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Problem sleepiness facts*
*Problem sleepiness facts medical author: Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD
Problem sleepiness occurs when sleepiness during the day interferes with work or social functioning.
Symptoms of problem sleepiness may include difficulty concentrating, falling asleep while driving, or problems with emotional control.
There are a number of causes of problem sleepiness, including sleep disorders; other medical conditions; certain medications; substances like drugs, alcohol, or caffeine; or an altered sleep-wake cycle.
Sleep disorders include narcolepsy, insomnia, sleep apnea, and restless legs syndrome.
Sleepiness is a major cause of motor vehicle accidents, poor school performance, and depressed mood.
Shift workers are especially susceptible to sleepiness and its risks.
Treatment may consist of improving sleep hygiene and avoiding precipitating factors.