High and Low Glycemic Index Foods - High Index Diet

If your diet consists of high glycemic index foods, what health effects have you noticed?

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What are the health effects of foods with a high glycemic index?

Eating lots of foods with a high glycemic index can keep your blood sugar levels elevated. This can cause you to become resistant to insulin, the hormone that converts blood sugar into energy for cells. Insulin resistance will result in type 2 diabetes. Two large United States population studies found a diet containing high glycemic index foods and high fat content can double the risk of type 2 diabetes.

Foods with a high glycemic index also have been linked to cardiovascular disease. In fact, a low glycemic index diet can have a more positive impact on cardiovascular health than any other dietary factor. A 2012 review of available scientific evidence found that a high glycemic index diet increases the risk of cardiovascular disease by 23 percent. The risk ran higher for women than men.

A high glycemic index diet also is associated with obesity. People who eat foods with a high glycemic index tend to have a higher body mass index. Conversely, people who eat low glycemic index food tend to lose weight and gain a healthier BMI. However, portion sizes do matter -- eating a lot of low glycemic index food will cause you to gain weight if you take in more calories than you burn.

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