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What is the treatment for gestational diabetes?
It is important to receive proper treatment for gestational diabetes, since
research studies have shown that the incidence of problems and complications is
decreased when treatment plans are followed. Treatment for gestational diabetes
involves attention to maintaining a
proper diet and exercise as advised by your
doctor. Nutritional therapy is the first approach, and many women will achieve
adequate glucose control by following a nutritional plan.
Testing your blood glucose levels at home at specific times or after meals as
recommended by your doctor will determine if your glucose levels are within
recommended limits. Testing at least four times per day is typical. You may also
be asked to test your urine for ketones, substances that are produced when your
body metabolizes fat. Ketones are elevated when the body is unable to use
glucose for energy.
If diet and exercise are not sufficient to maintain good control of your
blood glucose levels, you may need to take
insulin. Insulin is the only approved
medication used to treat gestational diabetes in the U.S.; however, some
clinicians may choose to use an oral agent to control the blood sugar in some
patients. As the pregnancy progresses, your insulin needs may change and insulin
doses may have to be adjusted.