Emphysema - Risk Factors

What risk factors do you have for emphysema? If so, what lifestyle changes do you plan to implement to prevent progressive emphysema?

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What are the risk factors for emphysema?

The major factors that increase the risk for developing emphysema are:

Smoking: Smoking is one of the major risk factors for developing emphysema; the risk increases as the number of years the person has been smoking increases, and is related to the amount of tobacco smoked (for example, three cigarettes a day versus a pack and a half per day); smoking is a major risk factor also for developing lung cancer.

Exposure to secondhand smoke: the risk factors or emphysema increase for people exposed to secondhand smoke according to the number of years exposed to secondhand smoke, and the amount of smoke the person is exposed to.

Exposure to fumes or dust in the environment: People that work in close association with chemical fumes or dusts generated in mining, chemical plants or other industries are higher risks for developing emphysema; these risks are further increased if the person smokes tobacco.

Pollution: Air pollution caused by fumes from vehicles, electrical generating plants that use coal and other fumes produce increases the risk of emphysema.

In the underdeveloped parts of the world, indoor air pollution primarily from open wood flames used for cooking is the primary mechanism for acquiring emphysema.

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