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How is dizziness treated?
Dizziness is a symptom, not a disease, and treatment
will be directed to the underlying cause. For example, dizziness or lightheadedness due to
dehydration from gastroenteritis may require intravenous fluids and medications to stop the
vomiting and diarrhea, while dizziness or lightheadedness from a
heart rhythm condition may
require admission to the hospital and specialized testing and treatment.
Vertigo from inner ear problems may often be treated with maneuvers to
reposition the crystals and debris in the semicircular canals. Repositioning
techniques that can be helpful include the so-called Epley and Semont
maneuvers, and the patient maybe taught these to use at home.
Depending upon the reason for the inner ear
inflammation, oral steroid medications to decrease that inflammation might be
prescription medication is occasionally recommended or
prescribed to help with vertigo. Meclizine (Antivert) may help with control of
In patients with intractable symptoms and vomiting, intravenous
diazepam (Valium) may be considered.
Patients with Meniere's Disease or acoustic neuroma are usually referred to
an ear, nose, and
throat specialist (otolaryngologist,
ENT physician) for
further evaluation and care.