Please describe what treatments have been effective for your diabetes.
Share your story with others:
MedicineNet appreciates your comment. Your comment may be displayed on the site and will always be published anonymously.
What is the treatment for diabetes?
The major goal in treating
type 1 and type 2 diabetes is to control blood
sugar (glucose) levels within the normal range, with minimal excursions to low
or high levels.
Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is treated with:
exercise, and a
Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is treated:
First with weight reduction, a diabetic diet, and exercise
Oral medications are prescribed when these
measures fail to control the elevated blood sugars of type 2 diabetes.
If oral medications become ineffective
treatment with insulin is initiated.
Adherence to a diabetic diet is a critical aspect of controlling blood sugar
in people with diabetes. The American Diabetes Association (ADA) has provided
guidelines for diabetic diets.
Each ADA diet is:
low in fat,
cholesterol, and simple
The total daily calories are evenly divided into three meals (with snacks for
youth with type 1 diabetes). Over the past two years the ADA has lifted the
absolute ban on simple sugars for people with diabetes. Small amounts of simple
sugars are now allowed when consumed with a complex meal.
Weight reduction and exercise
Weight reduction and exercise are important treatments for type 2 diabetes.
Weight reduction and exercise increase the body's sensitivity to insulin, thus
helping to control blood sugar elevations.