria (PKU) is a disorder that is inherited. PKU disorder increases the levels of phenylalanine in the blood....learn more »
    In This Article
    Phenylketonuria Article
    • What is phenylketonuria (PKU)?
    • What are the symptoms of phenylketonuria?
    • How common is phenylketonuria?
    • What genes are related to phenylketonuria?
    • How do people inherit phenylketonuria?
    • What other names do people use for phenylketonuria?
  • Ricin Ricin is a biological toxin that can be made from processing castor beans. Symptoms of ricin poisoning include fever, cough,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Ricin Article
    • What is ricin?
    • Where is ricin found, and how is it used?
    • How are people exposed to ricin?
    • How does ricin work?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of ricin exposure?
    • How do authorities confirm cases of suspected ricin poisonning?
    • What is the treatment for ricin poisoning?
    • How can people protect themselves? What should someone do if they are exposed to ricin?
    • For more information
  • Malaria Malaria is a disease that is spread by the bite of an infected Anopheles mosquito. Malaria symptoms include fever, chills,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Malaria Article
    • Malaria facts
    • What is malaria?
    • What causes malaria?
    • What are risk factors for malaria? Is it possible to prevent malaria?
    • What are malaria symptoms and signs?
    • How do physicians diagnose malaria?
    • What is the treatment for malaria?
    • What is the prognosis of malaria?
    • Is there a malaria vaccine?
    • Can malaria reoccur after treatment?
  • Arteriovenous Malformation Arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is a congenital disorder of blood vessels in the brain, brainstem, or spinal cord that is...learn more »
    In This Article
    Arteriovenous Malformation Article
    • What are arteriovenous malformations?
    • What are the symptoms of arteriovenous malformations?
    • How do arteriovenous malformations damage the brain and spinal cord?
    • Where do neurological arteriovenous malformations tend to form?
    • What are the health consequences of arteriovenous malformations?
    • What other types of vascular lesions affect the central nervous system?
    • What causes vascular lesions?
    • How are arteriovenous malformations and other vascular lesions detected?
    • How can arteriovenous malformations and other vascular lesions be treated?
    • What research is being done?
  • MELAS Syndrome MELAS syndrome, a rare form of dementia, stands for Mitochondrial Encephalopathy, Lactic Acidosis, and Stroke-like episodes....learn more »
    In This Article
    MELAS Syndrome Article
    • What is MELAS?
    • What causes MELAS?
    • What are the symptoms of MELAS?
    • How is MELAS diagnosed?
    • When do people with MELAS develop symptoms?
    • How is MELAS treated?
    • are there other mitochondrial diseases?
  • Lupus (Systemic Lupus Erythematosus) Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease characterized by periods of remission and relapse (flares). Symptoms...learn more »
    In This Article
    Lupus (Systemic Lupus Erythematosus) Article
    • Lupus Overview
    • Lupus Causes
    • Lupus Symptoms and Signs
    • Other Lupus Symptoms and Signs
    • When to Seek Medical Care
    • Lupus Diagnosis
    • Self-Care at Home
    • Medical Treatment
    • Complications of Lupus
    • Lupus Prognosis
    • Prevention of Lupus Flares
    • Lupus Pictures
  • Brain Damage: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment Brain damage causes destruction or deterioration of brain cells. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) and acquired brain injury (ABI) are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Brain Damage: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment Article
    • Brain damage introduction
    • What are the types of brain damage and how severe are they?
    • What causes brain damage?
    • What are the symptoms of brain damage?
    • How are brain damage and brain injuries treated?
    • Can I prevent brain injuries?
  • Febrile Seizures Febrile seizures, or convulsions caused by fever in small children or infants can be frightening, however, in general are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Febrile Seizures Article
    • Seizure symptoms: how to assist the victim
    • NIH on what are febrile seizures?
    • How common are febrile seizures?
    • What are the symptoms of a febrile seizure?
    • What makes a child prone to recurrent febrile seizures?
    • Are febrile seizures harmful?
    • What should be done for a child having a febrile seizure?
    • How are febrile seizures diagnosed and treated?
    • How are febrile seizures prevented?
    • What research is being done on febrile seizures?
    • Where can I get more information?
  • Landau-Kleffner Syndrome Landau-Kleffner syndrome (LKS, infantile acquired aphasia, acquired epileptic aphasia, or aphasia with convulsive disorder), a...learn more »
    In This Article
    Landau-Kleffner Syndrome Article
    • What is Landau-Kleffner syndrome?
    • What are the signs of Landau-Kleffner syndrome?
    • How common is Landau-Kleffner syndrome?
    • What causes Landau-Kleffner syndrome?
