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What causes turf toe?
Turf toe commonly occurs as an athlete tries to push off of the ground, causing a stretch or hyperextension injury to the structures on the bottom of the big toe.
In a 1993 survey of 80 National Football League players, 36 players reported that they had incurred a turf toe injury and 83% of those players reported that the injury had occurred on artificial turf. Older players and those with more experience in professional football were more likely to have sustained a turf toe injury.
Turf toe injury does cause a lasting decrease in first MTP motion and increased plantar foot contact pressures in football players.
Turf toe, foot, and/or toe pain (metatarsalgia) may also be caused by arthritis, contusions, blisters, bunions, neuromas, sesamoiditis, hammertoes, fractures, and gout.