Urinalysis - Results

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What is a urinalysis?

A urinalysis is simply an analysis of the urine. It is a very common test that can be performed in many health-care settings, including doctors' offices, urgent-care facilities, laboratories, and hospitals.

A urinalysis test is performed by collecting a urine sample from the patient in a specimen cup. Usually only small amounts (30-60 mLs) may be required for urinalysis testing. The sample can be either analyzed in the medical clinic or sent to a laboratory to perform the tests. Urinalysis is abbreviated UA.

Picture of urine dip stick and color box instructions
Picture of urine dipstick and color box instructions

UA is in general easily available and relatively inexpensive. It is also a simple test and can provide many useful information about various diseases and conditions. Some physicians refer to urinalysis as "a poor man's kidney biopsy" because of the plethora of information that can be obtained about the health of the kidney or other internal diseases by this simple test.

Urine can be evaluated by its physical appearance (color, cloudiness, odor, clarity), or macroscopic analysis. It can be also analyzed based on its chemical and molecular properties or microscopic assessment.

Urinalysis is ordered by doctors for a number of reasons, including the following:

  • Routine medical evaluation: general yearly screening, assessment before surgery (preoperative assessment), admission to hospital, screening for kidney disease, diabetes mellitus, hypertension (high blood pressure), liver disease, etc.
  • Assessing particular symptoms: abdominal pain, painful urination, flank pain, fever, blood in the urine, or other urinary symptoms.
  • Diagnosing medical conditions: urinary tract infection, kidney infection, kidney stones, uncontrolled diabetes (high blood sugars), kidney impairment, muscle breakdown (rhabdomyolysis), protein in urine, drug screening, and kidney inflammation (glomerulonephritis).
  • Monitoring disease progression and response to therapy: diabetes related kidney disease, kidney impairment, lupus related kidney disease, blood pressure related kidney disease, kidney infection, protein in urine, blood in urine.
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See what others are saying

Comment from: mary, 65-74 Female (Patient) Published: June 20

My urinalysis test results are: blood is 2 plus and leukocytes are 3 plus. I have had another test but results are not in yet. I do take aspirin daily. I wonder if that could be the cause.

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Comment from: V. siddiqui, (Caregiver) Published: July 22

My mother has diabetes. She developed edema for last three months so my family physician advised some tests, urinalysis KFT, hemoglobin, lipid profile, vitamin D 125, and thyroid (THS). All tests were normal. Then the doctor physically examined my mother's heart sounds, liver, and lungs but nothing found positive, so he declared her edema as idiopathic.

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