Asperger's Syndrome - Treatment

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What are the treatments for Asperger's syndrome?

Treatment of Asperger's syndrome involves a multidisciplinary approach.

Medical therapy is not effective in treating Asperger syndrome, although medications may be prescribed to help control troubling symptoms or symptoms of other psychiatric conditions that may coexist with Asperger's syndrome. In some cases, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) medications are used for relief of anxiety or depression. Medical treatments for ADHD may also be tried if there is significant hyperactivity and/or distraction.

A number of behavioral and educational interventions can help people with Asperger's syndrome, although all of these may not be necessary in a given individual. The type of interventions chosen must be based upon the individual's age and needs. Types of interventions that have been shown to be of benefit include:

  • efforts to reduce overstimulation or overload of sensory input;
  • supporting executive function skills by provision of an environment that is predictable, structured, and organized;
  • organization skills training;
  • speech/language therapy that addresses the ambiguous use of language and the use of language in social settings;
  • social skills training programs, including training in the awareness of social cognition, use of gestures and facial expressions, and conversational language;
  • adaptive skills or life-skills training;
  • educational supports such as assistance with organization, note-taking, allowing oral rather than written testing, use of scripts, and assistance with reading comprehension and subtlety of language use; and
  • self-advocacy training.
Return to Asperger's Syndrome (Asperger Syndrome, Asperger Disorder)


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