Diabetes Home Care Management - Exercise

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What types of exercise do you engage in to manage diabetes?

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Exercise therapy

Regular aerobic exercise improves blood circulation and lowers blood glucose levels. Exercise also strengthens the heart and helps maintain an ideal body weight. The chosen aerobic exercise should use large muscle groups. Running, walking, biking, and swimming are excellent activities for most people. The frequency, type, and duration of exercise depend on the individual's age, treatment goals, and physical ability. An exercise program should be designed with the guidance of a health care professional.

Exercise increases or decreases the blood glucose levels depending on the concentration of glucose and insulin in the blood at the time of the exercise. If blood glucose is low or normal, exercise may cause hypoglycemia (low blood glucose) due to the utilization of glucose by the active muscles. On the other hand, exercise may cause hyperglycemia (high blood glucose), if there isn't enough insulin to allow the active muscles to utilize blood glucose. As a result, the muscles signal the body to produce more glucose, and the glucose accumulates in the blood. Therefore, food intake and insulin doses should be adjusted based on the intensity and duration of the anticipated exercise.

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See what others are saying

Comment from: mstrpapa44, 55-64 Male (Patient) Published: December 30

I walk 1/2 mile twice daily; I had knee replaced in January 2012 and am doing well with it. My blood sugars range 65-365. I live with my mother, she is 72 years old and has chronic pain all over her body. We do low impact exercise together daily. I shop from grocery list and try to plan meals daily with the help of personal assistant.

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