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What are the taste disorders?
The most common taste disorder is phantom taste
perception; that is, a lingering, often unpleasant taste even though you have
nothing in your mouth. We also can experience a reduced ability to taste sweet,
sour, bitter, salty, and umami, a condition called hypogeusia. Some people
cannot detect any tastes, which is called ageusia. True taste loss, however, is
rare. Most often, people are experiencing a loss of smell instead of a loss of
In other disorders of the chemical senses, an odor, a taste, or a flavor may
be distorted. Dysgeusia is a condition in which a foul, salty, rancid, or
metallic taste sensation will persist in the mouth. Dysgeusia is sometimes
accompanied by burning mouth syndrome, a condition in which a person experiences
a painful burning sensation in the mouth. Although it can affect anyone, burning
mouth syndrome is most common in middle-aged and older women.