If known, what were your risk factors for developing phlebitis?
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What are the risk factors for phlebitis?
One of the common risk factors for
phlebitis is a trauma. For example, a trauma or an injury to the arm or leg can cause an injury the underlying vein
resulting in inflammation or phlebitis.
Prolonged immobility is another common risk factor for
phlebitis. Blood that is stored in the veins of the lower extremities normally
is pumped toward the heart by the contraction of the lower leg muscles. If the
muscle contraction is
limited due to prolonged (hours) immobility by sitting on a plane or a car, the
blood in the veins can become stagnant and clot formation can result in
Hormone therapy (HT),
birth control pills, and
increase the risk for developing thrombophlebitis.
Cigarette smoking is another risk factor for thrombophlebitis. Smoking in
combination with birth control pills can substantially increase the risk of
Obesity is also a risk factor for thrombophlebitis.
Certain cancers are known to increase the risk of clot formation (referred to
as a hyper-coagulable state) by causing abnormalities in the normal clotting
system (coagulation pathway). Some cancers with
hypercoagulable state cause
phlebitis or thrombophlebitis.
Inherited (primary) or acquired (secondary) hypercoagulable states are
associated with an increased risk of phlebitis and thrombosis. Some, but not
all, of these states can be identified by appropriate laboratory testing.
Recent surgery of any type can be associated with the conditions. The
highest risk seems to come with major orthopedic procedures and procedures