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What are the symptoms of gynecomastia?
The primary symptom of gynecomastia is enlargement of the male breasts. As
mentioned before, gynecomastia is the enlargement of glandular tissue rather
than fatty tissue. It is typically symmetrical in location with regard to the
nipple and may have a rubbery or firm feel. Gynecomastia usually occurs on both
sides but can be unilateral
in some cases. The enlargement may be greater on one side even if both sides are
involved. Tenderness and sensitivity may be present,
although there is typically no severe pain.
The most important distinction with gynecomastia is differentiation from
male breast cancer, which accounts for about 1% of overall cases of breast cancer. Cancer is
usually confined to one side, is not necessarily centered around the nipple,
feels hard or firm, and can be associated with dimpling of the skin, retraction
of the nipple, nipple
discharge, and enlargement of the underarm (axillary) lymph nodes.