    • What is the outcome of Landau-Kleffner syndrome?
    • What treatments are available?
    • Where can I get more information?
  • Coma Coma is the inability to waken or react to the surrounding environment. The Glasgow Coma Scale is frequently used to measure the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Coma Article
    • What is a "coma"?
    • What is the Glasgow Coma Scale?
    • What are the causes of a coma?
    • Trauma
    • Bleeding (Hemorrhage)
    • Epidural, subdural, and subarachnoid hemorrhages
    • Tumors
    • Swelling
    • Infection
    • Lack of oxygen
    • Hypoglycemic coma
    • Poisons
    • How is coma assessed?
    • What tests are there for coma?
    • What is the outcome and prognosis for a patient in a coma?
    • Induced Coma
  • Nicotine Nicotine is delivered to the brain through smoking, chewing, or sniffing tobacco. Nicotine is an addictive agent. Common names...learn more »
    In This Article
    Nicotine Article
    • What is tobacco addiction?
    • Is nicotine addictive?
    • Is nicotine the only harmful part of tobacco?
    • How is tobacco used?
    • What are the common street names for cigarettes, smokeless tobacco, and hookah smoking?
    • How many teens smoke or use tobacco products?
    • How does tobacco deliver its effects?
    • What happens when someone uses tobacco for long periods of time?
    • What are other adverse health effects of smoking and tobacco abuse?
    • Smoking and pregnancy: What are the risks?
    • How is tobacco addiction treated?
    • What if a person wants to quit smoking or using tobacco?
  • Bath Salts Ingredients of the drug bath salts include mephedrone, methylone, MDPV, or MDPK. Feeling high and sexually stimulated are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bath Salts Article
    • Bath salts facts
    • What are bath salts, and how are bath salts abused?
    • What is the history of bath salts?
    • Are bath salts addictive?
    • Are bath salts legal?
    • What are risk and protective (prevention) factors for bath salts abuse and addiction?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of bath salts intoxication?
    • What are the side effects, complications, and prognosis of abusing bath salts?
    • How is bath salts abuse and addiction diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for bath salts abuse and addiction?
    • Where can people find more information about bath salts abuse and addiction?
  • Cysticercosis (Pork Tapeworm Infection) Cysticercosis is an infection caused by Taenia solium, the pork tapeworm. Symptoms include seizures, lethargy, nausea and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cysticercosis (Pork Tapeworm Infection) Article
    • Cysticercosis (pork tapeworm infection) facts
    • What is cysticercosis?
    • What causes cysticercosis?
    • How is cysticercosis transmitted?
    • What are cysticercosis symptoms and signs?
    • How is cysticercosis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for cysticercosis?
    • What are the complications of cysticercosis?
    • How is cysticercosis prevented?
  • Ciguatera Poisoning Ciguatera poisoning is a type of food poisoning caused by the ciguatera toxin found in a variety of large reef fish found between...learn more »
    In This Article
    Ciguatera Poisoning Article
    • What is ciguatera poisoning?
    • What are the symptoms of ciguatera poisoning?
    • What is the treatment for ciguatera poisoning?
    • When should I see a doctor for ciguatera poisoning?
  • Yellow Fever Yellow fever is an infectious disease transmitted by infected mosquitoes. Side effects are rare with the yellow fever vaccine....learn more »
    In This Article
    Yellow Fever Article
    • Yellow fever facts
    • What is yellow fever? What is the history of yellow fever?
    • What causes yellow fever?
    • How is yellow fever transmitted?
    • What areas are high-risk for contracting yellow fever?
    • What is the incubation period for yellow fever?
    • What are yellow fever symptoms and signs?
    • How is yellow fever diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for yellow fever?
    • What is the prognosis for people with yellow fever?
    • Can yellow fever be prevented?
    • Where can people get more information on yellow fever?
  • Adult Brain Tumors Adult brain tumors are diseases in which cancer (malignant) cells begin to grow in the tissues of the brain. The brain controls...learn more »
    In This Article
    Adult Brain Tumors Article
    • Adult brain tumor facts*
    • What are adult brain tumors?
    • What are metastatic brain tumors?
    • What are the symptoms of an adult brain tumor?
    • What tests are used to find and diagnose adult brain tumors?
    • What is the grade of a tumor?
    • What are the types of adult brain tumors?
    • How are adult brain tumors treated?
    • Three types of standard treatment are used.
    • Other types of treatment that are being tested in clinical trials
    • Treatment options by type of adult brain tumor
    • Where can a patient get more information about adult brain tumors?
