What were signs and symptoms of drug abuse in a friend or relative?
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What are symptoms and signs of drug use disorder?
In order to be diagnosed with drug use disorder, a person must exhibit a maladaptive pattern of drug use that leads to significant problems or stress, as manifested by at least two of the following signs or symptoms in the same one-year period:
Recurrent substance use that prevents the sufferer from meeting significant responsibilities at work, school, or home
Recurrent drug use in situations that may be physically dangerous
Recurrent legal problems as a result of drug use
Continued drug use in spite of continued or repeated social or relationship problems as a result of, or worsened by the drug's effects
Tolerance, that is either a markedly decreased effect of the drug or a need to significantly increase the amount of the substance used in order to experience the same high or other desired effects
Withdrawal, which is defined as either physical or psychological signs or symptoms consistent with withdrawal from a specific drug, or taking that drug or one chemically close to that drug in order to avoid developing symptoms of withdrawal
Larger amounts of the drug are taken or for longer than intended.
The person has a persistent urge to take the drug or has unsuccessfully tried to decrease or control the drug use
Excessive amounts of time are spent either getting, using, or recovering from the effects of the drug
Cravings/strong urges to use the substance.
The person significantly lessens or stops engaging in important social, recreational, work, or school activities because of the substance use
The person continues to use the drug despite knowing that he or she suffers from ongoing or recurring physical or psychological problems that are caused or worsened by the use of the drug.