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First aid for seizures facts
Epilepsy is a medical condition that
Causes of epilepsy include brain
diseases, illness, or injury, but the cause of many
seizure disorders is
Common symptoms of seizures include
unconsciousness, muscle contractions and convulsions, clouded awareness,
weakness, loss of sensation, strange sensation in the stomach, lip smacking,
fidgeting, confusion, and sleepiness after the seizure.
There are many different types of
seizures (grand mal, febrile), from a first aid point of view the underlying
type of seizure or trigger has limited importance.
First aid for seizures is aimed at
keeping the person safe until the seizure stops on its own. Stay calm, loosen
anything around the person's neck, do not restrain them or put anything in their
mouth, clear the area around them, and stay with them after the seizure stops.
Call 911 if the seizure lasts longer
than 5 minutes, the person has another seizure, does not wake up, or has another
Some seizures can be prevented by
taking prescribed seizure medication regularly, checking for drug interactions,
avoiding alcohol, and avoiding seizure triggers.