What was the cause of your case of bronchiectasis?
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What causes bronchiectasis?
Bronchiectasis is caused by damage to the walls of the bronchi; this damage
consists of destroying the smooth muscles and the elastic tissue that allow the
bronchial tubes to contract. Consequently, if the bronchi are damaged,
secretions that are normally produced in the lung are not well removed and cause
an increased likelihood that infections (pneumonia, bronchitis) can develop.
Unfortunately these infections can cause further damage to the bronchial walls
producing a cycle of increased damaged and then increased infection. As the
cycle continues, lung functionality decreases.
As stated previously, the causes can be acquired (infection, environmental
exposure, drug and/or
alcohol abuse, for example) and/or congenital (alpha-1
antitrypsin deficiency, immotile cilia syndrome, for example).