  • Biorhythms Biologic rhythms, or biorhythms, are how our bodies respond to the regular phases of the sun, moon, and seasons. A medical...learn more »
    In This Article
    Biorhythms Article
    • What are biologic rhythms?
    • How does the "body clock" affects symptoms of illness?
    • What are examples of specific diseases affected by biorhythms?
    • Angina
    • Heart attack
    • High blood pressure (hypertension)
    • Hay fever (allergic rhinitis)
    • Asthma
    • Can the "body clock"  affect diagnostic testing?
    • Can drug therapy be matched to the "body clock?"
  • Klippel-Trenaunay-Weber Syndrome Klippel-Trènaunay-Weber (KTW) syndrome is a condition characterized by port-wine stains or birthmark malformations in the skin,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Klippel-Trenaunay-Weber Syndrome Article
    • What is Klippel-Trènaunay-Weber (KTW) syndrome?
    • What is a port-wine stain?
    • What is asymmetrical limb hypertrophy?
    • Are there other abnormalities in Klippel-Trènaunay-Weber syndrome?
    • How is intelligence affected?
    • What is the basic defect in Klippel-Trènaunay-Weber syndrome?
    • What causes Klippel-Trènaunay-Weber syndrome?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) with Klippel-Trènaunay-Weber syndrome?
    • Why is it called Klippel-Trènaunay-Weber syndrome?
    • Alternative names for Klippel-Trènaunay-Weber (KTW) syndrome
  • Ataxia Ataxia is a lack of muscle coordination when a voluntary movement is attempted. There are many different types of ataxia...learn more »
    In This Article
    Ataxia Article
    • What is ataxia?
    • What are the different types of ataxia?
    • What causes ataxia?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of ataxia?
    • How is ataxia diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for ataxia?
    • What is the prognosis for ataxia?
    • Can ataxia be prevented?
  • Leigh's Disease (Leigh's Syndrome) Leigh's disease (Leigh's syndrome) is a rare genetic neurometabolic disorder. The symptoms of Leigh's disease include loss of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Leigh's Disease (Leigh's Syndrome) Article
    • What is Leigh's disease (Leigh's syndrome)?
    • What causes Leigh's disease?
    • What are the symptoms of Leigh's disease?
    • Is there any treatment for Leigh's disease?
    • Are there other forms of Leigh's disease?
    • What is the prognosis for Leigh's disease?
    • What research is being done with Leigh's disease?
    • Clinical trials for Leigh's disease
    • Support for Leigh's disease
  • Parry-Romberg Syndrome Parry-Romberg syndrome is a rare disorder that is characterized by a slow progressive atrophy of the skin and soft tissues of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Parry-Romberg Syndrome Article
    • What is and what causes Parry-Romberg syndrome?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of Parry-Romberg syndrome?
    • At what age does Parry-Romberg syndrome occur?
    • Is there any treatment for Parry-Romberg syndrome?
    • What is the prognosis for Parry-Romberg syndrome?
    • What research is being done for Parry-Romberg syndrome?
  • Meningococcemia Meningococcemia is a bloodstream infection caused by Neisseria meningitides. Meningococcemia symptoms include fever, headache,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Meningococcemia Article
    • Meningococcemia facts
    • What is meningococcemia?
    • What causes meningococcemia?
    • What are risk factors for meningococcemia?
    • What are symptoms and signs of meningococcemia?
    • How is meningococcemia diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for meningococcemia?
    • What is the prognosis of meningococcemia?
    • Is it possible to prevent meningococcemia?
    • Where can people find more information on meningococcemia?
    • What research is being done on meningococcemia?
  • Child Abuse Approximately 40 million children suffer abuse every year around the world, and more than 1,500 children die of abuse in the U.S....learn more »
    In This Article
    Child Abuse Article
    • Child abuse facts
    • What is child abuse?
    • What are the different types of child abuse?
    • What are risk factors for child abuse?
    • What are symptoms and signs of child abuse?
    • How do physicians diagnose child abuse?
    • What is the treatment for child abuse?
    • What are the complications and prognosis of child abuse?
    • Is it possible to prevent child abuse?
    • What should people do if they suspect that a child is being abused?
    • Where can people find more information about child abuse?
  • 1p36 Deletion Syndrome 1p36 deletion syndrome is a genetic disorder that causes severe intellectual disability. Characteristics of 1p36 deletion sndrome...learn more »
    In This Article
    1p36 Deletion Syndrome Article
    • 1p36 deletion syndrome facts
    • What is and what causes 1p36 deletion syndrome?
    • What are the characteristics, signs, and symptoms of 1p36 deletion syndrome?
    • What is the treatment for 1p36 deletion syndrome?
    • What is the prognosis and life expectancy for 1p36 deletion syndrome?
