Bronchiectasis - Cause

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What causes bronchiectasis?

Bronchiectasis is caused by damage to the walls of the bronchi; this damage consists of destroying the smooth muscles and the elastic tissue that allow the bronchial tubes to contract. Consequently, if the bronchi are damaged, secretions that are normally produced in the lung are not well removed and cause an increased likelihood that infections (pneumonia, bronchitis) can develop. Unfortunately these infections can cause further damage to the bronchial walls producing a cycle of increased damaged and then increased infection. As the cycle continues, lung functionality decreases.

As stated previously, the causes can be acquired (infection, environmental exposure, drug and/or alcohol abuse, for example) and/or congenital (alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency, immotile cilia syndrome, for example).

Return to Bronchiectasis (Acquired, Congenital)

See what others are saying

Comment from: tricia, 65-74 Male (Caregiver) Published: November 04

Patient had pink disease as an infant and was diagnosed with Young's syndrome in 1980s, as well as bronchiectasis. He had lower lung removed in late 1980s. I think all illnesses add up. Medication was working well till stopped by consultant, ipratropium bromide; he is now on mucodine, not so good.

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Comment from: angrybarber, 35-44 Female (Patient) Published: February 17

I read that having pneumonia prior to vaccination was the cause of my bronchiectasis. I had it 2 or 3 times before I was a year old.

Was this comment helpful?Yes


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