Birth Control - IUD complications

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Did you experience any complications with your IUD? Please describe them.

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What are the side effects of an intrauterine device (IUD)?

Side effects of the IUD are limited primarily to the uterus. These include:

  • cramps,
  • spotting,
  • heavy menstrual flow,
  • infection,
  • pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), and
  • infertility.

It is also possible for the IUD to pass through (perforate) the uterine wall and enter the abdominal cavity, where it must be retrieved surgically. Perforation of or trauma to the uterus by the IUD occurs in 1/1,000 insertions. Warning signs of possible complications from an IUD include abdominal pain, heavy bleeding, abnormal spotting or bleeding, and a smelly vaginal discharge. If a woman experiences any of these signs, she should contact her health care professional.

Return to IUD (Intrauterine Devices for Birth Control)

See what others are saying

Comment from: krissy, 19-24 Female (Patient) Published: April 14

I have been on an intra-uterine device (IUD) now for 4 months and it's been great! With the exception that I have been bloating the last week and half and it hasn"t gone down. I also have spotted here and there but that is normal apparently. The only thing worrying me right now is the smelly discharge. I have never experienced this before and I am a little worried I am that 1 in 1000 people who have pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). I hope not... I am going to see my obstetrician/gynecologist this week.

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