What treatments have been effective in managing premenopause symptoms?
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Is there any treatment for premature menopause?
There is no treatment that can reverse or prevent premature menopause. However, women who have reached menopause do have treatment options that can help control unpleasant symptoms.
Types of treatments for symptom relief include:
Hormone therapy: hormone therapy (HT, or estrogen therapy, ET) is available in different forms including pills, patches, transdermal sprays, or gels or creams. Localized hormone treatments are also available for intravaginal use. HT/ET is the most effective way to control symptoms like hot flashes and vaginal dryness. Because HT/ET has been associated with certain health risks (heart attack, stroke, and breast cancer), experts recommend using the lowest effective dose of hormone therapy for the shortest period of time necessary for symptom control.
Oral contraceptive pills are a form of HT that is sometimes used to help relieve menopausal symptoms.
Antidepressant medications: the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and related medications have been shown to be effective in controlling the symptoms of hot flashes in up to 60% of women.
Non-hormonal vaginal gels, creams, and lubricants can help prevent the symptoms of vaginal dryness.
Assisted reproductive technologies: in selected cases, pregnancy may be achieved using donor eggs in women with premature menopause.