Guinea Worm Disease - Location

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Where is Guinea worm disease found?

Dracunculiasis now occurs only in 4 countries in sub-Saharan Africa. Transmission of the disease is most common in very remote rural villages and in areas visited by nomadic groups. In 2011, only four countries reported cases of GWD: Chad, Ethiopia, Mali, and South Sudan, with the majority of cases in South Sudan.

Asia is now free of the disease. Transmission of GWD no longer occurs in several African countries, including Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Cote d'Ivoire, Kenya, Mauritania, Senegal, Togo, and Uganda. No locally acquired cases of disease have been reported in these countries in the last year or more. The treatment of case importations from the remaining endemic countries requires that surveillance be maintained in formerly endemic areas until official certification. The World Health Organization has certified 180 countries free of transmission of Dracunculiasis, including six formerly endemic countries: Pakistan (in 1996), India (in 2000), Senegal and Yemen (in 2004), Central African Republic and Cameroon (in 2007).

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