Thymoma - Diagnosis

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How is thymoma diagnosed?

If a thymoma is not causing symptoms, it is sometimes identified incidentally, meaning it is found on an imaging test of the chest (for example, X-ray, computerized tomography or CT scan) that is performed for another reason. If symptoms are present, chest X-rays or other imaging studies, such as CT scans or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans, are typically carried out to identify the source of the symptoms. While a mass in the anterior mediastinum can be seen on imaging studies, the definitive diagnosis can only be established when the mass is either removed surgically and examined by a pathologist or when a biopsy (surgical removal of a small portion of tissue for diagnostic purposes) is taken. Microscopic examination of the tumor tissue is necessary to confirm the diagnosis of thymoma or thymic carcinoma.

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See what others are saying

Comment from: Nilu, 45-54 Female (Caregiver) Published: March 07

My mom had thymoma removed via surgery few days ago. She had shortness of breath and tiredness for many years. Also a cough which couldn"t be treated with any medication. Chest x-ray was done to find the causes for the cough and a mass of the size of a coconut was found just underneath the breast bone. We were told it is lipoma, thymoma, or a germ cell tumor but after the surgery it was diagnosed as a thymoma and only treatment is removal, which is already done.

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