What treatment did you use for your muscle spasms?
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How are muscle spasms treated?
Prevention is the key to most skeletal muscle spasm episodes. Since they are
often associated with dehydration and electrolyte disturbances, it is important
to keep the body well hydrated. If the fluid loss is due to an illness with
fever or vomiting and diarrhea, controlling the symptoms will help limit fluid
loss and prevent spasms. Similarly, for those who work or exercise in a hot
environment, drinking enough fluids to keep hydrated is very important.
Muscles should also be prepared for the activity that they are expected to do. Just as athletes stretch and warm up before the game, nonathletes should warm up before heavy labor, including jobs like raking, mowing, and shoveling snow.
Should a skeletal muscle go into spasm, the initial treatment is to gently
stretch the muscle back to length to break the spasm cycle and resolve the acute
Further treatment will depend upon the underlying cause of the muscle
spasms. For muscles that have been damaged or strained, medications may be required for short-term pain relief, including anti-inflammatories (ibuprofen [Advil]), narcotics, and muscle relaxants.
The treatment of smooth muscle spasm also depends upon the underlying cause.
Often, pain control will occur simultaneously with the care provider's efforts
to make the diagnosis.
There is no one effective treatment for the dystonias. Medication may used to
try to restore balance to the brain's neurotransmitters. The decision as to
which medication to use depends upon the patient's presentation. It may take
trial and error to find the right medication in the right dose to control
Anti-Parkinsonism drugs, like trihexyphenidyl HCl (Artane) and benztropine
mesylate (Cogentin), decrease acetylcholine
Muscle relaxants like diazepam (Valium) and baclofen (Lioresal) affect GABA receptors.
Levodopa (Sinemet) and reserpine (Harmonyl) affect dopamine levels.
Carbamazepine (Tegretol), a seizure-control drug, may be useful in some patients.
Botulinum toxin type A (Botox) may be injected into a specific muscle to paralyze it and relieve the
muscle spasm. This was initially used for blepharospasms but is now able to be
used where other muscles are involved.