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What are the symptoms of Meniere's disease?
The symptoms of Meniere's disease typically include at least several of the following:
Episodic rotational vertigo: Attacks of a spinning sensation accompanied by disequilibrium (an off-balanced sensation),
nausea, and sometimes
vomiting. This is usually the most troublesome symptom. The vertigo usually last 20 minutes to
four hours or longer. During attacks, patients are very disabled, and sleepiness may follow. An off-balanced sensation may last for several days.
Tinnitus: A roaring, buzzing, machine-like, or ringing sound in the ear. It may be episodic with an attack of vertigo or it may be constant. Usually the tinnitus gets worse or will appear just before the onset of the vertigo.
Hearing loss: It may be intermittent early in the onset of the disease, but overtime it may become a fixed hearing loss. It may involve all frequencies, but most commonly occurs in the lower frequencies. Loud sounds may be uncomfortable and appear distorted in the affected ear.
Ear fullness: Usually this full feeling occurs just before the onset of an attack of vertigo.