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What causes vaginitis?
Infectious causes of vaginitis include bacteria, yeast, and Trichomonas.
Bacterial vaginosis is the most common
bacterial infection that causes vaginitis. This condition results from an
imbalance of overgrowth in the bacteria normally present in the vagina. It is
not clear if sexual activity plays a role in the development of bacterial
vaginosis, and some experts believe it can occur in women who have not had
sexual contact. The STDs
Chlamydia are other bacterial causes of
Yeast infections, such as Candida
infection, are a common cause of vaginitis.
Yeast infections are not considered
to be STDs.
("Trich") is a parasitic
infection that is transmitted through sexual contact.
Non-infectious causes of vaginitis include physical or chemical irritation,
Douches, soaps, or fragrances
Reduced estrogen levels around the time
Vaginitis in young girls has also been described and is thought to arise from
poor hygiene practices that allow the spread of fecal bacteria from the anal
area into the vagina.