    • Conclusion
  • Histoplasmosis Histoplasmosis is a disease caused by a fungus called Histoplasma capsulatum. The symptoms are similar to those of pneumonia and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Histoplasmosis Article
    • Histoplasmosis facts
    • What is histoplasmosis?
    • What causes histoplasmosis?
    • What are risk factors for histoplasmosis?
    • What are histoplasmosis symptoms and signs?
    • How do physicians diagnose histoplasmosis?
    • What is the treatment for histoplasmosis?
    • What is the prognosis of histoplasmosis?
    • Is it possible to prevent histoplasmosis?
  • Shaken Baby Syndrome (Abusive Head Trauma) Shaken baby syndrome, or abusive head trauma, are the symptoms and signs that result from the violent shaking of an infant. These...learn more »
    In This Article
    Shaken Baby Syndrome (Abusive Head Trauma) Article
    • Shaken baby syndrome facts
    • What is shaken baby syndrome?
    • What causes shaken baby syndrome?
    • What are the risk factors for shaken baby syndrome?
    • What are shaken baby syndrome symptoms and signs?
    • How do physicians diagnose shaken baby syndrome?
    • What is the treatment for shaken baby syndrome?
    • What are complications and long-term effects of shaken baby syndrome?
    • What is the prognosis of shaken baby syndrome?
    • Is it possible to prevent shaken baby syndrome?
    • What can caregivers or parents do to calm a crying baby?
  • Club Drugs Ecstasy (MDMA), Rohypnol, ketamine and GHB are a few of the different types of drugs abused at bars, raves and parties. Rohypnol...learn more »
    In This Article
    Club Drugs Article
    • How are club drugs abused?
    • How do club drugs affect the body?
    • Are club drugs addictive?
    • What other adverse effects do club drugs have on health?
    • What treatment options exist for those who abuse or are dependent upon club drugs?
    • How widespread is club drug abuse?
    • Where can people find more information about club drugs?
  • Gaucher Disease Gaucher disease is caused by an inherited (genetic) defect in an enzyme glucocerebroside. Signs fo Gaucher disease include...learn more »
    In This Article
    Gaucher Disease Article
    • What is Gaucher Disease?
    • How common is Gaucher disease?
    • What genes are related to Gaucher disease?
    • How do people inherit Gaucher disease?
    • Where can I find information about treatment for Gaucher disease?
    • What other names do people use for Gaucher disease?
  • Tetrahydrobiopterin Deficiency Tetrahydrobiopterin deficiency is a rare genetic disorder that increases the levels of phenylalanine and several other substances...learn more »
    In This Article
    Tetrahydrobiopterin Deficiency Article
    • What is tetrahydrobiopterin deficiency?
    • What are the symptoms of tetrahydrobiopterin deficiency?
    • How common is tetrahydrobiopterin deficiency?
    • What genes are related to tetrahydrobiopterin deficiency?
    • How do people inherit tetrahydrobiopterin deficiency?
    • What other names do people use for tetrahydrobiopterin deficiency?
  • Pregnancy and Drugs (Prescription and OTC) Taking prescription medications or over-the-counter drugs or supplements should be discussed with your doctor. There are some...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pregnancy and Drugs (Prescription and OTC) Article
    • Is it safe to use medicine while I am pregnant?
    • How should I decide whether to use a medicine while I am pregnant?
    • Where do doctors and nurses find out about using medicines during pregnancy?
    • How do prescription and over-the-counter (OTC) medicine labels help my doctor choose the right medicine for me when I am pregnant?
    • What if I'm thinking about getting pregnant?
    • Is it safe to use medicine while I am trying to become pregnant?
    • What if I get sick and need to use medicine while I am pregnant?
    • I have a health problem. Should I stop using my medicine while I am pregnant?
    • Are vitamins safe for me while I am pregnant?
    • Are herbal remedies or natural products safe for me when I am pregnant?
    • In the future, will there be better ways to know if medicines are safe to use during pregnancy?
    • For more information
  • Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) FAQs Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are developmental disorders that do not appear to be linked to vaccines. More people than ever...learn more »
    In This Article
    Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) FAQs Article
    • Do vaccines cause autism spectrum disorders (ASDs)?
    • Is there an ASD epidemic?
    • Can adults be diagnosed with an ASD?
    • How many children with ASDs are being served through public special education programs?
    • Has the number of children being served under an ASD classification in public special education programs changed?
    • How do the rates of ASDs in special education compare with those of other special education categories?
    • What are mitochondrial diseases?
    • Is there a link between mitochondrial diseases and ASDs?

STAY INFORMED

Get the Latest health and medical information delivered direct to your inbox!